Recent Publications of Interest
Archive for History of Exact Sciences, vol. 48, no.2 features J. Barrow-Green, "Oscar II's Prize Competition and the Error in Poincaré's Memoir on the Three Body Problem," 107-131; K.G. Andersson, "Poincare's Discovery of Homoclinic Points," 133-147; and W. Schroder & H.J. Treder, "Zur Einsteins letzer Vorlesung-- Beobachtbarkeit, Realitä British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, vol. 45, no.4 (December 1994) includes Martin Barrett and Elliott Sober, "The Second Law of Probability Dynamics," 941-954; Chuang Liu, "The Aharanov-Bohm Effect and the Reality of Wave Packets," 977-1000; and Huw Price, "Reinterpreting the Wheeler-Feynman Absorber Theory: Reply to Leeds," 1023-1028.
The Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, under a program originating in the Society's Historical Astronomy Divison, carries obituaries of recently deceased members. Such obituaries are not only a worthy commemoration but a valuable contribution to future historical scholarship and understanding. The Bulletin gives references to obituaries published elsewhere (the AIP History of Physics Newsletter does not attempt to track such items), and publishes ones for people not otherwise covered. For example, the latest issue (vol. 26, no. 4) includes obituaries of Arthur Adel, Michael S. Fieldus, Clinton B. Ford, Ingemar Furenlid, H. Harold Hartzler, Karl G. Henize, Erich R. Paul, James B. Pollack, Franklin E. Roach, Sheridan A. Simon, Balfour S. Whitney, and Wieslaw Z. Wisniewski.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, vol. 50, no.4 (July/August 1994) includes Sergei Leskov & Priscilla Johnson McMillan, "The Sudoplatov File," 30-33. Vol. 50, no.6 (November/December 1994) features David Holloway, "How the Bomb Saved Soviet Physics," 46- 55.
EOS, vol. 75, no.49 (December 6, 1994) has the first of a three part series by E.W. Cliver, "Solar Activity and Geomagnetic Storms: The First Forty Years," 569, 574-575; Vol. 75, no.52 (December 27, 1994) has the second article in the series by E.W. Cliver, "Solar Activity and Geomagnetic Storms: The Corpuscular Hypothesis," 609, 612-613.
Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, vol. 24, part 2 (1994) includes David Cassidy, "Controlling German Science, 1945-1947," 197-237; Michael Chayut, "From Berlin to Jerusalem: Ladislaus Farkas and the Funding of Physical Chemistry in Israel," 237-264; Oliver Darrigol, "The Electron Theories of Larmor and Lorentz: A Comparative Study," 265-336; and Karl Hufbauer, "Artificial Eclipses: Bernard Lyot and the Coronagraph, 1929-1939," 337-394. Vol. 25, part 1 (1994) includes Laurie M. Brown & Helmut Rechenburg, "Field Theories of Nuclear Forces in the 1930s: The Fermi-Field Theory," 1-24; Loren Butler, "Robert S. Mulliken and the Politics of Science and Scientists, 1939-1946," 25-45; Kostas Gavroglu & Ana Simoes, "The Americans, the Germans and the Beginnings of Quantum Chemistry," 47-110; and Frederik Nebeker, "Experimental Style in High-Energy Physics: The Discovery of the Upsilon Particle," 137-164.
History and Technology, vol. 11, no.2 (1994) is a special issue entitled The Electronics Challenge: An Historical Perspective. This issue includes Lillian Hoddeson, "Research on Crystal Rectifiers During World War II and the Invention of the Transistor," 121-130; and Stuart W. Leslie & Robert H. Kargon, "Electronics and the Geography of Innovation in Post-War America," 217-231. Vol. 11, no.3 (1994) includes Roy MacLeod, "The Atom Comes to Australia: Reflections on the Australian Nuclear Programme, 1953 and 1993"; and Lorenza Sebesta, "The Politics of Technological Cooperation in Space: US-European Negotiations on the Post-Apollo Programme," 317- 341. Vol. 11, no.4 (1994) includes Robert W. Seidel, "Accelerators and National Security. The Evolution of Science Policy for High- energy Physics, 1947-1967," 361-391.
ISIS, vol. 85, no.3 (September 1994) includes Michael Aaron Dennis, "Our First Line of Defense': Two University Laboratories in the Postwar American State," 427-455; and Heinrich A. Medicus, "The Friendship among Three Singular Men: Einstein and his Swiss Friends Besso and Zangger," 456-478.
Journal for the History of Astronomy, vol. 25, part 4 (November 1994) includes Alex Soojung-Kim Pang, "Victorian Observing Practices, Printing Technology, and Representations of the Solar Corona, (1): The 1860s and 1870s," 249-274. Vol. 26, part 1 (February 1995) includes Donald E. Osterbrock, "Walter Baade, Observational Astrophysicist, (1): The Preparation 1893-1931," 1- 32.
Minerva, vol. 32, no.2 (Summer 1994) includes Robert Kargon & Stuart Leslie, "Imagined Geographies: Princeton, Stanford and the Boundaries of Useful Knowledge in Postwar America," 121-143. Vol. 32, no.3 (Autumn 1994) includes Dusan Razem, "Radiation Processing in the Former Yugoslavia, 1947-1966: From `Big Science' to Nullity," 309-326. Vol. 32, no.4 (Winter 1994) includes Henry Etzkowitz, "Knowledge as Property: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Debate Over Academic Patent Policy," 383-421.
Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, vol. 48, no.2 (1994) includes Brebis Bleaney, "The Physical Sciences in Oxford, 1918-1939 and Earlier," 247-261; Sir Bernard Lovell, "The Royal Society, the Royal Greenwich Observatory and the Astronomer Royal," 283-297; and J.R. Holt, "James Chadwick at Liverpool," 299-308.
Physics Today, vol. 47, no.9 (September 1994) features Gerald Holton, "Of Love, Physics and other Passions: The Letters of Albert and Mileva (Part 2)," 37-43. Vol. 47, no.12 (December 1994) includes Owen Gingerich, "The Summer of 1953: A Watershed for Astrophysics," 34-40. Vol. 48, no.1 (January 1995) includes Frederick Seitz, "Research on Silicon and Germanium in World War II," 22-27; and Henry Ehrenreich, "Strategic Curiosity: Semiconductor Physics in the 1950s," 28-34.
Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 66, no.3 (July 1994) includes Russell A. Hulse, "The Discovery of the Binary Pulsar," 699-710; and Joseph H. Taylor, Jr., "Binary Pulsars and Relativistic Gravity," 711-719.
Others on the History of Science Policy: Michael M. Crow, "Science and Technology Policy in the United States: Trading in the 1950 Model," Science and Public Policy, vol. 21, no.4 (August 1994): 202-212; A. Hunter Dupree, "A Knowledge Policy for Peace: A Release from the Closed Universe of Friend and Foe," Technology in Society, vol. 16, no.3 (1994): 289-300; M. Leclerc & J. Cagne, "International Scientific Cooperation: The Continentalization of Science," Scientometrics, vol. 31, no.3 (November-December 1994): 261-292; Nathan Reingold, "Science and Government in the United States since 1945," History of Science, vol. 32, part 4 (December 1994): 361-386;
Also: William Aspray & Bernard O. Williams, "Arming American Scientists: NSF and the Provision of Scientific Computing Facilities for Universities, 1950-1973," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 16, no.4 (Winter 1994): 60-74; Geoffrey Cantor, "The Making of a British Theoretical Physicist--E.C. Stoner's Early Career," British Journal for the History of Science, vol. 27, part 3 (September 1994): 277- 290; Gloria Y. Golden, "On the Way to Jupiter: Psychological Dimensions of the Galileo Mission," Social Studies of Science, vol. 24, no.3 (August 1994): 463-512; David Goodstein, "Pariah Science: Whatever Happened to Cold Fusion?," The American Scholar, vol. 63, no.4 (Autumn 1994): 527-541; Gabrielle Hecht, "Political Designs: Nuclear Reactors and National Policy in Postwar France," Technology and Culture, vol. 35, no.4 (October 1994): 657-685; Sungook Hong, "Efficiency and Authority in the 'Open versus Closed' Transformer Controversy," Annals of Science, vol. 52, no.1 (January 1995): 49-76; D. Jansen, "National Research Systems and Change: The Reaction of the British and German Research Systems to the Discovery of High Temperature Superconductors," Research Policy, vol. 23, no.4 (1994): 357-374; George B. Kauffman & Laurie M. Kauffman, "Linus Pauling: Reflections," American Scientist, vol. 82, no.6 (November-December 1994): 522-524; Roger D. Launius, "NASA and the Decision to Build the Space Shuttle, 1969-72," The Historian, vol. 57, no.1 (Autumn 1994): 17-34; Paul H.E. Meijer, "Kamerlingh Onnes and the Discovery of Superconductivity," American Journal of Physics, vol. 62, no.12 (1994): 1105-1107; Donald E. Osterbrock, "Founded in 1895 by George E. Hale and James E. Keeler: The Astrophysical Journal Centennial," The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 438 , no.1 (January 1995): 1-7; Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze, "'Scientific Control' in Mathematical Reviewing and German-US-American between the Two World Wars," Historia Mathematica, vol. 21, no.3 (August 1994): 306-329.