FY 2013 Appropriations Committee Reports: Department of Energy Office of Science

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Publication date: 
8 May 2012
Number: 
62

The  House and Senate Appropriations Committees have approved their versions of the  FY 2013 Energy and Water Development Appropriations bills. Below are selections  from these reports regarding the programs of the Office of Science.  Language within each report stands, unless  there is a conflict that will be resolved in the final conference report.  This final conference report will also  resolve differences in recommended funding levels.

A  note to the reader: This FYI follows a different format, including both the  House   and Senate   report language in a single issue.  It is  5,100 words in length.  Readers are urged  to locate by heading the following sections:   Overall language on the Office of Science, Advanced Scientific  Computing, Basic Energy Sciences, Biological and Environmental Research, Fusion  Energy Sciences, High Energy Physics, and Nuclear Physics.  Percentage changes are calculated compared to  the current year.  The House and Senate  reports both contain tables in the back that provide additional detail on  specific funding levels.

Office  of Science:

FY  2012 appropriation: $4,873.6 million     FY  2013 Administration request: $4,992.1 million     FY  2013 Senate recommendation: $4,909.0 million, an increase of $35.4 million or  0.7 percent     FY  2013 House recommendation: $4,801.4, a decrease of $72.2 million or 1.5 percent

Senate Report:

“The  Committee believes this level of funding will maintain U.S. leadership in  science and technology during a time of significant funding constraints.  Investments in basic research will lead to new and improved energy technologies  and the construction and operation of new, large-scale scientific facilities  will be vitally important for many areas of science as well as private  industry, such as pharmaceutical and aerospace companies. Funding for advanced  computing will also position the United States to maintain international  leadership in scientific computing and simulation over the next decade.

Office of Science Priorities. -- The  Committee continues to support the three highest priorities for the Office of  Science: (1) the discovery and design of new materials for the generation,  storage, and use of energy; (2) better understanding of microorganisms and plants  for improved biofuels production; and (3) the development and deployment of  more powerful computing capabilities to take advantage of modeling and  simulation to advance energy technologies and maintain U.S. economic  competitiveness.

Maintaining Program Balance for  Lower-Priority Activities. – The Committee commends the Office of Science  for identifying clear priorities and directing limited funding toward those  priorities. However, the Committee is concerned by the Office of Science’s lack  of strategic guidance and prioritization among lower priority research activities,  such as fusion energy science, nuclear physics, and high energy physics. The  Committee is concerned that the scope of work, which includes research,  operations of existing facilities, and new construction, has not changed while  the budget for these programs is decreasing. The Committee believes the Office  of Science must evaluate the highest-priority needs for these programs in a  fiscally constrained environment and make difficult decisions, including  delaying construction projects and terminating research activities, to advance  these fields of science in areas where the United States can lead and be  competitive with other countries.”

House Report:

“The  Office of Science funds basic science research across national laboratories,  universities, and other research institutions in support of American innovation  and the Department's energy-focused missions. Through research in physics,  biology, chemistry, and other science disciplines, these activities expand  scientific understanding and secure the nation's leadership in energy  innovation. The Office of Science funds a significant portion of science  research nationwide.

“The  Science program office includes Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Basic  Energy Sciences, Biological and Environmental Research, Fusion Energy Sciences,  High Energy Physics, Nuclear Physics, Workforce Development for Teachers and  Scientists, Science Laboratories Infrastructure, Safeguards and Security, and  Science Program Direction.

“The  Committee recommendation is $4,801,431,000, $72,203,000 below fiscal year 2012  and $190,621,000 below the budget request. The recommendation includes  $4,824,931,000 in new budget authority and a rescission of $23,500,000 in  prior-year balances available due to the Office of Science's termination of two  major items of equipment in fiscal year 2012. After accounting for that  rescission and a rescission of $15,366,000 in fiscal year 2012, the recommendation  is $64,069,000 below fiscal year 2012.

“The  Committee is concerned about the long-term science, technology, engineering,  and math (STEM) workforce pipeline development for underrepresented minorities  and notes the National Academies recommendation that the federal government  offer support for undergraduate and graduate STEM programs focused on  increasing the participation and success of minority students through engaged  mentoring, enriching research experiences, and opportunities to publish, present,  and network. Accordingly, the Committee expects the Office of Science to  provide continued support to minority serving institutions toward those ends.

Use of Prior-Year Balances- The  Department is directed to use $9,104,000 of prior-year balances as proposed in  the request.”

Advanced  Scientific Computing:

FY  2012 appropriation: $442.0 million     FY  2013 Administration request: $455.6 million     FY  2013 Senate recommendation: $455.6 million, an increase of $13.6 million or 3.1  percent     FY  2013 House recommendation: $442.0; no change

Senate Report:

“The  Committee recommends $455,593,000 as requested for Advanced Scientific  Computing Research. Within these funds, the Committee recommends $68,500,000 as  requested for the exascale initiative to spur U.S. innovation and increase the  country’s ability to address critical national challenges.

“The  Committee also recommends $94,000,000 for the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing  Facility to move forward with upgrades to its Cray XT5 with a peak capability  of more than 20 petaflops, $67,000,000 for the Argonne Leadership Computing  Facility to move forward with upgrades to its IBM Blue Gene/P systems with a  peak capability of 10 petaflops, $68,105,000 for the National Energy Research  Scientific Computing Center facility at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  to support operations and infrastructure expenses for the new Computational  Research and Theory Building, and $35,000,000 to help support extended  deployment of a 100 gigabit-per-second network to the national laboratories. Having  high end open science computing will not only help the United States maintain  leadership in computing and develop breakthroughs that will improve the  everyday lives of our citizens through new technologies available to them, but  will also support breakthroughs in the other research areas in the Office of  Science.  Research programs such as  fusion energy science, biofuels, and materials by design all stand to benefit  from investments in open science computer modeling and simulation.

“The  Committee recommends that up to $8,000,000 shall be available to pursue  data-intensive science, but the Committee directs the Office of Science to  develop a plan that explains the extent of the problem, how research efforts  will address data analysis problems, and the funding needed to overcome these  data challenges. 

“The  Committee encourages the Office of Science to continue working with small- and  medium-sized manufacturers and businesses to educate them about the benefits of  using high performance computing for modeling and simulations to solve tough  manufacturing and engineering challenges and reduce development costs. The  Committee also encourages the Office of Science to simplify software and codes  so a broader set of businesses can take advantage of these powerful tools.”

House Report:

“The  Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program develops and hosts some  of the world's fastest computing and network capabilities to enable science and  energy modeling, simulation, and research. The Committee recommends  $442,000,000 for Advanced Scientific Computing Research, the same as fiscal  year 2012 and $13,593,000 below the request.

Exascale Computing. -- The Committee  continues to support the exascale initiative, which seeks to develop the next  generation of computing systems three orders of magnitude faster than today's  fastest systems. This decade-long effort is critical to enabling basic and  energy-focused science research not previously possible and to maintaining the  nation's global leadership in computing technologies.

“In  the fiscal year 2012 conference report, the Department was directed to submit a  detailed joint Science-NNSA exascale plan by February 10, 2012. This report,  which would provide context for long-term resource planning and prioritization,  still has not been submitted as of early April 2012. The Department was made  aware of the reporting requirement after the House and Senate Committees  completed consideration in June and September of 2011, respectively, and there  has been ample time for preparation since. While the Committee appreciates the  efforts within the Office of Science to draft the report, it remains concerned  that such an extended approval process is necessary to summarize the  programmatic outline of a central feature of the Department's computing  programs. The Administration should not further delay the report's formal  submittal due to a drawn-out concurrence process.

“The  budget request highlights data-intensive computing as a necessary enabler for  exascale systems and calls out work in this area separately from the exascale  initiative. The Committee expects that the Department has integrated into the  exascale report any plans for work on computing challenges related to  data-intensive science.

Leadership Computing. -- In addition to  the long-term exascale initiative, the Committee supports continued upgrade and  operation of the Leadership Computing Facilities at Argonne and Oak Ridge  National Laboratories and of the High Performance Production Computing  capabilities at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. These systems'  capabilities are a critical component of science and industrial research and  development across the nation, and they should be maintained as world-leading  facilities.”

Basic  Energy Sciences:

FY  2012 appropriation: $1,694.0 million     FY  2013 Administration request: $1,799.6 million     FY  2013 Senate recommendation: $1,712.1 million, an increase of $18.1 million or 1.1  percent     FY  2013 House recommendation: $1,657.2, a decrease of $36.8 million or 2.2 percent

Senate Report:

“The  Committee recommends $1,712,091,000, a decrease of $87,501,000 below the budget  request, for Basic Energy Sciences.  Of  these funds, $110,703,000 is provided for construction activities as requested,  which includes $47,203,000 for the National Synchrotron Light Source-II at  Brookhaven National Laboratory and $63,500,000 for the Linac Coherent Light  Source-II at SLAC. Of the remaining funds for Basic Energy Sciences,  $692,666,000 is for research activities in materials science and engineering  and chemical sciences, geosciences, and biosciences, and $908,725,000, which is  $49,698,000 above fiscal year 2012 enacted levels, is to increase operating  times to near optimum levels of world-class scientific user facilities.  The Committee encourages DOE to continue  research and development activities that will lead to even more powerful light  source facilities, which are a key part of the nation’s innovation ecosystem  and critical to America’s international economic competitiveness. The Committee  also encourages DOE to explore the suitability of using existing U.S.  synchotron radiation facilities, including non-DOE user facilities, at  universities to serve as training grounds for beamline designers, machine  physicists, and other users.

“Within  the research funds provided, the Committee recommends up to $100,000,000 to  support the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers, $24,237,000 for the Fuels from  Sunlight Hub, and $24,237,000 for the Batteries and Energy Storage Hub. Up to $10,000,000  shall be available for materials and chemistry by design to improve predictive  modeling and accelerate material discovery for energy applications. The  Committee encourages the continuation of catalysis research and encourages  partnerships with universities to support research and development of novel  device materials for alternative energy applications.

“The  Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research [EPSCoR] program was  created by Congress over concerns about the uneven distribution of Federal  research and development grants. The Committee recommends $20,000,000 for  EPSCoR and encourages DOE to sponsor a workshop to examine the geographic distribution  of its budget, how best to utilize states at the forefront of energy  production, and ensure that they are included in important policy and research  initiatives. The Committee also encourages DOE to continue funding to support  research and development needs of graduate and post-graduate science programs  at Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

“Within  the funds provided for scientific user facilities, the Committee recommends  $25,000,000 to support early operations of the National Synchrotron Light  Source-II at Brookhaven National Laboratory and $32,000,000 for Major Items of  Equipment, which includes $20,000,000 to continue the upgrade to the Advanced  Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory and $12,000,000 for activities  that add beamlines to the National Synchrotron Light Source-II at Brookhaven  National Laboratory.

“The  President’s budget request notes the cancellation of the power upgrades project  for the Spallation Neutron Source’s second target station. Given the large  number of construction projects currently underway in the Office of Science,  the Committee encourages the Office of Science to consider the second target  station as a long term planning item and include it in the Office of Science’s phased  construction schedule for major construction projects in the outyears.

“No  funding is provided for new collaborative efforts with the Office of Energy Efficiency  and Renewable Energy that would expand the scope of work of Energy Frontier  Research Centers and divert funding from operations of facilities. No funding  is provided to expand mesoscale research efforts. While the Committee  understands that there may be merit in pursuing mesoscale science to advance future  energy technologies, DOE has not provided sufficient justification     for  a significant new investment. The Committee directs the Office of Science to  work with the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee to develop a plan that  can be presented to Congress for mesoscale science that identifies the  scientific needs for pursuing this research, what facilities are available to  effectively pursue this research, and possible measureable outcomes.”

House Report:

“The  Basic Energy Sciences program funds basic research in materials science,  chemistry, geoscience, and bioscience. The science breakthroughs in this  program enable a broad array of innovations in energy technologies and other  industries critical to American economic competitiveness. The Committee  recommends $1,657,146,000 for Basic Energy Sciences, $36,854,000 below fiscal  year 2012 and $142,446,000 below the request.

“The  program's budget consists of funding for research, for the operation of  existing user facilities, and for the design, procurement, and construction of  new facilities and equipment. The long-term success of the program hinges on  striking a careful balance between these three areas. However, the increasing  level of research commitments and completion of new facilities make it  difficult to adequately fund all three components of the Basic Energy Sciences  program within realistic budgetary constraints. The Committee cautions the  Department against assuming an ever-increasing budget when planning the balance  between facility runtime, construction, and research funding.

“The  Committee recognizes the critical contribution that the program's light  sources, neutron sources, and other user facilities make to scientific  discovery and American industry. The United States is currently host to the  world's most advanced and productive basic energy science user facilities, and  the Department is urged to develop a plan for the next generation of light  sources and other user facilities in order to maintain American leadership  through the next decade.

Research.--The Committee recommends  $1,559,943,000 for Research within Basic Energy Sciences, $17,343,000 above  fiscal year 2012 and $128,946,000 below the request.

“The  recommendation includes $24,237,000 for the fourth year of the Fuels from  Sunlight Energy Innovation Hub, the same as the request; $24,237,000 for the  second year of the Batteries and Energy Storage Energy Innovation Hub, the same  as the request; and $100,000,000 for Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC's),  $20,000,000 below the request. The recommendation does not include additional  funding for joint work between the EFRC's and the Office of Energy Efficiency  and Renewable Energy due to inadequate justification by the Department; any  such joint work can be supported by the funding provided for the EFRC's.  However, any such effort should be communicated to the Committee prior to  commencement.

“The  recommendation includes $10,000,000 for predictive simulation of internal  combustion engines, the same as fiscal year 2012 and $1,000,000 below the  request. The Committee provides no funds, $8,520,000 below fiscal year 2012 and  the request, for the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.

“The  recommendation includes $32,000,000 for major items of equipment, $41,500,000  below fiscal year 2012 and the same as the request, to include $20,000,000 for  the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade and $12,000,000 for NSLS-II Experimental  Tools, both the same as the request.

“The  recommendation includes $776,568,000 for facility operations, $46,000,000 above  fiscal year 2012 and $33,426,000 below the request. The increase above fiscal  year 2012 is for preliminary operations of the NSLS-II as it completes  construction and to increase operating time of other Basic Energy Sciences  facilities to near-optimal levels.

Construction.--The Committee recommends  $97,203,000 for Basic Energy Sciences construction projects, $54,197,000 below  fiscal year 2012 and $13,500,000 below the request. The reduction from fiscal  year 2012 is due to the planned decrease in funding for the National  Synchrotron Light Source II as it nears completion. The recommendation includes  the first year of construction funding for the Linac Coherent Light Source II  two-tunnel upgrade project.”

Biological  and Environmental Research:

FY  2012 appropriation: $611.8 million     FY  2013 Administration request: $625.4 million     FY  2013 Senate recommendation: $625.4 million, an increase of $13.6 million or 2.2  percent     FY  2013 House recommendation: $542.0, a decrease of $69.8 million or 11.4 percent

Senate Report:

“The  Committee recommends $625,347,000 as requested for Biological and Environmental  Research. Within these funds, the Committee recommends $309,773,000 for  biological systems science and $315,574,000 for climate and environmental  sciences.

“Within  the funds provided for biological systems science, the Committee recommends  $75,000,000 as requested for the Bioenergy Research Centers. The Committee  supports the continuation of the 3 research centers and is encouraged by some  of the early successes     related  to developing next-generation bioenergy crops, improving biomass deconstruction  with enzymes and microbes, and advancing biofuels synthesis. The Committee is  also encouraged that in the last 5 years the Bioenergy Research Centers have  released 914 publications and 237 invention disclosures that resulted in 115  patent applications and 51 patent application licenses. The Committee encourages  the Office of Science to continue investing in synthetic biology tools and  biodesign technologies to accelerate the cost-effective production of next  generation biofuels that could serve as secure, national energy resources.

“The  Committee commends the Department of Energy’s National Laboratories and the  National Institutes of Health for their collaboration on research and  development projects. These collaborations have resulted in advances in  bioinformatics and breakthroughs in atomic resolution structural biology. The  Committee strongly encourages the Department of Energy to continue planning,  discussions, and funding activities with the National Institutes of Health to  further research and development efforts. The Committee understands that  Radiological Sciences is transitioning from its historical focus on nuclear  medicine research and applications for health to research focused on metabolic  imaging of plants and microbes relevant to biofuels production. However, the  Committee is concerned that the Office of Science has not coordinated research  activities with other Federal agencies to continue nuclear medicine research with  human application. Within these funds, the Committee recommends $5,000,000 to  continue nuclear medicine research with human application unless the Office of  Science can demonstrate this research is being continued more effectively and  efficiently by another Federal agency.

“Within  the funds provided for climate and environmental sciences, the Committee  recommends $47,700,000 as requested for the operation of the Environmental  Molecular Sciences Laboratory at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The  Committee also recommends $11,700,000 as requested for the Next Generation  Ecosystem Experiment in the Tropics, which will be the first and only U.S.  experiment in the tropics to help predict climate change, reduce uncertainty,  and improve predictive modeling.”

House Report:

“The  Biological and Environmental Research program supports advances in energy  technologies and related science through research into complex biological and  environmental systems. The Committee recommends $542,000,000 for Biological and  Environmental Research, $69,823,000 below fiscal year 2012 and $83,347,000  below the request.

“The  Committee continues to support the Biological Systems Science program, which  focuses on the biology of plants and microbes with the ultimate goal of  enabling future generations of biofuels from a variety of sustainable domestic  biomass sources. In addition to reducing our nation's dependence on  petroleum-based fuels with chronically high prices, the biofuels produced  through this program's science breakthroughs can lower the cost of, improve the  sustainability of, and ease industry's transition to those fuel alternatives.

“The  Committee recommends $75,000,000, the same as fiscal year 2012 and the request,  for the first year of the second five-year term of the three BioEnergy Research  Centers (BRC's). However, the Committee notes that the report justifying the  renewal of the BRC's, due on February 6, 2012, has not yet been submitted. The  funding for the BRC's in fiscal year 2013 and the Committee's approval of their  renewal is therefore contingent upon the Department's submission of the report.  Further, the Department is directed to report to the Committee, not later than  60 days after enactment of this Act, on the specific recommendations for  improvements to the BRC's that came out of the 5-year review and the  Department's plan to implement those recommendations.”

Fusion  Energy Sciences:

FY  2012 appropriation: $402.2 million     FY  2013 Administration request: $398.3 million     FY  2013 Senate recommendation: $398.3 million, a decrease of $3.9 million or 1.0  percent     FY  2013 House recommendation: $474.6 million, an increase of $72.4 million or 18.0  percent

Senate Report:

“The  Committee recommends $398,324,000 as requested for Fusion Energy Sciences.  Within these funds, the Committee recommends $150,000,000 as requested for the  U.S. contribution to ITER. Similar to the Nuclear Physics program, the  Committee is concerned by the lack of strategic direction for the fusion energy  program. The Committee understands that the budget request provides a  $45,000,000 increase to the U.S. ITER contribution but even with the increase,  the U.S. contribution is still $50,000,000 short of the project plan. The  Committee also understands that the increase to the U.S. contribution came at  the expense of the domestic fusion program. The Committee is concerned that  additional cuts to the domestic fusion energy program may undermine U.S. advances  in fusion and the U.S. ability to take advantage of scientific developments of  the ITER project.

“The  Office of Science believes that it can take advantage of international programs  and facilities to build and maintain U.S. expertise in fusion energy sciences.  However, a February 2012 Fusion     Energy  Sciences Advisory Committee report cautioned that international facilities in  Asia and Europe will not be operating for several more years and international  collaborations cannot come at the expense of a domestic research program that  can benefit from ITER. The Committee directs the Office of Science to assess  the impact to the domestic fusion energy sciences workforce and the ability of  the United States to take advantage of ITER to advance fusion energy before  recommending any further cuts to the domestic program. The Committee also  directs the Office of Science to assess alternatives to participating in the  ITER project, including reducing contributions to the project, and the impact  of withdrawing from the project, if necessary, to maintain domestic  capabilities. 

“Further,  the Committee directs the Office of Science to include a project data sheet with  details of all project costs until the completion of the project for ITER in  the fiscal year 2014 budget submission.  The  Committee understands that DOE provides funding for ITER as a Major Item of  Equipment rather than a line item construction project, which would be  consistent with DOE Order 413.3B. However, the Committee feels that a  multi-billion dollar project, especially of this scale and complexity, should  be treated as a construction project and follow DOE Order 413.3B guidance.”

House Report:

“The  Fusion Energy Sciences program supports basic research and experimentation  aiming to harness nuclear fusion for energy production. The Committee  recommends $474,617,000 for fusion energy sciences, $72,440,000 above fiscal  year 2012 and $76,293,000 above the request.

“The  domestic fusion program is a critical component of United States science  leadership and a necessary building block of any successful fusion projects,  including ITER. The recommendation includes $296,617,000 for the domestic  fusion program, $560,000 below fiscal year 2012 and $48,293,000 above the  request. The request proposes to shut down the Alcator C-Mod facility and  provides only enough funding for decommissioning and existing graduate  students. The Department is instead directed to continue operations at the  Alcator C-Mod facility and to fund continued research, operations, and upgrades  across the Office of Science's domestic fusion enterprise.

“The  recommendation includes $178,000,000 for the United States contribution to  ITER, the international collaboration to construct the world's first  self-sustaining experimental fusion reactor, $73,000,000 above fiscal year 2012  and $28,000,000 above the request.

“ITER  is an important international collaboration that represents a major step  forward in fusion energy science, but its funding requirements will create  substantial budgetary challenges throughout the decade. The Committee  appreciates that the Office of Science is grappling with these challenges but  notes that the budget request does not propose a viable or well-planned  solution. The Committee recommendation includes funding to continue the  domestic fusion program at approximately the fiscal year 2012 level, and to  increase ITER towards its planned funding level for fiscal year 2013. Looking  forward, however, the increasing requirements for ITER will continue to pose  challenges, and the Committee believes that long-term policy decisions for the  Fusion Energy Sciences should be guided by impartial analysis of scientific  needs and opportunities, and with an eye on American competitiveness and  leadership. The Committee therefore reiterates the importance of the ten-year  plan for Fusion Energy Sciences directed in the fiscal year 2012 appropriations  conference report, of that plan's timely delivery, and of the inclusion of  priorities across domestic and international fusion facilities, projects, and  programs.”

High  Energy Physics:

FY  2012 appropriation: $791.7 million     FY  2013 Administration request: $776.5 million     FY  2013 Senate recommendation: $781.5 million, a decrease of $10.2 million or 1.3  percent     FY  2013 House recommendation: $776.5 million, a decrease of $15.2 million or 1.9  percent

Senate Report:

“The  Committee recommends $781,521,000, an increase of $5,000,000, for High-Energy  Physics. Within these funds, the Committee recommends $25,000,000 as requested  for the Muon to Electron Conversion Experiment, which includes $20,000,000 for  construction and $5,000,000 for other project costs. The Committee also  recommends $26,000,000 for the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment, which  includes $10,000,000 for research and development and $16,000,000 for project  engineering and design.  The Committee is  concerned about proposed cost estimates for the Long Baseline Neutrino  Experiment and encourages the Office of Science to consider all alternatives to  reduce the cost of the experiment while still meeting the highest priority  scientific goals. The Committee recommends that $730,521,000 of the remaining  funds be used for research in the energy, intensity, and cosmic frontiers.  Within these funds, the Committee recommends  $15,000,000 to support minimal, sustaining operations at the Homestake Mine in South  Dakota.”

House Report:

“The  High Energy Physics program supports fundamental research into the elementary  constituents of matter and energy, and ultimately into the nature of space and  time. The program focuses on particle physics theory and experimentation in  three areas: the energy frontier, which investigates new particles and  fundamental forces through high-energy experimentation; the intensity frontier,  which focuses on rare events to better understand our fundamental model of the  universe's elementary constituents; and the cosmic frontier, which investigates  the nature of the universe and its form of matter and energy on cosmic scales.  The Committee recommends $776,521,000 for High Energy Physics, $15,179,000  below fiscal year 2012 and the same as the budget request.

Research. -- The Committee recommends  $740,521,000 for Research, which includes activities in proton, electron,  non-accelerator, and theoretical physics. The recommendation includes  $10,000,000 for dewatering and minimal operations of the Homestake mine, the  same as the request, as the Department continues to evaluate a path forward for  the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment and its alternatives.

Construction. -- The Committee  recommends $36,000,000 for construction, $8,000,000 above fiscal year 2012 and  $16,000,000 above the request. The recommendation includes $20,000,000 for  project engineering and design of the Muon to Electron Conversion Experiment.

“The  recommendation also includes $16,000,000, $12,000,000 above fiscal year 2012  and $16,000,000 above the request, for project engineering and design of the  Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) and its alternatives. The  recommendation includes no funding for long-lead procurements or construction  activities for the LBNE project, the same as fiscal year 2012. The Committee  recognizes the importance of this project to maintaining American leadership in  the intensity frontier and to basic science discovery of neutrino and standard  model physics. However, the Committee also recognizes that LBNE construction  must be affordable under a flat budget scenario. As such, the Committee  supports the Office of Science's challenge to the High Energy Physics community  to identify an LBNE construction approach that avoids large out-year funding  spikes or to identify viable alternatives with similar scientific benefits at  significantly lower cost.”

Nuclear  Physics:

FY  2012 appropriation: $550.0 million     FY  2013 Administration request: $526.9 million     FY  2013 Senate recommendation: $539.9 million, a decrease of $10.1 million or 1.8  percent     FY  2013 House recommendation: $547.9 million, a decrease of $2.1 million or 0.4  percent

Senate Report:

“The  Committee recommends $539,938,000, an increase of $13,000,000 above the budget  request, for Nuclear Physics. The Committee is concerned about the lack of  strategic direction for nuclear physics and the inability of the program to  adapt to a changing budget environment. The Committee believes that the budget request  puts at risk all major research and facility operations activities without  significantly advancing nuclear physics goals. For example, the budget request  reduces the operating times of two major facilities -- a 50 percent reduction  in operating time for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven  National Laboratory and a 15 percent reduction at the Argonne Tandem Linac  Accelerator System at Argonne National Laboratory. At the same time, the budget  request does not provide sufficient funds to advance the new Facility for Rare  Isotope Beams at Michigan State University, and the current construction  project to upgrade the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility at the  Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory is at risk of falling behind schedule. The  Committee directs the Office of Science to charge the Nuclear Physics Advisory  Committee to submit a report by December 1, 2012 to the Office of Science and  the Committee that proposes research and development activities for nuclear  physics under a flat budget scenario over the next 5 fiscal years. The report  should specifically identify priorities for facility construction and facility  decommissioning to meet those priorities.

“To  address some of these concerns, the Committee recommends $40,572,000 in  construction funds for the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, which  the Nuclear Physics Advisory Committee concluded was the highest priority for  the Nation’s nuclear physics program. The Committee also recommends $30,000,000  for the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams, which includes funding to complete  design and engineering work and, if the Office of Science approves a  performance baseline, site preparation activities.  The Committee also recommends $163,600,000  for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider to maintain 20 weeks of operations.”

House Report:

“The  Committee recommends $547,938,000 for Nuclear Physics, $2,062,000 below fiscal  year 2012 and $21,000,000 above the request.

“The  Committee notes that funding requirements for construction and operation of all  operating and currently-planned facilities in the Nuclear Physics program are  likely to be in excess of available budgets in future years. The Committee  therefore supports the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee's review of these  facilities and encourages an expedited process that can inform the prioritization  and hard decisions that will likely be necessary next year.

Operations and Maintenance. -- The  Committee recommends $507,366,000 for nuclear physics operations and  maintenance, $7,366,000 above fiscal year 2012 and $21,000,000 above the request.  The recommendation includes $159,571,000 for Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  Operations, $1,954,000 above fiscal year 2012 and $3,000,000 above the budget  request, to support a standalone run of approximately 15 weeks in fiscal year  2013. The recommendation also includes $40,000,000 for the Facility for Rare  Isotope Beams, $18,000,000 above fiscal year 2012 and the request, to continue  activities leading towards the approval of construction.

Construction. -- The Committee  recommends $40,572,000, $9,428,000 below fiscal year 2012 and the same as the  request, to continue construction of the 12 GeV Upgrade of the Continuous  Electron Beam Accelerator Facility.”

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