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Pecker, Jean Claude
Oral history interview with Jean Claude Pecker, 1976 September 11 and 13.
Background and education to baccalauréat in June 1940. Anti-semitism and move to Grenoble, studies there under Fortrat; wartime difficulties. Passage through Ecole Normale Supérieure and comments on French educational hierarchy. Contacts with Bernard Lyot, Evry Schatzman, Marcel Minnaert; first steps in astrophysics, work on nuclear structure. Use of Bengt Strömgren's method in thesis on model non-gray atmospheres, 1951. Social climate of astrophysics in Holland, Copenhagen, Boulder, CO (where visited with Walter O. Roberts, Richard N. Thomas) and Paris. At Clermont-Ferrand, 1952-1955. Work on non-local thermodynamic equilibrium models, 1957. Director of Nice Observatory, situation there ca. 1962; problems of funding and organization in France. Move to Collège de France. Work on interstellar dust and cosmology since 1961; Paris colloquium on redshifts, 1976; politics of nonconventional cosmologies. Also prominently mentioned are: Anatole Abragam, M. Brelot, Fayet, Alfred Kastler, André Lallemand, Donald Howard Menzel, Henri Mineur, Louis Néel; and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France).
Born 1923.
Abragam, A.
Kastler, Alfred.
Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard), 1901-1976
Néel, Louis, 1904-
Pecker, Jean Claude
Roberts, Walter Orr
Schatzman, Evry L.
Strömgren, Bengt, 1908-
Minnaert, M. G. J. (Marcel Gilles Jozef), 1893-1970.
Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France).
Collège de France.
École normale supérieure (France)
Université de Grenoble.
Astronomical observatories -- Administration.
Astrophysics -- Political aspects.
Astrophysics -- Social aspects.
Education -- France.
Nuclear physics.
Red shift.
Stars -- Structure.
World War, 1939-1945.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Brelot, M.
Fayet, G. (Gaston), 1874-1967
Fortrat, René.
Lallemand, Andre.
Lyot, Bernard Ferdinand.
Mineur, Henri.
Thomas, Richard Nelson.
Observatoire de Nice.
Weart, Spencer R., 1942- interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA