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FYI Number 6: January 12, 2005

Congressional Committees with Jurisdiction over R&D, Education

Members of Congress have tremendous power over the conduct and support of the nation's research enterprise, through appropriating the funds, authorizing programs, and carrying out oversight activities. Yet the policymakers on Capitol Hill often get little input from their constituents about science policy or budgets. Those Members with probably the biggest impact on science programs are the appropriators. They are responsible for writing the bills that provide funding for federal departments and agencies. There are 13 appropriations subcommittees in each chamber of Congress. Within the jurisdiction of these subcommittees, R&D agencies often have to compete for funding with other priorities, such as veterans' and housing programs.

Authorization bills provide funding caps or guidelines for federal programs. In theory, authorizing legislation is supposed to provide guidance for appropriators. In reality, appropriators do not always heed the authorizers, and authorization bills are often not passed in a timely manner, if at all. However, authorization bills, even in draft form, still can have an influence on funding for a project or agency.

There are several major appropriations and authorization committees or subcommittees in each chamber that have jurisdiction over most federal programs tracked by FYI. To get information on committee chairs, rosters, hearing schedules and legislation, or to determine if your representative or senators sit on a certain committee, please see the (sub)committee web sites below. To find the name of your representative, see http://www.house.gov/.

(Please be aware that many of the URLs run more than one line.)

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 6.1, 6.2 and 6.3:

House Defense Appropriations Subcommittee

House Armed Services Committee

Senate Defense Appropriations Subcommittee

Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities


NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION:

House Science, State, Justice and Commerce Appropriations Subcommittee

House Science Subcommittee on Research

Senate Commerce, Justice and Science Appropriations Subcommittee

Senate Commerce Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space

NASA:

House Science, State, Justice and Commerce Appropriations Subcommittee

House Science Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics

Senate Commerce, Justice and Science Appropriations Subcommittee

Senate Commerce Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space


DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY:

House Energy and Water Development Appropriations Subcommittee

House Science Subcommittee on Energy

Senate Energy and Water Development Appropriations Subcommittee

Senate Energy and Natural Resources

FOR AUTHORIZATION OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION:

House Armed Services Committee

Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces

NIST:

House Science, State, Justice and Commerce Appropriations Subcommittee:

House Science Subcommittee on Environment, Technology and Standards

Senate Commerce, Justice and Science Appropriations Subcommittee

Senate Commerce Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION:

House Labor, HHS, Education Appropriations Subcommittee

House Education and the Workforce Committee

Senate Labor, HHS, Education Appropriations Subcommittee

Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee

DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY R&D:

House Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee

House Science Committee

Senate Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee

Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee

 

Audrey T. Leath
Media and Government Relations Division
American Institute of Physics
fyi@aip.org
301-209-3094

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