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The Discovery of Global Warming                            February 2014

Bibliography by year

As noted in the bibliography by author, this list despite its length overlooks signficant items (and includes some that are trivial).


1784 Benjamin Franklin, "Meteorological Imaginations and Conjectures (Paper Read 1784)." Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester 2nd ed., 1789: 373-77. REPRINTED Weatherwise 35, 262 (1982).

1801William Herschel, "Observations Tending to Investigate the Nature of the Sun..." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 265: 265-318.

1824 Joseph Fourier, "Remarques Générales Sur Les Températures Du Globe Terrestre Et Des Espaces Planétaires." Annales de Chemie et de Physique 27: 136-67. Translation by Ebeneser Burgess, "General Remarks on the Temperature of the Earth and Outer Space," American Journal of Science 32: 1-20 (1837) online here.

1827 Joseph Fourier, "Mémoire Sur Les Températures Du Globe Terrestre Et Des Espaces Planétaires." Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences 7: 569-604.

1838 Claude Pouillet, "Mémoire Sur La Chaleur Solaire..." Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences 7: 24-65. Translation by Richard Taylor, "Memoir on Solar Heat, the Radiative Effects of the Atmosphere, and the Temperature of Space," Scientific Memoirs 4 (London: Taylor and Francis, 1846), online here.

1844 J. Sparks, Life of Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 6. Boston: Tappan & Dennett.

1861 John Tyndall, "On the Absorption and Radiation of Heat by Gases and Vapours..." Philosophical Magazine ser. 4, 22: 169-94, 273-85. Online here.

1863 John Tyndall, "On Radiation through the Earth's Atmosphere." Philosophical Magazine ser. 4, 25: 200-206.

1863 John Tyndall, "On the Relation of Radiant Heat to Aqueous Vapor." Philosophical Magazine ser. 4, 26: 30-54.

1864 James Croll, "On the Physical Cause of the Change of Climate During Geological Epochs." Philosophical Magazine 28: 121-37.

1873 W. Köppen, "Uber Mehrjährige Perioden der Witterung, Insbesondere Über die 11jährige Periode der Temperatur." Zeitschrift der Osterreichischen Gesellschaft für Meteorologie 8: 241-48, 141-50.

1873 John Tyndall, Contributions to Molecular Physics in the Domain of Radiant Heat. New York: Appleton.

1873 John Tyndall, "Further Researches on the Absorption and Radiation of Heat by Gaseous Matter (1862)." In Contributions to Molecular Physics in the Domain of Radiant Heat pp. 69-121. New York: Appleton.

1875 James Croll, Climate and Time in Their Geological Relations. A Theory of Secular Changes of the Earth's Climate. New York: Appleton.

1876 J.J. Murphy, "The Glacial Climate and the Polar Ice-Cap." Quarterly J. Geological Society of London 32: 400-06.

1881 Franz von Czerney, Die Veränderlichkeit Des Klimas Und Ihre Ursachen. Vienna.

1884 S.P. Langley, "Researches on Solar Heat and Its Absorption by the Earth's Atmosphere: A Report of the Mount Whitney Expedition." Professional Papers of the Signal Service 15: 1-242.

1886 James Croll, Discussion on Climate and Cosmology. New York: Appleton.

1886 S.P. Langley, "Observations on Invisible Heat-Spectra and the Recognition of Hitherto Ummeasured Wave-Lengths, Made at the Alleghany Observatory." Philosophical Magazine 31: 394-409.

1888 George J. Symons, Ed. The Eruption of Krakatoa, and Subsequent Phenomena. Report of the Krakatoa Committee of the Royal Society. London: Trübner.

1890 Eduard Brückner, Klimaschwankungen Seit 1700, Nebst Bemerkungen Über Die Klimaschwankungen Der Diluvialzeit. Vienna: Hölzel

1890 Joseph Fourier, Oeuvres De Fourier, Edited by Gaston Darboux, Vol. 2. Paris: Gauthier-Villars.

1890 E. Walter Maunder, "Professor Spoerer's Researches on Sun-Spots." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 50: 251-52.

1894 Arvid Högbom, "Om Sannolikheten För Sekulära Förändringar I Atmosfärens Kolsyrehalt." Svensk kemisk Tidskrift 6: 169-77.

1895 Luigi De Marchi, Le Cause Dell'era Glaciale. Pavia: R. Istituto Lombardo.

1895 Eugene Dubois, The Climates of the Geological Past and Their Relation to the Evolution of the Sun. London: Sonnenschein.

1895 C.A. Young, The Sun. Akron, Ohio: Werner.

1896 Svante Arrhenius, "On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air Upon the Temperature of the Ground." Philosophical Magazine 41: 237-76. Online here.

1897 Thomas C. Chamberlin, "A Group of Hypotheses Bearing on Climatic Changes." J. Geology 5(653-83).

1897 Edward Hull, "Another Possible Cause of the Glacial Epoch." Quarterly J. Geological Society of London 53: 107-08.

1898 Thomas C. Chamberlin, "The Influence of Great Epochs of Limestone Formation Upon the Constitution of the Atmosphere." J. Geology 6: 609-21.

1899 Christian Bohr, "Definition Und Methode Zur Bestimmung Der Invasions- Und Evasionscoefficienten Bei Der Auflösung Von Gasen in Flüssigkeiten..." Annalen der Physik und Chemie n.f. 68: 500-525.

1899 Thomas C. Chamberlin, "An Attempt to Frame a Working Hypothesis of the Cause of Glacial Periods on an Atmospheric Basis." J. Geology 7: 545-84, 667-85, 751-87.

1899 Cyrus F. Tolman, Jr., "The Carbon Dioxide of the Ocean and Its Relations to the Carbon Dioxide of the Atmosphere." J. Geology 7: 585-620.

1899 C. T. R. Wilson, "On the Condensation Nuclei Produced in Gases by the Action of Roentgen Rays, Uranium Rays, Ultra-Violet Light, and Other Agents." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 64: 127-29.

1900 Knut Ångström, "Über Die Bedeutung Des Wasserdampfes Und Der Kohlensaüres Bei Der Absorption Der Erdatmosphäre." Annalen der Physik 4(3): 720-32.

1901 Monthly Weather Review (F.W.V. and C.A.), "Knut Angstrom on Atmospheric Absorption." Monthly Weather Review: 268.

1901 Svante Arrhenius, "Über Die Wärmeabsorption Durch Kohlensäure Und Ihren Einfluss Auf Die Temperatur Der Erdoberfläche." Förhandlingar Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens 58: 25-58.

1901 Svante Arrhenius, "Über Die Wärmeabsorption Durch Kohlensäure." Annalen der Physik 4: 690-705.

1901 Nils Ekholm, "On the Variations of the Climate of the Geological and Historical Past and Their Causes." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 27: 1-61. Online here.

1901 F.W. Harmer, "The Influence of the Winds Upon Climate During the Pleistocene Epoch: A Palaeometeorological Explanation of Some Geological Problems." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 57: 405-78.

1901-1909 Albrecht Penck and Eduard Brückner, Die Alpen Im Eiszeitalter (3 Vols.). Leipzig: Tauchnitz.

1902 G. Andersson, "Hasseln I Sverige Fordom Och Nu." Sveriges Geoliska Undersökning, Afhand C2(3).

1903 Julius Hann, Handbook of Climatology. Translation of Handbuch Der Klimatologie, 2nd Ed. (1897). New York and London: Macmillan.

1904 A.G. Woodman, "The Exact Estimation of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: A Brief Survey." The Technology Quarterly and Proceedings of the Society of Arts (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) 17: 258-69.

1905 Clemens Schaefer, "Über Das Ultrarote Absorptionsspektrum Der Kohlensaüre in Seiner Abhängigkeit Vom Druck." Annalen der Physik 16: 93-105.

1906 Thomas C. Chamberlin, "On a Possible Reversal of Deep-Sea Circulation and Its Influence on Geologic Climates." J. Geology 14: 363-73.

1907 Rudolph Spitaler, "Die Järlichen Und Periodischen Änderungen Der Wärmverteilung Auf Der Erdoberfläche Und Die Eiszeiten." Beiträge Geophysik 8: 565-602.

1908 Charles G. Abbot and F.E. Fowle, Jr., "Income and Outgo of Heat from the Earth, and the Dependence of Its Temperature Thereon." Annals of the Astrophysical Observatory (Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC) 2: 159-176.

1908 Svante Arrhenius, Worlds in the Making. New York: Harper & Brothers.

1908 J.W. Gregory, "Climatic Variations: Their Extent and Causes." Smithsonian Institution Annual Report: 339-54.

1909 R.W. Wood, "Note on Theory of the Greenhouse." Philosophical Magazine ser. 6 Vol. 17: 319-20.

1910 R. Sernander, "Die Schwedischen Torfmoore Als Zeugen Postglazialer Klimaschwankungen." In Die Veränderungen Des Klimas Seit Dem Maximum Der Letzten Eiszeit, edited by Stockholm International geological congress. 11th, 1910. Stockholm: Generalstabens litografiska anstalt.

1913 Charles G. Abbot and F.E. Fowle, Jr., "Volcanoes and Climate." Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 60(29): 1-24.

1913 W.J. Humphreys, "Volcanic Dust and Other Factors in the Production of Climatic Changes, and Their Possible Relation to Ice Ages." J. Franklin Institute 176: 131-72.

1914 Ellsworth Huntington, "The Solar Hypothesis of Climate Changes." Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 25: 477-590.

1916 Ellsworth Huntington, Civilization and Climate. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

1917 W.H. Dines, "The Heat Balance of the Atmosphere." J. Royal Meteorological Society 43: 151-58.

1920 Frank Wigglesworth Clarke, The Data of Geochemistry. Washington, DC: Govt. Printing Office.

1920 W.J. Humphreys, Physics of the Air. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott.

1920 Milutin Milankovitch, Théorie Mathématique Des Phénomènes Thermiques Produits Par La Radiation Solaire. Paris: Gauthier-Villars.

1921 V. Bjerknes, "On the Dynamics of the Circular Vortex." Geofysiske Publikasioner 2(4): 1-88.

1921 A. Defant, "Die Zirkulation Der Atmosphäre in Den Gemässigsten Breiten Der Erde." Geografiska Annaler 3: 209-66.

1922 Anders Ångstrom, "Solar Constant, Sun-Spots, and Solar Activity." Astrophysical J. 55: 24-29.

1922 Anders Ångström, "Solar Constant, Sun-Spots and Solar Activity." Astrophysical J. 55: 24-29.

1922 C.E.P. Brooks, The Evolution of Climate. London: Benn (reprinted NY, AMS Press,1978).

1922 C.E.P. Brooks, "A Period of Warm Winters in Europe." Meteorological Magazine, June, pp. 203-05.

1922 Ellsworth Huntington and Steven Sargent Visher, Climatic Changes: Their Nature and Causes. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

1922 Lewis F. Richardson, Weather Prediction by Numerical Process. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (reprinted NY, Dover, 1965).

1923 J. Harlen Bretz, "The Channeled Scablands of the Columbia Plateau." J. Geology, Nov.-Dec.

1923 Thomas C. Chamberlin, "Study of the Fundamental Problems of Geology." Carnegie Institution Year Book 22: 325, 330-32.

1923 H. Gams and R. Nordhagen, "Postglaziale Klimasänderungen Und Erdkrustenbewegungen in Mitteleuropa." Mitteilungenen der Geographischen Gesellschaft in München 16.

1923 Ellsworth Huntington, Earth and Sun. An Hypothesis of Weather and Sunspots. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

1924 W. Köppen and A. Wegener, Die Klimate Der Geologischen Vorzeit. Berlin: Borntraeger.

1924 Alfred J. Lotka, Elements of Physical Biology. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins (reprinted as Elements of Mathematical Biology, NY, Dover,1956).

1924 Vernadsky, V.I. (1924). La Géochimie. Paris: Félix Alcan

1925 C.E.P. Brooks, "The Problem of Mild Polar Climates." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 51: 83-94.

1925 F. W. Harmer, "Further Remark on the Meteorological Conditions of the Pleistocene Epoch." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 51: 247-59.

1926 C.E.P. Brooks, Climate through the Ages: A Study of the Climatic Factors and Their Variations. New York: R.V. Coleman.

1926 W.H. Hobbs, The Glacial Anticyclones: The Poles of the Atmospheric Circulation. New York: Macmillan.

1928 George C. Simpson, "Some Studies in Terrestrial Radiation." Memoirs of the Royal Meteorological Society 2(16): 69-95.

1928 George C. Simpson, "Further Studies in Terrestrial Radiation." Memoirs of the Royal Meteorological Society 3(21): 1-26.

1929 Anders Ångström, Geografiska Annaler 11: 156-.

1929 Wilmot H. Bradley, "The Varves and Climate of the Green River Epoch." U.S. Geological Survey Professional Papers 158E: 85-110.

1929 P. Lasareff, "Sur Une Méthode Permettant De Démontrer La Dépendance Des Courants Océaniques Des Vents Alizés Et Sur Le Rôle Des Courants Océaniques Dans Le Changement Du Climat Aux Époques Géologiques." Beiträge Geophysik 21: 215-33.

1929 George C. Simpson, "The Distribution of Terrestrial Radiation." Memoirs of the Royal Meteorological Society 23(23): 53-78.

1929 George C. Simpson, "Discussion of Memoirs." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 55: 73-79.

1929 V.I. Vernadsky. La Biosphère. Paris: Félix Alcan; English translation: The Biosphere: The Complete Annotated Edition, New York, Springer-Verlag, 1998.

1930 Milutin Milankovitch, "Mathematische Klimalehre Und Astronomische Theorie Der Kilimaschwankungen." In Handbuch Der Klimatologie, edited by W. Köppen and R. Geiger, Vol. 1, Pt. A, pp. 1-176. Berlin: Borntraeger.

1931 E.O. Hulburt, "The Temperature of the Lower Atmosphere of the Earth." Physical Review 38: 1876-90.

1932 W.J. Humphreys, "This Cold, Cold World." Atlantic, Dec., pp. 749-54.

1932 P.E. Martin and E.F. Baker, "The Infrared Absorption Spectrum of Carbon Dioxide." Physical Review 41: 291-303.

1932 Kenzi Miyazawa, "Gusukô Budori No Denki" [Gusukô Budori, a Biography]. In Kaze No Matasaburô [Matasaburô the Wind Imp], Tokyo: Iwanami Syoten

1932 Louis Russell Weber and H.M. Randall, "The Absorption Spectrum of Water Vapor Beyond 10µ." Physical Review 40: 835-47.

1933 William Morris Davis, "Climate Changes and the Last Glacial Period." Science Suppl., 10 March, p. 9.

1934 J.B. Kincer, "Is Our Climate Changing to Milder?" Scientific Monthly, July, pp. 59-62.

1934 George C. Simpson, "World Climate During the Quaternary Period." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 60: 425-71.

1935 V.A. Kostitzin, Evolution De L'atmosphère, Circulation Organique, Époques Glacières. Paris: Hermann.

1935 Fritz Möller, "Die Warmquellen in Der Freien Atmosphäre." Meteorologische Zeitschrift 52 L: 408-412.

1935 W. Schott, Wissensch. Ergebn. Deutschen Atlantischen Expedition Vermess. Forschungsschiff "Meteor" 1925-1927 3(3): 43-134.

1935 E.P. Stebbing, "The Encroaching Sahara: The Threat to the West African Colonies." Geographical J. 85: 506-24.

1936 Malcolm Dole, "The Relative Atomic Weight of Oxygen in Water and in Air." Journal of Chemical Physics 4: 268-75 [doi:10.1063/1.1749834].

1936 Andrew Ellicott Douglass. Climatic Cycles and Tree-Growth: A Study of the Annual Rings of Trees in Relation to Climate and Solar Activity. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington.

1937 R. Scherhag, "Die Erwärmung Der Arktis." J. du Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer 12: 263-76.

1937 George C. Simpson, "Ice Ages." Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 30: 125-142.

1938 G.S. Callendar, "The Artificial Production of Carbon Dioxide and Its Influence on Climate." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 64: 223-40. Online here.

1938 H. Korn, "Stratification and Absolute Time Ground Building..." Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie 74A: 50-186.

1939 G.S. Callendar, "The Composition of the Atmosphere through the Ages." Meteorological Magazine 74: 33-39.

1939 F. Hoyle and R.A. Lyttleton, "The Effect of Interstellar Matter on Climatic Variation." Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 35: 405-15.

1939 Time, "Warmer World." Time, 2 Jan., p. 27.

1939-40 George C. Simpson, "Probable Causes of Change in Climate and Their Limitations." Proceedings of the Linnaean Society of London 152: 190-219.

1940 G.S. Callendar, "Variations in the Amount of Carbon Dioxide in Different Air Currents." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 66: 395-400.

1940 W.J. Humphreys, Physics of the Air. New York: McGraw-Hill.

1940 Science Newsletter, Science Newsletter, 17 Feb., p. 103.

1940 Rupert Wildt, "Note on the Surface Temperature of Venus." Astrophysical J. 91: 266-68.

1941 G.S. Callendar, "Infra-Red Absorption by Carbon Dioxide, with Special Reference to Atmospheric Radiation." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 67: 263-75.

1941 Milutin Milankovitch, Canon of Insolation and the Ice Age Problem. Belgrade: Koniglich Serbische Akademie.

1941 Richard J. Russell, "Climatic Change through the Ages." In Climate and Man. Yearbook of Agriculture, edited by United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, DC: US Govt. Printing Office.

1941, rev. ed. 1947, 1960 Helmut E. Landsberg, Physical Climatology. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State College.

1942 Thomas A. Blair, Climatology, General and Regional. New York: Prentice-Hall.

1942 Harald Ulrik Sverdrup, et al., The Oceans, Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology. New York: Prentice-Hall.

1943 Glenn T. Trewartha, An Introduction to Weather and Climate. New York: McGraw-Hill.

1944 Bernhard Haurwitz and J.M. Austin, Climatology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

1945 Richard F. Flint and Herbert G. Dorsey, Jr., "Iowan and Tazewell Drifts and the North American Ice-Sheet." American J. Science 243: 627-36.

1945 V.I. Vernadsky, "The Biosphere and the Noösphere." American Scientist, Jan., pp. 1-12.

1946 Bernhard Haurwitz, "Relations between Solar Activity and the Lower Atmosphere." Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 27: 161-63.

1946 Helmut E. Landsberg, "Climate as a Natural Resource." Scientific Monthly, Oct., pp. 293-98.

1946 Willard F. Libby, "Atmospheric Helium Three and Radiocarbon from Cosmic Radiation." Physical Review 69: 671-72.

1946 G.R. Wait, "Some Experiments Relating to the Electrical Conductivity of the Lower Atmosphere." J. Washington Academy of Sciences 36: 321-43.

1946 [4th ed., 1958] F.E. Zeuner, Dating the Past. London: Methuen.

1947 Kurt Himpel, "Ein Beitrag Zum Eiszeitproblem." Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 2a: 419-27.

1947 Harold C. Urey, "The Thermodynamic Properties of Isotopic Substances." J. Chemical Society 1947: 562-81.

1948 Hugh A. Brown, Popular Awakening Concerning the Impending Flood, Published by the author.

1948 G.N. Hutchinson, "Circular Causal Systems in Ecology." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 50: 221-46.

1948 M.V. Migeotte, "Spectroscopic Evidence of Methane in the Earth's Atmosphere." Physical Review 73: 519-20.

1948 Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics; or, Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Cambridge, MA: Technology Press.

1949 J.R. Arnold and W.F. Libby, "Age Determinations by Radiocarbon Content: Checks with Samples of Known Age." Science 110: 678-80.

1949 C.E.P. Brooks, Climate through the Ages: A Study of the Climatic Factors and Their Variations (Rev. Ed.). London: Benn.

1949 G.S. Callendar, "Can Carbon Dioxide Influence Climate?" Weather 4: 310-14.

1949 Jule G. Charney and A. Eliassen, "A Numerical Method for Predicting the Perturbations of the Middle Latitude Westerlies." Tellus 1: 38-54.

1949 Jule G. Charney, "On a Physical Basis for Numerical Prediction of Large-Scale Motions in the Atmosphere." J. Meteorology 6: 371-85.

1949 Dave Fultz, "A Preliminary Report on Experiments with Thermally Produced Lateral Mixing in a Rotating Hemispheric Shell of Liquid." J. Meteorology 6: 17-33.

1949 Donald H. Menzel, Our Sun. Philadelphia: Blakiston.

1949 H.C. Willett, "Long-Period Fluctuations of the General Circulation of the Atmosphere." J. Meteorology 6(34-50).

1950 Albert Abarbanel and Thomas McCluskey, "Is the World Getting Warmer?" Saturday Evening Post, 1 July, pp. 22-23, 57-63.

1950 Bert Bolin, "On the Influence of the Earth's Orography on the General Character of the Westerlies." Tellus 2: 184-95.

1950 C.E.P. Brooks, "Selective Annotated Bibliography on Climatic Changes." Meteorological Abstracts and Bibliography 1(4): 446-75.

1950 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer. Oxford: Clarendon.

1950 Jule G. Charney, et al., "Numerical Integration of the Barotropic Vorticity Equation." Tellus 2: 237-54.

1950 R. Coughlan, "That Infernal Weather." Life, 31 July, pp. 74-76+.

1950 George H.T. Kimble, "Changing Climate." Scientific American, April, pp. 48-53.

1950 Leo Lysgaard, "On the Present Climatic Variation." In Royal Meteorological Society Centenary Proceedings pp. 206-11. London: Royal Meteorological Society.

1950 United States, Office of Scientific Research and Development, National Defense Research Committee (D. Sinclair ed.), Handbook on Aerosols. Chapters from the Summary Technical Report of Division 10, National Defense Research Committee, Selected and Published by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Washington, DC: U.S. Govt. Printing Office.

1950 Harold C. Urey, et al., "Paleotemperatures of the Upper Cretaceous." Science 111: 462-63.

1950 H.C. Willett, "Temperature Trends of the Past Century." In Royal Meteorological Society Centenary Proceedings pp. 195-206. London: Royal Meteorological Society.

1951 C.E.P. Brooks, "Geological and Historical Aspects of Climatic Change." In Compendium of Meteorology, edited by Thomas F. Malone, pp. 1004-18. Boston: American Meteorological Association.

1951 R.M. Goody and G.D. Robinson, "Radiation in the Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere." Reviews of Modern Meteorology 77: 131-87.

1951 J. Laurence Kulp, et al., "Lamont Natural Radiocarbon Measurements, I." Science 114: 565-568.

1951 Willard F. Libby, Radiocarbon Dating. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

1951 Thomas F. Malone, Ed. Compendium of Meteorology. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society.

1951 Fritz Möller, "Long-Wave Radiation." In Compendium of Meteorology, edited by Thomas F. Malone, pp. 34-49. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society.

1951 Norman A. Phillips, "A Simple Three-Dimensional Model for the Study of Large-Scale Extra-Tropical Flow Patterns." J. Meteorology 8: 381-94.

1951 William W. Rubey, "Geologic History of Sea Water: An Attempt to State the Problem." Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 62: 1111-48.

1951 Time, "Retreat of the Cold." Time, 29 Oct., p. 76.

1952 H.W. Ahlmann, "Glacier Variations and Climatic Fluctuations." Bowman Memorial Lectures, American Geographical Society Ser. 3, no. 1.

1952 Bert Bolin, "Studies of the General Circulation of the Atmosphere." Advances in Geophysics 1: 87-118.

1952 Dave Fultz, "On the Possibility of Experimental Models of the Polar-Front Wave." J. Meteorology 9: 379-84.

1952 Christian E. Junge, "Die Konstitution Des Atmosphärischen Aerosols." Annalen der Meteorologie: 1-55.

1952 Lewis D. Kaplan, "On the Pressure Dependence of Radiative Heat Transfer in the Atmosphere." J. Meteorology 9: 1-12.

1952 G.P. Kuiper, Ed. The Atmospheres of the Earth and Planets. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

1952 Roger Revelle and Arthur E. Maxwell, "Heat Flow through the Floor of the Eastern North Pacific Ocean." Nature 170: 199-200.

1952 Science Newsletter, Science Newsletter 61(7 June): 537.

1952 Nina A. Stepanova, "A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere." Meteorological Abstracts 3: 137-170.

1952 Harry Wexler, "Volcanoes and World Climate." Scientific American, April, pp. 74-80.

1953 William Joseph Baxter, Today's Revolution in Weather. New York: International Economic Research Bureau.

1953 Carleton S. Coon, "Climate and Race." In Climatic Change, edited by Harlow Shapley, pp. 13-34. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

1953 Leonard Engel, "The Weather Is Really Changing." New York Times Magazine, 12 July, p. 7ff.

1953 F.K. Hare, The Restless Atmosphere. London: Hutchinson.

1953 R. Hide, "Some Experiments on Thermal Convection in a Rotating Liquid." Quarterly J. Royal Meteorological Society 79: 161.

1953 Max Krook, "Interstellar Matter and the Solar Constant." In Climatic Change. Evidence, Causes, and Effects, edited by Harlow Shapley, pp. 143-46. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

1953 Gerard P Kuiper, Ed. The Sun. The Solar System Vol. 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

1953 J. Laurence Kulp, "Carbon-14 Measurements on Geological Samples." Atomics, April, pp. 96-98.

1953 J. Murray Mitchell, Jr., "On the Causes of Instrumentally Observed Secular Temperature Trends." J. Meteorology 10: 244-61.

1953 Newsweek, "Notes of the Week." Newsweek, 18 May, p. 75.

1953 Paul B. Sears, "Climate and Civilization." In Climatic Change, edited by Harlow Shapley, pp. 35-50. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

1953 Harlow Shapley, Ed. Climatic Change. Evidence, Causes, and Effects. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

1953 V.N. Smith, "A Recording Infrared Analyzer." Instruments 26: 421-27.

1953 Hans E. Suess, "Natural Radiocarbon and the Rate of Exchange of Carbon Dioxide between the Atmosphere and the Sea." In Nuclear Processes in Geologic Settings, edited by National Research Council Committee on Nuclear Science, pp. 52-56. Washington, D. C.: National Academy of Sciences.

1953 United States, Department of Commerce, Advisory Committee on Weather Services, Weather Is the Nation's Business. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

1953 A.J.J. van Woerkom, "The Astronomical Theory of Climate Change." In Climatic Change, edited by Harlow Shapley, pp. 147-57. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

1953 Harry Wexler, "Radiation Balance of the Earth as a Factor in Climatic Change." In Climatic Change, edited by Harlow Shapley, pp. 73-105. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

1954 L.B. Aldrich and W.H. Hoover, Annals of the Astrophysical Observatory, Smithsonian Institution 7: 1-184.

1954 Francis Bello, "Climate: The Heat May Be Off." Fortune, Aug., p. 108ff.

1954 Harrison Brown, The Challenge of Man's Future. New York: Viking.

1954 Harmon Craig, "Carbon 13 in Plants and the Relationship between Carbon 13 and Carbon 14 Variations in Nature." J. Geology 62: 115-49.

1954 W. Dansgaard, "The O18 Abundance in Fresh Water." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 6: 241-60.

1954 A. Nelson Dingle, "The Carbon Dioxide Exchange between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Atmosphere." Tellus 6: 342-350.

1954 Erik Eriksson, "Report on an Informal Conference in Atmospheric Chemistry Held at the Meteorological Institute, University of Stockholm, May 24-26, 1954." Tellus 6: 302-07.

1954 Henry G. Houghton, "On the Annual Heat Balance of the Northern Hemisphere." J. Meteorology 11: 1-9.

1954 G.E. Hutchinson, "The Biochemistry of the Terrestrial Atmosphere." In The Earth as a Planet, edited by G. Kuiper, pp. chapter 8. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

1954 I.S. Silberman, "Planetary Waves in the Atmosphere." J. Meteorology 11: 27-34.

1954 Hans E. Suess, "Natural Radiocarbon Measurements by Acetylene Counting." Science 120: 5-7.

1954 University of Stockholm T.I.o.M. Staff Members, "Results of Forecasting with the Barotropic Model on an Electronic Computer (Besk)." Tellus 6: 139-49.

1954 K. Telegdas and J. London, "A Physical Model of the Northern Hemisphere Troposphere for Winter and Summer." New York, New York University. Science Report 1

1954 L.V. Worthington, "A Preliminary Note on Th Time Scale in North Atlantic Circulation." Deep-Sea Research 1: 244-51.

1955 P. Bergthorsson, et al., "Routine Forecasting with the Barotropic Model." Tellus 7: 272-76.

1955 C.E.P. Brooks, "Present Position of Theories of Climatic Change." Meteorological Magazine, June, pp. 204-06.

1955 A. P. Crary, et al., "Evidences of Climate Change from Ice Island Studies." Science 122: 1171-73.

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1999 Gabrielle Walker, "Great Rivers of Ice!" New Scientist, 17 April, pp. 54-58.

1999 Richard A. Wood, et al., "Changing Spatial Structure of the Thermohaline Circulation in Response to Atmospheric CO2 Forcing in a Climate Model." Nature 399: 572-75.

2000 Andrew S. Ackerman, et al., "Effects of Aerosols on Cloud Albedo: Evaluation of Twomey's Parameters of Cloud Susceptibility Using Measureiments of Ship Tracks."J. Atmospheric Sciences 57: 2684-95.

2000 Richard B. Alley, The Two-Mile Time Machine. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

2000 Akio Arakawa, "A Personal Perspective on the Early Years of General Circulation Modeling at UCLA." In General Circulation Model Development, edited by David A. Randall, pp. 1-65. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

2000 M. Battle, et al., "Global Carbon Sinks and Their Variability Inferred from Atmospheric O2 and [Delta]13C." Science 287: 2467-70.

2000 Henning A. Bauch, et al., "Siberian Shelf Sediments Contain Clues to Paleoclimate Forcing." Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 81(21): 233, 238.

2000 Michel Benarie, "Aerosol Science and Military Research." In History of Aerosol Science. Proceedings of the Symposium... Vienna, Austria, 1999, edited by Othmar Preining and E. James Davis, pp. 147-50. Vienna: Akademie der Wissenschaften.

2000 Richard J. Bord, et al., "In What Sense Does the Public Need to Understand Global Climate Change?" Public Understanding of Science 9: 205-18.

2000 Philippe Bousquet, et al., "Regional Changes in Carbon Dioxide Fluxes of Land and Oceans since 1980." Science 290: 1342-46.

2000 Philip W. Boyd, et al., "A Mesoscale Phytoplankton Bloom in the Polar Southern Ocean Stimulated by Iron Fertilization." Nature 407: 695-702.

2000 T.C. Boyle, A Friend of the Earth. New York: Viking.

2000 Wallace S. Broecker, "Converging Paths Leading to the Role of the Oceans in Climate Change." Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 25: 1-19.

2000 Harvey Brooks and Alan McDonald, "The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, the TAP Project, and the RAINS Model." In Systems, Experts, and Computers. The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, edited by Thomas P. Hughes and Agatha C. Hughes, pp. 413-31. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2000 Mark A. Cane and Michael Evans, "Do the Tropics Rule?" Science 290: 1107-8.

2000 Sallie W. Chisholm, "Stirring Times in the Southern Ocean." Nature 407: 685-87.

2000 Maureen Christie, The Ozone Layer. A Philosophy of Science Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2000 Peter M. Cox, et al., "Acceleration of Global Warming Due to Carbon-Cycle Feedbacks in a Coupled Climate Model." Nature 408: 184-87.

2000 Thomas J. Crowley, "Causes of Climate Change over the Past 1000 Years." Science 289: 270-77 [doi: 10.1126/science.289.5477.270].

2000 Thomas J. Crowley, "CLIMAP SSTs Re-Revisited." Climate Dynamics 16: 241-55.

2000 Peter deMenocal, et al., "Coherent High- and Low-Latitude Climate Variation During the Holocene Warm Period." Science 288: 2198-2202.

2000 Mark B. Dyurgerov and Mark F. Meier, "Twentieth-Century Climate Change: Evidence from Small Glaciers." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97: 1406-11.

2000 David R. Easterling, et al., "Observed Climate Variability and Change of Relevence to the Biosphere." J. Geophysical Research 105(D15): 20,101-20,114.

2000 Economist, "Beyond the Hague." Economist, 2 Dec., pp. 19-20.

2000 Paul N. Edwards, "The World in a Machine: Origins and Impacts of Early Computerized Global System Models." In Systems, Experts, and Computers. The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, edited by Thomas P. Hughes and Agatha C. Hughes, pp. 221-53. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2000 Paul N. Edwards, "A Brief History of Atmospheric General Circulation Modeling." In General Circulation Model Development, edited by David A. Randall, pp. 67-90. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

2000 G.D. Egbert and R.D. Ray, "Significant Dissipation of Tidal Energy in the Deep Ocean Inferred from Satellite Altimeter Data." Nature 405: 775-78.

2000 Brian Fagan, The Little Ice Age. How Climate Made History, 1300-1850. New York: Basic.

2000 P. Falkowski, et al., "The Global Carbon Cycle: A Test of Our Knowledge of Earth as a System." Science 290: 291-96.

2000 James R. Fleming, "T.C. Chamberlin, Climate Change, and Cosmogony." Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31B: 293-308.

2000 Gregory A. Good, "The Assembly of Geophysics: Scientific Disciplines as Frameworks of Consensus." Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31B: 259-92.

2000 Hartmut Grassl, "Status and Improvement of Coupled General Circulation Models." Science 288: 1991-97.

2000 Till Hanebuth, et al., "Rapid Flooding of the Sunda Shelf: A Late-Glacial Sea-Level Record." Science 288: 1033-35.

2000 James E. Hansen, et al., "Climate Modeling in the Global Warming Debate." In General Circulation Model Development, edited by David A. Randall, pp. 127-64. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

2000 James E. Hansen, et al., "Global Warming in the Twenty-First Century: An Alternative Scenario." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97: 9875-80.

2000 Jocelyn Kaiser, "Citizen-Scientist Guru." Science 287: 1189.

2000 Daniel B. Karner and Richard A. Muller, "A Causality Problem for Milankovitch." Science 288: 2143-44.

2000 David W. Keith, "Geoengineering the Climate: History and Prospect." Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 25: 245-84.

2000 James P. Kennett, et al., "Carbon Isotopic Evidence for Methane Hydrate Instability During Quaternary Interstadials." Science 288: 128-33 [doi:10.1126/science.288.5463.128].

2000 Richard A. Kerr, "A North Atlantic Climate Pacemaker for the Centuries." Science 288: 1984-85 [doi: 10.1126/scienc;e.288.5473.1984].

2000 Richard A. Kerr, "Ice, Mud Point to CO2 Role in Glacial Cycle." Science 289: 1868.

2000 Jon A. Krosnick, et al., "The Impact of the Fall 1997 Debate About Global Warming on American Public Opinion." Public Understanding of Science 9: 239-60.

2000 Sydney Levitus, et al., "Warming of the World Ocean." Science 287: 2225-29.

2000 John M. Lewis, "Clarifying the Dynamics of the General Circulation. Phillips's 1956 Experiment." In General Circulation Model Development, edited by David A. Randall, pp. 91-125. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

2000 James E. Lovelock, Homage to Gaia. The Life of an Independent Scientist. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2000 Nigel D. Marsh and Henrik Svensmark, "Low Cloud Properties Influenced by Cosmic Rays." Physical Review Letters 85: 5004-07.

2000 Aaron M. McCright and Riley E. Dunlap, "Challenging Global Warming as a Social Problem: An Analysis of the Conservative Movement's Counter-Claims." Social Problems 47: 499-522.

2000 J.R. McNeill, Something New under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World. New York: W.W. Norton.

2000 Marcia K. McNutt, "Achievements in Marine Geology and Geophysics." In Fifty Years of Ocean Discovery. National Science Foundation 1950-2000, edited by National Research Council, Ocean Studies Board, pp. 51-64. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

2000 Patrick M. Michaels and Robert C. Balling, Jr., The Satanic Gases: Clearing the Air About Global Warming. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.

2000 J. Keith Moore, et al., "The Southern Ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum: A Strong Sink for Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide." Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14: 455-75.

2000 Richard H. Moss and Stephen H. Schneider, "Uncertainties." In Guidance Papers on the Cross Cutting Issues of the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC, edited by R. Pachauri, et al., pp. 33-51. Geneva: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

2000 Walter D. Munk, "Achievements in Physical Oceanography." In Fifty Years of Ocean Discovery. National Science Foundation 1950-2000, edited by National Research Council, Ocean Studies Board pp. 44-50. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

2000 Walter D. Munk, "Oceanography before, and after, the Advent of Satellites." In Satellites, Oceanography and Society, edited by David Halpern, pp. 1-4. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

2000 National Academy of Sciences, Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources (CGER), Reconciling Observations of Global Temperature Change. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences (online at http://www.nap.edu/books/0309068916/html).

2000 National Assessment Synthesis Team, Climate Change Impacts on the United States: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change. Washington, DC: US Global Change Research Program.

2000 National Research Council, Ocean Studies Board, Fifty Years of Ocean Discovery. National Science Foundation 1950-2000. Washington, DC: National Academy Press (online at http://books.nap.edu/books/0309063981/html/).

2000 Nature, "Just Deserts." Nature 408: xi.

2000 Allan A. Needell. Science, Cold War and the American State: Lloyd V. Berkner and the Balance of Professional Ideals. Amsterdam, New York: Harwood Academic.

2000 Henry N. Pollack and Shaopeng Huang, "Climate Reconstruction from Subsurface Temperatures." Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 28: 339-65.

2000 Othmar Preining and E. James Davis, Eds. History of Aerosol Science. Proceedings of the Symposium... Vienna, Austria, 1999. Vienna: Akademie der Wissenschaften.

2000 Ronald Rainger, "Science at the Crossroads: The Navy, Bikini Atoll, and American Oceanography in the 1940s." Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 30(2): 349-71.

2000 Ronald Rainger, "Patronage and Science: Roger Revelle, the U.S. Navy, and Oceanography at the Scripps Institution." Earth Sciences History 19: 58-89.

2000 David A. Randall, Ed. General Circulation Model Development. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

2000 Daniel Rosenfeld, "Suppression of Rain and Snow by Urban and Industrial Air Pollution." Science 287: 1793-96.

2000 Benjamin D. Santer, et al., "Interpreting Differential Temperature Trends at the Surface and in the Lower Troposphere." Science 287: 1227-31.

2000 Daniel Sarewitz and Roger Pielke, Jr., "Breaking the Global-Warming Gridlock." Atlantic Monthly, July, pp. 55-64.

2000 S.K. Satheesh and V. Ramanathan, "Large Differences in Tropical Aerosol Forcing at the Top of the Atmosphere and Earth's Surface." Nature 405: 60-63.

2000 Mark Schrope, "Trouble in the Greenhouse." Nature 407: 10-12.

2000 John Seabrook, "Selling the Weather." New Yorker, 3 April, pp. 44-53.

2000 Nicholas J. Shackleton, "The 100,000-Year Ice-Age Cycle Identified and Found to Lag Temperature, Carbon Dioxide and Orbital Eccentricity." Science 289: 1897-1902.

2000 Daniel M. Sigman and Edward A. Boyle, "Glacial/Interglacial Variations in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide." Nature 407: 859-69.

2000 Tora Skodvin, "The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change." In Science in International Environmental Regimes: Between Integrity and Involvement, edited by Andresen, Steinar, et al., pp. 146-80. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

2000 Keith R. Stamm, et al., "Mass Communication and Public Understanding of Environmental Problems: The Case of Global Warming." Public Understanding of Science 9: 219-37.

2000 Nico Stehr and Hans von Storch, Eds. Edward Brückner -- the Sources and Consequences of Climate Change and Climate Variability in Historical Times. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

2000 Peter A. Stott, et al., "External Control of 20th Century Temperature by Natural and Anthropogenic Forcing." Science 290: 2133-37.

2000 Brian A. Tinsley, "Influence of Solar Wind on the Global Electric Circuit, and Inferred Effects on Cloud Microphysics, Temperature, and Dynamics in the Troposphere." Space Science Reviews 94: 231-58 [doi:10.1023/A:1026775408875].

2000 Owen B. Toon, "How Pollution Suppresses Rain." Science 287: 1763-66.

2000 Sheldon Ungar, "Knowledge, Ignorance and the Popular Culture: Climate Change Versus the Ozone Hole." Public Understanding of Science 9: 297-312.

2000 David K. van Keuren, "Building a New Foundation for the Ocean Sciences: The National Science Foundation and Oceanography, 1951-1965." Earth Sciences History 19: 90-109.

2000 H. van Loon and D. Shea, "The Global 11-Year Solar Signal in July-August." Geophysical Research Letters 27: 2965-68.

2000 Gabrielle Walker, "The Ice Man (Interview with Jean-Robert Petit)." New Scientist, 29 January, pp. 40-43.

2000 Peter D. Ward and Donald Brownlee, Rare Earth. Why Complex Life Is Uncommon in the Universe. New York: Copernicus - Springer.

2000 Peter Weingart, et al., "Risks of Communication: Discourses on Climate Change in Science, Politics, and the Mass Media." Public Understanding of Science 9l: 261-83.

2000 K.M. Wilson, "Drought, Debate, and Uncertainty: Measuring Reporters' Knowldge and Ignorance About Climate Change." Public Understanding of Science 9: 1-13.

2000 William R. Young, "The Future of Physical Oceanography." In Fifty Years of Ocean Discovery. National Science Foundation 1950-2000, edited by National Research Council, Ocean Studies Board, pp. 165-71. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

2000 John Ziman, Ed. Technological Innovation as an Evolutionary Process. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2001 Meinrat O. Andreae, "The Dark Side of Aerosols." Nature 409: 671-72.

2001 Lawrence Badash, "Nuclear Winter: Scientists in the Political Arena." Perspectives in Physics 3: 76-105.

2001 Jon Barnett, Security and Climate Change (Tyndall Center Working Paper No. 7), Norwich, UK, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, online here.

2001 Tim P. Barnett, et al., "Detection of Anthropogenic Climate Change in the World's Oceans." Science 292: 270-74.

2001 Gerard C. Bond, et al., "Persistent Solar Influence on North Atlantic Climate During the Holocene." Science 294: 2130-36 [doi:10.1126/science.1065680].

2001 Alan Burdick, "Here Comes the Sun." New York Times Magazine, 4 Feb., pp. 9-10.

2001 Amy Dahan Dalmedico, "History and Epistemology of Models: Meteorology (1946-1963) as a Case Study." Archive for History of Exact Sciences 55: 395-422.

2001 Ron Doel, "Constituting the Postwar Earth Sciences: The Military's Influence on the Environmental Sciences in American after 1945." Unpublished essay CHECK FOR PUBLICATION???

2001 Paul N. Edwards, "Representing the Global Atmosphere: Computer Models, Data, and Knowledge About Climate Change." In Changing the Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance, edited by Clark A. Miller and Paul N. Edwards, pp. 31-65. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2001 Paul N. Edwards and Stephen H. Schneider, "Self-Governance and Peer Review in Science-for-Policy: The Case of the IPCC Second Assessment Report." In Changing the Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance, edited by Clark A. Miller and Paul N. Edwards, pp. 219-46. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2001 Robert G. Fleagle, Eyewitness: Evolution of the Atmospheric Sciences. Boston: American Meteorological Society.

2001 P. Friedlingstein, et al., "Positive Feedback between Future Climate Change and the Carbon Cycle." Geophysical Research Letters 28: 1543-46.

2001 Andrey Ganopolski and Stefan Rahmstorf, "Rapid Changes of Glacial Climate Simulated in a Coupled Climate Model." Nature 409: 153-58.

2001 Daniel Grossman, "Dissent in the Maelstrom." Scientific American, November, p. 38.

2001 Alex Hall and Ronald J. Stouffer, "An Abrupt Climate Event in a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Simulation without External Forcing." Nature 409: 171-74.

2001 Bogi Hansen, et al., "Decreasing Overflow from the Nordic Seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank Channel since 1950." Nature 411: 927-30.

2001 James E. Hansen, et al., "A Closer Look at United States and Global Surface Temperature Change." J. Geophysical Research 106(D20): 23,947-63.

2001 John E. Harries, et al., "Increases in Greenhouse Forcing Inferred from the Outgoing Longwave Radiation Spectra of the Earth in 1970 and 1997." Nature 410: 355-57 [doi:10.1038/35066553].

2001 Brian Hayes, "The Weatherman." American Scientist, Jan.-Feb., pp. 10-14.

2001 T. D. Herbert, et al., "Collapse of the California Current During Glacial Maxima Linked to Climate Change on Land." Science 293: 71-76 [doi:10.1126/science.1059209].

2001 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC, Edited by J.T. Houghton, et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (online at the IPCC site).

2001 Mark Z. Jacobson, "Strong Radiative Heating Due to the Mixing Stte of Black Carbon in Atmospheric Aerosols." Nature 409: 695-98.

2001 Sheila Jasanoff, "Image and Imagination: The Formation of Global Environmental Consciousness." In Changing the Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance, edited by Clark A. Miller and Paul N. Edwards, pp. 309-37. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2001 Donald Kennedy, "An Unfortunate U-Turn on Carbon." Science 291: 2515.

2001 M. Khodri, et al., "Simulating the Amplification of Orbital Forcing by Ocean Feedbacks in the Last Glaciation." Nature 410: 570-73.

2001 Changlin Kwa, "The Rise and Fall of Weather Modification: Changes in American Attitudes Toward Technology, Nature, and Society." In Changing the Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance, edited by Clark A. Miller and Paul N. Edwards, pp. 135-65. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2001 Judith Lean and David Rind, "Earth's Response to a Variable Sun." Science 292: 234-36 [doi:10.1126/science:1060082].

2001 Sydney Levitus, et al., "Anthropogenic Warming of Earth's Climate System." Science 292: 267-70.

2001 Richard S. Lindzen, et al., "Does the Earth Have an Adaptive Infrared Iris?" Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82: 417-32.

2001 Bjørn Lomborg. The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2001 Clark A. Miller and Paul N. Edwards, Eds. Changing the Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2001 Clark A. Miller, "Scientific Internationalism in American Foreign Policy: The Case of Meteorology, 1947-1958." In Changing the Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance, edited by Clark A. Miller and Paul N. Edwards, pp. 167-217. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2001 National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Global Change Research, The Science of Regional and Global Change. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences (onlinehere ).

2001 U. Neff, et al., "Strong Coherence between Solar Variability and the Monsoon in Oman between 9 and 6 Kyr Ago." Nature 411: 290-93 [doi:10.1038/35077048].

2001 Stephen D. Norton and Frederick Suppe, "Why Atmospheric Modeling Is Good Science." In Changing the Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance, edited by Clark A. Miller and Paul N. Edwards, pp. 67-105. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

2001 E. Pallé, "Possible Satellite Perspective Effects on the Reported Correlations between Solar Activity and Clouds." Geophysical Research Letters 32: 1-4 (L03802).

2001 Paul N. Pearson, et al., "Warm Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures in the Late Cretaceous and Eocene Epochs." Nature 413: 481-87.

2001 V. Ramanathan, et al., "Aerosols, Climate, and the Hydrological Cycle." Science 294: 2119-24.

2001 Dana L. Royer, et al., "Phanerozoic Atmospheric CO2 Change: Evaluating Geochemical and Paleobiological Approaches." Earth Sciences Rev. 54: 349-92.

2001 Elizabeth Royte, "The Gospel According to John [Christy]." Discover, Feb., pp. 66-73.

2001 William F. Ruddiman and J.S. Thomson, "The Case for Human Causes of Increased Atmospheric CH4 over the Last 5000 Years." Quaternary Science Reviews 20: 1769-77.

2001 D.S. Schimel, et al., "Recent Patterns and Mechanisms of Carbon Exchange by Terrestrial Ecosystems." Nature 414: 169-72.

2001 Stephen H. Schneider, "Earth Systems Engineering and Management." Nature 409: 417-21.

2001 Andrew Shepherd, et al., "Inland Thinning of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica." Science 291: 862-64 [doi:10.1126/science.291.5505.862].

2001 Drew T. Shindell, et al., "Solar Forcing of Regional Climate Change During the Maunder Minimum." Science 294: 2149-52, [doi:10.1126/science.1064363].

2001 Nancy Shute, "The Weather Turns Wild." U.S. News & World Report, 5 Feb., pp. 44-52.

2001 S. Fred Singer, Hot Talk, Cold Science: Global Warming's Unfinished Debate. Oakland, CA: The Independent Institute.

2001 Gerald Stanhill,and Shabtai Cohen, "Global Dimming: A Review of the Evidence for a Widespread and Significant Reduction in Global Radiation with Discussion of Its Probable Causes and Possible Agricultural Consequences." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 107: 255-78.

2001 Gerald Stanhill, "The Growth of Climate Change Science: A Scientometric Study." Climatic change 48: 515-24.

2001 S. Stoll-Kleeman, et al., "The Psychology of Denial Concerning Climate Mitigation Measures: Evidence from Swiss Focus Groups." Global Environmental Change 11: 107-17 [doi:10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00061-3].

2001 B.J. Thompson, et al., "The Origins, Development and Conduct of WOCE." In Ocean Circulation and Climate. Observing and Modelling the Global Ocean, edited by Gerold Siedler, et al., pp. 31-43. San Diego: Academic Press.

2001 Time, "Feeling the Heat." Time, 9 April, pp. 22-39.

2001 United States Congress, Senate (107:1), Committee on Governmental Affairs, The Climate Change Strategy and Technology Innovation Act of 2001: Hearings. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (online at http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress).

2001 David G. Victor, The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol and the Struggle to Slow Global Warming. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

2001 Gary E. Weir, An Ocean in Common. American Naval Officers, Scientists, and the Ocean Environment. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

It is not possible to give here a meaningful list of significant articles among the many published since 2001. Thorough scientific bibliographies of recent work through ca. 2005 may be found in

2007 [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] Susan Solomon, et al., Eds. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Basis of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press

and other IPCC reports, online at the IPCC site.

copyright © 2003-2014 Spencer Weart & American Institute of Physics