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Kowarski, Lew.
Oral history interview with Lew Kowarski, 1969 March 20, October 19, 20, 21, 1970 May 3, 14, 1971 May 15 and November 20.
Childhood in Russia, family and early schooling; Paris University, first publication, work on crystal growth in Jean Perrin's lab, doctoral thesis. History of Frédéric Joliot-Curie's work, his lab, character, and collaboration with Irene Curie and other scientists in context of pre-war scientific establishment in France; Kowarski's work as Joliot's secretary at the Institut Curie, reactions to Joliot's Nobel Prize; work on magic numbers. Work on fission: Hans von Halban, Enrico Fermi, Otto Hahn, Leo Szilard, ca. 1939; effects of science in wartime France. Applications of fission chain reaction and patents; flight to England with Halban and heavy water supply. Kowarski's integration into English scientific community: James Chadwick, John Cockcroft, the Maud Committee, Marcus Oliphant; course of development of Halban's group in Canada; Kowarski's work between Great Britain and U.S. Return to Europe in 1946; political climate of postwar France, particularly the influence of communism. French Commission on Atomic Energy (CEA), its internal politics, science and scientists in postwar France: Joliot, Pierre Auger, Jean Perrin, Curie, Jules Guéron, Bertrand Goldschmidt. Growth of energy. Family life and marriages; visit to U.S., 1946; comparison of postwar science in U.S. and France. History of French reactors. Kowarski's impressions of French scientific unity and his role in it; introduction of computer technology into nuclear topics; European Nuclear Energy Agency (ENEA); Kowarski's involvement. Contemporaries: J. Robert Oppenheimer, Niels Bohr; developments in CERN and ENEA; reflections on attainment of goals and shortcomings of CERN; thoughts about being a scientist in an international community.
Lifespan 1907-1979.
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962.
Chadwick, James, 1891-1974
Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967.
Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954.
Guéron, Jules
Goldschmidt, Bertrand.
Hahn, Otto, 1879-1968.
Joliot-Curie, Frédéric.
Joliot-Curie, Irène, 1897-1956.
Kowarski, Lew.
Oliphant, Mark, Sir, 1901-
Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967
Perrin, Jean, 1870-1942.
Szilard, Leo.
European Organization for Nuclear Research.
European Nuclear Energy Agency.
Institut Curie.
Université de Paris.
Communism -- France.
Nobel Prizes.
Nuclear energy -- International cooperation.
Nuclear energy -- Research -- France.
Nuclear fission.
Nuclear physics -- Computer programs.
Nuclear reactors -- France
Patents.
Science -- France.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Auger, Pierre, 1899-1993-
Halban, Hans.
European Organization for Nuclear Research.
France. Commissariat à l'énergie atomique
Maud Committee.
Weiner, Charles. interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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