AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXXII, No. 2, Fall 2000


Recent Publications of Interest
Compiled by Martha Keyes

This is our usual compilation of some (by no means all) recently published articles on the history of modern physics, astronomy, geophysics and allied fields. Note that these bibliographies have been posted on our Web site since 1994, and you can search the full text of all of them (along with our annual book bibliography, recent Catalog of Sources entries, exhibit materials, etc.) by using the “Search” icon on our site map ( To restrict your search to the bibliographies, enter in the box:
[your search term(s)] AND “recent publications”

For a complelete list of published books and journals on the history of physics, visit

American Journal of Physics, vol. 68, no. 7 (July 2000) includes Harry Lustig, "To Advance and Diffuse the Knowledge of Physics: An Account of the One-Hundred-Year History of the American Physical Society," 595-636. Vol. 68, no. 8 (August 2000) includes Alex Harvey and Engelbert Schucking, "Einstein's Mistake and the Cosmological Constant," 723-727.

Annalen der Physik, vol. 9, nos. 3-5 (2000) features R. Kerner, "Tribute to André Lichnerowicz," 169-177; and M. Demia˝ski, "History of the Cosmological Constant," 278-287.

Astronomy, vol. 28, no. 8 (August 2000) includes Rex Graham, "A Century of Comets," 58-62. Vol. 28, no. 10 (October 2000) features Marcia Bartusiak, "Catch a Gravity Wave," 54-59.

Astrophysics and Space Science, vol. 267, nos. 1-4 (1999) is a special issue on stellar populations. Articles in this volume include O. Gingerich, "Report on the Progress in Stellar Evolution to 1950," 3-21; D. E. Osterbrock, "Walter Baade's Discovery of the Two Stellar Populations," 23-35; N. G. Roman, "The Discovery of the Chemical Composition-Kinematics Connection in the 1950's," 37-44; and A. Blaauw, "Stellar Evolution and the Population Concept after 1950; The Vatican Conference," 45-54.

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, vol. 56, no. 3 (May/June 2000) includes George Perkovich, "Bhabha's Quest for the Bomb," 54-63. Vol. 56, no. 5 (September/October 2000) features Jeffrey T. Richelson, "Shooting for the Moon," 22-27.

CERN Courier, vol. 40, no. 2 (March 2000) features Al Silverman, "The Magician: Robert Rathbun Wilson 1914-2000," 13-16. Vol. 40, no. 4 (May 2000) includes Sven Kullander, "Swedish Accelerators Take a Look at the Past," 20-22.

Endeavour, vol. 23, no. 1 (1999) includes Cathryn Carson, "A Scientist in Public: Werner Heisenberg after 1945," 31-34. Vol. 23, no. 3 (1999) includes David I. Harvie, "The Radium Century," 100-105. Vol. 23, no. 4 (1999) includes Mary Jo Nye, "What Price Politics? Scientists and Political Controversy," 148-154.

EOS, vol. 81, no. 18 (May 2, 2000) features Dale F. Leipper and John M. Lewis, "Letter Exchange Documents 50 Years of Progress in Oceanography," 198, 201. Vol. 81, no. 33 (August 15, 2000) includes Walter A. Lyons, Russell A. Armstrong, E. A. Bering, III, and Earle R. Williams, "The Hundred Year Hunt for the Sprite," 373-74, 376-77.

Historia Scientiarum, vol. 9, no. 2 (November 1999) features Haruo Hayashi, "The Influence of Fourier on W. Thomson," 165-180. Vol. 9, no. 3 (March 2000) includes Yoshiyuki Kikuchi, "Redefining Academic Chemistry: JÇji Sakurai and the Introduction of Physical Chemistry into Meiji Japan," 215-256; and H. Kenji Yoshihara, "Ogawa's Discovery of Nipponium and Its Re-evaluation," 257-269.

Historical Records of Australian Science, vol. 12, no. 4 (December 1999) is a special issue on the history of radar at The University of Sydney from 1939 to 1945. Articles include Roy MacLeod, "Introduction: Revisiting Australia's Wartime Radar Programme," 411-418; Harry Minnett, "The Radiophysics Laboratory at The University of Sydney," 419-427; Harry Minnett et al., "Radar and the Bombing of Darwin," 429-455; Harry Minnett et al., "Light-Weight Air Warning Radar," 457-467; and Walter Fielder-Gill et al., "The 'Bailey Boys': The University of Sydney and the Training of Radar Officers," 469-477. Vol. 13, no. 1 (June 2000) features Phillip Deery, "Scientific Freedom and Post-war Politics: Australia, 1945-55," 1-18.

Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, vol. 29, part 2 (1999) includes Olivier Darrigol, "From Organ Pipes to Atmospheric Motions: Helmholtz on Fluid Mechanics," 1-54; Robert Fox and Anna Guagnini, "Laboratories, Workshops, and Sites. Concepts and Practices of Research in Industrial Europe, 1800-1914," 55-140; and Lucia Orlando, "Physics in the 1930s: Jewish Physicists' Contributions to the Realization of the 'New Tasks' of Physics in Italy," 141-182. Vol. 30, part 1 (1999) features Finn Aaserud, "The Scientist and the Statesman: Niels Bohr's Political Crusade during World War II," 1-47; James H. Williams, "Fang Lizhi's Big Bang: A Physicist and the State in China," 49-87; H. Lyman Miller, "Xu Liangying and He Zuoxiu: Divergent Responses to Physics and Politics in the Post-Mao Period," 89-114; Cathryn Carson, "New Models for Science in Politics: Heisenberg in West Germany," 115-171; David Holloway, "Physics, the State, and Civil Society in the Soviet Union," 173-192; Morris Low, "Science and Civil Society in Japan: Physicists as Public Men and Policymakers," 193-225; Alexei Kojevnikov, "Dialogues about Knowledge and Power in Totalitarian Political Culture," 227-247; Zuoyue Wang, "U.S.-China Scientific Exchange: A Case Study of State-Sponsored Scientific Internationalism during the Cold War and Beyond," 249-277; and Jessica Wang, "Merton's Shadow: Perspectives on Science and Democracy since 1940," 279-306. Vol. 30, part 2 (2000) includes Barton Hacker, "Military Patronage and the Geophysical Sciences in the United States: An Introduction," 309-313; James Rodger Fleming, "Storms, Strikes, and Surveillance: The U.S. Army Signal Office, 1861-1891," 315-332; Martin Levitt, "The Development and Politicization of the American Helium Industry, 1917-1940," 333-347; Ronald Rainger, "Science at the Crossroads: The Navy, Bikini Atoll, and American Oceanography in the 1940s," 349-371; Naomi Oreskes, "Laissez-tomber: Military Patronage and Women's Work in Mid-20th-Century Oceanography," 373-392; Deborah Warner, "From Tallahassee to Timbuktu: Cold War Efforts to Measure Intercontinental Distances," 393-415; and Nils Roll-Hansen, "The Application of Complementarity to Biology: From Niels Bohr to Max Delbrück," 417-442.

History and Technology, vol. 16, no. 4 (2000) includes Reinhard W. Serchinger, "Wirtschaftswunder in Pretzfeld, Upper Franconia: Interactions between Science, Technology, and Corporate Strategies in Siemens Semiconductor Rectifier Research & Development, 1945-1956," 335-381. Vol. 17, no. 1 (2000) features Chris Eldridge, "Electronic Eyes for the Allies: Anglo-American Cooperation on Radar Development during World War II," 1-20.

IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 22, no. 1 (January-March 2000) includes John A. N. Lee, "Howard Aiken's Third Machine: The Harvard Mark III Calculator or Aiken-Dahlgren Electronic Calculator," 62-81. Vol. 22, no. 2 (April-June 2000) features Gerald Estrin, "Computer Network-Based Scientific Collaboration in the Energy Research Community, 1973-1977: A Memoir," 42-52. Vol. 22, no. 3 (July-September 2000) includes John A. N. Lee, Colin Burke, and Deborah Anderson, "The U.S. Bombes, NCR, Joseph Desch, and 600 WAVES: The First Reunion of the U.S. Naval Computing Machine Laboratory," 27-41; and William Aspray, "Was Early Entry a Competitive Advantage? U.S. Universities That Entered Computing in the 1940s," 42-87.

Journal for the History of Astronomy, vol. 31, no. 103 (May 2000) includes William Sheehan and Donald E. Osterbrock, "Hale's 'Little Elf': The Mental Breakdowns of George Ellery Hale," 93-114. Vol. 31, no. 104 (August 2000) features Horace A. Smith, "Bailey, Shapley, and Variable Stars in Globular Clusters," 185-201; and Barbara J. Becker, "Priority, Persuasion, and the Virtue of Perseverance: William Huggins's Efforts to Photograph the Solar Corona Without an Eclipse," 223-243.

Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, vol. 3, no. 1 (June 2000) features Herbert Gursky, "Technology and the Emergence of X-Ray Astronomy," 1-12; Martin Beech and David W. Hughes, "Seeing the Impossible: Meteors in the Moon," 13-22; Wayne Orchiston, Tom Love, and Steven J. Dick, "Refining the Astronomical Unit: Queenstown and the 1874 Transit of Venus," 23-44; and Bambang Hidayat, "Under a Tropical Sky: A History of Astronomy in Indonesia," 45-58.

Nonproliferation Review, vol. 7, no. 1 (Spring 2000) includes Jacques E. C. Hymans, "Isotopes and Identity: Australia and the Nuclear Weapons Option, 1949-1999," 1-23. Vol. 7, no. 2 (Summer 2000) features Pavel V. Oleynikov, "German Scientists in the Soviet Atomic Project," 1-30; and Robert M. Cornejo, "When Sukarno Sought the Bomb: Indonesian Nuclear Aspirations in the Mid-1960s," 31-43.

Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, vol. 54, no. 1 (January 2000) features D.C.V. Mallik, "The Raman Effect and Krishnan's Diary," 67-83; and G.E. Fogg, "The Royal Society and the Antarctic," 85-98. Vol. 54, no. 2 (May 2000) includes Wilfried Schröder and Karl-Heinrich Wiederkehr, "Johann Kiessling, the Krakatoa Event and the Development of Atmospheric Optics After 1883," 249-258.

Osiris, vol. 14 (1999) is entitled Commemorative Practices in Science: Historical Perspectives on the Politics of Collective Memory. Articles in this volume include Joy Harvey, "A Focal Point for Feminism, Politics, and Science in France: The Clémence Royer Centennial Celebration of 1930," 86-101; Dieter Hoffmann, "The Divided Centennial: The 1958 Max Planck Celebration(s) in Berlin," 138-149; Clark A. Elliott, "The Tercentenary of Harvard University in 1936: The Scientific Dimension," 153-175; Stanley Goldberg, "The Enola Gay Affair: What Evidence Counts When We Commemorate Historical Events?," 176-186; Robert W. Seidel, "The Golden Jubilees of Lawrence Berkeley and Los Alamos National Laboratories," 187-202; Dominique Pestre, "Commemorative Practices at CERN: Between Physicists' Memories and Historians' Narratives," 203-216; and Mara Beller, "Jocular Commemorations: The Copenhagen Spirit," 252-273.

Physics Education, vol. 34, no. 4 (July 1999) features K. Dobson, "Making Use of Nothing," 199-204; and P. I. P. Kalmus, "Empty Matter and the Full Physical Vacuum," 205-208. Vol. 35, no. 1 (January 2000) includes A. J. Makowski, "A Century of the Planck Constant," 49-54.

Physics in Perspective, vol. 2, no. 1 (March 2000) features H. A. Bethe, "Sommerfeld's Seminar," 3-5; E. N. Hiebert, "Common Frontiers of the Exact Sciences and the Humanities," 6-29; D. Goodstein and J. Goodstein, "Richard Feynman and the History of Superconductivity," 30-47; R. L. Sime, "The Search for Transuranium Elements and the Discovery of Nuclear Fission," 48-62; and N. S. Kipnis, "The Window of Opportunity: Logic and Chance in Becquerel's Discovery of Radioactivity," 63-99. Vol. 2, no. 2 (June 2000) includes R. Torretti, "Gravity as Spacetime Curvature," 118-134; H. R. Crane, "How We Happened to Measure g-2: A Tale of Serendipity," 135-140; R. R. Wilson, "From Frontiersman to Physicist [Robert R. Wilson]," 141-203; and G. Careri, "Lars [Onsager], the Oracle," 204-210.

Physics Today, vol. 53, no. 5 (May 2000) features Michael P. Brenner and Howard A. Stone, "Modern Classical Physics through the Work of G. I. Taylor," 30-35; and Sidney D. Drell, "Andrei Sakharov and the Nuclear Danger," 37-41. Vol. 53, no. 7 (July 2000) is a special issue on the play Copenhagen. Articles in this issue include David C. Cassidy, "A Historical Perspective on Copenhagen," 28-32; Hans A. Bethe, "The German Uranium Project," 34-36; and Gerald Holton, "Werner Heisenberg and Albert Einstein," 38-42.

Physics-Uspekhi, vol. 43, no. 1 (January 2000) features I. L. Fabelinski0, "The Prediction and Discovery of Rayleigh Line Fine Structure," 89-103; and B. V. Novikov, "On the Experimental Discovery of Mandelstam-Brillouin Scattering," 105-107. Vol. 43, no. 2 (February 2000) includes G. Veneziano, "An Evolving Look at Pomeranchuk Scattering," 177-180.

Physics World, vol. 12, no. 12 (December 1999) includes Matin Durrani and Peter Rodgers, "Physics: Past, Present and Future," 7-13; Michael Rowan-Robinson, "Astrophysics and Cosmology: The Golden Age," 25-29; Robert Crease, "The Manhattan Project: An Enduring Legacy," 59-63; and Joseph Rotblat, "The Social Conscience of Scientists," 65-68. Vol. 13, no. 7 (July 2000) features Jeff Hughes, "1932: The Annus Mirabilis of Nuclear Physics?," 43-48.

Public Understanding of Science, vol. 9, no. 1 (January 2000) includes V. Kiernan, "The Mars Meteorite: A Case Study in Controls on Dissemination of Science News," 15-41. Vol. 9, no. 2 (April 2000) features S. C. Zehr, "Public Representations of Scientific Uncertainty about Global Climate Change," 85-103.

La Recherche, no. 329 (March 2000) includes Etienne Klein, "La part d'ombre de Wolfgang Pauli," 62-63. No. 332 (June 2000) includes Etienne Klein, "Georges Gamow, le savoir facétieux," 60-61.

Science and Culture, vol. 65, nos. 1-2 (January-February 1999) includes N. K. Ganguly, "Some Aspects of the Development of Nuclear Devices and Sociology of Science," 14-24. Vol. 65, nos. 3-4 (March-April 1999) features Chandana Roy Chowdhury, "Dr. Mahendralal Sircar and the Advancement of Science in India," 68-71; and M. K. Das Gupta, "Professor Satisranjan Khastgir (1898-1973)," 72-75. Vol. 65, nos. 5-6 (May-June 1999) includes Rajinder Singh and Falk Riess, "M. N. Saha and His Two Chances for the Nobel Prize," 146-151.

Science, Technology, & Human Values, vol. 25, no. 1 (Winter 2000) includes Gordon R. Mitchell, "Whose Shoe Fits Best? Dubious Physics and Power Politics in the TMD Footprint Controversy," 52-86. Vol. 25, no. 3 (Summer 2000) features Hugh Gusterson, "How Not to Construct a Radioactive Waste Incinerator," 332-347.

Sky & Telescope, vol. 99, no. 4 (April 2000) features Robert W. Smith, "Ten Years and Counting: HST in Orbit," 28-34. Vol. 99, no. 5 (May 2000) features Bradley E. Schaefer, "Conjunctions that Changed the World," 28-34; and Gregory D. Bothun, "Beyond the Hubble Sequence," 36-43. Vol. 100, no. 1 (July 2000) includes Sun Kwok, "What Is the Real Shape of the Ring Nebula?," 32-37; and Peter J.T. Leonard & Christopher Wanjek, "Compton's Legacy: Highlights from the Gamma Ray Observatory," 48-54. Vol. 100, no. 2 (August 2000) includes P. K. Chen, "Telescopes: Coming of Age in the 20th Century," 43-51. Vol. 100, no. 4 (October 2000) is a special issue on gravitational waves. Articles include Daniel Kennefick, "Gravitational Waves: A Prehistory," 58-64.

Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, vol. 31B, no. 1 (March 2000) features Fritz Rohrlich, "Causality and the Arrow of Classical Time," 1-13; Galina Granek, "Poincaré's Contributions to Relativistic Dynamics," 15-48; and Daniela M. Bailer-Jones, "Modelling Extended Extragalactic Radio Sources," 49-74. Vol. 31B, no. 2 (June 2000) is a special issue on relativity. Articles include John D. Norton, "'Nature is the Realisation of the Simplest Conceivable Mathematical Ideas': Einstein and the Canon of Mathematical Simplicity," 135-170; Roberto Torretti, "Spacetime Models for the World," 171-186; and Carl Hoefer, "Energy Conservation in GTR," 187-199. Vol. 31B, no. 3 (September 2000) is a special issue on geophysics. Articles in this issue include Gregory A. Good, "The Assembly of Geophysics: Scientific Disciplines as Frameworks of Consensus," 259-292; James R. Fleming, "T. C. Chamberlin, Climate Change, and Cosmogony," 293-308; Naomi Oreskes and Ronald Rainger, "Science and Security before the Atomic Bomb: The Loyalty Case of Harald U. Sverdrup," 309-369; and John Cloud, "Crossing the Olentangy River: The Figure of the Earth and the Military-Industrial-Academic-Complex, 1947-1972," 371-404.

Weather, vol. 55, no. 6 (June 2000) includes A. Persson, "Back to Basics: Coriolis: Part 2 - The Coriolis Force According to Coriolis," 182-188; and R. J. Ogden, "Meteorologist's Profile-John Harding," 206-209. Vol. 55, no. 8 (August 2000) features J. Insley, "'Instruments Well Adapted to the Work': Meteorological Instruments in 1850 and Since," 254-262.

Others-Physics and Geophysics:

P. David and E. Martin, "Le laboratoire du col de Porte pour l'étude de la neige; histoire et climatologie," La Météorologie, vol. 8, no. 28 (December 1999): 23-34; Alex R. Dzierba, Curtis A. Meyer, and Eric S. Swanson, "The Search for QCD Exotics," American Scientist, vol. 88, no. 5 (September-October 2000): 406-415; Vladimir Fortov, "Science and War," Science in Russia, no. 3 (May-June 2000): 4-10; Benoît Godin and Yves Gingras, "Impact of Collaborative Research on Academic Science," Science and Public Policy, vol. 27, no. 1 (February 2000): 65-73; Joanne Abel Goldman, "National Science in the Nation's Heartland: The Ames Laboratory and Iowa State University, 1942-1965," Technology and Culture, vol. 41, no. 3 (July 2000): 435-459; Klaus Hentschel and Gerhard Rammer, "Kein Neuanfang: Physiker an der Universitäet Göttingen, 1945-1955," Zeitschrift füer Geschichtswissenschaft, vol. 48 (2000): 718-741; Arne Hessenbruch, "Calibration and Work in the X-Ray Economy, 1896-1928," Social Studies of Science, vol. 30, no. 3 (June 2000): 397-420; F. E. Irons, "An Atomistic Interpretation of Planck's 1900 Derivation of His Radiation Law," Australian Journal of Physics, vol. 53, no. 2 (2000): 193-216; Henry Krips, "Catachresis, Quantum Mechanics, and the Letter of Lacan," Configurations, vol. 7, no. 1 (Winter 1999): 43-60; J. Mertens, "The Development of the Dry Battery: Prelude to a Mass Consumption Article (1882-1908)," Centaurus, vol. 42, no. 2 (2000): 109-134; R. L. Mössbauer, "The Discovery of the Mössbauer Effect," Hyperfine Interactions, vol. 126, nos. 1-4 (2000): 1-12; Mansoor Niaz, "From Cathode Rays to Alpha Particles to Quantum of Action: A Rational Reconstruction of Structure of the Atom and Its Implications for Chemistry Textbooks," Science Education, vol. 82 (1998): 527-552; Mansoor Niaz, "The Oil Drop Experiment: A Rational Reconstruction of the Millikan-Ehrenhaft Controversy and Its Implications for Chemistry Textbooks," Journal of Research in Science Teaching, vol. 37, no. 5 (2000): 480-508; Gregor Tanner, Klaus Richter and Jan-Michael Rost, "The Theory of Two-Electron Atoms: Between Ground State and Complete Fragmentation," Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 72, no. 2 (April 2000): 497-544; Arnold Thackray and Minor Myers, Jr., "Arnold O. Beckman: A Scientist in the Making," Chemical Heritage, vol. 18, no. 1 (February 2000): 4-9; T. E. Van Zandt, "A Brief History of the Development of Wind-Profiling or MST Radars," Annales Geophysicae, vol. 18, no. 7 (July 2000): 740-749; Burghard Weiss, "Die Megavolt-Röntgenanlage des Allgemeinen Krankenhauses Hamburg-Barmbek (1938-1945): Vom Therapiegerät zur Strahlenwaffe," Medizin Historisches Journal, vol. 35 (2000): 55-84.

Others-Astronomy and Space Sciences:

Gibor Basri, "The Discovery of Brown Dwarfs," Scientific American, vol. 282, no. 4 (April 2000): 76-83; Frank K. Edmondson, "Daniel Kirkwood-'Dean of American Astronomers'," Mercury, vol. 29, no. 3 (May/June 2000): 26-33; M. Leone and N. Robotti, "Stellar, Solar and Laboratory Spectra: The History of Lockyer's Protoelements," Annals of Science, vol. 57, no. 3 (July 2000): 241-266; Oliver Morton, "The Computable Cosmos of David Deutsch," American Scholar, vol. 69, no. 3 (Summer 2000): 51-67; Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie, "Obligatory Amateurs: Annie Maunder (1868-1947) and British Women Astronomers at the Dawn of Professional Astronomy," British Journal for the History of Science, vol. 33, no. 116 (March 2000) : 67-84.

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