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Kurti, Nicholas
Oral history interview with Nicholas Kurti, 1968 September 11 and 1972 November 22.
Family background and early education in Hungary (Ferenc von Kármán). Undergraduate studies in Paris from 1926 (Jacob Salpeter, Felix Ehrenhaft and Paul Langevin); work habits, comments on Prof. A. Guillet, 1928-1931. Studies at Universität Berlin, 1929-1931, Max von Laue's weekly seminars; moves to Universität Breslau with Francis E. Simon; thesis, "The Thermal and Magnetic Properties of Gadolinium Sulfate," 1931. Social and political climate in Breslau, 1931-1933. Peter Debye's low temperature proposal to Simon (William F. Giauque); Simon and Kurti emigrate to England in 1933; Frederick A. Lindemann's (Viscount Cherwell) involvement; Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI). Settling down at Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford; discussions of their work on production of very low temperatures, production of liquid helium in 1936; the technique of detecting superconductivity in cadmium, 1934; comments on relationships in the low temperature community (the two groups at Clarendon). Collaboration between Clarendon Laboratory and Laboratoire du Grand Electroaiment, Bellevue, 1935-1939; leads to important pre-war work. Comments on Leo Szilard and on colloquia and seminars at Clarendon Lab. Also prominently mentioned are: Hans von Halban, Hendrik Anthony Kramers, H. E. Kuhn, Heinz London, Kurt Mendelsohn, Otto Roff, Erwin Schrödinger, Wiershma; and Université de Paris.
Born 1908. Died 1998.
Cherwell, Frederick Alexander Lindemann, Viscount, 1886-1957.
Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966-
Ehrenhaft, Felix, 1879-1952
Giauque, William Francis
Guillet, Arnedee
Halban, Hans
Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, 1894-1952.
Kuhn, H. E.
Kurti, Nicholas
Langevin, Paul, 1872-1946
Laue, Max von, 1879-1960.
London, Heinz
Mendelssohn, K. (Kurt), 1906-
Roff, Otto
Salpeter, Jakob
Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961
Simon, F. E. (Francis Eugene), 1893-1956
Szilard, Leo.
von Kármán, Felix
Bellevue Electromagnetic Laboratory (Bellevue, France.)
Clarendon Laboratory.
Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin
Imperial Chemical Industries, ltd.
Schlesische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Breslau
Université de Paris.
Liquid helium.
Low temperatures.
Physical laboratories.
Physics -- Study and teaching.
Solid state physics.
Solid state physics -- History
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Weiner, Charles. interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA