House Appropriators Recommend 20.2% Increase for
Homeland Security S&T
The House Appropriations Committee has approved and sent to the floor
legislation containing a 20.2% increase for the Science and Technology
Directorate of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Under this bill, H.R. 2360, funding for the Directorate would increase
by $211.7 million, or 20.2%, from this year's budget of $1,046.9 million
to $1,258.6 million. The Bush Administration requested $1,287.5 million.
The report accompanying this bill contains lengthy recommendations
that were written by the Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee,
chaired by Harold Rogers (R-KY). The Ranking Member of the subcommittee
is Martin Sabo (D-MN). The full text of House Report 109-079
can be read at http://thomas.loc.gov/home/approp/app06.html
Within this report, see "Science and Technology" toward the
end of the table of contents. Selections from the report follow:
"The mission of the Science and Technology (S&T)
Directorate is to develop and deploy technologies and capabilities
to secure our homeland. This directorate conducts, stimulates, and
enables research, development, test, evaluation, and the timely transition
of homeland security capabilities to federal, state, and local operational
end-users. This activity includes investments in both evolutionary
and revolutionary capabilities with high payoff potential; early deployment
of off-the-shelf, proven technologies to provide for initial defense
capability; near-term utilization of emerging technologies to counter
current terrorist threats; and development of new capabilities to
thwart future and emerging threats."
"The Committee recommends $1,258,597,000, for Research,
Development, Acquisition and Operations, $28,450,000 below the President's
request and $211,733,000 above the amounts provided in fiscal year
2005. Decreases in the President's budget include $100,000,000 from
the newly created Domestic Nuclear Detection Office, $12,000,000 from
Chemical Countermeasures, and $13,650,000 from Conventional Missions.
Increases include $40,000,000 for Explosives Countermeasures for air
cargo activities, $21,000,000 for Interoperable Communications, $15,000,000
for Critical Infrastructure Protection research, and $4,400,000 for
Safety Act implementation. The Committee also provides $10,000,000
for implementation of Section 313 of the Homeland Security Act and
technology development and transfer."
The committee report lists 18 budget activities such as Biological
Countermeasures, Domestic Nuclear Detection Office and University Programs.
See the report for the committee's recommended funding level and descriptive
text. Among the programs described are:
UNIVERSITY PROGRAMS/FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMS:
"The Committee notes that the University and Fellowship
Programs will have at least $45,000,000 in unobligated resources at
the end of fiscal year 2005. The Committee recommends $63,600,000
in new budgetary authority, the same as the budget request, for a
total of $108,600,000 available for these programs in fiscal year
2006. The Committee urges S&T to continue to expand its Centers
of Excellence. Through the Homeland Security Centers of Excellence
(HS-Centers) Science and Technology is encouraging universities to
become centers of multi-disciplinary research. The future of homeland
security science is being advanced through both its Centers of Excellence
and by the development of the next generation of scientists through
its Scholars and Fellows Program. There continues to be intense interest
from universities with proposals to perform homeland security activities.
This additional funding will allow Science and Technology to evaluate
and support additional university proposals in fiscal year 2006."
"The Committee believes that nanotechnology is a promising
technology that could contribute significantly in the defense against
terrorism. The Committee encourages S&T to pursue research in
nanotechnologies that may aid in the detection of biological, chemical,
radiological, and explosive agents." [No funding level was recommended.]
Richard M. Jones
Media and Government Relations Division
American Institute of Physics firstname.lastname@example.org