The Senate Appropriations Committee has approved an FY 2003
defense bill providing a 9.2% increase in the Pentagon's
science and technology programs. Under this legislation,
total funding for the 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 programs would
increase by $904 million to $10,781 million.
As explained in FYI
#76, one indicator for defense S&T is its
share of the total Defense Department budget. The Defense
Science Board and the Quadrennial Defense Review called for 3%
of the budget to be allocated to the three S&T programs. The
Bush Administration requested 2.7%. The House appropriations
bill provides 3.2%. The Senate bill allocates 3.0%.
The Senate Appropriations Committee report (107-213) details
recommended funding levels for many programs. In addition, it
offered commentary on the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Defense-
Wide programs (DARPA, missile defense, labs, etc.) Selections
from the Overview for each follow (note the observation
regarding the Navy S&T budget request):
ARMY: "The Army continues to push to transform our military
in its research and development priorities. The Committee commends the
Army's efforts. To support these efforts, the Committee's recommendations
fully fund all Future Combat System research and development and related
activities. To enhance Army transformation, the Committee recommends
increases in funding for programs to develop composite materials, more
effective munitions, combat vehicle technology, better individual and
platform power generation systems, and improved landmine detection technologies."
NAVY: "The Navy continues to make good progress towards
their transformation goals. In order to continue this important work,
the Committee has recommended additional funding for advanced hull forms,
composite materials, advanced weapons systems, and technology insertion
programs that will enhance the already superb capabilities of our Navy
and Marine Corps forces. The Committee is discouraged by the Navy's
lack of investment in the area of Science and Technology. The fiscal
year 2003 budget request for Science and Technology is in sharp contrast
to the Navy's previous budgets. Therefore, the Committee urges the Navy
to resume its excellent record of properly funding S&T programs
in future years."
AIR FORCE: "The Committee's recommendations in this appropriation
fully support the Air Force's efforts to modernize and respond to asymmetric
threats. These include programs for developing advanced space technologies,
moving target indicators, network centric warfare platforms, precision
guided munitions, and combat ISR. The President's request for basic
research is fully funded. Additional funding is recommended for programs
to enhance research on composite materials, space technologies, and
DEFENSE WIDE: "The Committee's recommendations in this
appropriation fully support the Department of Defense's efforts to transform
the military and counter asymmetric threats. The President's request
for basic research, advanced concept technology demonstrations, chemical
and biological warfare programs, robotics, and counter-proliferation
activities all are fully funded. The Committee also provides increases
for programs in areas such as composite materials research, nanotechnology,
and explosives demilitarization."
The percentage increases over the current budget in the Senate
and House versions of the FY 2003 appropriations bill follow:
AGGREGATE 6.1 (basic research) funding would increase 3.2% in
the House bill and 8.4% in the Senate bill.
AGGREGATE 6.2 (applied research) funding would increase 8.9%
in the House bill and 5.3% in the Senate bill.
AGGREGATE 6.3 (advanced technology development) funding would
increase 23.9% in the House bill and 12.9% in the Senate bill.
TOTAL AGGREGATE 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding would increase
14.8%, from $9,877 million to $11,341 million in the House
bill, and 9.2% in the Senate bill to $10,781 million.
ARMY 6.1 funding would increase 1.3% in the House bill and 19.5%
in the Senate bill.
ARMY 6.2 funding would decline 2.5% in the House bill and
decline 13.0% in the Senate bill.
ARMY 6.3 funding would increase 20.5% in the House bill and
4.9% in the Senate bill.
TOTAL AGGREGATE ARMY 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding would increase
8.1%, from $2,051 million to $2,218 million in the House bill,
and decline 13.7% in the Senate bill to $2,023 million.
NAVY 6.1 funding would increase 0.7% in the House bill and 5.7%
in the Senate bill.
NAVY 6.2 funding would decline 5.5% in the House bill and
decline 1.7% in the Senate bill.
NAVY 6.3 funding would increase 0.8% in the House bill and
decline 15.9% in the Senate bill.
TOTAL AGGREGATE NAVY 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding would decline
1.6%, from $2,052 million to $2,019 million in the House bill
and decline 6.2% in the Senate bill to $1,924 million.
AIR FORCE 6.1 funding would remain unchanged in the House bill
and decline 3.1% in the Senate bill.
AIR FORCE 6.2 funding would increase 9.1% in the House bill
and 8.1% in the Senate bill.
AIR FORCE 6.3 funding would increase 35.7% in the House bill
and 15.7% in the Senate bill.
TOTAL AGGREGATE AIR FORCE 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding would
increase 17.5% from $1,566 million to $1,840 million in the
House bill and increase 9.3% in the Senate bill to $1,711
DEFENSE-WIDE 6.1 funding would increase 7.4% in the House bill
and 10.7% in the Senate bill.
DEFENSE-WIDE 6.2 funding would increase 22.1% in the House
bill and 17.6% in the Senate bill.
DEFENSE WIDE 6.3 funding would increase 31.8% in the House
bill and 27.8% in the Senate bill.
TOTAL AGGREGATE DEFENSE-WIDE funding would increase 25.1% from
$4,208 million to $5,264 million in the House bill and 21.7%
to $5,123 million in the Senate bill.