Where to Find Other Information
For basic facts online try the "START
HERE" page maintained by climate scientists. A few good
general books are listed below, followed by a list
of historical accounts.
A thorough review of scientific understanding as of
ca. 2005 is the Intergovernmental Panel
on Climate Change 2007 reports (and other, specialized reports).
For an update see the 2009
Copenhagen Conference Report. For the physics with equations
there is no shortcut; you cannot calculate anything correctly without
studying the full problem as laid out in textbooks (see below)... a free online course is offered by
the University of Chicago.
Links to basic information, news and reports online:
here page is indeed a good place to start.
The National Academy of Sciences offers a multi-media
warming pages offer much information with frequent updates (not always
reliable or well organized).
Scientist magazine's climate change guide has readable articles
and news. The New
York Times global warming page has the latest and a news archive.
A U.S. government Global Change Research
Information site includes reports and some news items.
The Pew Center on Climate
Change offers news and policy-related reports.
NOAA has a global
warming FAQ page.Illustrations: photos and diagrams, historical
If you want to really study it all, get acquainted with the
various meticulously compiled IPCC reports.
The National Academy Press has many
key reports available online (search on "climate"). The Congressional
Research Service reports have lots on policy options.
Links to discussion and action online
I offer a brief personal
note and talking
points for scientists (pdf, slightly outdated).
by climate scientists), climateprogress.org
and skepticalscience.com are
well-regarded blogs that discuss real scientific work as well as controversies.
The industry-funded Cooler Heads
Coalition and the right-wing Marshall
Institute gather arguments against the scientific consensus (with
few references to actual scientific papers).
and What the Science Says; How
to Talk to a Climate Skeptic; Responses
to Common Contrarian Arguments.
The World Resources Institute
(mainstream environmentalism) has reports, including matters of business
The WWF, Greenpeace,
Defense, and the National
Resources Defense Council, environmental activist organizations, have
basic climate change information and arguments, news, and programs for
Hundreds of links and other tools (news,
blogs, sustainability, etc.) from Climate Ark.
You can reduce greenhouse emissions!
Gore's "Inconvenient Truth" Website offers ways
to take action, the US government (EPA) suggests what
you can do. (But reducing your personal greenhouse emissions is no
substitute for political action to reduce everyone's.)
You can help scientists predict climate.
Put your PC's idle time to good use by joining the team at climateprediction.net.
Some other useful Websites: United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Kyoto Protocol.
Revkin's N.Y. Times DotEarth
blog.The US Environmental
Protection Agency's global warming site, including a KIDS'
PAGE. The Union of Concerned Scientists' Hotmap
of impacts. The European
Commission climate site from the European Union. co2now
tracks the level and more. The Canadian
government's site. Photo
Eight recommended books:
BACK TO TOP
Gabrielle Walker and David King, 2008. The Hot Topic. Boston:
— Excellent review of history,
science and politics for the general public.
Kerry Emanuel, 2012 (2nd ed.). What We Know About Climate Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
— A 96-page summary, hand it to the undecided or skeptical.
John Houghton, 2009 (4th ed.) Global Warming: The Complete Briefing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
The leading science textbook, reliable and comprehensive (456 pp.) ...for a more advanced technical overview: Raymond T. Pierrehumbert, 2011. Principles of Planetary Climate. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Al Gore, 2009. Our Choice. A Plan to Solve the Climate Crisis.
Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press.
— Technology, economics, psychology...
what experts say about solutions.
Mark Bowen, 2005. Thin Ice : Unlocking the Secrets of Climate in
the World's Highest Mountains. New York: Henry Holt.
Fascinating description of scientist-adventurer Lonnie Thompson at work.
Robert Henson, 2011 (3rd ed.). The Rough Guide to
Global Warming. Rough Guides.
Many kinds of information on the issues.
Mark Lynas (2008). Six Degrees. Our Future on a Hotter Planet. Washington,
DC: National Geographic.
Careful survey of the impacts expected at different levels of warming.
Spencer R. Weart, 2008. The Discovery of Global Warming. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press (second, extensively revised edition).
much shorter narrative version of this history website - more
For the history, here are some
other useful printed works:
Archer, David, and Raymond T. Pierrehumbert (Eds.) 2011. The Warming Papers: The Scientific Foundation for the Climate Change Forecast. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Bolin, Bert. 2007. A History of the Science and Politics of Climate
Change. The Role of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boykoff, Maxwell T.
2011. Who Speaks for the Climate? Making Sense of Media Reporting on Climate Change.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Broecker, Wallace S., and Robert Kunzig. 2008. Fixing Climate: What
Past Climate Changes Reveal About the Current Threat — and How to Counter
It. New York: Hill and Wang. (Including history of Broecker's research.)
Christianson, Gale E. 1999. Greenhouse: The 200-year Story of Global
Warming. New York: Walker.
Dansgaard, Willi. 2004. Frozen Annals. Greenland Ice Sheet Research.
Copenhagen: Dept. of Geophysics of the Niels Bohr Institute at the University
Dalmedico, Amy Dahan. 2007. "Models and Simulations in Climate
Change. Historical, Epistemological, Anthropological and Political Aspects."
In Science without Laws: Model Systems, Cases, Exemplary Narratives,
edited by Angela N. H. Creager, Elizabeth Lunbeck and M. Norton Wise.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Edwards, Paul N. 2000. "A Brief History of Atmospheric General
Circulation Modeling." In General Circulation Model Development,
edited by D. A. Randall. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Fleagle, Robert G. 1992. "From the International Geophysical Year
to Global Change." Reviews of Geophysics 30:
Fleming, James R. 1998. Historical Perspectives on Climate Change.
New York: Oxford University Press.
Fleming, James R., ed. 1996. Historical Essays on Meteorology 1919-1995.
Boston: American Meteorological Society.
Fleming, James R., ed. Classic
papers on global warming online (PALE).
Fleming, James R. 2007. The Callendar Effect. The Life and Work
of Guy Stewart Callendar (1898-1964), the Scientist Who Established the
Carbon Dioxide Theory of Climate Change. Boston, MA: American Meteorological
Fleming, James R. 2010. Fixing the Sky: The Checkered History of Weather and Climate Control. New York: Columbia University Press.
Gelbspan, Ross.1997; 2004. The Heat Is On. The High Stakes Battle
over Earth's Threatened Climate. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1997;
Boiling Point. How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists, and
Activists Are Fueling the Climate Crisis — and What You Can Do to
Avert Disaster. New York: Basic, 2004.
Handel, Mark David, and James S. Risbey. 1992. "An Annotated [Historical]
Bibliography on the Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change." Climatic
Change 21: 97-255.
Hansen, James. 2009. Storms of My Grandchildren. The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity. New York: Bloomsbury USA.
Imbrie, John, and Katherine Palmer Imbrie. 1986. Ice Ages: Solving
the Mystery. Rev. Ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Jones, M.D.H., and A. Henderson-Sellers. 1990. "History of the
Greenhouse Effect." Progress in Physical Geography 14:
1-18. (Pioneering short account.)
Kellogg, William W. 1987. "Mankind's Impact on Climate: The Evolution
of an Awareness." Climatic Change 10: 113-36.
(Pioneering short account.)
Le Treut, H., et al. 2007. "Historical Overview of Climate Change
Science." In Climate Change 2007: The Physical Basis of Climate
Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report
of the IPCC, edited by Susan Solomon et al., pp. 93-127. Cambridge
and New York: Cambridge University Press (online at the
Lynch, Peter. 2006. The Emergence of Numerical Weather Prediction:
Richardson's Dream. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mann, Michael. 2012. The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars. New York: Columbia University Press.
Mayewski, Paul A., and Frank White. 2002. The Ice Chronicles: The
Quest to Understand Global Climate Change. Hanover, NH: University
Press of New England.
Miller, Clark A., and Paul N. Edwards, eds. 2001. "Changing the
Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance." Cambridge,
MA: MIT Press.
Mooney, Chris. 2007. Storm World: Hurricanes, Politics, and the
Battle over Global Warming. New York: Harcourt.
Nebeker, Frederik. 1995. Calculating the Weather: Meteorology in
the 20th Century. New York: Academic Press.
Oreskes, Naomi, and Erik Conway. 2008."Challenging Knowledge: How
Climate Science Became a Victim of the Cold War." In Agnotology:
The Cultural Production of Ignorance, edited by Proctor, Robert,
and Londa Schiebinger, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Oreskes, Naomi, and Erik M. Conway. 2010. Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming. New York: Bloomsbury.
O'Riordan, Tim, and Jill Jäger. 1996. "The History of Climate
Change science and Politics." In Politics of Climate Change:
A European Perspective, edited by T. O'Riordan and J. Jäger.
Peterson, Thomas C., et al. 2008. "The Myth of the 1970s Global
Cooling Scientific Consensus." Bulletin of the American Meteorological
Society 89: 1325-37.
Pooley, Eric. 2010. The Climate War. True Believers, Power Brokers, and the Fight to Save the Earth. New York: Hyperion.
Rodhe, Henning, and Robert Charlson, eds. 1998. The Legacy of Svante
Arrhenius. Understanding the Greenhouse Effect. Stockholm: Royal
Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Schneider, Stephen H., and Randi Londer. 1984. The Co-evolution
of Climate and Life. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.
Schneider, Stephen H. 2009. Science as a Contact Sport. Inside the
Battle to Save the Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: National Geographic.
Stevens, William K. 1999. The Change in the Weather: People, Weather
and the Science of Climate. New York: Delacorte Press.
Victor, David G. 2001. The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol and the
Struggle to Slow Global Warming. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Weart, Spencer R. 2008. The Discovery of Global Warming. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press, 2nd ed.
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copyright© 2003-2012 Spencer
Weart & American Institute of Physics