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Tenured Faculty Position in Solar Energy | Binghamton University

Latest Jobs - 23 January 2015
US - NY - Binghamton, Tenured Faculty Position in Solar Energy   Binghamton University invites applications for a tenured faculty position in the area of solar research. The University,SUNY and New York State have

Research Experience for Undergraduates in Materials for Energy and Sustainability | Boise State University

SPS Jobs - 23 January 2015
US - ID - Boise, Apply Now! Materials science is the enabling technology behind everything from modern electronics to fashion, safe and recyclable packaging, faster and fuel-efficient vehicles, novel energy generation

Molecular self-assembly may allow for advancements in microchips

Physics Today Daily Edition - 23 January 2015

MIT Technology Review: As microchips become smaller, photolithography, the current technique for producing them, is reaching its limits in terms of complexity and expense. A group of researchers at IBM has demonstrated a process of molecular directed self-assembly that may provide a method for making significantly smaller microchips. By carefully preparing a set of block copolymers, and guiding the molecules' positioning using existing photolithography methods, the team was able to create circuit features that were separated by just 29 nm. Current methods are limited to separations of 80 nm. The potential increase in density of microchip circuitry could lead to much smaller chips and significant advances in processing power.

Doomsday Clock moves 2 minutes closer to midnight

Physics Today Daily Edition - 23 January 2015

Science: The Doomsday Clock is maintained by the board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (BAS) as a representation of how close the world is to a global disaster. On 22 January, BAS executive director Kennette Benedict announced that the organization would be moving the clock hands 2 minutes closer to midnight, setting the symbolic time as 11:57pm. Benedict said that the reasons for the change include the recent stalling in nuclear disarmament talks and the growing threat of climate change. The time change is just the 18th since the clock's creation in 1947. It has ranged from just two minutes to midnight in 1953 to 17 minutes to midnight in 1991.

Why Sleep Soothes The Flu

Inside Science - 23 January 2015

A special protein enhances sleep’s healing power and speeds flu recovery.

Two planets may exist far beyond Pluto

Physics Today Daily Edition - 23 January 2015
Ars Technica: Two new planets may have been discovered—in our solar system. Their presence has been detected through their apparent gravitational influence on a group of space rocks known as extreme trans-Neptunian objects, which orbit the Sun far beyond Neptune. One of the two possible planets, 2012 VP113, was first detected last year and appears to be about 250 astronomical units away; the second orbits at about 200 AU. If the two do indeed exist and turn out to be much more massive than Earth, their existence would contradict current models of the solar system. Further study will be required before the two objects’ status as planets can be confirmed.

Tenure-track Position in Experimental Quantum Optics | Texas A&M University

Latest Jobs - 23 January 2015
US - TX - College Station, The Department of Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University seeks applications for a tenure-track assistant professor position in experimental quantum optics. More senior candidates may be co

To maintain swarm, jellyfish can swim against current

Physics Today Daily Edition - 23 January 2015
BBC: Jellyfish tend to congregate in large swarms called blooms, comprising hundreds to millions of organisms. Until recently no one knew exactly how they were able to form and maintain those blooms. Now researchers show that jellyfish can sense ocean currents, actively orient themselves, and swim against the current when necessary. Graeme Hays of Deakin University in Australia and colleagues tagged jellyfish with data loggers to measure their acceleration and orientation; the researchers also used floating sensors to monitor ocean currents. Because jellyfish blooms are proliferating and can disrupt human activities such as swimming and fishing, the researchers hope their findings will allow better predictions of bloom magnitude and movements. However, how the jellyfish know what direction to travel is still unknown.

How to obtain and write references

Physics Today Daily Edition - 23 January 2015
What to do when Voldemort writes you a letter of recommendation (and other scenarios).

Trivial implausibility

Physics Today Daily Edition - 23 January 2015
Despite a manifestly unscientific plot element, the comic series The Wake is a compelling read and a visual feast.

Postdoctoral Associate - Materials Scientist | University of Massachusetts Lowell

Latest Jobs - 23 January 2015
US - MA - Lowell, Postdoctoral Associate - Materials Scientist University of Massachusetts Lowell The Submillimeter-Wave Technology Laboratory (STL) at the University of Massachusetts Lowell invites outstanding c

Visiting Posdoc/ Ph.D students at Institute for Molecular Science | Institute for Molecular Science

Latest Jobs - 23 January 2015
JPN - Okazaki, This position is the visiting position of Shikano group of Institute for Molecular Science. Our group invites several visitors to join our current projects. Since our group starts the new project on

Astrophysicist Adam Frank frames Earth's sustainability transgalactically

Physics Today Daily Edition - 23 January 2015
The science popularizer says exoplanets across the Milky Way likely tell a lot about human-caused climate disruption’s ultimate effects.

Associate Director Positions at IBS Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems | Institute for Basic Science (IBS)

Latest Jobs - 23 January 2015
KOR - Nationwide, “Founded in November 2011 by the Korean Government, the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) supports basic research within the entire range of natural sciences including physics, biology, chemistry, ma

Lateral plasma etching enhanced on/off ratio in graphene nanoribbon field-effect transistor

Opening the transport gap in graphene by minimizing its width is highly desirable to achieve outstanding switching performance, i.e., the high on/off ratio, in its field effect transistors (FETs). In this letter, we propose a simple method to open a comparable transport gap in graphene by narrowing down it into graphene nanoribbon (GNR) via the conventional nanofabrication procedure. In the process, GNR capped with a 50-nm-wide hydrogen-silsesquioxane mask is trimmed down from the edges by lateral plasma etching. The on/off ratio of the FET device is dramatically enhanced by two orders of magnitude as etching duration increases. The large on/off ratios of ∼47 and ∼105 are achieved at room temperature and 5.4 K, respectively. The electrical measurement reveals a transport gap opening of ∼145 meV in GNR, which corresponds to a resulting width of <10 nm.

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