The budget blueprint
that President Bush released last week provides insight into the new
Administration's approach to budgeting for a wide range of programs.
The following selections present additional information of interest.
A forthcoming FYI will contain reactions to the S&T budget request.
MODERATING GROWTH IN SPENDING:
"For the past
three years...appropriated spending has grown by an average of six
percent." "If growth continued at a six percent pace going forward,
an additional $1.4 trillion of the surplus would be consumed over
10 years - approximately the amount of the President's tax cut." History
has shown that - unlike tax cuts - spending increases, once made,
are rarely reversed. This pattern cannot long continue without jeopardizing
our Nation's long-term goals. Discretionary spending growth should
be held to the inflation rate. This will mean redeploying resources
away from programs that have achieved their goals or failed. It will
also mean exercising restraint both in the Administration and in Congress."
to higher spending, budget surpluses have led to a dramatic increase
in congressional earmarks. The result is that the Government is not
only producing more spending, but more unjustified spending. During
this past year, the explosion in spending was accompanied by an unprecedented
6,000 plus earmarks in appropriations bills."
R&E TAX CREDIT:
tax plan also supports a permanent extension of the Research and Experimentation
(R&E) Credit. This credit supports the type of technological developments
that have fueled the recent boom in productivity growth. By making
the credit permanent, the President will give firms the incentive
to undertake long-term research projects that could well provide the
next round of technological breakthroughs for future generations."
NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH:
recognizes the importance of health care to America's families. The
2002 Budget includes targeted investments in key Presidential priority
areas such as improving biomedical research...." "During the campaign,
then-Governor Bush pledged to complete the effort to double NIH's
budget in five years, a goal that is supported in Congress by a bipartisan
coalition." "NIH is working to meet the management challenges that
can arise when an agency receives a substantial infusion of resources
over a short period of time. NIH is in the process of identifying
strategies and policies that could be implemented in 2002 and 2003
and beyond to maximize budgetary and management flexibility in the
future." "Once the doubling effort is complete, NIH will receive stable,
moderate funding increases to continue to support investments in biomedical
research that improves the health of all Americans."
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE:
"First, the President
believes that the Nation's defense strategy should drive decisions
on defense resources, not the other way around. For this reason, the
Secretary of Defense will conduct a strategy review to create a vision
for the role of the Nation's military in the 21st Century. This review
will examine the appropriate national security strategy, force structure,
and budget priorities. It will guide future decisions on military
spending. To speculate now on the results of this strategy review
could compromise the outcome. Consequently, the Administration will
determine final 2002 and outyear funding levels only when the review
is complete. Second, the President believes America must rethink the
requirements of deterrence in our current security environment. The
President proposes to maintain the lowest number of nuclear weapons
consistent with our present and future national security needs. The
review will also identify the Nation's missile defense needs."
U.S. academia and industry provide a rich R&D resource that NASA can
tap to strengthen its mission capabilities. NASA will develop an integrated,
long-term agency plan that ensures a national capability to support
NASA's mission by: identifying NASA's critical capabilities and, through
the use of external reviews, determining which capabilities must be
retained by NASA and which can be discontinued or led outside the
agency; expanding collaboration with industry, universities, and other
agencies, and outsourcing appropriate activities to fully leverage
outside expertise; and pursuing civil service reforms for capabilities
that NASA must retain, to ensure recruitment and retention of top
science, engineering, and management talent at NASA."
K-12 MATH AND SCIENCE EDUCATION:
fourth graders did relatively well in both math and science, by twelfth
grade, the last year of mandatory schooling, U.S. students were among
the very worst in the world, and in some areas, such as physics, were
last. This evidence indicates that our schools are not preparing our
students adequately for today's knowledge-based, technologically rich
society or to become future scientists and engineers. Among the underlying
causes for the poor performance of U.S. students in the areas of math
and science, three problems must be addressed: too many teachers teaching
these subjects for which they have not been trained; too few students
taking advanced coursework; and too few schools offering challenging
curriculum and textbooks."
FUTURE GROWTH IN FEDERAL SPENDING:
"To ensure that
the Federal Government continues to pay down the debt, the President
proposes limits that would allow discretionary spending to grow with
inflation over the next five years."
made over the last two decades provide a solid foundation for further
growth going forward, assuming the Nation continues to pursue growth-