Appropriations Language on FY 2002 DOE S&T Spending
The House of Representatives completed its consideration yesterday
of the FY 2002 Energy and Water Development Appropriations Bill, H.R.
2311. Accompanying this bill is a committee report detailing the House
Appropriations Committee's recommendations on how the money should be
spent next year. While this report language does not have the force
of law, it is guidance that is usually not ignored. The Senate bill
and accompanying report are scheduled for consideration by the Senate
Appropriations Committee during the second week of July.
The full text of the House Appropriations Report, H.Rpt. 107- 112
can be accessed here. Selections
from this report follow. Note that the quoted comparisons to the current
FY 2001 budgets in the committee report seem at variance with those
shown in DOE's own "Budget Highlights" document, due to accounting differences.
The current year budgets as shown in the DOE document are provided in
brackets, and these figures, according to senior officials, are the
ones that should be used for comparisons. These figures are only shown
for each program's total budget, and not its components.
"The Committee is very supportive of most of the research conducted
by the Department's Office of Science, but funding constraints preclude
significant increases this fiscal year. The Committee recommendation
is $3,166,395,000, an increase of $6,505,000 over the budget request
and $13,946,000 less than the fiscal year 2001 funding level."
[DOE shows the FY 2001 figure as $3,155,454,000.]
HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS:
"The Committee recommends $716,100,000 for high energy physics,
the same as the budget request and $10,030,000 less than fiscal year
2001. [DOE shows the FY 2001 figure as $712,001,000.]
"Research and technology.-- The Committee recommendation for
research and technology in high energy physics is $247,870,000, the
same as the budget request and $13,150,000 more than provided in fiscal
"Facility operations.-- The Committee recommends $456,830,000
for facility operations, the same as the budget request and $2,180,000
less than fiscal year 2001. This amount includes $244,739,000 for
Fermilab and $125,078,000 for the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
to provide for full operation of these facilities.
"Construction.-- The Committee recommendation for construction
of the Neutrinos at the Main Injector project at Fermilab is $11,400,000,
the same as the budget request."
"The Committee recommendation for nuclear physics is $361,510,000,
$1,000,000 more than the budget request, but $8,380,000 less than
provided in fiscal year 2001. Additional funds are provided for university
research in nuclear physics."[DOE shows the FY 2001 figure as
BASIC ENERGY SCIENCES:
"The Committee recommendation for basic energy sciences is $1,006,705,000,
$2,000,000 more than the budget request and a reduction of $6,665,000
from fiscal year 2001. For purposes of reprogramming during fiscal
year 2002, the Department may allocate funding among all Operating
accounts within basic energy sciences. [DOE shows the FY 2001
figure as $991,679,000.]
"Spallation Neutron Source.-- The Committee recommends the requested
amount for construction of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), $276,300,000.
This represents an increase of $16,800,000 compared to fiscal year
2001. The Committee appreciates the recent improvements made in the
management of this project, but cautions the Department to maintain
a close watch on the various components of the SNS being produced
by other national laboratories.
"Intense Pulsed Neutrino Facility.-- The Committee recognizes
the value of such a facility in conjunction with the Spallation Neutron
Source, but budget constraints preclude funding an intense pulsed
neutrino facility in fiscal year 2002.
"Nanoscale Science Research.-- The Committee supports the creation
of several regional nanoscale science research centers consistent
with the September 1999 recommendations of the Interagency Working
Group on Nanoscience, Engineering and Technology of the National Science
and Technology Council. The Committee also supports the efforts of
the Department to seek the active involvement of the academic community
in the development of these centers. However, the Committee reminds
the Department that its efforts to involve universities must reach
broadly and openly rather than selectively. Consistent with existing
policies for current user facilities, discussions regarding the characteristics
and equipment to be provided in these planned nanoscience user facilities
should be open to all U.S. universities via published notice, workshops,
and other formal mechanisms. The external users of the Department's
resources must be determined through the competitive peer-review process.
Any partnership arrangements between the involved national laboratories
and academic institutions, or any other non-federal partners, must
follow procedures to ensure full and open competition, as required
by section 309 of this Act. . . ."
FUSION ENERGY SCIENCES:
"The Committee recommendation for fusion energy sciences is $248,495,000,
$6,505,000 less than the fiscal year 2001 funding level but the same
as the amended budget request. The Committee concurs with the National
Energy Policy's assessment of the potential for fusion energy, but
funding constraints prevent additional research funding at this time.
The Committee has also provided $25,000,000 in the inertial confinement
fusion program for high average power lasers which is complementary
to the work performed in fusion energy sciences." [DOE shows the
FY 2001 figure as $248,493,000.]
BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH:
"The Committee recommendation for biological and environmental
research is $445,880,000, an increase of $2,910,000 over the budget
request but $55,380,000 less than in fiscal year 2001. [DOE shows
the FY 2001 figure as $482,520,000.]
"This amount includes $19,470,000, the same as the budget request,
to continue the Microbial Cell Project and to initiate the Genomes
to Life program. The National Institute for Global Environmental Change
(NIGEC), which is integrated throughout the Environmental Processes
subaccount, is funded at the requested funding level of $8,763,000."
" Joint Genome Institute.-- The Committee recommendation provides
the requested amount for the Joint Genome Institute, $57,200,000.
. . . " "Construction.-- The Committee recommendation includes $11,405,000,
an increase of $1,405,000 over the budget request, to complete the
construction of the Laboratory for Comparative Functional Genomics
at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. . . . "
FACILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURE:
"The Committee has provided $10,000,000 for a new Facilities and
Infrastructure program to improve the facilities and infrastructure
at the Department's science laboratories. The Administration's budget
proposal included no funding for this program. These funds should
be used to reduce the backlog of maintenance and infrastructure upgrades
and dispose of excess facilities.
"The Committee is aware of the need for funding a facilities
and infrastructure program, but is concerned the Department does not
have in place a facilities management structure to ensure the funds
are used to address those items which will have the greatest impact
on reducing long-term costs and risk. The Department is to provide
a semi-annual report to the Committee on the status of the facilities
and infrastructure program. . . ."
In a different section of the committee report is extensive language
on RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES. The Bush Administration proposed
large reductions in the FY 2002 budget. The report states:
"A budget amendment of $39.1 million restored funding in some
but not all of these renewable energy programs. Again, there is no
clear rationale provided to explain the selective budget cuts, and
no sense that the Department is conducting an integrated program with
a well-defined scheme for measuring success. There is also no apparent
coordination between the budget request, which was submitted to Congress
in April 2001 and amended in early May 2001, and the National Energy
Policy, which was released shortly after submission of the amended
budget request. The total Committee recommendation for renewable energy
resources is $376,817,000, an increase of $100,164,000 over the amended
budget request and $1,032,000 over fiscal year 2001 funding. . . .
. ." [DOE shows the FY 2001 figure as $373,179,000.]
Richard M. Jones
Public Information Division
American Institute of Physics email@example.com