AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXVI, No. 2, Fall 1994
 
 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS ON THE HISTORY OF PHYSICS

A supplement to the Newsletters of
The Center for History of Physics/Niels Bohr Library
and The Forum for History of Physics, American Physical Society
Compiled by Stephen G. Brush, University of Maryland
and the staff of the Niels Bohr Library

BOOKS

For a complete list of published books and journals on the history of physics, visit http://www.aip.org/history/web-news.htm#bib.

This list is the first of an annual series. It includes books on the history of modern physics and related topics (including astronomy, geophysics, and physics in medicine) published in 1997 or later. (See earlier lists for details on how the list is prepared.)

Permission is hereby granted to copy freely all or part of this list for any educational purpose. More extensive versions of this and the other previous lists are available on the Center's Web site at: www.aip.org/history/web-news.htm#bib.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

About this Bibliography

INDEX......please search our web site at www.aip.org/history/s-indx.htm

All our bibliographies for all years can be searched on our Web site. Visit www.aip.org/history/s-indx.htm and type your search in the search box. To search one year's bibliography only for, say, Einstein, enter: [Einstein AND "Fall 1999"]


[back to top] PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

Horwich, Paul (ed.) World Changes: Thomas Kuhn and the nature of science. vi + 356 pp., index. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993. ISBN 0-262-08216-0. $45.

Includes "A mathematicians mutiny, with morals" [in the 18th century "mathematics included parts of what we now call "physics" or "astronomy"], by J. L. Heilbron, 81-129; "Science and humanism in the Renaissance: Regiomontanus's oration on the dignity and utility of the mathematical sciences" by N. M. Swerdlow, 131-68; "Design for experimenting" [in 19th century optics and electricity] by J. Z. Buchwald, 169-206; "Mediations: Enlightenment balancing acts, or the technologies of rationalism" by M. N. Wise, 207-56; "Afterwords" by T. Kuhn, 311-41.

[See also Holton under HISTORY OF SCIENCE]


[back to top] SCIENCE AND SOCIETY

Macrakis, Kristie Surviving the swastika. Scientific research in Nazi Germany. xii + 280 pp., illus, index. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-19-507010-0. & $39.95.

Includes brief sections on Werner Heisenberg, Otto Hahn, Max Planck, Johannes Stark, "Deutsche Physik," uranium research.

National Science Board. Science & Engineering Indicators -- 1993. xxxi + 514 pp. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.

A biennial report, providing quantitative measures of scientific and technological activity in the U.S. and comparisons with other countries. Includes data (going back to 1980 or earlier) on science education, the science and engineering workforce, funding of research and development, and public attitudes toward science and technology.

Renneberg, Monika and Walker, Mark (eds.) Science, technology, and National Socialism. xix + 422 pp., illus., notes, index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 0521-40374-X. $59.95.

Includes "Pascual Jordan, quantum mechanics, psychology, National Socialism" by M. N. Wise, 224-54; "The ideology of early particle accelerators: An association between knowledge and power" by M. Osietzki, 255-70; "The Minerva Project: The accelerator laboratory at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute/Max Planck Institute of Chemistry: Continuity in fundamental research" by B. Weiss, 271-90.

[See also Fischer under HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY]


[back to top] SCIENCE AND THE MILITARY; ATOMIC WEAPONS

Hoddeson, Lillian; Henriksen, Paul W.; Meade, Roger A.; Westfall, Catherine et al. Critical assembly: A technical history of Los Alamos during the Oppenheimer years, 1943-1945. xvi + 509 pp., illus. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-44132-3. $39.95.

Hoffmann, Dieter (ed.) Operation Epsilon: Die Farm-Hall Protokolle. 380 pp. Berlin: Rowohlt, 1993. ISBN 3-87134-082-0.

Operation Epsilon: The Farm Hall transcripts. Introduced by Sir Charles Frank. ix + 313 pp., illus., index. Berkeley: University of California Press (distrib. for Institute of Physics Publishing), 1993. ISBN 0-520-08499-3. $30.

Transcript of recordings made of the conversations of Werner Heisenberg and other German scientists, discussing their atomic energy project, while they were interned at Farm Hall (England), just before and just after Hiroshima.

Powers, Thomas. Heisenberg's war: The secret history of the German bomb. xi + 607 pp., illus. New York: Knopf, 1993. ISBN 0-394-51411-4. $27.00

Wittner, Lawrence, S. The struggle against the bomb. Volume 1. One world or none: A history of the world nuclear disarmament movement through 1953. xvi + 456 pp. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8047-2141-6. $29.95.


[back to top] SCIENCE AND OTHER DISCIPLINES

Nahin, Paul J. Time machines: Time travel in physics, metaphysics, and science fiction. xvii + 408 pp., illus., bibl., index. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1993. ISBN 0-88318-935-6. $45.


[back to top] THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY

Crawford, Elisabeth; Shinn, Terry; and Sörlin, Sverker, eds. Denationalizing science: The contexts of international scientific practice. vii + 301 pp., illus., index. Dordrecht & Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993. ISBN 0-7923-1855-2. $149.

Includes "Migration and the denationalization of science [including theoretical physics in the 1930s]" by Paul Hoch and Jennifer Platt, 133-52; "Some socio-historical aspects of multinational collaborations in high-energy physics at CERN between 1975 and 1985" by John Krige, 233-62.

Geiger, Roger. Research and relevant knowledge: American research universities since World War II. xvi + 411 pp. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-19-505346-X. $65.


[back to top] SCIENCE EDUCATION

Clark, Burton R. (ed.) Research foundations of graduate education: Germany, Britain, France, United States, Japan. xxi + 390 pp. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. ISBN 0-520-079973. $45.

Includes physics education in all 5 countries.


[back to top] INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE 

Good, Gregory A. (ed.) The earth, the heavens and the Carnegie Institution of Washington. (History of Geophysics, Volume 5.) xiii + 252 pp. [double-column], illus. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, 1994. ISBN 0-87590-279-0; ISSN 8755-1217. $42.

Based on a conference held in June 1992. Includes "Weighing the earth from a submarine: The gravity measuring cruise of the U.S.S. S-21" by Naomi Oreskes, 53-68; "Sharing a mountaintop: The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory on Mount Wilson" by R. S. Brashear, 89-101; "Converting an hypothesis into a research program: T. C. Chamberlin, his planetesimal hypothesis [for the origin of the solar system], and its effect on research at the Mt. Wilson Observatory" by N. S. Hetherington, 113-23; "To Watheroo and back: The DTM [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism of CIW] in Australia, 1911-1947" by R. W. Home, 149-60; "Merle A. Tuve's post-war geophysics: Early explosion seismology" by Thomas D. Cornell, 185-214; other articles on the history of CIW; on CIW-sponsored research on magnetism, astronomy, ionospheric research, and on radiometric dating; and on source materials for the history of physical science.

Seaborg, Glenn T. The Atomic Energy Commission under Nixon: Adjusting to troubled times. With Benjamin S. Loeb. xx + 268 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993. ISBN 0-312-07899-4. $39.95.

A sequel to his earlier books about his service under Kennedy and Johnson; Seaborg resigned as chairman of the AEC in August 1971. This is "the story of what it is like to preside over a once proud and privileged government agency that is declining in reputation and influence..." For a chapter titled "The advice of scientists" the motto is "You can lead a horse to water but you cannot make him drink."


[back to top] HISTORY OF SCIENCE 

Cohen, I. Bernard (ed.) The natural sciences and the social sciences: Some critical and historical perspectives. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 150) xxxvi + 403 pp. Norwell, MA: Kluwer, 1994. ISBN 0-7923-2223-1.

Includes "From Quetelet to Maxwell: Social statistics and the origins of statistical physics" by Ted Porter, 345-62.

Holton, Gerald. Science and anti-science. x + 203 pp., index. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-674-79298-X (paper). $24.95.

Includes "Ernst Mach and the fortunes of positivism," 1-55; "More on Mach and Einstein," 56-73; "Quanta, relativity, and rhetoric," 74-108.

Margolis, Howard. Paradigms & barriers: How habits of mind govern scientific beliefs. xii + 267 pp., bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 0-226-50522-7, $40.00 (hardcover); ISBN 0-226-50523-5, $15.95 (paper).

Historical examples include the emergence of probability, the change from Ptolemaic to Copernican astronomy, and the Hobbes-Boyle dispute on air pressure (including a critique of S. Shapin & S. Schaffer, Leviathan and the Air Pump, 1985).

Pyenson, Lewis. Civilizing mission: Exact sciences and French overseas expansion, 1830-1940. xxi + 377 pp, illus., index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8018-4421-5. $45.

Astronomy, geophysics, meteorology, physics, seismology, and terrestrial magnetism in the French overseas empire and the French sphere of influence.


[back to top] HISTORY OF PHYSICS 

Brown, Laurie M. (ed.) Renormalization: From Lorentz to Landau (and beyond). vii + 192 pp., illus., index. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993. ISBN 0-387-97933-6. $69.

Includes: "Introduction: Renormalization, 1930-1950" by L. M. Brown, 1-27; "Renormalization in historical perspective -- the first stage" by M. Dresden, 29-55; "New philosophy of renormalization: from the renormalization group equations to effective field theories" by T. Y. Cao, 87-133; "Changing conceptualization of renormalization" by S. S. Schweber, 135-66; "Historical remarks on the renormalization group" by D. V. Shirkov, 167-86.

Bruzzaniti, Giuseppe. Dal segno al nucleo. Saggio sulle origini della fisica nucleare. 314 pp., notes, index. Turin: Bollati Boringhieri, 1993. ISBN 88-339-0779-1.

Franklin, Allan. The rise and fall of the fifth force: Discovery, pursuit, and justification in modern physics. viii + 141 pp., illus. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1993. ISBN 1-56396-119-9. $29.95.

On the 1986 proposal by Ephraim Fischbach, widely debated and investigated by physicists for a few years, then generally rejected around 1990.

Lindqvist, Svante (ed.) Center on the periphery: Historical aspects of 20th-century Swedish physics. lv + 516 pp. Canton, MA: Science History Publications, 1993. ISBN 0-88135-157-1. $50.

Contents: "Introductory essay: Harry Martinson and the periphery of the atom" by S. Lindqvist; "Physics as culture: Science and Weltanschauung in inter-war Sweden" by Kjell Jonsson, 3-23; "Physics as ideology: Svante Arrhenius as a writer of popular science" by Olov Amelin, 42-57; "Physics in a stronghold of engineering: Professorial appointments at the Royal Institute of Technology, 1922-1985" by Ulf Larsson, 58-75; "Where science turns into sports and politics: The decline of Swedish polar research in the early 20th century" by Urban Wråkberg, 79-106; "Big science in a small country: Sweden and CERN II" by Sven Widmalm, 107-40; "Physics in uniform: The Swedish Institute of Military Physics, 1939-1945" by Hans Weinberger, 141-63; "The socialization of science: Technical research and the natural sciences in Swedish research policy in the 1930s and 1940s" by Thorsten Nybom, 164-78; "Implementing the welfare state: The emergence of Swedish atomic energy research policy" by Stefan Lindström, 179-95; "Breakthrough on the periphery: Bengt Edlén and the identification of the coronal lines, 1939-1945" by Karl Hufbauer, 199-237; "International acclaim and Swedish obscurity: The fall and rise of David Enskog" by Mats Fridlund, 238-68; "Reaching out: Janne Rydberg's struggle for recognition" by Paul C. Hamilton, 269-92; "Relative acceptance: The introduction and reception of Einstein's theories in Sweden, 1905-1965" by Carl-Olov Stawström, 293-305; "When theory addresses experiment: The Siegbahn-Sommerfeld correspondence, 1917-1940" by Thomas Kaiserfeld, 306-24; "The ideological use of instrumentation: The Svedberg, atoms, and the structure of matter" by Anders Lundgren, 327-46; "The failure of a successful artifact: The Svedberg ultracentrifuge" by Boelie Elzen, 347-77; "Technological drift in science: Swedish radio astronomy in the making, 1942-1976" by Mikael Hård, 378-97; "The intellectual politics of laboratory technology: The protein network and the Tiselius apparatus" by Lily E. Kay, 398-423; "The proud tower: Knut Ångström and the international style of fin de siècle physics buildings" by Anders Marelius and Erik Noreland, 424-39; "Bibliography of the history of 20th-century Swedish physics" by Margareta Bond-Fahlberg, 441-500.

Mann, Alfred K. and Cline, David B. (eds.) Discovery of weak neutral currents: The weak interaction before and after. Santa Monica, CA, February 1993. (AIP Conference Proceedings, 300) xi + 676 pp. New York: AIP Press, 1994. ISBN 1-56396-306-X. $145.

Includes "Early study of muons and muon decay" by M. Conversi, 3-16; "The discovery of the V-particles" by G. D. Rochester, 17-38; "Search for the free neutrino" by F. Reines, 39-51; "Contributions of ß-decays to the developments of electroweak interaction" by C.-S. Wu, 52-92; "The early period of the universal Fermi interaction" by Jayme Tiomno, 99-109; "Origin of the universal V-A theory" by E. C. G. Sudarshan and R. E. Marshak, 110-124; "The tau- puzzle" by R. H. Dalitz, 141-58; "The early search for weak neutral currents and the rise of the standard model" by D. B. Cline, 175-86; "Discovery of weak neutral currents in Gargamelle" by D. Haidt, 187-206; "Observation of weak neutral currents and bare charm in Fermilab Experiment 1A" by A. K. Mann, 207-43; "The discovery of neutral currents" by P. Galison, 244-286; "Five phases of weak neutral current experiments from the perspective of a theorist" by P. Langacker, 289-325; "The development of colliders" by A. M. Sessler, 509-25; "Experimental observation of the intermediate vector bosons W+, W-, and Z0" by C. Rubbia, 526-91; "Discovery of the gluon" by S. L. Wu, 598-623; "The discovery of charm" by G. Goldhaber, 624-40; "30 years of weak neutral currents" by D. B. Cline, 643-73.

Miller, Arthur I. Early quantum electrodynamics: A sourcebook. xix + 265 pp., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-521-43169-7. $59.95.

Contents: "Frame-setting essay" by Miller, 3-118; papers by Dirac, Fierz, Heisenberg, Kramers, Pauli, Weisskopf.

Redhead, Paul A. (ed.) Vacuum science and technology: Pioneers of the 20th century. (History of Vacuum Science and Technology, vol. 2) xi + 229 pp., illus. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1994. ISBN 1563962489 (pb), $35.

Includes: "The American Vacuum Society at 40" by Jack H. Singleton, 1-22; "Saul Dushman (1883-1954)" by J. M. Lafferty, 32-42; "Wolfgang Gaede (1878-1945)" by Günter Reich, 43-58; "History of vacuum science: A visual aids project" by J. M. Lafferty, 91-106; "Early development of the molecular-drag pump" by Günter Reich, 114-125; "The quest for ultrahigh vacuum (1910-1950)" by P. A. Redhead, 133-143; reproductions of classic papers by Dushman and others.

Schweber, Silvan S. QED and the men who made it: Dyson, Feynman, Schwinger, and Tomonaga. xxviii + 732 pp., bibl., index. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-691-03685-3 (hc) $72.50. ISBN 0-691-03327-7 (paper) $39.50.

The birth of quantum field theory in the 1920s (Pascual Jordan, P. A. M. Dirac); quantum electrodynamics ("QED") during the 1930s; divergences; conferences at Shelter Island, Pocono, and Oldstone; the Lamb shift and the magnetic moment of the electron; Sin-itiro Tomonaga and the rebuilding of Japanese physics; Julian Schwinger and the formalization of quantum field theory; Richard Feynman and the visualization of space-time processes; Freeman Dyson and the structure of quantum field theory; QED in Switzerland; reflections on renormalization theory.

Verschuur, Gerrit L. Hidden attraction: The history and mystery of magnetism. vii + 256 pp., illus. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-19-506488-7. $25.

Deals mostly with 19th and 20th centuries.
[See also Von Plato under HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS; Woodward under SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY]


[back to top] HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY, ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND SPACE SCIENCES 

Fischer, Peter. The origins of the Federal Republic of Germany's space policy 1959-1965 -- European and national dimensions. 65 pp. Noordwijk, Netherlands: European Space Agency, report ESA HSR-12, 1994.

Gingerich, Owen. The eye of heaven: Ptolemy, Copernicus, Kepler. viii + 442 pp. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1993. ISBN 0-88318-863-5. $24.95.

Reprint of previously published articles on the Copernican revolution, with new preface and epilogue.

Grant, Edward. Planets, stars, and orbs The medieval cosmos, 1200-1687. xxiii + 816 pp, illus., bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-521-433-444. $69.95.

Hetherington, Norriss S. (ed.) Cosmology: Historical, literary, philosophical, religious, and scientific perspectives. xi + 631 pp., bibl. notes, index. New York & London: Garland Publishing, 1993. ISBN 0-8153-1085-4 (hardcover), $85. ISBN 0-8153-0934-1 (paper), $18.95.

Includes articles on ancient, medieval and Native American cosmologies, Copernicus, Kepler, Newton, 19th century reflecting telescopes, spectroscopy, cosmology 1900-1931, Hubble, big bang, steady state, modern theories, philosophical and religious aspects.

Hetherington, Norriss S. (ed.) Encyclopedia of cosmology: Historical, philosophical, and scientific foundations of modern cosmology. xv + 686 pp., illus, index. New York: Garland Publishing, 1993. ISBN 0-8240-7213-8. $125.00.

Krige, John Europe into space: The [Pierre] Auger years (1959-1967). 74 pp. Noordwijk, Netherlands: European Space Agency, 1993.

Lemonick, Michael D. The light at the edge of the universe: leading cosmologists on the brink of a scientific revolution. viii + 325 pp., illus., index. New York: Villard Books [distributed by Random House], 1993. ISBN 0-679-41304-9. $24.

Neta Bahcall, George Blumenthal, Robert Dicke, Sandra Faber, Margaret Geller, Alan Guth, Jacqueline Hewitt, John Huchra, Norm Jarosik, Robert Kirshner, Jeremiah Ostriker, Bohdan Paczynski, Lyman Page, P. James E. Peebles, Joel Primack, Vera Rubin, Bernard Sadoulet, David Schramm, George Smoot, David Spergel, John Tonry, Edward Turner, Michael Turner, J. Anthony Tyson, David Weinberg, David Wilkinson, Ed Wollack.

Moss, Jean Dietz Novelties in the heavens: Rhetoric and science in the Copernican controversy. xiv + 353 pp, bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 0-226-54234-3 (hc), $49.95; ISBN 0-226-54235-1 (paper), $17.95.

Discusses the arguments of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Tommaso Campanella, Giordano Bruno, Cardinal Robert Bellarmine, Orazio Grassi, and John Wilkins.

Osterbrock, Donald E. Pauper & price: Ritchey, Hale & big American telescopes. xv + 359 pp., illus., notes, index. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8165-1199-3. $45.

On George Willis Ritchey and George Ellery Hale.

Paul, Erich Robert. The Milky Way galaxy and statistical cosmology, 1890-1924. xiv + 262 pp., illus., facsims., ports., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-35363-7. $44.95.

On the work of J. C. Kapteyn, Hugo von Seeliger and others.

Peterson, Ivars. Newton's clock: Chaos in the solar system. xiii + 317 pp, illus., bibl., index. New York: Freeman, 1993. ISBN 0-7167-2396-4. $21.

A popular history of celestial mechanics, emphasizing the problem of the predictability of future motions of planets and other bodies; together with an account of recent applications of chaos theory to this problem. Discusses the work of P. S. de Laplace, Jacques Laskar, Henri Poincaré, Gerald Sussman, Jack Wisdom, and others.

Russo, Arturo (ed.) Science beyond the atmosphere: The history of space research in Europe. Proceedings of a symposium held in Palermo, 5-7 November 1992. viii + 219 pp, illus. Noordwijk, The Netherlands: European Space Agency Publications Division, n.d. [received September 1993].

Includes: "Space science in ESRO [European Space Research Organization] and ESA [European Space Agency]: An overview" by Roger Bonnet, pp. 1-28; "How space scientists and governments saw ESRO in the early 1960s" by John Krige, pp. 29-40; "1960: how many European astronomers wanted a space telescope" by Marcel Golay, pp. 41-55; "The start of space research in Sweden during the COPERS [Commission Préparatoire Européenne de Recherches Spatiales] and early ESRO years, with personal recollections" by Bengt Hultqvist, pp. 89-105; "Italy in space: Edoardo Amaldi and the take-off of the Italian space programme" by Michelangelo De Maria, pp. 113-24; "Seizing opportunities: some comments on the Dutch national space programme of the sixties and seventies" by Hendrik van de Hulst, pp. 125-38; "From sounding rockets to small satellites: A way of complementing ESRO/ESA flight opportunities" by Gerhard Haerendel, pp. 153-70; "European space scientists and the genesis of the Ulysses mission, 1965-1979" by Karl Hufbauer, pp. 171-91; "Solar system science for Horizon 2000" by Martin Huber, pp. 193-219.

Wilhelms, Don E. To a rocky moon: A geologist's history of lunar exploration. xx + 477 pp., notes, bibl., index. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8165-1065-2 (hc), $29.95. ISBN 0-8165-1443-7 (pb), $19.95.

Includes sections on R. Baldwin, G. K. Gilbert, W. Hartmann, G. P. Kuiper, E. M. Shoemaker, H. C. Urey, and others.

[See also Hetherington under ENCYCLOPEDIAS]


[back to top] HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS 

Von Plato, Jan. Creating modern probability. Its mathematics, physics and philosophy in historical perspective. (Cambridge studies in probability, induction, and decision theory.) x + 323 pp., bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-521-44403-9.

On the 1933 theory of Andrei Kolmogorov and the developments in mathematics (set theory, measure theory) and physics (statistical mechanics, quantum theory) related to it.


[back to top] HISTORY OF INSTRUMENTATION 

Queen, James W. & Co. The Queen catalogues. With a new introduction by Deborah Jean Warner. 2 vols, variously paginated. ISBN 0-930405-30-7. $245.

Reprint of instrument catalogs from the second half of the 19th century. Vol. I includes optics, astronomy, mathematics and engineering; Vol. II includes physics and electricity.


[back to top] HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY 

Hazen, Robert M. The new alchemists. Breaking through the barriers of high pressure. xvi + 286 pp., illus. New York: Times Books, 1993. ISBN 0-8129-2275-1. $25.

On the synthesis of diamond (1954) and subsequent developments in high pressure physics. Discusses the research of Peter Bell, Harold Bovenkirk, Percy W. Bridgman, Francis Bundy, Loring Coes, H. Tracy Hall, George Kennedy, Ho-Kwang Mao, Herbert Strong, Alvin Van Valkenberg, Baltzar Von Platen, Charles Weir.


[back to top] OTHER SCIENCES

Taubes, Gary. Bad science: The short life and weird times of cold fusion. xxi + 503 pp., illus., index. New York: Random House, 1993. ISBN 0-394-58456-2. $25.

On Allen Bard, Jim Brophy, Martin Fleischmann, Ryszard Gajewski, Steven Jones, Steven Koonin, Nathan Lewis, Chase Peterson, B. Stanley Pons, Hugo Rossi and others.


[back to top] BIOGRAPHIES OF SCIENTISTS COLLECTED BIOGRAPHIES (3 or more scientists)

Bernstein, Jeremy. Cranks, quarks, and the cosmos: Writings on science. x + 220 pp., bibl., index. New York: Basic Books, 1993. ISBN 0-465-08897-X. $23.

Includes essays on Albert Einstein, Stephen Hawking, E. H. Land, Ernst Mach, Erwin Schrödinger, Alan Turing, and others.

Serafini, Anthony. Legends in their own time: A century of American physical scientists. xv + 361 pp., notes, index. New York: Plenum Press, 1993. ISBN 0-306-44460-7. $27.50.

Includes chapters on astronomy, the Harvard Observatory, the Manhattan Project, solid-state physics, C. D. Anderson, H. A. Bethe, A. H. Compton, C. Davisson, R. P. Feynman, M. Gell-Mann, S. L. Glashow, L. Germer, J. W. Gibbs, I. Langmuir, E. O. Lawrence, T. D. Lee, A. A. Michelson, H. Rowland, S. Weinberg, C. N. Yang.

[See also Schweber under HISTORY OF PHYSICS; Lemonick under HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY]


[back to top] INDIVIDUAL BIOGRAPHIES AND AUTOBIOGRAPHIES; ANALYSES OF A SCIENTIST'S WORK 

Ajzenberg-Selove, Fay. A matter of choices: Memoirs of a female physicist. viii + 234 pp., illus., bibl. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8135-2034-7 (hardcover), $40. ISBN 0-8135-2035-5 (paperback), $18.

[Bohr, Niels] Petruccioli, Sandro. Atoms, metaphors, and paradoxes: Niels Bohr and the construction of a new physics. Translated by Ian McGilvary. vii + 241 pp. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-40259-x. $49.95.

[Bok, Bart] Levy, David H. The man who sold the Milky Way: A biography of Bart Bok. xiv + 246 pp., illus., bibl., index. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8165-1149-7. $35.

[Boltzmann, Ludwig] Battimelli, Giovanni; Ianniello, Maria Grazia; Kresten, Otto (eds.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Ludwig Boltzmann (Rome, February 9-11, 1989). 254 pp. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1993. ISBN 3-7001-1984-4 (paper).

Includes: "The dissertations prepared under the supervision of L. Boltzmann" by Gabriele Kerber-Auguste Dick, 29-45; "Boltzmann's philosophical education and its bearing on his mature epistemology" by Andrew D. Wilson, 57-69; "Boltzmann and Hertz on the Bild-conception of physical theory" by Salvo D'Agostino, 75-94; "Boltzmann's influence on H. A. Lorentz" by Anne J. Kox, 95-111; "Boltzmann's 'Nachwirkung' and hereditary mechanics" by Maria Grazia Ianniello-Giorgio Israel, 113-33; "Dynamical and statistical conceptions in Boltzmann's physics" by Karl von Meyenn, 141-62; "Boltzmann's statistical approach to irreversibility" by Dieter Flamm, 163-74; "Boltzmann and the foundations of statistical mechanics" by Angelo Baracca, 179-192; "Boltzmann and the problem of equipartition of energy" by Luigi Galgani, 193-202; "Boltzmann's legacy in condensed matter theory: Ideas from Van der Waals to Feynman" by David Chandler, 215-28; "Equilibrium ensembles and their computer realization: The Gibbsian program" by John P. Valleau, 229-54.

[Budker, G. I.] Breizman, Boris and Van Dam, James (eds.). G. I. Budker: Reflections and remembrances. [translated from Russian] xvii + 364 pp., illus. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1993. ISBN 1-56396-070-2. $45.

Includes 7 short essays by Budker (1918-1977).

[Conant, James B.] Hershberg, James G. James B. Conant: Harvard to Hiroshima and the making of the nuclear age. ix + 948 pp. illus., bibl., index. New York: Knopf, 1993. ISBN 0-394-57966-6. $35.

"After a brief treatment of Conant's early life and career Hershberg, beginning at about the time World War II broke out, weaves Conant's life into a tapestry that includes, among other things, the making of the atomic bomb and the decision to use it against Japan; early efforts at internationalization of atomic energy; the personalities and politics surrounding the decision to proceed to the "Super" (the H bomb); McCarthyism and the academy; the Cold War and the militarization of American science; the labyrinthine politics of occupied and divided Germany; and the tortuous hammering out of American policy vis-à-vis the Federal Republic and the place of Germany in a Cold War world." (From the review by Carol S. Gruber in Science, 13 May 1994)

[Feynman, Richard] Brown, Laurie M. and Rigden, John S. (eds.) "Most of the good stuff": Memories of Richard Feynman. vi + 181 pp., illus., notes, bibl. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1993. ISBN 0-88318-870-8. $35.

Articles by J. A. Wheeler, F. J. Dyson, J. Schwinger, M. Gell-Mann, D. Pines, D. L. Goodstein, W. D. Hillis, and others, most of them reprinted from Physics Today; bibliography of Feynman.

[Feynman, Richard] Gleick, James. Genius: The life and science of Richard Feynman. x + 533 pp., illus., index. New York: Vintage Books (Random House), 1993. ISBN 0-679-74704-4. Paperback reprint of the 1992 edition. $14.00.

[Friedmann, Alexander A.] Tropp, Eduard A.; Frenkel, Viktor Ya.; Chernin, Artur D. Alexander A. Friedmann: The man who made the universe expand. [Translated by Alexander Dron and Michael Burov from Russian] x + 267 pp., bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-38470-2. $49.95.

[Galilei, Galileo] Biagioli, Mario. Galileo: Courtier. The Practice of Science in the Culture of Absolutism. xii + 402 pp., bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 0-226-04559-5. $29.95.

[Galilei, Galileo] Sharratt, Michael. Galileo: Decisive innovator. xiii + 247 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1994. ISBN 0-631-17682-9. $29.95.

[Green, George] Cannell, Doris Mary. George Green: Mathematican and physicist 1793-1841. The background to his life and work. xxvi + 265 pp, illus., notes, index. London & Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Athlone Press, 1993. ISBN 0-485-11433-X. $70.

[Hale, George Ellery] Wright, Helen. Explorer of the universe: A biography of George Ellery Hale. (History of Modern Physics and Astronomy, Volume 14) Introduction to the Reprint Edition by Allan Sandage. 487 pp., illus., bibl., index. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1994. ISBN 1-56396-249-7. $29.95. Originally published: New York: Dutton, 1966.

[Hale, George Ellery. See also Osterbrock, under HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY]

[Helmholtz, Hermann von] Cahan, David (ed.) Hermann von Helmholtz and the foundations of nineteenth-century science. (California Studies in the History of Science, 12) xxx + 666 pp., illus. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994. ISBN 0-520-08334-2. $65.

Based on a conference, October 1990. Includes: "Helmholtz's Ueber die Erhaltung der Kraft: The emergence of a theoretical physicist" by Fabio Bevilacqua, 291-333; "Electrodynamics in context: Objects states, laboratory practice, and anti-Romanticism" by Jed Z. Buchwald, 334-73; "Helmholtz's instrumental role in the formation of classical electrodynamics" by Walter Kaiser, 374-402; "Between physics and chemistry: Helmholtz's route to a theory of chemical thermodynamics" by Helge Kragh, 403-31; "Helmholtz's mechanical foundation of thermodynamics" by Günther Bierhalter, 432-58.

[Hörbiger, Hanns] Bowen, Robert. Universal ice: Science and ideology in the Nazi state. xv + 189 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. London: Belhaven Press, 1993. ISBN 1852931906. $59.

On the political use of Hörbiger's Glacial-Kosmogonie (first published in 1913), a theory of the origin of the solar system and of the history of the earth.

[Hubble, Edwin P.] Sharov, Alexander S. and Novikov, Igor D. Edwin Hubble, the discoverer of the big bang universe. [Translated from Russian ed., 1989] xvi + 187 pp., illus., appendices, bibl., indexes. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-41617-5. $34.95.

[Kepler, Johannes] Caspar, Max. Kepler. Translated and edited by C. Doris Hellman. With a new introduction and references by Owen Gingerich. 441 pp. New York: Dover Publications, 1993. ISBN 0-486-67605-6 (paperback) $10.95.

[Kepler, Johannes] Kozhamthadan, Job, S. J. The discovery of Kepler's laws: The interaction of science, philosophy, and religion. xi + 316 pp. Notre Dame & London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994. ISBN 0-268-00868-X.

[Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm] Bertoloni Meli, Domenico. Equivalence and priority: Newton versus Leibniz. Including Leibniz's unpublished manuscripts on the Principia. ix + 318 pp., notes, index. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993. ISBN 0-19-853945-2. $82.50

[Mayer, Julius Robert] Caneva, Kenneth L. Robert Mayer and the conservation of energy. xxiii + 439 pp., notes, bibl., index. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-691-08758-X. $49.50.

[Newton, Isaac] Hall, A. Rupert. All was light: An introduction to Newton's Opticks. viii + 252 pp., illus., bibl., indexes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN-0-19-853985-1. $52.50.

[Newton, Isaac] Theerman, Paul; Seeff, Adele F. (eds.) Action and reaction: Proceedings of a Symposium to commemorate the tercentenary of Newton's Principia. 324 pp., index. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press/London & Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1993. ISBN 0-87413-446-3. $39.50

Includes: "Introduction" [on the history of Newtonian anniversary celebrations] by S. G. Brush, A. F. Seeff and P. Theerman, pp. 11-27; "The culmination of the Scientific Revolution: Isaac Newton" by R. S. Westfall, pp. 31-60; "The Principia, the Newtonian style, and the Newtonian Revolution in science" by I. B. Cohen, pp. 61-104; ""The unity of truth": An integrated view of Newton's work" by B. J. T. Dobbs, pp. 105-143; "Reasoning from phenomena: Newton's argument for universal gravitation and the practice of science" by W. L. Harper, pp. 144-182; "Algebraic vs. geometric techniques in Newton's determination of planetary orbits" by M. S. Mahoney, pp. 183-205; "Comets and idols: Newton's cosmology and political theology" by S. Schaffer, pp. 206-31; "Overview: Newton's place in history" by D. Shapere, pp. 300-11; other articles on the relation between Newtonianism and chemistry, economics, and concepts of insanity.

[Newton, Isaac] See also under Leibniz, above.

[Oppenheimer, J. Robert] Holloway, Rachael L. In the matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: Politics, rhetoric, and self-defense. x + 123 pp, notes, bibl., index. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993. ISBN 0-275-94429-8. $42.95.

Analysis of the documents in the 1954 Oppenheimer hearings using "terminological algebra."

[Ritchey, George Willis. See Osterbrock, under HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY.]

Segrè, Emilio. A mind always in motion: The autobiography of Emilio Segrè. xii + 332 pp., illus., notes, index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. ISBN 0-520-07627-3. $30.


[back to top] TECHNICAL MONOGRAPHS BY SCIENTISTS 

Poincaré, Henri. New methods of celestial mechanics. Daniel L. Goroff (editor). Revision by Tom von Foerster, Stephane Laederich and D. L. Goroff of the 1967 NASA English translation (original translator not identified). Endnotes by V. I. Arnol'd, M. V. Alekseev, and G. A. Merman from the Russian translation (1971-72), translated and excerpted into English by J. V. Barbour. 3 vols. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1993. ISBN 1-56396-117-2. $195.

Part 1, Periodic and asymptotic solutions. xxix + 106 + 316 + 5 pp., bibl., notes, index. Introduction by D. L. Goroff, pp. I1-I107. Part 2, Approximations by series. xxi-xxix + 317-721 + E7-E18 pp., notes, index. Part 3, Integral invariants and asymptotic properties of certain solutions. 723-1077 + E19-E23 + xxi-xxv pp., notes, index.


[back to top] COLLECTED WORKS OF SCIENTISTS 

Einstein, Albert. The collected papers of Albert Einstein. Volume 3. The Swiss years: Writings, 1909-1911. Martin J. Klein, A. J. Kox, Jürgen Renn, and Robert Schulmann (editors); Jed Buchwald, Jean Eisenstaedt, Don Howard, John Norton and Tilman Sauer (contributing editors). xxv + 644 pp., illus., bibl., index. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-691-08772-5. $85.

Includes lecture notes on mechanics, kinetic theory of heat, electricity and magnetism, fluctuations; papers published in Annalen der Physik and other journals.

Einstein, Albert. The collected papers of Albert Einstein. Volume 3. The Swiss years: Writings, 1909-1911. English translation. Anna Beck, translator; Don Howard, consultant. xi + 437 pp. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-691-10250-3.

For contents see previous item.

Einstein, Albert. The collected papers of Albert Einstein. Volume 5. The Swiss years: Correspondence, 1902-1914. Martin J. Klein, A. J. Kox, and Robert Schulmann (editors); Paolo Brenni, Klaus Hentschel, Jürgen Renn, and Laura Ruetsche (contributing editors). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993. xlix + 724 pp., bibl., index. ISBN 0-691-03322-6. $85.

519 letters, including correspondence with Michele Besso, Paul Ehrenfest, Mileva Einstein-Maric, Conrad Habicht, Marcel Grossmann, Philipp Lenard, Hendrik A. Lorentz, Ernst Mach, Hermann Minkowski, Arnold Sommerfeld, Johannes Stark, Wilhelm Wien, and others.

Forbush, Scott E. Cosmic rays, the sun and geomagnetism: The works of Scott E. Forbush. J. A. Van Allen (ed.). 472 pp. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, 1993. ISBN 0-87590-833-0. $33.95.

Heisenberg, Werner. Gesammelte Werke/Collected Works. Series A, Part III: Original Scientific Papers. W. Blum, H.-P. Dürr and H. Rechenberg (eds.) x + 700 pp. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993. ISBN 0-387-13848-X. $169.

Introductory article, "Heisenberg and Pauli: Their program of a unified quantum field theory of elementary particles (1927-1958," by H. Rechenberg, 1-20. Papers on electron theory of superconductivity (1946-48), meson showers and multiparticle production (1949-52), unified field theory of elementary particles (1950-75) and some miscellaneous short papers including "Über die Uranbombe" (colloquium at Farm Hall, 14 August 1945), 618-36. Bibliography of Heisenberg's publications by H. Rechenberg, 645-700.

Hertz, Heinrich Rudolf (1857-1894). A collection of articles and addresses. Joseph F. Mulligan (ed.) xxii + 442 pp., illus., bibl., index. New York: Garland Publishing, 1994. ISBN 0-8153-1288-1. $70.

Includes "Introductory biography" by Joseph F. Mulligan, 3-84; English translations of 11 papers by Hertz, and 7 papers about him by P. Lenard, G. F. FitzGerald, H. v. Helmholtz, and M. Planck; bibliography of works by and about Hertz.

[Yuasa, Toshiko] Shimizu, Seki. Catalog of Toshiko Yuasa's (1909-1980) archives. 144 pp. Tokyo: Institute for Women's Studies, Ochanomizu University, 1993.

Yuasa was the first woman physicist in Japan; she worked under F. Joliot-Curie from 1940-44 and continued as a nuclear physics researcher in France after World War II, playing a role of private ambassador of science between Japan and France.

Zeldovich, Yakov Borisovich. Selected works. J. P. Ostriker, G. I. Barenblatt and R. A. Sunyaev, editors. Translated by A. Granik and F. Jackson from the 1985 Russian edition. Volume 2: Particles, nuclei, and the universe. xiv + 644 pp. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993. ISBN 0691087423. $99.50.

Includes short historical/biographical articles on Einstein, D. A. Frank-Kamenetskii, B. P. Konstantinov, L. D. Landau and an autobiographical note.


[back to top]TEXTS AND OTHER WORKS BY SCIENTISTS 

National Research Council, Committee on the Status and Research Objectives in the Solid-Earth Sciences. Solid-Earth Sciences and Society: A Critical Assessment. xx + 346 pp., illus., bibl., index. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 1993. ISBN 0-309-04739-0. $49.95

The Committee was chaired by Peter J. Wyllie.

Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H. Particles and policy. xii + 232 pp., illus. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics, 1994. ISBN 1-563-96247-0. $29.95.

Collection of lectures and papers written for non-specialists, on elementary-particle physics and arms control; includes "Particle substructure: A common theme of discovery in this century" (lecture, 1981), 59-90.

Sachs, Mendel. Relativity in our time: From physics to human relations. xii + 162 pp. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis, 1993. ISBN 0-7484-0117-2 (hc) $65. ISBN 0-7484-0118-0 (paper) $19.95.

Historically-oriented popularization of relativity theory.

Silk, Joseph. Cosmic enigmas. x + 214 pp. Woodbury, NY: AIP Press, 1994. ISBN 1-56396-061-3. $29.95

Collection of articles on astronomy.

Wheeler, John Archibald. At home in the universe. x + 371 pp, illus. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1994. ISBN 0-88318-862-7. $24.95.

Collection of essays and lectures including "Niels Bohr and nuclear physics," 93-111; "Einstein and other seekers of the wider view," 144-58; "Maria Sklodowska Curie and the world of the small," 161-70; "Hermann Weyl and the unity of knowledge," 171-91.


[back to top] REFERENCE WORKS: ENCYCLOPEDIAS, HANDBOOKS, etc.

Grattan-Guinness, I. (ed.) Companion encyclopedia of the history and philosophy of the mathematical sciences. 2 vols. xiii + 1-842 pp., xi + 843-1806 pp, bibl., biog. notes, index. London & New York: Routledge, 1994. ISBN 0-415-03785-9. $175.

Includes articles on solid and fluid mechanics, celestial mechanics, ballistics, flight, the pendulum, geodesy, tides, physical optics, heat diffusion, thermodynamics, geophysics, meteorology, acoustics, electricy & magnetism, relativity, statistical mechanics, quantum mechanics, crystallography, and probability in science.


[back to top] BIOGRAPHICAL SOURCES 

Grinstein, Louise S; Rose, Rose K.; Rafailovich, Miriam H. (eds) Women in chemistry and physics: A biobibliographic sourcebook. xix + 721 pp. New York: Greenwood, 1993. ISBN 0-313-27382-0. $99.50.

Physicists include Cécile Andrée Paule DeWitt-Morette, Caroline Stuart Littlejohn Herzenberg, Darleane Christian Hoffman, Lise Meitner, Anne Barbara Underhill, Frances Gertrude Wick, Chien-Shiung Wu.

Who's Who in Science and Engineering 1994-1995. 2nd ed. xvii + 1269 pp. Indexes. New Providence, NJ: Reed Reference Publishing/Marquis Who's Who, 1994. ISBN 0-8379-5752-4. $249.95

Who's Who in Science in Europe. A Biographical Guide to Science, Technology, Agriculture, and Medicine. 8th ed. 2 vols. 2685 pp. Subject index. Harlow, Essex, UK: Longman Group UK, Ltd. (distributed in USA by Gale Research), 1993. ISBN 0-582-23311-9. $895.


[back to top] BIBLIOGRAPHIES AND GUIDES

Gluckman, Albert Gerard. The invention and evolution of the electrotechnology to transmit electric signals without wires. An annotated bibliography of 17th, 18th, and 19th century experimental studies of electrostatic induction, spark-gap and lightning discharges, magnetic induction, oscillating circuits, resonance, and electromagnetic wave propagation. 239 pp., index. Washington, DC: Washington Academy of Sciences, 1993. ISBN 0-9607222-4-6. $30.


[back to top] MANUSCRIPTS AND ARCHIVES

Wheaton, Bruce R. Inventory of Sources for history of twentieth-century physics: Report and microfiche index to 700,000 letters. With the assistance of Robin E. Rider. x + 294 pp., figs., bibil., appendix, 62 microfiche. Stuttgart: Verlag für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften und der Technik, 1993. ISBN 3-928186-09-4. $599.


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