R&D

German and American leaders of academia and government came
together at the National Academy of Sciences on December 14 and 15
to address "New Horizons in Research and Higher Education: Trends,
Constraints, and Opportunities."  Speakers at this symposium of the
German-American Academic Council (GAAC) found much in common,
including concerns about an oversupply of PhDs; public attitudes
toward science; budget pressures; declining support for long-term,
basic research; increasing specialization within disciplines; the

19 Dec 1995

To increase awareness in the physics community about the public
policy activities of AIP's ten Member Societies, it is the policy
of FYI to report on resolutions and statements by those Societies.
A statement on legislation proposing to sell off the nation's
helium reserves was issued by the Council of The American Physical
Society on November 19.  The statement is reproduced in full below,
followed by quotes from a supporting background paper:

"CONSERVATION OF HELIUM:

13 Dec 1995

The language in the FY 2012 Energy and Water Development Appropriations Bill approved last week by a key House subcommittee was explicit:

“None of the funds made available in this Act may be used to conduct closure of adjudicatory functions, technical review, or support activities associated with the Yucca Mountain geologic repository license application until the Nuclear Regulatory Commission reverses ASLB decision LBP-10-11, or for actions that irrevocably remove the possibility that Yucca Mountain may be a repository option in the future.”

7 Jun 2011

In his second hearing on "Scientific Integrity and Public Trust,"
(see FYI #132 for a summary of the first hearing), House Science
Energy and Environment Chairman Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) questioned
the accuracy of computer models of global warming and projections
of potential impacts.  Remarking on continuous revisions to
estimates of warming, he asked, "are we so certain...that we should
take actions that would change the lives of millions of our
citizens at a cost of untold millions of dollars?" 

21 Nov 1995

The closure of significant portions of the federal government this
week has had a varying impact on departments and agencies tracked
by FYI.  Here is a brief summary of where things now stand on this,
the third day of shutdown:

16 Nov 1995

"Successful innovation and commercialization depend on far more
than a strong science and technology base."  --- OTA report

15 Nov 1995

Congress and the Administration on the Dept. of Commerce         

A year-long campaign by House Republican freshmen to abolish the
Department of Commerce is coming to a head this week as Congress
struggles over must-pass legislation.  Failure to pass two key
bills could result in a default by the federal government, and a
shutdown of the government next Tuesday.

9 Nov 1995

The President's Council of Economic Advisors has just released a
16-page paper defending the Administration's science and technology
policies.  The paper, "Supporting Research and Development to
Promote Economic Growth: The Federal Government's Role," warns that
the congressional budget resolution, passed in June, could result
in "a real cut of about 30 percent in Federal support of
non-defense R&D by the year 2002."  It also points out that, based
on enactment of the budget resolution, "by 1997, Japan will

7 Nov 1995

As budgets get tighter and science experiments get bigger,
international collaborations will likely become more common.  How
can policymakers decide which projects are good candidates for
internationalization?  In a 132-page report released in July,
before it had to close its doors, the Office of Technology
Assessment examined this question.

3 Nov 1995

Programs                                                         

The House and Senate have passed, and sent to the President, H.R.
1905, the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Bill for FY
1996.  The President is expected to sign this legislation, which is
described in FYI #154.  It seems appropriate to examine how the
budgets for fusion energy, high energy physics, and nuclear physics
research programs compare to the funding recommendations contained
in recent studies.  There is no recent comparable report for Basic
Energy Sciences.

1 Nov 1995

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