Churchill College. Archives Centre. Cambridge CD3 OD5, England, UK (contact: Archivist)
R. V. (Reginald Victor) Jones, 1911-1997. Attended Wadham College,
Oxford, where he began developing new infrared detectors in the Clarendon
Laboratory, Oxford, and took his doctorate in 1934. From January 1936
he worked at the Clarendon on the development of an airborne infrared
detector which could be mounted on night fighters. After the project was
terminated, he was attached to the intelligence services to investigate
the German application of science to air warfare. Jones proceeded to play
a vital role during the Second World War in identifying and counteracting
German weapons developments. He later became Chair of Natural Philosophy
at the University of Aberdeen (1946-1981). Jones was elected FRS in 1965.
The high esteem in which Jones was held was demonstrated in 1993 when
the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) established the R.V. Jones
Intelligence Award in his honor. The papers have been divided into twelve
sections: biographical (1928-1997); Second World War; University of Aberdeen
(1946-1981); scientific research; defense and intelligence; science-related
interests; visits and conferences; societies and organizations; publications;
lectures and broadcasts; correspondence; and non-textual material. Jones’s
Second World War papers are of particular interest and include several
boxes of original wartime documents such as Air Scientific Intelligence
reports. There is also very considerable material relating to the historical
treatment of the war focusing on such topics as Farm Hall and on individuals
such as Sir Henry Tizard and Lord Cherwell. The publications section includes
manuscript and typescript drafts for books, articles, obituaries, reviews
and letters to newspapers, covering the period 1945-1997. There is a particularly
substantial accumulation of material relating to Jones’s two major books
- Most Secret War (1978), his best-selling account of his scientific
intelligence work during the Second World War, and its follow-up Reflections
on Intelligence (1989). Non-textual material consists largely of slides
relating to the Second World War, research interests and the history of
National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists. Bath, England, UK (contact: Peter Harper)
Papers of Francis William Aston, 1877-1945. Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. This small group of papers includes research notebooks, 1911-1913; reports from his wartime work at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, 1917-1919; and records of his service as President of the Commission on Atoms of the International Union of Chemistry, 1935-1945. Unprocessed.
Papers of P. H. Fowler. Physicist. Unprocessed.
Papers of A. E. Kempton. Physicist. Principally undergraduate notebooks and later notes on work by others (including Schrödinger’s lectures at Dublin in 1944), early lecture notes and a typescript set of notes of lectures delivered at Los Alamos in 1943. Unprocessed.
Papers of Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, 1903-1971. Crystallographer. Fellow of the Royal Society. Two sections have been listed so far, Visits and conferences and Publications, lectures and broadcasts. The former covers Lonsdale’s foreign and domestic travel (1943-1971). Lonsdale’s religious interests are also reflected in this section through her participation in the late 1960s at conferences on science and religion organized by St George’s House, Windsor Castle. Publications, lectures and broadcasts are an extensive section which largely covers the period 1942-1971, although there is a small amount of earlier material. The majority of Lonsdale's drafts and notes relate to her scientific research, but her concern with educational, ethical and religious issues is also documented. The publications material consists of drafts of books, articles, obituaries, book reviews and letters to newspapers, with the most substantial sequences relating to two unpublished books co-authored by Lonsdale on the `thermal expansion of solids' and `human stones'. In addition to a main sequence of lecture drafts for the period 1945-1970, there are two significant accumulations of lecture notes, frequently written on small pieces of notepaper, on the backs of social invitations and in numerous pocket notebooks. 1942-1971. Unprocessed.
Papers of H. (Harold) Miller, 1909-1995. Medical physics. Graduated from St. John's College, Cambridge in 1931; received a Ph.D. in 1935. Joined Electrical and Musical Industries (EMI) in 1934, where he did fundamental research and was part of the team that established the first successful system for commercial television transmission. Because of his pacifist beliefs, he was appointed to work as a physicist in the Sheffield National Centre for Radiotherapy in 1942. This led to his work in medical physics after the war in the new National Health Service. He became chief physicist for the independent Regional Dept. of Medical Physics. This interesting collection brings together papers relating to his early career at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge and the E.M.I. Research Laboratories, with substantial documentation relating to his later career in medical physics at Sheffield. Listing of three sections is now complete: a major medical physics section which presents Miller's topic folders in such subject areas as radiation hazards, radiation protection, radiotherapy and the history of radiology; a lectures and publications section; and a societies and organizations section which includes both professional bodies and the Day Care Unit at Weston Park Hospital, Sheffield. Unprocessed.
Papers of S. K. Runcorn, 1922-1995. Geophysicist; FRS. Full and comprehensive collection covering Runcorn's whole career from school to death. Includes research, visits and conferences, lecture drafts and correspondence (1947-1988). Visits and notes include very frequent trips to the U.S. (1956 to 1988), Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), Royal Society and committee information, NATO Advanced Study Institute, American Geophysical Union, European Science Foundation, International Council of Scientific Unions, National Science Foundation, International Astronomical Union, International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, the Royal Society, Royal Astronomical Society, University of Newcastle, and the European Union of Geophysics. Also includes undergraduate and graduate notebooks, pocket diaries, prizes, Bruce Babbit file, research on Mars, magnetism of the moon, and super heavy elements. Ca. 1947-1988. Approx. 57 lin. feet. Unprocessed.
University of Bath. Library. Claverton Down, BA2 7AY, England. (contact: Librarian)
Papers of Leonard A. Rotherham, 1913-2001. Attended University College, London (M. Sc.1935). Rotherham was elected FRS in 1963 and became a Founder Fellow of the Fellowship of Engineering in 1976. He was President of the Institution of Metallurgists, 1964 and the Institute of Metals, 1965. He served on the Defense Scientific Advisory Council, 1967-1977; the Central Advisory Council for Science and Technology, 1968-1970; and the Advisory Council for Applied Research and Development, 1976-1981. There is a small amount of biographical material, including correspondence and papers concerning Rotherham's appointments at Brown-Firth, the UK Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) and the Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB), his membership in professional societies and organizations; and photographs, 1957-1967. There are notebooks from his years as undergraduate and postgraduate student at University College, London; off-prints of his published papers, 1942-1967; and correspondence and papers relating to the British Fast Reactor Project, 1975-1976. There is a good record of lectures, speeches and talks given by Rotherham. Conferences and meetings attended by Rotherham are documented, 1956-1969, including two Royal Society Discussion Meetings, on heavy section steel structures and advanced methods of energy conversion, which he organized and chaired in 1964 and 1965. Service on a number of advisory bodies is also documented, especially the University Grants Committee Technology Sub-Committee, ten years from 1961, and the Central Advisory Council for Science and Technology, 1968-1970. The surviving correspondence is not extensive but covers the period 1952-1990. 1932-1996.
Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien. Stockholm, Sweden. (contact: Archivist)
Records of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) was founded in 1922. One of the organization's main purposes is to strive for scientific exchange in physics. This is done through international conferences and financial support to conferences arranged by other organizations. The IUPAP works to improve the possibilities for scientists to travel across borders despite political obstacles. Another of the IUPAP's purposes is to determine units and symbols. The organization is governed by the General Assembly which has its meetings every three years. The majority of the documents in the archive are created by, or have been received by the Gothenburg secretariat and for that reason mirror IUPAP's activities from the Gothenburg secretariat's perspective. There are two exceptions: the Quebec secretariat, which has existed both previous to and parallel with the Gothenburg secretariat, and Transfermium, which is a working group for IUPAP and IUPAC. Included are minutes from Council meetings (1972-1999); correspondence, general reports (1923-1999); essays on IUPAP's activities (1922-1992); news bulletins (1973-1998); printed matter (1965-1990); Presidents' correspondence, commission correspondence (1972-1999); correspondence with liaison members (1947-1999); conference materials (1984-1999); General Assemblies minutes and reports (1975-1999); auditors' report and financial statements (1965-1998); Transfermium's correspondence (1975-1993). Prominently represented are: Robert Barber, D. Allan Bromley, Pierre Fleury, Wolfgang Heinicke, Larkin Kerwin, John R. Klauder, Rene Turlay. 1922-1999. 8 meters.
Duke University. Archives. 341 Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706, USA (contact: William King)
Records of Duke University, Department of Physics, Fritz London Memorial Award Committee. The award is given every 2-3 years for outstanding research in low temperature physics. It was first presented in 1957. Contains correspondence, by-laws, conference listings, and other papers of committee members relating to the establishment of the award and the selection of winners. 1957-ongoing. 2.5 lin. ft.
Papers of Lloyd R. Fortney, 1936-1999. Physicist. Professor of Physics, Duke University, 1964-1999. His fields of interest were experimental high energy physics, instrumentation and data acquisition, microelectronics applications, and software development. Primarily records pertaining to grants awarded for research in high-energy physics. The files consist of correspondence, proposals, reports, personnel and financial data, and other materials. Granting agencies represented include the Atomic Energy Commission, 1965-1975, 1978; the National Science Foundation, ca. 1968-1976; and the Dept. of Energy, 1979-1994. Also included are records of a series of collaborative bubble chamber studies carried out at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (BC63, 67, and 72/73), circa 1975-1984. The records document developments in the automated acquisition and analysis of data in high-energy physics research. Also included are Physics Dept. minutes, memoranda, reports, and related records, circa 1990-1998. 1964-1998. 2.5 lin. ft. Personnel records are closed except by permission. Departmental records are closed for 25 years from date of origin except by permission in writing from the office of origin and the University Archivist.
Papers of Robert C. (Coleman) Richardson, 1937-. Physicist (low temperature physics). Ph.D. (physics) from Duke University in 1966. Assistant professor - professor, 1967-1987; F. R. Newman Professor of Physics from 1987 and director of Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, Cornell University from 1990. Co-winner of the 1996 Nobel Prize in physics for work in low temperature physics. Member of the Board of Trustees of Duke University from 1997. Five laboratory notebooks containing data from Richardson’s research into the properties of helium isotope He3. 1962-1967. 0.4 lin. ft. (1 box).
Harvard University. Houghton Library. Cambridge, MA 02138, USA (contact: Leslie Morris)
Elizabeth Lowell Putnam (Mrs. William Lowell Putnam) and William Lowell
Putnam, from the papers of Percival Lowell, 1855-1916. Astronomer;
founder of an observatory at Flagstaff, Arizona. Known especially for
his interest in Mars and his theory of the ‘canals’ of Mars. Autograph
and typed letters and photographs. 1876-1916. 180 letters.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections. M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA (contact: Megan Sniffin-Marinoff)
Science for the People. The group known as Science for the People
originated at the January 1969 meeting of the American Physical Society.
(The group’s original name was Scientists for Social and Political Action.)
The organization’s national office was in Boston; regional chapters and
groups focused on special topics formed across the U.S. The collection
documents the activities of a group of scientists and students involved
in educational and political work, critical of the scientific establishment,
and controversial scientific topics that were addressed in the 1970s and
1980s. The collection consists of correspondence, newsletters, flyers,
articles, clippings, pamphlets, magazines, slides, microfilm, recordings,
and photographs. The collection documents specific topics, such as sociobiology,
Vietnam, nuclear power, and genetic engineering. 1969-1992. 8 lin. ft.
University of Alaska. Elmer E. Rasmuson Library. Archives, Manuscripts, and Historical Photographs. Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA (contact: Susan Grigg)
Papers of Sydney Chapman, 1888-1970. Physicist (geophysics, physics of the upper atmosphere). On the mathematics and natural philosophy faculty at the University of Manchester (1919-1924); and Imperial College, London (1924-1926); on the natural philosophy faculty at Oxford University (1946-1953); member of research staff, High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, Colorado from 1955; on geophysics faculty of the University of Alaska and Advisory Scientific Director of its Geophysical Institute from 1955. The correspondence includes both incoming and outgoing and indicates the wide range of Chapman’s personal and professional activities. The International Geophysical Year files reflect his role as head of the Special Committee and his involvement in all aspects of planning and implementing the IGY scientific and technical investigations. The lecture notes include his teaching lectures, primarily in geomagnetism, lectures delivered to professional organizations, and talks presented to community and civic organizations. Also included are a wide range of graphic materials, photographs, lantern slides, and diagrams used to illustrate his lectures. The book drafts are manuscripts in preparation of one unidentified book co-authored with Nagata; Solar-Terrestrial Physics: an Account of the Wave and Particle Radiations from the Quiet and Active Sun, of the Consequent Terrestrial Phenomena with Syun-Ichi Akasofu; and the classic The Mathematical Theory of Non-uniform Gases with T. G. Cowling. The biographical materials include correspondence, honors and awards, and a copy of the festschrift presented on the occasion of his 80th birthday. The series of reprints is believed to include a copy of everything Chapman published as well as drafts of works never published, and works of interest by others, most notably by Julius Bartels and Carl Stormer. The scientific data consist primarily of barometric pressure readings from various observatories. Major topics include: auroras, barometric pressure, geomagnetism, history of physics, and the IGY. Major correspondents: Syun-Ichi Akasofu, Julius Bartels, Thomas George Cowling, Peter Calvin Kendall, James Van Allen, Ernest H. Vestine. 1860-1972. 123 boxes (ca. 60 lin. ft.).
University of California, San Diego. Archives of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. University of California, San Diego Mail Code C-075-C. La Jolla, CA 92093-0175, USA (contact: Deborah Day)
Oceanography. The Making of a Science: People, Institutions and Discovery. The collection consists of videotape recordings of a program on the history of oceanography sponsored by the Office of Naval Research in cooperation with the H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment. The collection has two components: video tapes of colloquia and video tapes of interviews with oceanographers. Colloquia were held at University of Washington, University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Texas A&M University, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and at Washington, D.C. Interviews were conducted with forty-five ocean scientists. Several of the institutions that participated in colloquia hold copies of the video tapes; the master set is at the Heinz Center in Washington, D.C. 2000. 110 video tapes (60 min. ea.).
Papers of Edwin L. (Lee) Hamilton, 1914-1998. Geophysicist. Hamilton spent most of his career at the Navy Electronics Laboratory in San Diego, Calif. The papers include subject files, memoranda, research notebooks, manuscripts of publications, photographs and other material documenting his career. The collection includes correspondence exchanged with Robert S. Dietz, Harry Hess, Gordon MacDonald, H. William Menard, and others. Hamilton participated in the Scripps Institution of Oceanography MidPac Expedition, and papers include documentation of the expedition. 1933-1995. 2 cu. ft.
Addition to the papers of William Aaron Nierenberg, 1919-2000. Physicist and oceanographer. Nierenberg received his B.S. from the City College of New York in 1939 and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Columbia in 1942 and 1947. He was a research scientist with the Manhattan Project from 1942 to 1945. He was an instructor in physics at Columbia, 1946-1948, and assistant professor at the University of Michigan, 1948-1950 when he joined the faculty of the University of California in Berkeley. He served as Director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography from 1965 to 1986 and as Director of the Hudson Laboratories, Columbia, 1953-1954. He served on numerous scientific advisory boards to the U. S. Government and NATO. These are the papers that were transferred to SIO Archives from his office after his death. They include correspondence, manuscripts of publications, travel files, calendars and other papers documenting his research and work during the last decades of his life, after his retirement from the directorship of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. 1987-2001. 34 cu. ft.
Oral history interview with Ellen Clark Revelle, 1910- . Includes audio tapes and a transcript of interviews conducted with Ellen Clark Revelle, widow of oceanographer Roger Revelle. The interview covers her long association with the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and her husband's efforts to found the University of California, San Diego. She recalls her wartime experiences in Washington, DC while her husband was serving in the Navy, the California Loyalty Oath Controversy of 1951, and other events in her life. 1998. Sound recording: 6 cassettes (ca. 60-90 minutes each). Transcript: 175 pp. Interview conducted by Judith Morgan in 1998.
Papers of Margaret King Robinson, 1906-. Oceanographer, Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The collection includes correspondence, class notes, publications and speeches, data and photographs of oceanographer Margaret King Robinson, who served as director of the Bathythermograph (BT) Unit at Scripps Institution of Oceanography from 1947 until her retirement. 1947-1974. 3 cu. ft.
Photographs from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Marine Physical Laboratory. The Marine Physical Laboratory was established in 1946 as a successor of the University of California, Division of War Research (UCDWR). This collection comprises the central photographic negative, print, and 35mm slide files of the Marine Physical Laboratory and the indexes that describe them. The collection includes images of instruments designed by MPL scientists, original figures and photographs for MPL reports, and photographs of some expeditions. Each negative is labeled with a negative number keyed to the index which includes a caption, the name of the individual who ordered the image, and the date of the image. 1950-1986. 12 cu. ft.
Oral history interview with Fred Noel Spiess, 1919-. Marine physicist. University of California, Berkeley AB 1941, Ph.D. (physics) 1951; Harvard University, MS, 1946. Submariner, U.S. Navy, 1941-1956, Deputy Oceanographer of the Navy, 1969-1974; Nuclear Engineer, Knolls Atomic Power Lab, Schenectady, NY, 1951-1952; Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD: Associate Research Physicist to Research Geophysicist University of California Marine Physical Laboratory (MPL), 1952-1961; Director MPL, 1958-1980; Professor of Oceanography, 1961-present; Chairman, Department of Oceanography, 1963-1964; Acting Director to Director, SIO, 1961-1965; Associate Director, SIO, 1965-1980, Director, UC Institute of Marine Resources, 1980-1985; Liaison Scientist, Office of Naval Research, London, 1974-1975. The collection consists of audio tapes and a transcript of interviews conducted by Chris Henke in 1999. Spiess recalls his education at UC Berkeley, his submarine service during the war, his career at the Marine Physical Laboratory at La Jolla after the war, and his long service at Scripps. Spiess discusses instruments, research priorities, and colleagues. 1999. Transcript: 81 pp. 4 sound cassettes (ca. 60 min. ea.).
Records of the Acoustic Tomography of the Ocean Climate Project, University of California, San Diego, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics. The La Jolla branch of the University of California Institute of Geophysics was established in 1959. The collection consists of files documenting the Acoustic Thermometry of the Ocean Climate (ATOC) project initiated by Walter Munk and administered by Peter Worcester. The collection includes correspondence, technical files, and records documenting permit hearings and project reviews. The collection also includes a substantial number of audio and video recordings documenting media coverage of the project, which used ocean acoustic tomography (OAT) to document climate change and attracted controversy when biologists and the public questioned the effect of sound signals on marine mammals. 1990-1998. 16 cu. ft. Collection has restrictions.
Papers of Robert W. (Robert William) Young, 1908-. Physicist (acoustics). Served as head of the Listening Section, University of California Division of War Research (UCDWR) from 1941-1946. He worked on underwater ambient and ship noise and sound propagation connected with sonar and the detection of enemy submarines under NDRC contracts. He joined the Navy Electronics Laboratory in 1946 where he worked until his retirement in 1977. These papers consist largely of copies of UCDWR listening section reports, some correspondence, and Young's wartime photo album. 1942-1945. 1 cu. ft.