AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXIX, No. 2, Fall 1997


Recent Publications of Interest
Compiled by Martha Keyes

This is our usual compilation of some (by no means all) recently published articles on the history of modern physics, astronomy, geophysics and allied fields. Note that these bibliographies have been posted on our Web site since 1994, and you can search the full text of all of them (along with our annual book bibliography, recent Catalog of Sources entries, exhibit materials, etc.) by using the “Search” icon on our site map ( To restrict your search to the bibliographies, enter in the box:
[your search term(s)] AND “recent publications”

For a complelete list of published books and journals on the history of physics, visit

American Journal of Physics, vol. 65, no. 1 (January 1997) features Joseph F. Mulligan & H. Gerhard Hertz, "An Unpublished Lecture by Heinrich Hertz: 'On the Energy Balance of the Earth'," 36-45. Vol. 65, no. 3 (March 1997) includes A.R.P. Rau & Mitio Inokuti, "The Quantum Defect: Early History and Recent Developments," 221-225. Vol. 65, no. 8 (August 1997) features Edward M. Purcell, "New Practical Physics," 693-697.

Astronomy, vol. 25, no. 3 (March 1997) features William Sheehan, "The Red Planet's Colorful Past," 44-49. Vol. 25, no. 4 (April 1997) includes Dave Stevenson & Diane Ackerman, "Carl Sagan Remembered," 38-39.

Astronomy and Geophysics, vol. 38, issue 2 (April/May 1997) includes Henry Rishbeth, "MISTs of Time: A History," 20-22. Vol. 38, issue 3 (June/July 1997) features Ralph D. Lorenz, "Did Comas Sol… Discover Titan's Atmosphere?," 16-18. Vol. 38, issue 4 (August/September 1997) includes David Gubbins, "The Earth's Inner Core," 15-18.

British Journal for the History of Science, vol. 30, no. 105 (June 1997) features Paula Gould, "Women and the Culture of University Physics in Late Nineteenth-Century Cambridge," 127-149; Alex Soojung-Kim Pang, "'Stars Should Henceforth Register Themselves': Astrophotography at the Early Lick Observatory," 177-202; and Helge Kragh, "S.M. Jorgensen and His Controversy with A. Werner: A Reconsideration," 203-219.

Cern Courier, vol. 37, no. 1 (January/February 1997) includes [The Editors], "Abdus Salam 1926-96," 11-13. Vol. 37, no. 4 (May 1997) includes [The Editors], "Half a Century of Synchrotron Radiation," 11-12. Volume 37, no. 5 (June 1997) features Owen Lock, "The Pion Pioneers," 2-6.

EOS, vol. 78, no. 14 (April 8, 1997) includes Sam Silverman, "19th Century Auroral Observations Reveal Solar Activity Patterns," 145, 149. Vol. 78, no. 18 (May 6, 1997) features Thomas F. Malone, "Building on the Legacies of the International Geophysical Year," 185, 191.

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 19, no. 1 (January-March 1997) includes Paul Ceruzzi, "Crossing the Divide: Architectural Issues and the Emergence of the Stored Program Computer, 1935-1955," 5-12. Vol. 19, no. 3 (July-September 1997) features William Aspray, "The Intel 4004 Microprocessor: What Constituted Invention?," 4-15.

Internationale Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Ethik der Naturwissenschaften, Technik und Medizin, vol. 5, no. 1 (1997) features Tito M. Tonietti, "Albert Einstein and Arnold Schönberg Correspondence," 1-22; and Rüdiger Thiele, "Über die Variationsrechnung in Hilberts Werken zur Analysis," 23-42. Vol. 5, no. 2 (1997) includes Stefan L. Wolff, "Zwischen Wärmestoff und kinetischer Gastheorie -- Die Behandlung der Physik der Wärme durch Hermann Helmholtz," 90-103.

Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy, vol. 17, nos. 3&4 (December 1996) is a special issue devoted to Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. Articles include G. Srinivasan, "Stars: Their Structure and Evolution," 53-76; James Binney, "The Stellar-Dynamical Oeuvre," 81-93; George B. Rybicki, "Radiative Transfer," 95-112; E.N. Parker, "S. Chandrasekhar and Magnetohydrodynamics," 147-166; Norman R. Lebovitz, "The Virial Method and the Classical Ellipsoids," 167-182; Bernard F. Schutz, "Making the Transition from Newton to Einstein: Chandrasekhar's Work on the Post-Newtonian Approximation and Radiation Reaction," 183-197; John L. Friedman, "Stability Theory of Relativistic Stars," 199-211; Roger Penrose, "Chandrasekhar, Black Holes, and Singularities," 213-231; and Donald E. Osterbrock, "Chandra and His Students at Yerkes Observatory," 233-268.

Journal of the British Astronomical Association, vol. 106, no. 6 (December 1996) includes Michael J. Hendrie, "The Two Bright Comets of 1957," 315-330. Vol. 107, no. 1 (February 1997) features William Sheehan, "Giovanni Schiaparelli: Visions of a Colour Blind Astronomer," 11-15. Vol. 107, no. 2 (April 1997) features M.P. Mobberley, P.M. Barber & G.M. Hurst, "C.R. d'Esterre and the Mysteries of UV and UW Per," 65-71; Peter Wade, "Astronomy in Nineteenth-Century Lancaster," 75-78; and Wayne Orchiston, "Ken Beames: Australian Telescope-Maker Extraordinaire," 83-87.

Osiris, vol. 11 (1996) features Alex Soojung-Kim Pang, "Gender, Culture, and Astrophysical Fieldwork: Elizabeth Campbell and the Lick Observatory--Crocker Eclipse Expeditions," 17-43; Bruce Hevly, "The Heroic Science of Glacier Motion," 66-86; and Naomi Oreskes, "Objectivity or Heroism? On the Invisibility of Women in Science," 87-116.

Perspectives on Science, vol. 4, no. 4 (Winter 1996) includes Paul Needham, "Substitution: Duhem's Explication of a Chemical Paradigm," 408-433. Vol. 5, no. 1 (Spring 1997) includes Allan Franklin, "Calibration" [in recent physics], 31-80.

Physics Education, vol. 32, no. 1 (January 1997) includes Robert Lambourne, "The Doppler Effect in Astronomy," 34-40. Vol. 32, no. 4 (July 1997) commemorates the centennial of the discovery of the electron. Articles include Leif Gerward & Christopher Cousins, "The Discovery of the Electron: A Centenary," 219-225; Isobel Falconer, "J.J. Thomson and the Discovery of the Electron," 226-231; Christine Sutton, "Meet the Family: The Leptons," 233-237; and David Miller, "The Dirac Equation. Cosmic Implications of a Tidy Electron," 238-243.

Physics World, vol. 10, no. 2 (February 1997) features Russell Donnelly, "Rotons: A Low-Temperature Puzzle," 25-30. Vol. 10, no. 4 (April 1997) includes Gordon Squires, "J.J. Thomson and the Discovery of the Electron," 33-36; and Peter Kalmus, "Rutherford and I," 80-82.

La Recherche, vol. 295 (February 1997) features Astrid Lambrecht, "Secouer le vide pour créer de la lumière," 40-42; Kenneth Nordtvedt, "La lune au secours d'Einstein," 70-76; and Micheline Charpentier-Morize, "Perrin: père de l'atome et détracteur de la chimie moderne," 94-99. Vol. 297 (April 1997) includes Max F. Perutz, "Le cabinet du docteur Fritz Haber," 78-84. Vol. 300 (July-August 1997) features Andrew Warwick, "Le laboratoire Cavendish Cambridge, deux mondes s'opposent," 70-75; Soraya Boudia, "Le laboratoire Curie au coeur d'un réseau de compétences," 82-86; Pap N'Diaye, "Du Pont de nemours: la belle époque du nylon," 100-105; and Amy Dahan Dalmedico, "L'institut Courant: le bastion des maths appliquées," 106-111.

Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 69, no. 1 (January 1997) includes Claudio Campagnari & Melissa Franklin, "The Discovery of the Top Quark," 137-211. Vol. 69, no. 3 (July 1997) features Douglas D. Osheroff, "Superfluidity in 3He: Discovery and Understanding," 667-681; Robert C. Richardson, "The Pomeranchuk Effect," 683-690; Robert F. Curl, "Dawn of the Fullerenes: Experiment and Conjecture," 691-702; Harold Kroto, "Symmetry, Space, Stars and C60," 703-722; and Richard E. Smalley, "Discovering the Fullerenes," 723-730.

Revue d'histoire des sciences, vol. 50, nos. 1&2 (January-June 1997) features Michel Pinault, "Naissance d'un dessein: Frédéric Joliot et le nucléaire français (août 1944-septembre 1945)," 3-47; Martha Cecilia Bustamante, "Jacques Solomon (1908-1942): profil d'un physicien théoricien dans la France des années trentes," 49-87; and Benoit Lelong, "Paul Villard, J.J. Thomson et la composition des rayons cathodiques," 89-130.

Science in Context, vol. 9, no. 2 (Summer 1996) includes Erwin N. Hiebert, "Discipline Identification in Chemistry and Physics," 93-119. Vol. 9, no. 4 (Winter 1996) features Hubert Goenner & Giuseppe Castagnetti, "Albert Einstein as Pacifist and Democrat During World War I," 325-386; and Sean F. Johnston, "The Construction of Colorimetry by Committee," 387-420.

Scientific American, vol. 276, no. 3 (March 1997) features Rudolf de Bruyn Ouboter, "Heike Kamerlingh Onnes's Discovery of Superconductivity," 98-103. Vol. 277, no. 2 (August 1997) includes Gennady Gorelik, "The Top-Secret Life of Lev Landau," 72-77.

Sky & Telescope, vol. 93, no. 3 (March 1997) includes Steven L. Renshaw & Saori Ihara, "An Overview of Astronomy in Japan," 104-108. Vol. 93, no. 4 (April 1997) features Bradley E. Schaefer, "Sunspots That Changed the World," 34-38. Vol. 93, no. 5 (May 1997) includes Bradley E. Schaefer, "Comets That Changed the World," 46-51.

Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, vol. 28B, no. 1 (March 1997) includes F.A. Muller, "The Equivalence Myth of Quantum Mechanics--Part I," 35-61; and Xavier Roqué, "The Manufacture of the Positron," 73-129.

Technology and Culture, vol. 37, no. 4 (October 1996) features Hugh Richard Slotten, "'Rainbow in the Sky': FM Radio, Technical Superiority, and Regulatory Decision-Making," 686-720; and John W. Servos, "Engineers, Businessmen, and the Academy: The Beginnings of Sponsored Research at the University of Michigan," 721-762.

Others_Physics and Geophysics: Jesse H. Ausubel & Cesare Marchetti, "Elektron: Electrical Systems in Retrospect and Prospect," Daedalus, vol. 125, no. 3 (Summer 1996): 139-169; Jeremy Bernstein, "The Merely Very Good" [J.R. Oppenheimer], The American Scholar, (Winter 1997): 31-39; William Burr & Jeffrey Richelson, "A Chinese Puzzle," The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, vol. 53, no. 4 (July/Aug. 1997): 42-47; A. John Coleman, "Groups and Physics--Dogmatic Opinions of a Senior Citizen," Notices of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 44, no. 1 (January 1997): 8-17; Barry Fox & Jeremy Webb, "A Colossal Adventure," New Scientist, vol. 154, no. 2081 (10 May 1997): 38-43; K. Hentschel, "Die Entdeckung des Zeeman-Effekts," Physikalische Blätter, vol. 52, no. 12 (1996): 1232-1235; Peter Lundgreen, "Handling Risk: Expertise and Regulatory Politics in Germany, 1870-1913," Technology and Society, vol. 16, no. 1 (Spring 1997): 16-22; R.G. Peterson, L. Stramma & G. Kortum, "Early Concepts and Charts of Ocean Circulation," Progress in Oceanography, vol. 37, no. 1 (1996): 1-115; E.M. Rasmusson, "North American Hydrology: The Evolution of an Interdisciplinary Perspective--The Robert E. Horton Memorial Lecture," Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 78, no. 6 (June 1997): 1187-1197; P.G. Tanner & T.E. Allibone, "The Patent Literature of Nobel Laureate Dennis Gabor (1900-1979)," Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London vol. 51, no. 1 (January 1997): 105-120; Edward Witten, "Duality, Spacetime and Quantum Mechanics," Physics Today, vol. 50, no. 5 (May 1997): 28-33; and D.F.A. Wright, "The Role of Textbooks and Periodicals in the Transmission of Western Science into China, 1840-1900," Archives des Sciences, vol. 50 (April 1997): 41-56.

Others--Astronomy and Space Science: A.D. Andrews, "Cyclopaedia of Telescope Makers Part 7 (T-Z)," Irish Astronomical Journal, vol. 24, no. 2 (July 1997): 125-192; R.H. Garstang, "Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910-1995)," Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol. 109, no. 732 (February 1997): 73-77; R. Girard & E. Davoust, "The Role of References in the Astronomical Discourse," Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 323, no. 1 (July 1997): A1-A6; K.A. Pounds, "International Programmes in X-ray Astronomy," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 141, no. 1 (March 1997): 67-76; "Restoration of the Great Telescope at Birr Castle Demesne, Ireland," Europhysics News vol. 28, no. 3 (May/June 1997): 74-75; Robert W. Smith, "Engines of Discovery: Scientific Instruments and the History of Astronomy and Planetary Science in the United States in the Twentieth Century," Journal for the History of Astronomy, vol. 28, no. 90 (February 1997): 49-77; and Virginia Trimble, "Extragalactic Distance Scales: H0 From Hubble (Edwin) to Hubble (Hubble Telescope)," Space Science Reviews, vol. 79, nos. 3/4 (Feb. 1997): 793-834.

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