AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXVII, No. 2, Fall 1995

 

Recent Publications on the History of Physics

A supplement to the Newsletter of The Center for History of Physics/Niels Bohr Library and The Forum for History of Physics, American Physical Society
Compiled by Stephen G. Brush, University of Maryland, and the staff of the Niels Bohr Library

BOOKS

For a complete list of published books and journals on the history of physics, visit http://www.aip.org/history/web-news.htm#bib.

This list is the second of an annual series. It includes books on the history of modern physics and related topics (including astronomy, geophysics, and physics in medicine) published in 1997 or later. (See earlier lists for details on how the list is prepared.)

Permission is hereby granted to copy freely all or part of this list for any educational purpose. More extensive versions of this and the other previous lists are available on the Center's Web site at: www.aip.org/history/web-news.htm#bib.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

About this Bibliography

INDEX......please search our web site at www.aip.org/history/s-indx.htm

All our bibliographies for all years can be searched on our Web site. Visit www.aip.org/history/s-indx.htm and type your search in the search box. To search one year's bibliography only for, say, Einstein, enter:
[Einstein AND "Fall 1999"]


[back to top] PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

Achinstein, Peter; Snyder, Laura J. (eds.) Scientific methods: Conceptual and historical problems. viii + 157 pp., index. Malabar, FL: Krieger Pub. Co., 1994. ISBN 0-89464-822-5 (pb) $19.50.

"Inference to the unobservable: Newton's experimental philosophy" by Barbara L. Horan, 1-19; "Conceptual change in science: The Newton-Hooke controversy" by Michael Bishop, 21-43; "Experimental skills and experiment appraisal" [optics in the 1830s] by Xiang Chen, 45-65; "Stochastic electrodynamics and counterrevolutionary physics" [on T. H. Boyer's theory] by Niall Shanks, 67-93; "Is evidence historical?" [prediction vs. explanation in physics] by L. J. Snyder, 95-117; "Art and science: the method of Ruskin's Modern Painters" [his criticism of John Tyndall] by Jonathan Smith, 119-136; "Narrative justification in philosophy of science: a role for history" [historiography of Aristotle, Copernicus] by D. Lynn Holt, 137-157.

Cushing, James T. Quantum mechanics: Historical contingency and the Copenhagen hegemony. xvi + 317 pp., notes, bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. ISBN 0-226-13202-1 (hc) $65.00. ISBN 0-226-13204-8 (pb) $27.00.

Argues that David Bohm's causal interpretation of QM is as valid as the Copenhagen Interpretation and that it could have been accepted by physicists if certain historical events had been different or in a different sequence. On J. Bell, N. Bohr, M. Born, L. de Broglie, A. Einstein, W. Heisenberg, W. Pauli, E. Schrödinger.

Pitt, Joseph (ed.) Experiments and scientific change. Synthese, vol. 99, no. 1 (April 1994) 135 pp. Boston: Kluwer, 1994. ISSN 0039-7857.

"Science and certainty" [with remarks on early quantum theory] by John D. Norton, 3-22; "Demonstrative induction, old and new evidence and the accuracy of the electrostatic inverse square law" [Maxwell on the Cavendish experiment] by Ronald Laymon, 23-58; "The rule of reproducibility and its applications in experiment appraisal" [on David Brewster, George Airy and the analysis of sunlight in the 1840s] by Xiang Chen, 87-109; "More heat than light: Rumford's experiments on the materiality of light" by Morton L. Schagrin, 111-121 .

Plotnitsky, Arkady. Complementarity: Anti-epistemology after Bohr and Derrida. ix + 324 pp., notes, bibl., index. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8223-1433-9 (hc) $49.95. ISBN 0-8223-1437-1 (pb) $17.95.

Sklar, Lawrence. Physics and chance: Philosophical issues in the foundations of statistical mechanics. xi + 437 pp., bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-44055-6 (hc) $64.95.

"Historical Sketch," 14-89.

[see also [Bohr] Faye; Folse under BIOGRAPHIES OF SCIENTISTS]


[back to top] SCIENCE AND SOCIETY

Appleby, Joyce; Hunt, Lynn; Jacob, Margaret. Telling the truth about history. 322 pp., index. New York: Norton, 1994. ISBN 0-393-03615-4 (hc) $25.

"We ... present a new way of thinking about objectivity, one that argues for the centrality of science to Western culture and to the search for truth." Ch. 1 sketches the "heroic model of science" based on Newton's achievement, and its impact on Western culture. Chs. 2-4 recount the attempt to make history scientific and the history of American historiography. Ch. 5 describes changes in the historiography of science since the 1960s. Ch. 6 confronts the postmodernist attack on reason. Chs. 7 & 8 attempt to reive a modified objectivity for historical scholarship through "pragmatic realism."

Bromley, D. Allan The president's scientists. Reminiscences of a White House Science Advisor. xiv + 273 pp.. illus., index. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-300-06006-8 (hc) $30.00.

Includes comments on Samuel Skinner's role in the demise of the SSC.

Chaisson, Eric J. The Hubble wars. Astrophysics meets astropolitics in the two-billion-dollar struggle over the Hubble Space Telescope. xi + 387 pp., illus., index. New York: HarperCollins, 1994. ISBN 0-06-017114-6 (hc) $27.50.

Foerstel, Herbert N. Secret science: Federal control of American science and technology. 227 pp., notes, index. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993. ISBN 0-275-94447-6 (hc) $24.95.

Chapter 3, "Atomic Secrets"

Shapin, Steven. A social history of truth. Civility and science in seventeenth-century England. xxxi + 483 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. ISBN 0-226-75018-3 (hc) $29.95.

Connections among acceptance of scientific knowledge, social status, and testimony of observers are illustrated using the case of Robert Boyle. Also discusses Francis Bacon, Johannes Hevelius, Thomas Hobbes, Robert Hook, Christiaan Huygens, John Wallis.

Solingen, Etel (ed.) Scientists and the state: Domestic structures and the international context. xii + 259 pp., Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1994. ISBN 0-472-10486-1 (hc) $49.50.

"Japan: The political economy of Japanese science: Nakasone, physicists, and the state" by Morris F. Low, 93-125; "India: The nuclear scientists and the state, the Nehru and post-Nehru years" by Ashok Kapur, 209-229. Physicists discussed include Homi Bhabha, Ryokichi Sagane, M. N. Saha, Shoichi Sakata, Sin-itiro Tomonaga, Hideki Yukawa.


[back to top] SCIENCE AND THE MILITARY; ATOMIC WEAPONS

Badash, Lawrence. Scientists and the development of nuclear weapons: From fission to the limited test ban treaty, 1939-1963. ix + 129 pp., bibl., index. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1995. ISBN 0-391-03873-7 (hc) $39.95. ISBN 0-391-03874-5 (pb) $12.50.

Hacker, Barton C. Elements of controversy. The Atomic Energy Commission and radiation safety in nuclear weapons testing, 1947- 1974. xxiv + 614 pp., illus., bibl., indexes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994. ISBN 0-520-08323-7 (hc) $55

Holloway, David. Stalin and the bomb. The Soviet Union and atomic energy 1939- 1956. xvi + 464 pp., illus., notes, index. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-300-06056-4 (hc) $30.00.

Includes remarks on A. I. Alikhanov, L. A. Artsimovich, E. Fermi, Klaus Fuchs, A. F. Ioffe, P. L. Kapitsa, Iu. B. Khariton, I. V. Kurchatov, R. E. Peierls, N. N. Semenov, D. V Skobel'tsyn, I. E. Tamm, Ia. B. Zel'dovich.

Johnson, Leland; Schaffer, Daniel. Oak Ridge National Laboratory: The first fifty years. xii + 270 pp., illus., bibl., index. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1994. ISBN 0-87049-854-1 (pb) $15.00.

Refers frequently to Alvin Weinberg.

Leslie, Stuart W. The cold war and American science: The military-industrial-academic complex at MIT and Stanford. xiii + 332 pp, illus., notes, index. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-231-07958-3 (hc) $42.00 Reprint, 1994: ISBN 0-231-07959- 1 (pb) $ 19.50.

"... the Department of Defense became the biggest single patron of American science, predominantly in the physical sciences and engineering." Comments on Charles Stark Draper, Edward Ginzton, William Hansen, Robert Huggins, John Slater, Julius Stratton, Frederick Terman, Jerrold Zacharias. Conclusion: "Postwar events largely proved the fears of ... Philip Morrison and others that the military would end up buying American science and engineering on the 'installment plan.'"

Lindee, M. Susan. Suffering made real: American science and the survivors at Hiroshima. xi + 287 pp., illus., bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. ISBN 0-226-48237-5 (hc) $29.95.

On the studies of biological effects of radiation conducted in Japan by the U.S. Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission.

Rhodes, Richard. Dark sun: The making of the hydrogen bomb. 731 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. ISBN 0-684-80400-x (hc) $32.50.

Weisgall, Jonathan M. Operation Crossroads: The atomic tests at Bikini Atoll. xx + 415 pp., illus., bibl., index. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1994. ISBN I -55750-919-0 (hc) $31.95.

Winkler, Allan M. Life under a cloud: American anxiety about the atom. 282 pp., notes, bibl. index. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN 0- 19-507821 -7. $27.50.

[see also Treat under SCIENCE AND LITERATURE]


[back to top] SCIENCE AND MUSIC

Levenson, Thomas. Measure for measure: A musical history of science. 351 pp., bibl., index. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. ISBN 0-671 -78730-6 (hc) $25.00.

Includes sections on Galileo, Robert Hooke, Kepler, Newton, Poincaré, Pythagoras.


[back to top] SCIENCE AND LITERATURE

Levine, George (ed.) Realism and representation: Essays on the problem of realism in relation to science, literature, and culture. xiii + 330 pp., index. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1993. ISBN 0-299-13630-2 (hc) $50. ISBN 0-299- 13634-5 (pb) $23.50.

"Wave theory [writings of James Clerk Maxwell and John Tyndall] and the rise of literary postmodernism" by Gillian Beer, 193-213; "Augustan realities: Nature's representatives [disciples of Isaac Newton] and their cultural resources in the early eighteenth century" by Simon Schaffer, 279-318.

Treat, John Whittier. Writing ground zero. Japanese literature and the atomic bomb. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. xx + 487 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. ISBN 0-226-8177-8 (hc) $29.95.


[back to top] SCIENCE AND RELIGION

Polkinghorne, John The faith of a physicist: Reflections of a bottom-up thinker. x + 211 pp., bibl., index. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-691-03620-9 (hc) $24.95.

Shale, Mark H.; Shields, George W. (eds.) Science, technology, and religious ideas. 244 pp. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1994. ISBN 0-8191 -9346- 1 (hc) $57. ISBN 0-8191-9347-x (pb) $24.

"The wider design argument and the new physics: Ruminations on the thought of P. C. W. Davies" by G. W. Shields, 77-96; "Fine-tuning the universe?" [the anthropic principle] by E. McMullin, 97-125; "A clash of wills: Voluntarism in the thought of Robert Boyle" by R. Levy, 157-176; "Galileo and the Church" by Edward Schoen, 177-189.

[see also [Galileo] Campanella under INDIVIDUAL BIOGRAPHIES]


[back to top] SCIENCE AND THEATRE

Crease, Robert P. The play of nature: Experimentation as performance. ix + 207 pp. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-253-31474-7 (hc) $35.

Uses examples from the history of modern physics., e.g. Röntgen's discovery of X-rays.


[back to top] SCIENCE AND ECONOMICS

Mirowski, Philip (ed.) Natural images in economic thought: "Markets read in tooth and claw." xiii + 618 pp., notes, bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-521-44321-0 (hc) $79.95. ISBN 0-521-47877-4 (pb) $29.95

"Newton and the social sciences, with special reference to economics, or, the case of the missing aradigm" by I. B. Cohen, 55-90; "From virtual velocities to economic action: the very slow arrivals of linear programming and locational equilibrium" by Ivor Grattan-Guinness, 91-108; "Rigor and practicality: rival ideals of quantification in nineteenth-century economics" by Theodore M. Porter, 128-170; "Fire, motion, and productivity: the proto-energetics of nature and economy in François Quesnay" by Paul B. Christensen, 249-288.


[back to top] THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY

Kevles, Daniel J. The physicists: The history of a scientific community in modern America. xlv + 489 pp., notes, index. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-674-66656-9 (pb) $17.95.

Reprint of the 1978 edition, with a new preface, "The death of the Superconducting Supercollider in the life of American physics," ix-xlii.


[back to top] SCIENCE EDUCATION

Berger, Joseph. The young scientists. America's future and the winning of the Westinghouse. xii + 243 pp. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1994. ISBN 0-201-63255- 1 (hc) $21.95.

Profiles of high schools and teachers that have produced several Science Talent Search winners; history and current operation of the contest. Nobel Laureates in Physics who were winners: Leon N. Cooper, Ben R. Mottelson, Sheldon L. Glashow.


[back to top] PUBLICATIONS

Hartman, Paul. A Memoir on The Physical Review. A History of the First Hundred Years. xiii + 212 pp.. illus. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1994. ISBN I -56396-282-9 (pb) $ 10.

Stroke, H. Henry (ed.) The Physical Review: The first Hundred Years. A selection of seminal papers and commentaries. xix + 1266 pp., illus., author index, CD-ROM. Woodbury, NY: AIP Press, 1995. ISBN I -56396- 188- 1 (hc) $75.

Reprints of more than 1000 articles from Physical Review and Physical Review Letters, all on the CD-ROM and about 200 of them in the book. "The Physical Review then and now" by Abraham Pais, l-10; "Atomic physics" by Edward Gerjuoy, 83-98; "Nuclear physics" by Herman Feshbach, 241-250; "Statistical Physics" by Joel L. Lebowitz, 369-383; "Cosmic radiation" by John A. Simpson, 573-585; "Elementary particle physics experiments" by Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky and George H. Trilling, 799-812; "Particle theory" by Sam Treiman, 933-945; articles on gravity physics and cosmology, condensed matter, plasma physics, quantum mechanics, science and technology.


[back to top] INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE

Brooke, Christopher N. L. A history of the University of Cambridge. Vol. IV: 1870-1990. xxiii + 652 pp., illus., notes, index. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-34350-X (hc) $89.95.

"The Cavendish," 173-193.

Putnam, William Lowell The Explorers of Mars Hill: A Centennial History of Lowell Observatory, 1894-1994. xix + 289 pp., illus., index. West Kennebunk, ME: Phoenix Pub., 1994. ISBN 0-914659-69-3 (hc) $30.

On H. L. Giclas, Percival Lowell, V. M. Slipher, S. Sykes.


[back to top] HISTORY OF SCIENCE

Cohen, H. Floris. The scientific revolution: A historiographical inquiry. xviii + 662 pp., notes, bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. ISBN 0-226-11279-9 (hc) $75.00. ISBN 0-226-11280-2 (pb) $26.95.

Field, J. V.; James, Frank A. J. L. (eds.) Renaissance and revolution: Humanists, scholars, craftsmen, and natural philosophers in early modern Europe. xvi + 291 pp., illus., bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-43427-0 (hc) $49.95.

"Johannes Hevelius and the visual language of astronomy" by Mary G. Winkler and Albert Van Helden, 97-116; "Mathematical sciences and military technology: the Ordnance Office in the reign of Charles 11" by Frances Willmouth, 117-131; "Between ars and philosophia naturalis: reflections on the historiography of early modern mechanics" by Alan Gabbey, 133-145; "The conscience of Robert Boyle: functionalism, 'dysfunctionalism' and the task of historical understanding by Michael Hunter, 147-159; "Clandestine Stoic concepts in mechanical philosophy: the problem of electrical attraction" by Gad Freudenthal, 161-172; "Newton's subtle matter: the Opticks queries and the mechanical philosophy" by R. W. Home, 193-202; "Huygens's reaction to Newton's gravitational theory" by Roberto de A. Martins, 203-213; "The reception of Newton's Opticks in Italy" by Paolo Casini, 215-227; "Retrospection on the scientific revolution" by A. Rupert Hall, 239-249.

Gavroglu, Kostas; Christianidis, Jean; Nicolaidis, Efthymios (eds.) Trends in the historiography of science. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 151) xi + 451 pp., index. Boston: Kluwer, 1994. ISBN 0-7923-2255-x (hc) $ 138.00.

"Theory and practice in early modern physics" [on Galileo] by Stillman Drake, 15-30; "Types of discourse and the reading of the history of the physical sciences" [theory of chemical bond -- W. Heitler, F. London, R. S. Mulliken, L. Pauling] by K. Gavroglu, 65-86; "Scientists and the state: the legacy of World War II" [physicists in operations research] by Michael Fortun and Sylvan S. Schweber, 327-354; "Unification, geometry and ambivalence: Hilbert, Weyl and the Göttingen community" [on general relativity] by Skuli Sigurdsson, 355-367; "Reopening the texts of romantic science: the language of experience in J. W. Ritter's Bewis" by Stuart Walker Strickland, 385-396; "History of science and history of mathematization: the example [of] the science of motion at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries" [on P. Varignon] by Michel Blay, 405-420.

Hadden, Richard W. On the shoulders of merchants: Exchange and the mathematical conception of nature in early modern Europe. xviii + 191 pp., illus., bibl., index. Albany: State University of New York Press. 1994. ISBN 0-7914-2011-6 (hc) $49.50. ISBN 0-7914-2012-4 (pb) $ 16.95.

Jacob, Margaret C. (ed.) The politics of Western science, 1640-1990. 241 pp., index. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press International, 1994. ISBN 0-391-03834-6 (pb) $15. Reprinted from Social Research (Fall 1992) with a new essay by S. W. Leslie.

"Heisenberg, German science, and the Third Reich" by David C. Cassidy, 157-175; "Science and politics in cold war America" by Stuart W. Leslie, 199-233.

Lang, Harry G. Silence of the spheres: The deaf experience in the history of science. xxxiv + 187 pp., illus., index. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 1994. ISBN 0-89789-368-9 (hc) $49.95.


[back to top] HISTORY OF PHYSICS

Agassi, Joseph. Radiation theory and the quantum revolution. xvii + 178 pp., bibl., refs., index. Basel/Boston/Berlin: Birkhäuser Verlag, 1993. ISBN 3-7643-2905-X and 0-8176-2905-X. $59.

On Niels Bohr, Ludwig Boltzmann, Albert Einstein, Gustav Robert Kirchhoff, James Clerk Maxwell, Isaac Newton, Max Planck, Pierre Prevost, Wilhelm Wien, Thomas Young.

Brown, Laurie. Renormalization from Lorentz to Landau (and beyond). vii + 192 pp.. illus., index. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1995. ISBN 0-387-944401-X (pb) $29.95. Reprint of the 1994 edition.

Earman, John; Janssen, Michel; Norton, John D. (eds.) The attraction of gravitation: New studies in the history of general relativity. (Einstein Studies, vol. 5) xi + 432 pp., notes, index. Boston: Birkhäuser.1993. ISBN 0-8176-3624-2 (hc)$125.

"Einstein and [Gunnar] Nordström: Some less-known thought experiments in gravitation" by John D. Norton, 3-29; "Out of the labyrinth? Einstein, [Paul] Hertz, and the Göttingen answer to the hole argument" by Don Howard and John D. Norton, 30-6 2; "Conservation laws and gravitational waves in general relativity (1915-1918)" by Carlo Cattani and Michelangelo de Maria, 63-87; "The general-relativistic two-body problem and the Einstein-[Ludwik] Silberstein controversy" by Peter Havas, 88-125; "Einstein's explanation of the motion of Mercury's perihelion" by John Earman and Michel Janssen, 129-172; "Pieter Zeeman's experiments on the equality of inertial and gravitational mass" by A. J. Kox, 173-181; "Variational derivations of Einstein's equations" by S. Kirchenassamy, 185-205; "[Tullio] Levi-Civita's influence on [Attilio] Palatini's contribution to general relativity" by Carlo Cattani, 206-222; "The American contribution to the theory of differential invariants, 1900-1916" by Karin Reich, 225-247; "The reaction to relativity theory in Germany, III: 'A hundred authors against Einstein"' by Hubert Goenner, 248-273; "Attempts at unified field theories (1919-1955). Alleged failure and intrinsic validation/refutation criteria" by Silvio Bergia, 274-307; "Vladimir Fock: Philosophy of gravity and gravity of philosophy" by Gennady Gorelik, 308-331; "S. Chandrasekhar's contributions to general relativity" by Kameshwar C. Wali, 332-349; "[Georges] Lemaître and the [Karl] Schwarschild solution" by Jean Eisenstaedt, 353-389; "E. A. Milne and the origins of modern cosmology: An essential presence" by John Urani and George Gale, 390-419.

Hakfoort, Casper Optics in the age of Euler. Conceptions of the nature of light, l 700- 1795. vi + 243 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-521-40471-1 (hc) $61.95. Originally published in Dutch, 1986.

Harman, P.M. After Newton: Essays on natural philosophy. xii+ 315 pp., index. Aldershot, Eng.: Variorum, 1993. ISBN 0-86078-348-0 (hc) $87.95.

Includes articles on Newtonian physics, ether, forces, energy, Johann Bernoulli, Leonhard Euler, Michael Faraday, H. v. Helmholtz, Immanuel Kant, G. W. Leibniz, Colin MacLaurin, J. R. Mayer.

Heilbron, John L. Weighing imponderables and other quantitative Science around 1800. ix + 337 pp., illus., notes, index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. ISBN 0-98102-17-0 (pb) $20. Also published as vol. 24, pt. 1, Supplement, Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences.

On J. B. Biot, C. Borda, C. A. Coulomb, J.-B.-J. Delambre, P. S. de Laplace, A. L. Lavoisier, I. Newton and others.

Holton, Gerald. Einstein, History and other Passions. xiii + 312 pp. New York: AIP Press, 1995. ISBN I-56396-33-7 (hc) $29.95.

Also discusses P. W. Bridgman, Richard P. Feynman, Mileva Maric, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Michael Polanyi, I. I. Rabi.

Jammer, Max. Concepts of Space: The History of Theories of Space in Physics. Foreword by Albert Einstein. Third, enlarged edition. xvii + 261 pp., notes, index. New York: Dover. 1993. ISBN 0-486-27119-6 (pb) $7.95.

New chapter, "Recent developments in the philosophy of physical space," 215-251.

Pellegrini, Claudio; Sessler, Andrew M. (eds.) The development of colliders. xi + 275 pp., author index. Woodbury, NY: AIP Press, 1995. ISBN l-56396-349-3 (hc) $48.00.

Reprint of papers published (mostly in the 1950s and l960s) by E. D. Courant, K. R. Symon, D. W. Kerst and others.

Ryutova-Kemoklidze, Margarita. The quantum generation: Highlights and tragedies of the golden age of physics. Translated from Russian by John Hine. xxii + 327 pp., illus. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1994. ISBN 0-387-53298-6 (hc) $39.50.

On the career of Yuri Borisovich Rumer (1901-1985).

Schröder, Wilfried; Treder, Hans-Jürgen (eds) Reflections on physics and geophysics. 193 pp., tables, illus. Bremen-Ronnebeck, Germany: Interdivisional Commission on History of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy/Science Edition, 1994. ISSN 0179-5658 (pb) $ 16.

On Einstein's cosmology; the Einstein-Bohr box experiment; correspondence with Banesh Hoffmann, L. Rosenfeld, M. Jammer; geophysics; Hans Ertel; Emil Weichert; reprints of previously-published papers by Treder, and a paper by Herbert Hörz on Heisenberg's epistemology.

Thorne, Kip S. Black holes and time warps: Einstein's outrageous legacy. 619 pp. New York: Norton, 1994. ISBN 0-393-03305 (hc) $30.

[see also Kevles under THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY]


[back to top] HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY

Mauskopf, Seymour H. Chemical sciences in the modern world. xxii + 417 pp., index. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8122-3156-2 (hc) $39.95.

Essays on the history of chemistry in the 19th and 20th centuries. Connections with atomic theory and thermodynamics are discussed in articles by Mary Jo Nye and Alan J. Rocks. Pertinent remarks on the relations between scientists and historians are presented in the article by William B. Jensen.

Nye, Mary Jo. From chemical philosophy to theoretical chemistry: Dynamics of matter and dynamics of disciplines, 1800-1950. xvii + 328 pp., illus., index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. ISBN 0-520-08210-9 (hc) $48.00.


[back to top] HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY, ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND SPACE SCIENCES

Bahcall, John N.; Davis, Raymond, Jr.; Parker, Peter; Smirnov, Alexei; Ulrich, Roger (eds.) Solar neutrinos: The first thirty years. xxiii + 440 pp. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1994. ISBN 0-201-40791-4 (hc) $59.95. Reprints of scientific papers.

Blaauw, Adriaan. History of the IAU: The birth and first half-century of the International Astronomical Union. xix + 296 pp., notes, index. Boston: Kluwer, 1994. ISBN 0-7923-2979-1 (hc) $90. ISBN 0-7923-2980-5 (pb) $49.

Includes comments on G. Abetti, W. S. Adams, V. A. Ambartsumian, A. S. Eddington, G. E. Hale, B. Lindblad, J. H. Oort, P. Th. Oosterhoff, J. C. Pecker, D. H. Sadler, A. Schuster, H. Shapley, H. Spencer Jones, F. J. M. Stratton, B. G. D. Strömgren, E. Strömgren, O. Struve. A review by Owen Gingerich in Science 266 (1994): 2027-28 gives additional information the roles of L. Goldberg and W. Brode in the dispute about Chinese participation in the 1961 meeting.

Crowe, Michael J. Modern theories of the universe, from Herschel to Hubble. xi + 435 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. New York: Dover, 1994. ISBN 0-486-27880-8 (pb) $9.95.

Hoffleit, Dorrit Women in the history of variable star astronomy. 62 pp, illus. Cambridge, MA: American Association of Variable Star Observers, 1993. $ 14.

Levin, Aleksey E.; Brush, Stephen G. (eds.) The origin of the solar system: Soviet research 1925-1991. xiii + 415 pp., illus., bibl., index. New York: AIP Press, 1995. ISBN 1-56396-281-0 (hc) $60.00.

English translations of papers by B. Yu. Levin, A. B. Makalkin, G.V. Pechernikova, E. L. Ruskol, T. V. Ruzmaikina, V. S. Safronov, Otto Schmidt and others.

North, John D. The Norton history of astronomy and cosmology. xxvii + 657 pp., illus., bibl. essay, index. New York: Norton, 1995 ISBN 0-393-03656-1 (hc)$35. ISBN 0-393-31193-7 (pb) $18.95. Published in UK as The Fontana history of astronomy and cosmology.

Parker, Barry. Stairway to the stars: The story of the world's largest observatory. 350 pp., illus., maps., bibl. refs., index. New York: Plenum Press, 1994. ISBN 0-306-44763-0 (hc) $27.95.

About Mauna Kea Observatory in Hawaii; John Jefferies, Kevin Krisciunas, Gerard Kuiper.

[see also Chaisson under SCIENCE AND SOCIETY; Florence under HISTORY OF INSTRUMENTS]


[back to top] HISTORY OF EARTH SCIENCES

Schröder, Wilfried; Colacino, Michele (eds.) Geophysics: Past achievements and future challenges. 194 pp. Bremen-Rönnebeck, Germany: Interdivisional Commission on History of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy/Science Edition, 1994. ISSN 0179-5658 (pb) $16.

"The role of the Cimento Academy and the Meteorologica Societas Palatina in the birth of modern meteorology" by M. Colacino and M. R.Valensise, 9-29; "Emmanuel Liais: A scientist of two continents" by L. M. Barreto, 30-49; "Three solar activity cycles in geomagnetic research -- observations al the Nagycenk Observatory" by Cz. Miletits, L. Holló, J. Verö and B. Zieger, 54-65; "Synoptic weather cards of the southern Atlantic during the First Polar Year and the relations between the German Sea Observatory and scientists of Argentina" by W. Schröder and K. H. Wiederkehr, 70-88; 100 Jahre Ballonflüge in der Stratosphäre" by K.-H. Bernhardt, 89-103; "Floods, climatic anomalies, and explosive vulcanism: a four-decade cycle?" by G. P. Gregori, V. Banzon, M Colacino, G. de Franceshi, L. Diodato, M. P. Pavese and R. Santoleri, 109-133; "The time of the plague. The plague and the state of climate in the modern age by G. Cassiani, 139-151; "The cycles of volcanoes, and the global synchronism of the time variation of their heat source" by G. P. Gregori, V. Banzon and R. Leonardi, 152-191.


[back to top] HISTORY OF INSTRUMENTS

Florence, Ronald The perfect machine: Building the Palomar Telescope. 451 pp., illus.. notes, index. New York: HarperCollins, 1994. ISBN 0-06-018205-9 (hc) $27.50.

On Walter Adams, Marcus Brown, George Ellery Hale, Edwin P. Hubble, George McCauley, Clyde S. McDowell, Russell W. Porter, Harlow Shapley, Elihu Thomson. The review by S. J. Dick in Science 267 (1995): 1192-93 points out some errors and says the book is "more successful as a historical novel than as history."

Van Helden, Albert and Hankins, Thomas L. (eds.) Instruments. (Osiris, vol. 9) 250 pp.. notes, bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. ISBN 0-226-84883-3 (hc) $39. ISBN 0-225-84884-1 (pb) $25.

"Telescopes and authority from Galileo to Cassini" by A. Van Helden, 7-29; "The ohm is where the art is: British telegraph engineers and the development of electrical standards" by Bruce J. Hunt, 48-63; "Terrestrial magnetism: For the glory of God and the benefit of mankind" by Deborah Wainer, 65-84; "Stanford's supervoltage x-ray tube" by Bruce Hevley, 85-100; "Counting on invention: Devices and black boxes in very big science" [charge-coupled devices for the Space Telescope] by Robert W. Smith and Joseph N. Tatarewicz, 101-123; "Machine philosophy: Demonstration devices in Georgian machines" by Simon Schaffer, 157-182; "Helmholtz and the materialities of communication" by Timothy Lenoir, 185-207.

Williams, Mari E. W. The precision makers: A history of the instruments industry in Britain and France, 1870-1939. viii + 216 pp., notes, index. New York: Routledge, 1994. ISBN 0-415-03732-X (hc) $69.95.

[see also Chaisson under SCIENCE AND SOCIETY]


[back to top] HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY

Hendry, J.; Lawson, J. D. Fusion research in the UK, 1945-1960. v + 110 pp., refs. Didcot, UL: AEA Technology, 1993. ISBN 0-7058-1664-8 (hc) £7.95.


[back to top] COLLECTED BIOGRAPHIES OF SCIENTISTS (3 or more scientists)

Gardner, Howard. Creating minds. An anatomy of creativity seen through the lives of Freud, Einstein, Picasso, Stravinsky, Eliot, Graham, and Gandhi. xvi + 464 pp., illus. New York;: Basic Books, 1993. ISBN 0-465-01455-0. $30.

"Albert Einstein: The perennial child," 87-131.

McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch Nobel Prize women in science: Their lives, struggles, and momentous discoveries. xi + 419 pp., notes, index. New York: Carol Publishing Group/Birch Lane Press, 1993. ISBN 1-55972-116-4. $26.95.

Includes Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Marie Curie, Irène Joliot-Curie, Rosalind Franklin, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Lise Meitner, Chien-Shiung Wu, Rosalyn Yalow.

National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Biographical Memoirs. vol. 62. ix + 498 pp.. illus., bibliogs., cum. index for vols. 1-62. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 1993. ISBN 0-309-04782-X (hc) $59.00.

"Max Ludwig Henning Delbrück September 4, 1906 -- March 10, 1981," by William Hayes, 66-117; "Gerard Peter Kuiper, December 7, 1905 -- December 24, 1 973" by Dale R. Cruikshank, 258-295; "I. I. Rabi July 29, 1898 -- January 11, 1988" by Norman F. Ramsey, 310-124; "Richard Brooke Roberts December 7, 1910 -- April 4, 1980" by Roy J. Britten, 326-348; "Robert Williams Wood May 2,1868 -- August 11, 1955" by G. H. Dieke, 440-464.

National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Biographical Memoirs. vol. 62. ix + 536 pp., illus., bibliogs., cum. index for vols. 1-63. Washington. DC: National Academy Press, 1994. ISBN 0-309-04976-8 (hc) $59.

Walter Houser Brattain February 10,1902 -- October 13,1987" by John Bardeen, 68-87; "Elliott Waters Montroll May 4,1916 -- December 3, 1983" by George H. Weiss, 36 4-380.

National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Biographical Memoirs. vol.64. vii + 485 pp., illus., bibliogs., cum. index for vols. 1-64. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1994. ISBN 0-309-04978-4 and ISSN 0077-2933 (hc) $59.

"Felix Bloch October 23, 1905 -- September 10, 1983" by Robert Hoftstadter, 34-70; "Bart J. Bok April 28, 1906 -- August 5, 1983" by J. A. Graham, L. M. Wade and R. M. Price, 72-97; "David Tressel Griggs October 6, 1911 -- December 31, 1974" by Ivan A. Getting and John M. Christie, 112-133; "Columbus O'Donnell Iselin September 25, 1904 -- January 5, 1971" by Henry M. Stommel, 164-186; "Henry William Menard December 10, 1920 -- February 9, 1986" by Robert L. Fisher and Edward D. Goldberg, 266-276.

[See also Holton under HISTORY OF PHYSICS]


[back to top] INDIVIDUAL BIOGRAPHIES AND AUTOBIOGRAPHIES OF SCIENTISTS; ANALYSES OF A SCIENTIST'S WORK

[Bohm, David] Sharpe, Kevin J. David Bohm's world: New physics and new religion. 168 pp., notes, bibl., index. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-8387-5239-x (hc) $32.50.

[Bohr, Niels] Faye, Jan; Folse, Henry J. (eds.) Niels Bohr and contemporary philosophy. xxvii + 377 pp., bibl., index. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 153) Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1994. ISBN 0-7923-2378-5 (hc) $ 127.00.

"Bohr's response to EPR" by Mara Beller and Arthur Fine, 1-31; "Niels Bohr's word and the Atlantis of Kantianism" by Catherine Chevalley, 33-55; "A Bohmian response to Bohr's complementarity" by James T. Cushing, 57-75; "Niels Bohr and realism" by David Favrholdt; "Non-locality or non-separability? A defense of Bohr's anti-realist approach to quantum mechanics" by Jan Faye, 97-118; "Bohr's framework of complementarity and the realism debate" by H. J. Folse, 119-139; "Description and deconstruction: Niels Bohr and modern philosophy" by John Honner, 141-153; "Bohr and the crisis of empirical intelligibility: An essay on the depth of Bohr's thought and our philosophical ignorance" by Clifford A. Hooker, 155-199; "What makes a classical concept classical? Toward a reconstruction of Niels Bohr's philosophy of physics" by Don Howard, 201-229; "Niels Bohr's argument for the irreducibility of biology to physics" by Paul Hoyningen-Huene, 231-255; "Niels Bohr's conceptual legacy in contemporary particle physics" by David Kaiser, 257-268; "Bohr and the realism debates" by Edward MacKinnon, 279-302; "The Bohr-Einstein dispute" by Dugald Murdoch, 303-324; "Hidden historicity: The challenge of Bohr's philosophical thought" by Ulrich Röseberg, 325-343.

[Boltzmann, Ludwig] Blackmore, John (ed.) Ludwig Boltzmann. His later life and philosophy, 1900-1906. Book One: A documentary history. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 168) xvi + 266 pp., bibl., index. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995. ISBN 0-7923-3231-8 (hc) $89.50.

Includes correspondence, lecture notes and nontechnical writings (translated into English with detailed notes), quotations on Boltzmann from contemporary scientists and modern historians.

[Boyle, Robert] Hunter, Michael (ed.) Robert Boyle reconsidered. xviii + 231 pp., notes, bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-521-44205-2 (hc) $49.95.

"Learning from experience: Boyle's construction of an experimental philosophy" by Rose-Mary Sargent, 57-78; "Boyle and cosmical qualities" by John Henry, 119-138; "Teleological reasoning in Boyle's Disquisition about final causes" by Timothy Shanahan, 177-192; "Bibliography of writings on Boyle published since 1940," 215-226.

[Bronstein, Matvei Petrovich] Gorelik, Gennady E.; Frenkel, Victor Ya. Matvei Petrovich Bronstein and Soviet theoretical physics in the thirties. Translated by Valentina M. Levina. 208 pp., illus., notes, index. Boston: Birkhäuser Verlag, 1994. ISBN 0-8176-2752-9 (hc) $ 119.

Includes new facts from the KGB-NKVD Archives and personal recollections that came to light after publication of the Russian edition in 1990; remarks on V. A. Ambartsumyan, Niels Bohr, P. A. M. Dirac, Albert Einstein, V. A. Fock, George Gamow, A. F. Ioffe, D. D. Ivanenko, L. D. Landau, Wolfgang Pauli, Rudolph Peierls, Max Planck, I. E. Tamm.

[Coulomb, Charles-Augustin] Blondel, Christine; Dörries, Matthias (eds.) Restaging Coulomb. Usages, controversies et réplications autour de la balance de torsion.167 pp., illus., index. Firenze: Leo S. Olschki. 1994. ISBN 88-222-4196-7. Lire 37,000.

"La pratique de reconstitution des expériences historiques, une toute première réflexion" by Dominique Pestre, 17-30; "Charles-Augustin Coulomb ingénieur des Lumières" by Bruno Belholste and Antoine Picon, 31-45; "The replication of the torsion balance experiment. The inverse square law and its refutation by early 19th-century German physicists" by Peter Heering, 97-66; "Coulomb et la 'physique expérimentale': pratique instrumentale et organisation narrative de la preuve" by Christian Licoppe, 67-83; "Two different scientific programmes: Volta's electrology and Coulomb's electrostatics" by Lucio Fregonese, 85-98; "La 'mécanisation' de l'electricité: ideal de mesures exactes et savoir-faire qualitatifs" by Christine Blondel, 99-119; "La standardisation de la balance de torsion dans les projects européens sur le magnétisme terrestre" by Matthias Dörries; "On Coulomb's electrostatic balance (Commentary)" by John L. Heilbron, 151-161.

[Crookes, William] Stein, Gordon The sorcerer of kings: The case of Daniel Dunglas Home and William Crookes. 140 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1993. ISBN 0-87975-863-5. $22.95.

On Crookes' involvement with spiritualism; concludes that he intentionally deceived his fellow scientists.

[Curie, Marie] Quinn, Susan. Marie Curie: A Life. 509 pp., illus., notes, index. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. ISBN 0-671 -67542-7 (hc) $30.00.

Includes her interactions with Pierre Curie, Paul Langevin, Irène Joliot-Curie.

[Descartes, Rene] [see also Gassendi, below]

[Eddington, Arthur S.] Kilmister, C. W. Eddington's search for a fundamental theory: A key to the Universe. xii + 256 pp., bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-521-37165-1 (hc) $59.95.

[Einstein, Albert] Cassidy, David Einstein and our world. ix + 100 pp., bibl., index. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1995. ISBN 0-391-03876-1 (hc) $39.95. ISBN 0-391-03875-3 (pb) $12.50.

[Einstein, Albert] Highfield, Roger; Carter, Paul The private lives of Albert Einstein. xii + 353 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994. ISBN 0-312-11047-2 (hc) $23.95.

[Einstein, Albert] Pais, Abraham. Einstein lived here. xvi + 282 pp., illus., index. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-19-853994-0 (hc) $25.

Collection of articles and addresses by Pais.

[Einstein, Albert] White, Michael; Gribbin, John. Einstein: A Life in Science. viii + 279 pp., notes, index. New York: Dutton/Penguin, 1994. ISBN 0-525-93750-1 (hc) $21.95.

[Feynman, Richard P.] Mehra, Jagdish The beat of a different drum: The life and science of Richard Feynman. xxxii + 630 pp., illus., notes, index. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-19-853948-7 (hc) $35.

[Feynman, Richard P.] Sykes, Christopher (ed.) No ordinary genius: The illustrated Richard Feynman. 272 pp., notes, illus., index. New York: Norton, 1994. ISBN 0-393-03621-9 (hc) $29.95.

[Galileo Galilei] Campanella, Thomas. A defense of Galileo the Mathematician from Florence. Which is an inquiry as to whether the philosophical view advocated by Galileo is in agreement with, or is opposed to, the sacred scriptures. Translated with introduction and notes by R. J. Blackwell. xi + 157 pp., notes, bibl. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994. ISBN 0-268-00869-8 (hc) $27.95.

Translation of Apologia pro Galileo (1622).

[Galileo Galilei] Fantoli, Annibale. Galileo: For Copernicanism and for the Church. Translated by G. V. Coyne, S. J. xix + 540 pp., bibl., index. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994. ISBN 0-268-01029-3 (pb) $21.95.

[Gassendi, Pierre] Osler, Margaret J. Divine will and the mechanical philosophy: Gassendi and Descartes on contingency and necessity in the created world. xi + 284 pp., bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-521-46104-9 (hc) $49.95.

[Hahn, Otto] Hoffmann, Klaus Schuld und Verantwortung Otto Hahn, Konflikte eines Wissenschaftlers. viii + 275 pp. illus., index. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1993. ISBN 3-540-56766-6 (hc) $34.

[Hertz, Heinrich] Buchwald, Jed Z. The creation of scientific effects: Heinrich Hertz and electric waves. xiv + 482 pp., illus., notes, bibl., index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. ISBN 0-226-07887-6 (hc) $75.00. ISBN 0-226-07888-4 (pb) $32.95.

Also comments on L. Boltzmann, E. Goldstein, H. V. Helmholtz, G. Kirchhoff, J. C. Maxwell, J. J. Thomson.

Hoyle, Fred. Home is where the Wind Blows: Chapters from a Cosmologist's Life. xiv + 443 pp., illus. Mill Valley, CA: University Science. 1994. ISBN 0-935702-27-x (hc) $32.50.

[Kelly, Harry C.] Yoshikawa, Hideo; Kauffman, Joanne. Science has no national borders. Harry C. Kelly and the reconstruction of science and technology in postwar Japan. xvii + 137 pp., illus., notes, index. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1994. ISBN 0-262-2-1037-8 (hc) $29.95.

Includes remarks on Yoshio Nishina.

[Kepler, Johannes] Stephenson, Bruce. The music of the heavens: Kepler's harmonic astronomy. xi + 260 pp., illus.. notes, bibl., index. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-691-03439-7 (hc) $39.50.

[Lewis, Wilfrid Bennett] Fawcett, Ruth. Nuclear pursuits: The scientific biography of Wilfrid Bennett Lewis. xxii + 210 pp., illus., notes, index. Montreal & Buffalo: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-7735-1186-5 (hc) $34.95.

Lewis (1908-1987) was "the physicist who dominated nuclear research and the development of nuclear power in Canada for nearly three decades, from the end of World War 11 until his retirement in 1973."

[Newton, Isaac] Dobbs, Betty Jo Teeter and Jacob, Margaret C. Newton and the culture of Newtonianism. x + 139 pp., illus., bibl., index. Atlantic Highlands. NJ: Humanities Press, 1995. ISBN 0-391-03878-8 (hc) $39.95. ISBN 0-391-03877-X (pb) $ 12.50.

[Newton, Isaac] Sepper, Dennis L. Newton's optical writings: A guided study. xxii + 224 pp., illus., bibl., index. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8135-2037-1 (hc) $42. ISBN 0-8135-2038-x (pb) $ 17.

[Newton, Isaac] Shapiro, Alan E. Fits, passions, and paroxysms: physics, method and chemistry and Newton's theories of colored bodies and fits of easy reflection. xvii + 400 pp., illus., bibl., index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-40507-6 (hc) $74.95.

Also discusses the chemistry of light and absorption spectroscopy in France and Britain to the early 19th century -- work of David Brewster, Claude-Louis Berthollet, Jean-Baptiste Biot, Edward Hussey Delaval, Jean-Henry Hassenfratz, René Just Haüy, John F. W. Herschel, Pierre-Simon Laplace, Claude Antoine Prieur-Duvernois, Giovanni Battista Venturi, Thomas Young.

[Newton, Isaac] Westfall, Richard S. The life of Isaac Newton. xxii + 328 pp., illus. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0-521-43252-9 (hc) $24.95. ISBN 0-521-47737-9 (pb) $11.95.

[Onsager, Lars] Journal of Statistical Physics, vol.78, nos. l-2 (January 1995). 660 pp., illus. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp., 1995. ISSN 0022-4715.

Special issue consisting of papers dedicated to Lars Onsager, by Joel L. Lebowitz et al. Includes: "The origins of Onsager's key role in the development of linear irreversible thermodynamics" by Donald G. Miller, 563-573; "Onsager, ice, biomembranes, dimer models and the F-model" by J. F. Nagle, 549-561; "The Onsager formula, the Fisher-Hartwig conjecture, and their influence on research into Toeplitz operators" by Albrecht Böttcher, 575-584; "Lars Onsager 1903-1976: A biographical memoir" by H. Christopher Longuet-Higgins and Michael E. Fisher, 605-640; reprint of Onsager's Nobel lecture (Chemistry, 1968), "The motion of ions: Principles and concepts," 643-658.

[Rich, Arthur] Skalsey, Mark; Bucksbaum, Philip H.; Conti, Ralph S., and Gidley, David W. (eds.) Time reversal -- The Arthur Rich Memorial Symposium, Ann Arbor, MI 1991. (AIP Conference Proceedings 270) xviii + 193 pp. New York: AIP Press. 1993. ISBN I -56396- 105-9 (hc) $95.

In memory of Arthur Rich (1937-1990); list of his publications, brief notes about him by H. R. Crane and others; "Atomic T-violation: A biased history" by P. G. H. Sandars, 5-25; "Forty years of neutron electric dipole moments" by B. Heckel, 167-178.

Sagdeev, Roald Z. The making of a Soviet scientist. My adventures in nuclear fusion and space from Stalin to Star Wars. Edited by Susan Eisenhower. xi + 339 pp., glossaries, index. New York: Wiley, 1994. ISBN 0-471-02031-1 (hc) $24.95.

Includes recollections of Lev Artsimovich, Andrei Budker, Peter Kapitsa, Sergei Korolev, Igor Kurchatov, Lev Landau, Andrei Sakharov, Yevgeny Velikhov.

[Saha, M. N.] Baliga, B. B. et al. M. N. Saha Birth Centenary Number. (Science & Culture: A Monthly Journal of Natural & Cultural Sciences, vol. 59, nos. 7-10, July-October 1993). 144 pp. Calcutta: Indian Science News Association. ISSN 0036-8156.

Includes short articles on Saha's theory of thermal ionization, his work in geophysics, physics of the Sun, etc. and reprints of some of his articles.

[Schrödinger, Erwin] Moore, Walter A life of Erwin Schrödinger. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. xiii + 349 pp., illus., index. ISBN 0-521-46934-1 (pb) $11.95.

Abridgment of Moore's 1989 book, Schrödinger: Life and Thought.

Seaborg, Glenn T. The plutonium story: The journals of Professor Glenn T. Seaborg, 1939-1946. Edited and Annotated by Ronald L. Kathren, Jerry B. Gough and Gary T. Benefiel. ix + 920 pp., illus., notes. index. Columbus, OH: Battelle Press, 1994. ISBN 0-935470-75-1 (hc)$49.95.

Mentions S. K. Allison, H. S. Brown, A. H. Compton, B. B. Cunningham, N. R. Davidson, A. J. Dempster, E. Fermi, J. Franck, A. Ghiorso, L. R. Groves, W. M. Latimer, E. O. Lawrence, R. S. Mulliken, J. R. Oppenheimer, I. Perlman, E. G. Segrè, L. Szilard, W. H. Zinn and others.

Seitz, Frederick. On the frontier: My life in science. xv +415 pp., illus., index. New York: AIP Press, 1994. ISBN 1-56396-197-0 (hc) $35.00.

Mentions E. U. Condon, G. P. Harnwell, L. N. Ridenour, E. P. Wigner and others.

[Szilard, Leo] Lanouette, William with Bela Szilard. Genius in the shadows: A biography of Leo Szilard, the man behind the bomb. xix + 587 pp., notes, index. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. ISBN 0-266-46888-7 (pb) $18.95. Reprint of the 1992 edition.

Weinberg, Alvin. The first nuclear era. The life and times of a technological fixer. xi + 291 pp., illus., index. New York: AIP Press, 1994. ISBN 1-56396-358-2 (hc) $24.95.



[back to top] COLLECTED WORKS OF SCIENTISTS (including unpublished papers)

Anderson, P. W. A career in theoretical physics. xvi + 678 pp. Singapore and River Edge, NJ: World Scientific Pub. Co., 1994. ISBN 98102- 1717-X (hc) $86; ISBN 98102- 17188 (pb) $42.

Collection of 43 technical papers, reviews, lectures and reflections about science.

Burgers, Johannes M. Selected papers, edited by F. T. M. Nieuwstadt and J. A. Steketee. cix + 650 pp., biog. & bibl. of his publs. Norwell, MA: Kluwer, 1995. ISBN 0-7923-3265-2 (hc) $317.

[Maxwell, James Clerk] Garber, Elizabeth; Brush, Stephen G. and Everitt, C. W. F. (eds.) Maxwell on heat and statistical mechanics. On "avoiding all personal enquiries" of molecules. 550 pp., notes, bibl., index. Bethlehem: Lehigh University Press/London: Associated University Presses, 1995. ISBN 0-934223-34-3 (hc) $59.50.

[Maxwell, James Clerk] Harman, P. M. (ed.) The scientific letters and papers of James Clerk Maxwell. Volume II, 1862-1873. xxx + 999 pp., notes, index. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-521-25627 (hc) $285.

[Rumer, Yuri Borisovich, see Ryutova-Kemoklidze under HISTORY OF PHYSICS]

Sakata Memorial Archival Library. Catalogue of materials, Vol.2. v + 164 pp. Nagoya, Japan: Committee of Sakata Memorial Library, Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya Japan 464-01. 1995.

Contents: Correspondence of S. Sakata, 1947-1985; Materials of General Meetings of Science Council of Japan, 1949-1970; Materials of Special Committee for Nuclear Study, 1949-; Materials of Special Committee of Atomic Energy.

Salam, Abdus Selected papers (with commentary). Edited by A. Ali, C. Isham, T. Kibble and Riazuddin. xvi + 679 pp., illus. River Edge, NJ: World Scientific, 1994. ISBN 981-02- 1662-9 (hc) $95.00. ISBN 981-02-1663-7 (pb) $46.

Quantum field theory and dispersion relations; symmetries and electroweak unification; lepton-hadron unification; gravity; supersymmetry and strings; condensed matter and biology. Co-authors include P. T. Matthews, J. C. Pati, S. Randjbar-Daemi, J. Strathdee.

Seaborg, Glenn T. Modern alchemy: Selected papers. xxiv + 696 pp., illus. River Edge. NJ: World Scientific, 1994. ISBN 981-02-1646-5 (hc) $78.

Skyrme, Tony Hilton Royle. Selected papers, with commentary. Edited by Gerald E. Brown. xiv + 438 pp., illus. River Edge, NJ: World Scientific. 1994. ISBN 981-02-1646-7 (hc) $68.

Wigner, Eugene Paul. The collected works of Eugene Paul Wigner, Part B: Historical, philosophical, and socio-political papers, Volume VI - Philosophical reflections and syntheses. Annotated by Gérhard G. Emch, Edited by Jagdish Mehra. xi + 631 pp., bibl. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1995. ISBN 0-387-56986-3 (hc) $148.

Epistemology of quantum mechanics; quantum mechanical measuring process; consciousness; symmetries; relativity; nuclear physics; broader philosophical essays (including "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences").


[back to top] TEXTS, LECTURES, AND POPULAR WRITINGS BY SCIENTISTS

Drell, Sidney D. In the shadow of the bomb. Physics and arms control. xx + 358 pp. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1993. ISBN 1-56396-058-3 (hc ) $29.95.

Feynman, Richard P. Six easy pieces. Essentials of physics explained by its most brilliant teacher. Originally prepared for publication by R. B. Leighton and M. Sands. New introduction by Paul Davies. xxx + 146 pp., illus., index. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1994. ISBN 0-201-40955-0 (hc) $22. ISBN 0-201-40956-9 (boxed set with 6 cassette tapes) $49.95. ISBN 0-201-40896-1 (boxed set with 6 compact discs) $59.95.

"The 6 easiest chapters" from The Feynman Lectures on physics (1963) Atoms in motion, Basic Physics, The relation of physics to other sciences, conservation of Energy, The theory of gravitation, Quantum behavior.

Gell-Mann, Murray. The quark and the jaguar: Adventures in the simple and the complex. xviii + 392 pp., index. New York: Freeman, 1994. ISBN 0-7167-2581-9 (hc) $23.95.

Includes chapters on quantum mechanics, elementary particles, superstring theory, direction of time.

Hoyle, Fred The origin of the universe and the origin of religion. 91 pp. Wakefield, RI: Moyer Bell, 1993. ISBN I -55921 -082-6 (pb) $9.95.

With discussion by John A. Wheeler and others.

Marshak, Robert E. Conceptual foundations of modern particle physics. xxiii + 673 pp.. index. Foreword by T. D. Lee. River Edge, NJ: World Scientific Publishing, 1993. ISBN 981-02-1098-1 (hc) $86. ISBN 981-02-1106-6 (pb) $46.

"Genesis of modern particle physics,"1-90.

Morrison, Philip Nothing is too wonderful to be true. xii + 446 pp., illus., table, index. New York: AIP Press, 1995. ISBN 1-56396-363-9 (hc) $29.95

Reprint of previously published essays including one (with Emily Morrison) on Charles Babbage.

Pauli, Wolfgang. Writings on physics and philosophy. Charles P. Enz and Karl Von Meyenn, eds. Translated by Robert Schlapp. vi + 289 pp., illus., name index. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1994. ISBN 0-387-56859-X (hc) $39.95.

"Biographical Introduction" by C P. Enz, 13-26; articles on Bohr, Kepler, Sommerfeld, Einstein, quantum mechanics. etc.

Smoot, George, with Keay Davidson. Wrinkles in time. vii + 331 pp., illus., index. New York: Morrow, 1993. ISBN 0-688-12330-9 (hc) $25.

History of modern cosmology including Smoot's own research on the microwave background.

Stapp, Henry P. Mind, matter, and quantum Mechanics. xii + 248 pp., refs., glossary. index. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993. ISBN 0-387-56289-3 (hc) $34.80.

Collection of 11 papers, most of them previously published.

[see also Polkinghorne under SCIENCE AND RELIGION]



[back to top] BIOGRAPHICAL SOURCES

Bailey, Martha J. American women in science: A biographical dictionary. xxi + 463 pp.. index. Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio, 1994. ISBN 0-87436-740-9 (hc) $60.

Biographees are "primarily in the physical and natural sciences in the 19th and early 20th century.



[back to top] MANUSCRIPTS AND ARCHIVES

Harper, Peter. Guide to the manuscript papers of British scientists catalogued by the CSAC [Contemporary Scientific Archives Centre] and the NCU [National Cataloguing Unit] for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, 1973-1993. xv + 110 pp. Bath, UK: National Cataloguing Unit, Archives of Contemporary Scientists, University of Bath. ISBN 0-9522009-0-2 (pb) $20.

Niels Bohr Library. A guide to the archival collections of the Niels Bohr Library at the American Institute of Physics. (International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences, Report No.7) xix + 574 pp., index. College Park, MD: AIP Press, 1994. ISBN 1-56396-379-5 (hc) $145. ISBN 1-56396-435-X (pb) $75.

"Introduction" by Joan Warnow-Blewett. Contents: Archives; Collections on Microform; Miscellaneous Physics Collection; Manuscript Biographies; Institutional Histories; Oral History Interviews; Audio Visual Materials; Finding Aids.


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