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Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995
Oral history interview with Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1981 May 13 and July.
Solid state physics in its early days in Arnold Sommerfeld's and Werner Heisenberg's groups, where Peierls was a student in the late 1920s. Sommerfeld's group compared to Heisenberg's group; interaction between experimentalists and theoreticans in Germany, in England and in the U.S.; Peierls' thesis work on heat conductivity in non-metallic crystals (suggested by Wolfgang Pauli), done in Zurich in 1920 and defended at Universit├Ąt Leipzig; the application of the Heilter-London approach in other works (especially Felix Bloch, Arnold Sommerfeld); attempt to state the first use of names and concepts: energy bands, theory of solid bodies; the periods of optimism in the history of physics; the "accidental" change of fields because of Nazism (Hans Bethe). Significant papers on absorption spectra, diamagnetism, phase changes and statistical foundations, published in the 1930s: reasons for selecting these topics; inspirational contributions in the work; responses; associated circumstances and events. Lev Landau and his work also discussed at length.
British theoretical physicsist. Ph. D., Leipzig University (1929). Assistant to Wolfgang Pauli (1929-1932); researcher, Manchester University (1933-1935); Royal Society Mond Laboratory, Cambridge (1935-1937); professor of applied mathemataics, later mathematical physics, University of Birmingham (1937-1963); Wykeham professor of theoretical physics, University of Oxford (1963-1974).
Bethe, Hans A, (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005
Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976
Heitler, Walter, 1904-
Landau, L. D. (Lev Davidovich), 1908-1968.
London, Fritz, 1900-1954.
Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958.
Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995
Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951.
Universit├Ąt Leipzig
Absorption spectra.
Collective phenomena.
Energy-band theory of solids.
Heat -- Conduction.
National socialism -- Germany.
Solid state physics.
Solid state physics -- History
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Transcripts. aat
Hoddeson, Lillian. interviewer.
Hoch, Paul interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA