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Clarke, Edward N.
Oral history interview with Edward N. Clarke, 2010 September 27.
In this interview, Edward N. Clarke discusses: his family background and education; his time at Brown University and joining the Naval Reserves; his service in the Navy during and immediately following World War II; Vartan Gregorian, former president of Brown; his time at Harvard University with Ed Purcell, Norman Ramsey, and Julian Schwinger; a course he took in millimeter wave technology; Harry Farnsworth; Russ Sherburne; Al Crowell; low-energy electron diffraction work for his thesis; working with vacuum systems and photoelectric effects; his time with Sylvania Electric and work with semiconductors; his work with semiconductors; John Welty; Bell Laboratories and Western Electric; invention of the transistor by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley; learning how to grow single crystals; Bernie Rothlein; joining Sperry Rand and working with Joe Gruber, Bob Hopkins, and Art Seifert; Karl Lark-Horovitz; starting up their company, National Semiconductor; being a part of the Institute of Radio Engineers; working with venture capitalists; Peter Sprague; creating the first mass produced integrated circuit, an integrated chopper the INCH; integrated circuits were first invented by Bob Noyce and Jack Kilby; the field effect transistor; his time at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI); working jointly with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Bill Grogan; solar energy; solar powered car races; and his retirement and volunteer work.
Ph.D., physics (Brown University, 1951). Co-founder of National Semiconductor; professor at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (1965-1995), then professor emeritus.
Bardeen, John.
Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987
Clarke, Edward N.
Crowell, A. D. (Albert Dary), 1925-
Farnsworth, H. E, (Harrison Edward), 1896-1989.
Gregorian, Vartan
Kilby, Jack S. (Jack St. Clair), 1923-2005
Lark-Horovitz, K. (Karl), 1892-1958.
Noyce, Robert Norton, 1927-
Purcell, Edward M.
Ramsey, Norman, 1915-2011-
Shockley, William, 1910-1989
Schwinger, Julian, 1918-1994.
Welty, John W.
Bell Telephone Laboratories
Brown University.
Harvard University.
Institute of Radio Engineers.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
National Semiconductor Corporation
Sperry Rand Corporation.
Sylvania Electric Products, Inc.
United States. Navy -- Reserves.
Western Electric Company.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute -- Faculty.
Crystals -- Growth.
Field-effect transistors.
Integrated circuits.
Low energy electron diffraction.
Millimeter waves.
Photoelectric effect.
Solar energy
Solar vehicles
Vacuum technology
World War, 1939-1945.
Interviews. aat
Oral histories. aat
Transcripts. aat
Butler, Orville R., 1952-, interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA