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Marshak, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1916-1992
Oral history interview with Robert Marshak, 1970 June 15, 16, September 19, and October 4.
Childhood and early education in New York, undergraduate education in philosophy at Columbia College, 1932-1936; years of graduate study in physics at Columbia University, 1936-1937; influence of Isidor I. Rabi, the joint NYU-Columbia seminar in physics; transfer to Cornell University for graduate work in nuclear physics, 1937-1939; influence of Hans Bethe; thesis work on white dwarfs; first teaching position at University of Rochester, joint work with Victor Weisskopf in nuclear physics and particles; remarks on war years, astrophysics, cyclotrons, and other matters; Shelter Island Conferences. Formation of the Federation of American Scientists (F.A.S.) in 1946; Marshak succeeds Robert Wilson as Chairman, 1947. World Federation of Scientific workers, chaired by Frédéric Joliot-Curie, wants to enroll F.A.S. (1947, in Paris meeting). Marshak's work on two-meson theory. F.A.S. issues in the 1950s; the Emergency Committee and F.A.S.; Einstein's interests and views on relation of science to society; comments on J. Robert Oppenheimer; chairmanship at University of Rochester; Lee DuBridge; long-range plan and extensive development of physics department funded through AEC contracts; training of students from abroad such as Okubo, Sudarshan, Messiah, Regge. Last half of interview covers the Rochester conferences. Scientific work during the 1950s, the V-A interaction (George Sudarshan) theory (a.k.a. Feynman-Gell-Mann theory of weak interactions); books and works with graduate students. Travels to Europe and India (Tata Institute), 1953. Accepts City College (CUNY) presidency; reasons for leaving University of Rochester. Also prominently mentioned are: Robert Fox Bacher, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, George Braxton Pegram, Julian R. Schwinger, Edward Teller; Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology Radiation Laboratory.
Physicist (sub-atomic particles) and educator. Died in 1992.
Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004-
Bethe, Hans A, (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005
Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995
DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994-
Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955
Feynman, Richard P. (Richard Phillips), 1918-1988
Gell-Mann, Murray.
Joliot-Curie, Frédéric.
Marshak, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1916-1992
Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967
Pegram, George Braxton, 1876-1958.
Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988
Schwinger, Julian, 1918-1994.
Sudarshan, E. C. G.
Teller, Edward, 1908-2003
Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002
Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000-
City University of New York.
Columbia College (Columbia University)
Columbia University
Cornell University
Federation of American Scientists
Lawrence Radiation Laboratory.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
New York University.
Tata Energy Research Institute
University of Rochester.
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
World Federation of Scientific Workers Emergency Committee
International Conference on High Energy Physics.
Shelter Island Conferences.
Defense contracts.
Federal aid to research.
Nuclear physics.
Particle accelerators.
Particles (Nuclear physics)
Physics -- Study and teaching.
Science and civilization.
Weak interactions (Nuclear physics)
White dwarfs.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Weiner, Charles. interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA