The Bush Administration has requested a 13.2% or $1.6 billion
reduction in funding for Department of Defense science and technology
programs in FY 2005. Under its request, the total budget for the 6.1
(basic research), 6.2 (applied research) and 6.3 (advanced technology
development) programs would decline from $12.1 billion to $10.5
In describing the budget request at a Monday budget briefing, Undersecretary
of Defense and Comptroller Dr. Dov Zakheim said only the following about
the request for the three S&T programs: "Science and technology,
an increase over last year's request. Basically, in addition to what
you see up there, money for basic research and applied research, those
two may or may not translate into actual military capability. The National
Aerospace Initiative, Hypersonic and Space Systems, the future combat
system technologies, future naval capabilities, high-efficiency, light-weight
power sources for our troops, and what the Joint Forces Command is doing,
some emphases in general, if you will, on nanotechnology, on computers,
on sensors, on propulsion systems. This is our cutting edge, and once
again we've put more money into it." Rather than comparing
the current year's budget to the FY 2005 request, Zakheim focused on
the $0.3 billion increase from last year's request (FY 2004) to the
new FY 2005 request.
A different perspective is to compare the S&T request to the total
DOD budget. The Defense Science Board recommended that 3.0% of the
total budget be allocated to the S&T budget, a goal that was later
included in the Quadrennial Defense Review issued in 2001. The new
S&T request is 2.61%. A year ago, this number was 2.68%.
The Bush Administration proposed the following funding levels for the
three science and technology programs in FY 2005, as compared to the
current year figures. These numbers do not necessarily account for program
changes. More detailed numbers on the S&T request can be found at
in the R-1 section.
AGGREGATE 6.1 (basic research) funding would decline 5.3%
AGGREGATE 6.2 (applied research) funding would decline 12.3%
AGGREGATE 6.3 (advanced technology development) funding would decline
TOTAL AGGREGATE 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding would decline 12.7%, from
$12,081,245,000 to $10,550,350,000.
ARMY 6.1 funding would decline 16.8%
ARMY 6.2 funding would decline 37.4%
ARMY 6.3 funding would decline 32.4%
TOTAL AGGREGATE ARMY 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding would decline 32.1%,
from $2,626,664,000 to $1,783,313,000.
NAVY 6.1 funding would decline 1.4%
NAVY 6.2 funding would decline 22.1%
NAVY 6.3 funding would decline 32.9%
TOTAL AGGREGATE NAVY 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding would decline 22.5%,
from $2,217,112,000 to $1,718,223,000.
AIR FORCE 6.1 funding would increase 4.3%
AIR FORCE 6.2 funding would decline 12.3%
AIR FORCE 6.3 funding would decline 28.0%
TOTAL AGGREGATE AIR FORCE 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3 funding would decline
17.3% from $2,320,885,000 to $1,918,674,000.
DEFENSE-WIDE 6.1 funding would decline 8.2%
DEFENSE-WIDE 6.2 funding would increase 6.4%
DEFENSE WIDE 6.3 funding would increase 3.9%
TOTAL AGGREGATE DEFENSE-WIDE funding would increase 4.3% from
$4,903,780,000 to $5,113,845,000.