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Whitford, Albert E, (Albert Edward), 1905-2002-
Oral history interview with Albert Edward Whitford, 1977 July 15 and 1978 July 17.
Interview centers around early life in Wisconsin; family background in Milton, Wisconsin; physics at Wisconsin and graduate work there; quantum mechanics under J.H. van Vleck and spectroscopy with Julius Ellis Mack and Mendenhall's influence; contact with astronomy and work for Joel Stebbins circa 1930; NRC Fellowship at Mount Wilson and contact with I.S. Bowen: work in spectro-scopy; influence of Trumpler and work on interstellar absorption; recollections of relations between East Coast and West Coast observatories; contact with Hale's associates; Shapley's regard for 200-inch and for existence of galaxies; continuation of work with Stebbins, at Wisconsin and Mount Wilson and continual choice between developmental work or production work in photoelectric photometry; John Hall's cesium oxide cells and a photoelectric guider; reception of electronics in astronomy pre and post war; growth of use of photomultipliers at Wisconsin: contact with V. Zworykin and use of tube in guider; collaboration with G. Kron; multicolor work with Stebbins; the "Stebbins-Whitford Effect" and its resolution with Code-Whitford spectrum scanner; research during World War II on radar at MIT; projects at MIT; post war changes in astronomy due to technology; Wisconsin after the war, Stebbins retirement; director at Washburn and micron survey of galactic bulge, 19451946; increased contacts at Lick Observatory; development of Wisconsin graduate program; origins of Kitt Peak and the Flagstaff Conference; move to Lick Observatory in 1958; conditions at Lick after Shanets and Sproults retirements; ApJ Editorial Board, 19471951; spiral structure of the galaxy, 1953.
Astronomer, Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Emeritus at the University of California at Santa Cruz, and former Director of the Lick Observatory. Deceased 2002.
Bowen, Ira Sprague, 1898-1973
Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938
Hall, John S. (John Scoville), 1908-1991
Kron, Gerald Edward, 1913-
Mack, Julian Ellis, 1903-1966
Stebbins, Joel, 1878-1966
Trumpler, Robert J. (Robert Julius), b. 1886
Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-
Whitford, Albert E. (Albert Edward), 1905-2002
Zworykin, V. K. (Vladimir Kosma), 1889-1982
Kitt Peak National Observatory
Lick Observatory
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Mount Wilson Observatory
University of Wisconsin--Madison
Astronomers -- History.
Astronomical spectroscopy
Astronomy.
Galaxies
Photoelectric photometry.
Quantum theory
Radar
Telescopes
World War, 1939-1945
Oral histories. aat
Transcripts. aat
Sound recordings. aat
Astronomers -- United States -- Interviews. lcsh
DeVorkin, David H., 1944- interviewer.
AIP-ICOS
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA
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