R&D

Looking back over 1993, here are some of the major science policy
developments affecting the physics community:

JANUARY: Hazel O'Leary becomes DOE secretary...John Gibbons
confirmed as OSTP director...Walter Massey resigns as NSF director.

FEBRUARY: Administration requests an additional $207 million for
current year funding for NSF...House science committee chairman
George Brown announces plans for earmarking hearings...GAO predicts
difficulty in obtaining foreign SSC funding...Administration
releases new technology policy report.

27 Dec 1993

On October 19, the House of Representatives voted to terminate the
Superconducting Super Collider.  Through a series of complicated
parliamentary procedures, the House voted to send its conferees
back to the Energy and Water Development appropriations conference
committee with instructions to terminate the collider.  The vote
was 282 to terminate the collider; 143 in support of it.

28 Oct 1993

It will take several months of reflection to fully assess why
Congress, after spending over $2 billion (including the Texas
contribution) on the Superconducting Super Collider, decided last
week to cancel the project.  An initial appraisal suggests the
following:

27 Oct 1993

On September 9, the full Senate Appropriations Committee sent to
the floor its version of H.R. 2491, the VA, HUD, Independent
Agencies Appropriations Bill for fiscal year 1994.  A floor vote is
expected either September 20 or 21.  The bill is accompanied by a
208-page report specifying the Senate Appropriations Committee's
recommendations; selected portions pertaining to NASA are
highlighted in this and subsequent FYIs.  FYI #121 will provide
more detail on space science, FYI #122 will cover EOS and language
on loss of the Mars Observer.

17 Sep 1993

As explained in FYI #112, our coverage is expanding to include
science policy activities of AIP's ten Member Societies.  Below are
descriptions of two APS activities -- one an event planned for next
Monday, the second a letter sent last month.

SSC ASSEMBLY:

9 Sep 1993

Opponents of the Superconducting Super Collider are continuing to
move against the SSC on a number of fronts while Congress is in
recess.  The month of September is shaping up as a critical time
for the future of the collider.

27 Aug 1993

"The project is on schedule and, I believe, on budget." 
    -- Secretary of Energy Hazel R. O'Leary

9 Aug 1993

Senate activity on the collider will pick-up next week with an
August 4 hearing on the project before Senator J. Bennett
Johnston's (D-Louisiana) Energy and Natural Resources Committee.
Johnston, a firm SSC supporter, will no doubt use this hearing to
build support for the collider.  Look for a Senate floor vote on
SSC funding after Congress returns on September 8.

29 Jul 1993

"It is my opinion that academic earmarking has proliferated to the
extent that the pork has turned rotten."
                   - House science committee chairman George Brown

23 Jul 1993

The twenty-five members of the National Science Board comprise the
policy-making body of the National Science Foundation.  As
explained by its chairman, James J. Duderstadt, in congressional
testimony earlier this year, "The National Science Board is
responsible for articulating positions on matters of national
science policy as well as providing guidance in the ongoing
development of science policy as it is expressed through the
various programs at the National Science Foundation."

15 Jul 1993

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