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Blaauw, Adriaan.
Oral history interview with Adriaan Blaauw, 1979 August 19.
Early life and family in Amsterdam; childhood interest in astronomy and telescope-building; undergraduate at Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden (W. deSitter, J. Woltjer), works at Leiden Observatory; growing interest in galactic research (Ejnar Hertzsprung, Jan Oort); contact with others at Leiden (Paul Ehrenfest, Hendrik Kramers). Assistantship at Rijksuniversiteit te Gröningen, 1938; cooperative stellar catalog with Harvard University and Universität Hamburg. Life during the German Occupation, conditions in Leiden and Holland; the Resistance Movement; returns to Leiden, 1945. Begins work on thesis at end of war, continues Jacobus C. Kapteyn's interest in proper motion of helium star (Scorpio-Centaur association); compares Boss Catalog and FK Catalog for systematic errors (Oort). Discussion of postwar developments in time scale problem (Albrecht Unsöld, Victor Ambartsumian). To Yerkes Observatory, 1947; impressions of Yerkes and other American observatories: RR Lyrae variables (Otto Struve), 1947-1948; work on extension of cluster expansion (W. W. Morgan), 1952; work in Kenya on stellar positions (Maarten Schmidt), 1949-1950. Back to Yerkes, 1953-1957 (Bengt Strömgren, Gerard Kuiper, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Hiltner). Directorship of Kapteyn Laboratory, Groningen; organization of the Radio Foundation. Origins and development of European Southern Observatory; five-year term as Director. Views on development of astronomy in Holland (Antoine Pannekoek, Marcel Minnaert, Pieter van Rhijn); radio astronomy.
Ambart︠s︡umi︠a︡n, V. A. (Viktor Amazaspovich)
Blaauw, Adriaan.
Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933.
Hertzsprung, Ejnar, 1873-1967
Hiltner, William Albert, 1914-1991
Kapteyn, J. C. (Jacobus Cornelius), 1851-1922.
Kramers, Hendrik Anthony, 1894-1952.
Kuiper, Gerard P. (Gerard Peter), 1905-1973
Minnaert, M. G. J. (Marcel Gilles Jozef), 1893-1970.
Morgan, W. W. (William Wilson), 1906-1994
Oort, Jan Hendrik.
Pannekoek, Anton, 1873-1960
Rhijn, P. J. van (Pieter Johannes), b. 1886
Schmidt, Maarten, 1929-
Sitter, Willem de
Strömgren, Bengt, 1908-
Unsöld, Albrecht, 1905-
Woltjer, J.
European Southern Observatory.
Harvard University.
Kapteyn Instituut
Rijksuniversiteit te Groningen
Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden
Sterrewacht Leiden.
Universität Hamburg.
Yerkes Observatory.
Galaxies -- Research.
Radio astronomy.
Stars -- Catalogs.
Stars -- Research.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Netherlands.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
Sound recordings. aat
DeVorkin, David H., 1944- interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA