AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXXIV , No. 2, Fall 2002

 

Documentation Preserved
Compiled by Katherine Hayes

This is our regular survey of archives and other repositories with information for historians and others. Many of these are new deposits not yet processed, but we also include collections that were accessioned years ago but not previously reported here. Please contact the repository for information on restrictions to access.

All the information here is entered in our online International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences. PLEASE NOTE: sometimes more information on a collection is given online than is printed here. Visit /history/icos.


University of Adelaide. Barr Smith Library. Special Collections. Adelaide, SA 5001 Australia (Contact: Susan Woodburn)

Additions to the papers of Sir Mark Oliphant, 1901-2000. Director, Research School of Physical Sciences, Australian National University (ANU), Canberra, (1950-1963); professor, Australian National University (1964-1967); and Governor of South Australia (1971-1976). Collection includes correspondence, speeches, articles, personal documents, and working papers, photographs, newspaper cuttings, awards and degree certificates of Sir Mark Oliphant, and copies of papers by other scientists and academics; also notebooks, reprints and correspondence of Lord Rutherford and articles about him collected by Oliphant. Also includes records relating to Oliphant's period at Cambridge and his war-time work on radar, but principally documents his career as Director of the School of Physical Sciences, A.N.U. (1950-1963), as Governor of South Australia (1971-1976) and subsequent to his retirement from public office. Additional papers were donated after Sir Mark's death which comprised correspondence, speeches and addresses, largely dating from 1984 but also including some earlier material retained by Sir Mark after depositing the original collection (1927-1983). Some files or items from Series 2 and Series 3 have been restricted. Contact repository for further information. Access will be provided to all records except those specifically closed or restricted on approval of an application on the prescribed form. Some items may be supplied only as copies, in order to protect the originals. Contact repository for further information. Ca. 15 meters.

 


McMaster University. University Library. Division of Special Collections. 1280 Main Street, West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L6 Canada (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of B. N. Brockhouse. Physicist (solid state physics). Research officer, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, 1950-1962; professor of physics, McMaster University, 1962-1984. Nobel prize in 1994 with Clifford G. Shull for their studies of solids and liquids by neutron scattering. Textual records, graphic material, and moving images. Includes correspondence; reprints; photographs; biographical materials; course notes; documents and minutes of meetings relating to the McMaster University Department of Physics; correspondence, notes, programs, etc. relating to many scientific conferences and meetings, 1959-1983; files regarding honors and awards including the Nobel Prize. 1950-1997. 4.7 m.


University of Helsinki. Observatory Library. P.O. Box 14. 00014 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland (Contact: Eva Isaksson)

Correspondence of Anders Severin Donner, 1854-1938. Professor of astronomy and director, University of Helsinki Observatory, 1883-1915. He initiated and led the Helsinki participation in the international "Carte du Ciel" program. The photographic work for the Helsinki zone of the catalog was started in 1890, and the last volume of the catalog was printed in 1937. The Helsinki catalog includes exact magnitudes and coordinates for about 285,000 stars. Contains: A. Letters; B. Carte du Ciel program, Helsinki University Observatory; C. Very many correspondents, predominantly well-known astronomers (J.C. Kapteyn, Elis Strömgren, etc.). 1879-1931. Available for researchers by prior arrangement with the librarian. 10 boxes (ca. 2500 letters).


Académie des Sciences. Archives et Patrimoine historique. 23 quai de Conti, 75006 Paris, France (Contact: Florence Greffe)

Papers of Louis Néel, 1904-2000. French geophysicist specializing in magnetism. Contains notes, speeches, interviews and congratulatory material for Nobel Prize won in 1970; correspondence; teaching activities; photographs; speeches for colloquia. 1934-1999. Classified documents in boxes 52-59 are restricted. 7 lin. meters (62 boxes).


Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur. BP 4229, 06304, Nice, France (Contact: Archivist)

Records of the Observatory of Nice. Archives include observations notebooks (14 lin. m.) and meteorological observations, card files for a star catalog, calculations, photographs, drawings and architectural plans, administrative files, and a variety of miscellaneous materials. The Observatoire de Nice was founded in 1881 by Raphaël Bischoffsheim; observations began in 1884 with a 38 cm lens, the world's largest at the time. In 1906 the Observatory was annexed to the University of Paris. Directors included Joseph Perrotin (1845-1904, director 1884-1904), Léon Bassot (1841-1917, director 1904-1917), Gaston Fayet (1874-1967, director 1917-1962), and Jean-Claude Pecker (1923- ). In 1988 the Observatory was joined with the nearby Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Géodynamiques et Astrophysiques (founded 1974) and the Observatoire Mont-Gros in Nice, forming the Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur. Ca. 1845-1974. Mostly uncataloged.


Rijksarchief in Noord-Holland. Kleine Houtweg 18, Haarlem, Netherlands (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of H. B. G. (Hendrik Brugt Gerhard) Casimir, 1909-2000. Physicist. Studied in Leiden, The Netherlands from 1926 to 1931. Obtained his Ph.D. in 1931, with Paul Ehrenfest. Worked with Niels Bohr in Copenhagen and with Wolfgang Pauli in Zürich. Worked at the physics laboratory (Nat Lab) of the Philips Company in Eindhoven from 1942, and became its director in 1946. Retired in 1972. From 1939 to 1977 was professor at Leiden University. Contains correspondence and manuscripts of articles and lectures from the early 1970s to 2000. Contains a number of older documents, notably correspondence with renowned scientists, conducted between 1940 and the early 1970s, and scientific notes dating from the 1920s and 1930s. Topics include history of science and connections between science and industry. Correspondents include: C. J. Bakker, F. Bloch, W. L. Bragg, N. Bohr, J. D. Cockcroft, G. H. Dieke, O. S. Duffendack, G. Gamow, C. J. Gorter, W. J. de Haas, W. Heisenberg, W. H. Keesom, E. Labin, J. H. Oort, W. Pauli, F. Simon, G. `t Hooft, and J. H. Van Vleck. Ca. 1929-2000. Ca. 3 meters.


CERN. Scientific Information Service. CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland (Contact: Anita Hollier)

Files of Carlo Rubbia, Director-General of CERN, 1989-1993. The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) was established in Geneva, Switzerland in 1954 to coordinate and perform research on fundamental particles. Carlo Rubbia, an Italian physicist, was a senior physicist at CERN from 1961, and was Director-General from 1989-1993. In 1984 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics, together with Simon van der Meer, for the work he had done as Head of the UA1 Collaboration. From 1970-1988 he spent one semester per year at Harvard University as Higgins Professor of Physics. Documents represent the filing system of Carlo Rubbia during his period as Director-General of CERN. During his tenure, the inauguration of LEP (Large Electron Positron) Collider took place; the four LEP experiments (ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL) gave their first important scientific results; and development of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) Project continued. The papers include: correspondence, meetings of Directorate, Management Board, official visits, interviews for the CERN post, inaugurations of LEP and Microcosm, Seminars, Conferences, Committees of LHC, ECFA, ICFA, SPSC, notes of meetings. 1980-1993. Users must contact the Archivist to gain access to the CERN archives. 56 lin. meters. (504 Boxes).


Bradley University. Special Collections Center, Cullom-Davis Library. 1511 West Bradley Avenue, Peoria, IL 61625, USA (Contact: Charles Frey)

Papers of Ernest Ising, 1900-1998. Physicist (solid state physics, ferromagnetism). Born in Cologne, Germany, Ernst Ising received his Doctorate of Natural Sciences from the University of Hamburg in 1924. His thesis proposed what became known as the Ising Model, a ground-breaking theory explaining transitions from one phase to another, specifically applied to ferromagnetism. Ising was Jewish but his wife was not. He curtailed his career and was persecuted with the rise of National Socialism, while his wife saved him from the camps. After emigrating to the United States in 1947, Ernst Ising developed a reputation as an exemplary teacher and concentrated his efforts in that area rather than in research. Professor, Bradley University from 1948. Includes newspaper clippings, correspondence, photographs, and offprints. 1915-1998. 3 lin. ft.


Case Western Reserve University. Kelvin Smith Library. Special Collections. 11055 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106-7151, USA (Contact: Dennis Harrison)

Papers of William Pendry Bidelman, 1910-. Professor emeritus, astronomy. Contains mostly correspondence; also includes speeches, unpublished papers, and theses. Topics covered are primarily research, scholarship, and teaching. 1964-1986. Papers are unprocessed. 2.5 lin. ft.


Fermilab. Milton G. White History of Accelerators Room, WH-3SE and Archives. PO box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA (Contact: Adrienne Kolb)

Records of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Office of the Director. Includes: Universities Research Association (URA) Council of Presidents Minutes (1965-1980); URA By-laws and membership lists; general correspondence, Council of Presidents and Board of Trustees meetings and Visiting Committee Reports, 1980-1995; DOE Reviews, 1987-1995; High Energy Physics Advisory Panel meeting minutes, correspondence and reports, 1977-1995; correspondence and documents relating to the International Committee on Future Accelerators (ICFA), 1970-1995; SAG minutes, 1978-1990; documents and correspondence of John Peoples; awards, colloquia. Correspondents include the National Academy of Sciences, National Science Foundation, State of Illinois, other Dept. of Energy Laboratories, American Physical Society. 1965-1999. Contact repository for information on access. 22.5 lin. ft. (55 boxes).

Records of Peter Limon, SSC Central Design Group. Peter Limon was with the SSC Central Design Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, also in Dallas, and then back at Fermi Lab. Collection consists of some of Peter Limon's Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Central Design Group working papers. 1980-1990. Contact repository. 3 lin. ft. (6 boxes).

SSCL Special Collection, Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory. Materials received at the time of termination of the Superconducting Super Collider in 1993. Includes the termination plan, Congressional statements, reports, newsletters, press releases, speeches. 1985-1995. Contact repository. 2 lin. ft. (3 boxes).


Grand Valley State University. Library. Allendale, Michigan 49401, USA (Contact: Robert Beasecker)

Papers of Ralph Belknap Baldwin, 1912- . Astrophysics. Senior physicist, Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, 1942-1946; astronomy consultant, Boeing Company, Chance-Vought Corp., Rand Corp., Grumman, Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (NASA), U. S. Air Force moon-mapping project; product manager through chairman of the board, Oliver Machinery Company, 1947-1984. Includes technical correspondence, primarily astronomical; correspondence concerning the publication of the book, "The Deadly Fuze;" general correspondence; speeches; and an autobiography called "The Life of Ralph Baldwin," for which supplements are added every year or so. 1949-1992. 3.7 lin. ft.


Ohio State University. University Archives 2700 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210, USA (Contact: Raimund Goerler)

Oral history interviews with geoscientists, physicists and astronomers involved in polar research in the 1950s through 1980s: Syun-Ichi Akasofu, Stephen N. Barnes, John C. Behrendt, Carl S. Benson, Henry Brecher, Colin Bull, Gordon Cartwright, George Cvijanovich, Joseph O. Fletcher, Nathaniel C. Gerson, Eugene LaFond, Arlo Landolt, Harold Leinbach, William E. Long, J. McKim Malville, Martin A. Pomerantz, Alan H. Shapley, Norbert Untersteiner, James Van Allen, and John Weihaupt. Topics covered include Arctic and Antarctic research in ionospheric physics, airglow and aurorae, as well as aspects of glaciology, geology, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy, the development of the International Geophysical Year, the Ohio State University Institute of Polar Studies, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and other polar research projects and institutions, and personal biography and experiences. Most of the interviews were conducted by Brian Shoemaker, with some by Karen Brewster, Raimund E. Goerler or Laura Kissel. Transcripts. 1999-2001. Interviews conducted through the Byrd Polar Research Center Archival Program.


Princeton University. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections, One Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA (Contact: Don Skemer)

Papers of Robert H. (Robert Henry) Dicke, 1916-1997. Physicist, educator, and author. Highly respected for his contributions to the study of physics, astrophysics, and cosmology, Dicke was an early believer in the Big Bang theory of the creation of the universe and postulated that an echo of that event could still be detected through radio waves. A longtime professor at Princeton University, Dicke conducted numerous experiments in gravity and in his unsuccessful challenge of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity. Dicke held approximately fifty patents for his discoveries, many of them pertaining to the development of radar. He was named the Albert Einstein University Professor of Science at Princeton University in 1975, becoming emeritus in 1984. His books include An Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (1960), The Theoretical Significance of Experimental Relativity (1964), and Gravitation and the Universe (1970). Consists for the most part of professional correspondence and working papers. In addition, there are his research/subject files concerning the Office of Naval Research, NASA, the National Science Board, and the National Science Foundation, as well as many other topics. 1939-1996. 17.5 lin. ft. (30 archival boxes, 3 record center cartons).


Smithsonian Institution. National Air and Space Museum. Archives. Washington, D.C., 20560, USA (Contact: Tom Soapes)

Files of the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope Project. The Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (HUT) project was conceived, designed, and built by astronomers and engineers at Johns Hopkins University to perform astronomical observations in the far-ultraviolet portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. HUT's primary purpose was to observe wavelengths of light that are too short to be seen with the Hubble Space Telescope, although overlap was provided to allow direct comparison. The telescope flew twice aboard the space shuttle, once in December 1990 and again in March 1995. HUT has been used to observe hundreds of objects, including stars, planets, and quasars. The HUT was donated to the National Air and Space Museum in 2001, and is currently part of the "Explore the Universe" Exhibition. This collection consists of the central file for the HUT and documents the technical history of the construction of this actual flight artifact. Includes drawings, as well as project outlines, progress and status reports, memorandums, summaries, schedules, and proposals. Ca. 1980-1989. 6 cu. ft.


United States Naval Observatory. Library. 3450 Massachusetts Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C. 20392-5420, USA (Contact: Brenda Corbin)

Oral history interviews with astronomers and astrophysicists associated with the United States Naval Observatory: William

M. Browne, Harry E. Crull, Jr., Suzanne Débarbat, Robert S. Harrington, Edward S. Jackson, William Markowitz, Dennis Robinson, Paul Kenneth Seidelmann, Clayton Albert Smith, Gart Westerhout, and Charles Edmund Worley. Interviews conducted by Steven J. Dick. Transcripts. 1986-2000. Forms part of the United States Naval Observatory Oral History Project.


University of California at Santa Cruz. Mary Lea Shane Archives of the Lick Observatory. University Library, Room 359, Santa Cruz, Calif. 95064, USA (Contact: Dorothy Schaumberg)

Correspondence and papers of S. M. (Sandra M.) Faber. Astronomer. University of California, Santa Cruz. Collection unprocessed. Contact repository. 23 boxes.

Correspondence, papers, and photographs of Joel Stebbins, 1878-1966. Astronomer; professor of astronomy at the University of Illinois, 1903-1922; professor, University of Wisconsin and Director of Washburn Observatory, 1922-1948; research associate at Lick Observatory from 1948. Ca. 1934-1959. Collection partially processed. Contact repository. 2 lin. ft.

Research notes of Helen Wright (1914-) for her book, James Lick's monument: the saga of Captain Richard Floyd and the building of the Lick Observatory. Astronomer and author. Ca. 1850-1950. Collection unprocessed. Contact repository. 12 binders, 4 packages, 27 folders of correspondence, notes and papers.


Yale University Library. Manuscripts and Archives. Box 208240, New Haven, CT 06520-8240, USA (Contact: Diane Kaplan)

Papers of Boris Garfinkel, 1904- . Boris Garfinkel was born in Rjev, Russia on November 18, 1904. He earned a Ph.D. in astronomy from Yale University in 1943. From 1946 to 1967 he worked in the Ballistic Research Laboratories at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland, then taught at Yale University as a senior research astronomer specializing in celestial mechanics. Includes correspondence, writings, and research notes, which document Boris Garfinkel's research and publications in astronomy. Topics covered include Aberdeen Proving Ground, Yale University Department of Astronomy, ballistics, and celestial mechanics. 1941-1992. Part of Manuscript Group 1714; includes Accession 1999-M-117. 8.5 lin. ft. (6 boxes).


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