Federal efforts to improve science and math education would receive
a boost under President Bush's FY 2008 budget request, as part of the
American Competitiveness Initiative. All divisions within NSF's Education
and Human Resources (EHR) Directorate would receive increases compared
with the FY 2007 request. Funding for certain math and science education
programs within the Department of Education (DoEd) would also be increased.
However, the request for the Math and Science Partnership programs within
both NSF and DoEd are equal to the FY 2007 requests.
While the FY 2007 appropriations are not yet finalized, it appears
that the Senate is likely to agree to the Continuing Resolution passed
by the House (see FYI
#14), which holds most programs to FY 2006 funding levels. The
CR would increase funding for NSF's Research and Related Activities
Directorate over FY 2006, but apparently would maintain NSF's EHR programs
at FY 2006 levels.
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
The FY 2008 request would provide a total of $750.6 million for NSF's
EHR Directorate, compared to an FY 2007 request of $716.2 million. This
represents an increase of 4.8%, or $34.4 million. The comparable FY
2006 funding level for EHR was $700.3 million. (Note: None of these
EHR totals include funding for the EPSCoR program, which the FY08 request
proposes to transfer from EHR to Research and Related Activities.) According
to NSF budget documents, the programs in NSF's EHR Directorate "respond
to the need expressed in the President's American Competitiveness Initiative"
with activities to attract and retain people and broaden participation
in scientific and technical fields, enhance understanding of how students
learn, train highly-qualified teachers, and develop effective curricular
The divisions within EHR would all experience growth over the FY 2007
RESEARCH ON LEARNING IN FORMAL AND INFORMAL SETTINGS:
Up 3.5%, or $7.5 million, from $215.0 million to $222.5 million. The
comparable FY 2006 appropriation was $215.6 million.
HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT: Up 3.1%, or $4.5 million,
from $143.9 million to $148.4 million. The comparable FY 2006 appropriation
was $119.8 million.
GRADUATE EDUCATION: Up 5.5%, or $8.9 million, from $160.6
million to $169.5 million. The comparable FY 2006 appropriation was
Within Graduate Education, support would be provided for an additional
200 graduate fellowships.
UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION: Up 6.8%, or $13.4 million, from
$196.8 million to $210.2 million. The comparable FY 2006 appropriation
was $211.9 million.
Within Undergraduate Education, the Math and Science Partnership
(MSP) program would receive $46.0 million, equal to the FY 2007 request.
FY 2006 funding was $63.2 million. Under the FY 2008 request, $29.0
million is intended for new awards. The request states that NSF's MSP
program "will coordinate its efforts with other education programs
at NSF, the Department of Education, and state-funded efforts."
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
According to budget documents, the FY 2008 request would provide $397.0
million "to support the American Competitiveness Initiative by
strengthening the capacity of our schools to improve instruction in
mathematics and science." Requested funding under this initiative
would include $125 million each for elementary and middle-school Math
Now programs to improve math instruction; $90 million to expand the
training of teachers to teach, and opportunities for students to take,
Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate courses in science,
math, and critical foreign languages; and $25 million for the Adjunct
Teacher Corps to enable qualified professionals to teach secondary school
courses, with an emphasis on science and math. The requested amounts
for these programs are generally equal to the FY 2007 requests.
Math and Science Partnerships: The DoEd MSPs would receive
flat funding at $182.1 million, the same as the FY 2007 request and
the FY 2006 appropriation.