|The America COMPETES Act signed by President Obama last January compelled funding agencies, the research community, librarians, and publishers to explore diverse solutions to public access and the interrelated problems of linking the world's scientific information, widely dispersed on both international public and private data platforms. Early last year, an ad hoc group of eight scientific publishers, including AIP, APS, and AAS, began serious discussions with senior staff from the two most important US federal agencies for the funding of the physical sciences: NSF and DOE. These two agencies fund more than $10 billion of scientific research. In addition, both agencies have a long history of consulting with the community through citizen scientific advisory committees.
We began by proposing a number of topics or pilot projects for potential ventures among the two agencies and publishers, and focused on areas of our unique expertise. Projected end results would enable the agency to preserve precious funding for research—an important goal given the current stress on our federal budgets. We identified areas of potential collaboration within three broad topics: (1) the establishment and promotion of universal identifiers in scholarly literature; (2) discovery tools and linking mechanisms among data platforms that would promote linking and data mining across public and private platforms; and (3) specific pilot projects that would demonstrate improved access or interoperability among publishing and data platforms.
After nearly a year of discussions and preparatory work, I was pleased to chair a panel session on February 2nd at the Professional Scholarly Publishing (PSP) Conference, where our colleagues from NSF and DOE outlined our collective progress. Topping our list for discussion was a project involving agencies, a half dozen publishers, and CrossRef to systematize how funding agency information is formally included within the standard metadata that is collected for every publication by CrossRef. Once this metadata becomes standard (pilot projects will start later this year), funding agencies will be able to display on their public websites lists of articles that result from their funding. This is key public access information that is currently unavailable without extensive searching on multiple platforms. Once fully instituted, members of the research community or the public can link from unique identifiers on agency websites to the publisher's platforms where the publisher maintains the official version of record.
The PSP panel also revealed a number of pilot projects, including a multi-publisher project that would link the DOE's extensive collection of research reports on its science.gov platform with related publications on the publisher sites; an NSF project to promote universal identifiers for and links to data sets that underlie figures and tables in scientific publications; and preliminary discussions on an NSF pilot project to provide incentives for the open access business model for publications.
The participants in the partnerships and pilot projects outlined in the February PSP panel have vowed to work together to demonstrate measurable progress on these projects by next year. They have already demonstrated the fundamental tenet of a good partnership—each side brings to the table resources unavailable to the other side and the partnership's results have mutual benefit. In the sphere of the public access debate, these projects will enable an entire range of results that improve access to reports, publications, and data derived from the public's investment in research. The diversity of access solutions that are emerging from these partnerships is reflective of the diversity of sciences sponsored by these two important funding agencies and the hundreds of commercial and nonprofit scientific publishers that provides services to the research community funded by DOE and NSF.
This progress would not have been possible without the contributions of the dedicated public servants with whom we have collaborated. I thank Ed Seidel and Tom Statler from NSF's Mathematics and Physical Science Directorate, and Walt Warnick and Sharon Jordan from DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information. We are planning a special panel session at the 2012 Assembly of Society Officers on March 22 to discuss these efforts and our progress toward attainable public access solutions. It promises to be an important discussion.
|Radiations magazine, the physics honor society now includes a "Puzzle Corner," with a physics-related crossword and other challenges. Prizes are offered to those who submit correct solutions. The long-time chair of the Development Committee, Chris Caren of The Ohio State University SPS chapter, first suggested the idea. President Diane Jacobs launched the feature in the Fall 2010 issue with a crossword on the 50th anniversary of optical lasers. Since then, AIP Education Division staff and alumni have penned additional brainteasers on the military-industrial complex, sports, NASA's space program, mirror images, and more.
Our sample puzzle (shown at the right) by Tom Olsen, assistant director of SPS/ΣΠΣ, celebrates the joys of shopping. It also calls for some visual thinking.
Most of us know that when two mirrors meet at 90°, you may observe three reflections of yourself: one to the right, one to the left, and one as you look directly into the vertex of the right angle. The image beyond the vertex is special. Unlike the other two, it does not appear to be right-left reversed—we see ourselves as others see us.
At what other angles between two mirrors would you see such an image as you look directly into the vertex?
Employees and friends of AIP are encouraged to submit solutions, and we welcome submissions of any interesting crosswords and puzzles you have to share with Sigma Pi Sigma alumni as well. Please email your ideas to Tom Olsen.
Tuesday, February 14
Wednesday, February 15
Thursday, February 16
Tuesday, February 21
February 27 – March 2