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Sands, Matthew L. (Matthew Linzee)
Oral history interview with Matthew L. Sands, 1987 May 4 and 5.
Childhood, family life, early influences; to Clark University in physics and mathematics; financial hardships; graduate work at Rice University (W. Heep, H. A. Wilson), M.A., 1941; chooses ferromagnetism over more popular nuclear physics. To Naval Ordnance Laboratory to work on magnetic mines, 1941; discovers electrical engineering (J. Kiethley). Leaves Navy of own accord for Los Alamos; reading "The Primer;" makes electronic instruments; the collaborative environment; making a temperature controller for the first chain reaction; life and work at Los Alamos (Richard Feynman, Niels Bohr, Bruno Rossi), Alamagordo test; Los Alamos Association of Concerned Scientists; "Los Alamos University." Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1946-1949; nature of his position and funding at MIT; cosmic ray research (Rossi); the Laboratory of Nuclear Science; fixing the synchrotron; consultant for Brookhaven National Laboratory; forced to leave MIT for personal reasons. California Institute of Technology (Robert Bacher), 1949-1963; making electronic instruments for new accelerator laboratory; Fulbright Fellowship year in Rome, 1952; conditions in Italy; discovers resonances in the strong focussing synchrotron (Bruno Touschek); lectures at Saclay. Teaching at Caltech; compares MIT and Caltech; lectures on arms control and disarmament, beginning 1953; proposal for super-proton synchrotron, 1959, later abandoned; reworking Caltech curricula. Joins President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) (Limited War Panel), 1961-1966, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA). Reasons for joining JASON; work on anti-submarine warfare, surface ship speed; N. Christofilos; Wellesley-Santa Barbara Summer Study, 1966: getting good data, counter-insurgency, Barrier Study (Robert McNamara), 1966; reasons for leaving JASON, 1969; its influential members; secrecy; relation of JASON work to academic physics work. Pugwash Conferences, 1960-1963; Commission on College Physics; "Feynman Lectures on Physics" (Robert Leighton, Victor Neher, Bacher, Feynman), 1960-1966; decision to leave Caltech (Wolfgang Panofsky). To Stanford Linear Accelerator Center as professor and administrator, 1963; building the laboratory, 1963-1969; electron-positron storage ring (SPEAR); decision to leave SLAC. To University of California, Santa Cruz, as vice chancellor; the psychology of education.
Matthew Linzee Sands, 1919-
Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004-
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962.
Christofilos, Nick.
Feynman, Richard P. (Richard Phillips), 1918-1988
Heep, W.
Kiethley, J.
Leighton, Robert B.
McNamara, Robert S., 1916-2009
Neher, Henry Victor, 1904-
Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H. (Wolfgang Kurt Hermann), 1919-2007
Sands, Matthew L. (Matthew Linzee)
Touschek, Bruno, 1921-
Wilson, Harold A. (Harold Albert), 1874-1964.
Alamogordo Test.
Association of Los Alamos Scientists
Brookhaven National Laboratory.
California Institute of Technology
Centre d'études nucléaires de Saclay.
Clark University (Worcester, Mass.)
Commission on College Physics.
JASON Defense Advisory Group
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Pugwash Conferences on Science & World Affairs
Rice University.
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.
United States. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
United States. President's Science Advisory Committee
University of California, Santa Cruz.
Wellesley College. Santa Barbara Summer Study.
Anti-submarine warfare.
Arms control.
Cosmic rays -- Research.
Electrical engineering.
Ferromagnetism -- Study and teaching.
Nuclear weapons -- Design and construction.
Particle accelerators.
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Interviews. aat
Sound recordings. aat
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Aaserud, Finn interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA