AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXXV , No. 2, Fall 2003

 

Documentation Preserved

Abdus Salam International Centre of Theoretical Physics. Library. Strada Costiera, 11‑34014, Trieste, Italy. Contact: Librarian.

Papers of Abdus Salam, 1926‑1996. Salam founded the Department of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College, London, professor from 1957‑1993. Founded International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) at Trieste in 1964; directed Centre until 1994 when he became President. Died in 1996. Biographical material is extensive; covers Salam's career, honors and awards, including significant material on his Nobel Prize candidacy and award, and candidacy for the Directorship of UNESCO in 1987. Also includes press cuttings, magazine articles, and material recording Salam's views on international scientific cooperation and the development of the Third World. Research material includes notebooks, research notes and scientific correspondence (1950‑1992). The largest body of material relates to the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, documenting its inception, organization and scientific activity from 1960 to 1996. Includes Salam's papers as Director and then President of the Centre; history of the ICTP; official communications with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and UNESCO; administrative issues, funding, design of scientific programs; conferences and meetings. Large section of documentation on ICTP links with academic institutions and international centers of study worldwide. Publications and lectures includes manuscripts (early 1950s‑1989); lectures (1961‑1993); documentation (1975‑1995) relating to major published works on both scientific and Third World development topics. Salam's association with various United Nations organizations is documented, including UNESCO, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), and the United Nations University (UNU). Salam's involvement with a large number of international, national, regional and local organizations and societies is well documented, such as the European Physical Society; African Union of Physics; Arab Academy of Sciences; Centro Internacional de Fisica, Bogota; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI); International Federation of Institutes of Advanced Studies; and a small amount of material related to the UK High Energy Particle Physics Review Group (1984‑1985). Visits and conferences material (1956‑1997) includes invitations, correspondence, programs, and proceedings. Topics include both scientific meetings and also events relating to Third World and development issues. Organizations documented include the South Commission (1987‑1996), the Third World Academy of Sciences, of which Salam was president (1983‑1994), and the Fund for Physics which Salam established to provide financial assistance to young scientists in the Third World. Also documents science in the Arabic and Islamic world. Collection includes correspondence documenting Salam's work with Pakistan and some of its organizations. 1939‑2000. 350 boxes. Papers transferred to ICTP from National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists (NCUACS).

 

UK SURVEY RECORDS

British Library. Department of Manuscripts. 96 Euston Road, London NW1 2DB, England. Contact: Archivist.

Addition to the Papers of Charles Babbage, 1791‑1871. Mathematician; Fellow of the Royal Society. Correspondence (20 vols.), 1806‑1871, and papers (4 vols.) including essays on the philosophy of analysis, astronomy lectures, and notes on astronomy, mechanical drawing, lighthouses, geology, ciphers and mathematical recreations. Addition contains correspondence with French physicist Jean Baptiste Biot (1774‑1862) between 1819‑1825 (MSS 37182, 37183). 1806‑1871. 24 volumes.

Papers of Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, 1848‑1930. Senior Conservative Party politician; Prime Minister, 1902‑1905; and Foreign Secretary, 1916‑1919. Philosophical author and President (1904) of British Association for the Advancement of Science. Includes correspondence of Sir Walter Fletcher and the Medical Research Council, 1922‑1929; correspondence of Sir Henry Tizard and the Scientific and Industrial Research Department, 1922‑1929; correspondence with Sir Oliver Lodge, 1899‑1917. General correspondence including that of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1903‑1905. 1868‑1936. 280 volumes; 1348 lin. cm. Admission with Reader's Pass, obtainable by personal applicants.

Notebooks, etc. of D. E. (David Edward) Hughes, 1831‑1900. Electrician and inventor, F.R.S. Conducted research into telegraphy, telephony, the microphone, etc., and is thought to have anticipated the discovery of Hertzian waves. Born in London but spent most of his life in the U.S. Professor of music and chair of natural philosophy in Bardstown, Kentucky. Also invented the induction balance and worked with the theory of magnetism. Notebooks of experiments and studies, abroad and in England, relating chiefly to his inventions of the printing telegraph and (in 1878) of the microphone. Illustrated with diagrams and specimens of messages and pictures transmitted. Also includes notes of lectures delivered before various scientific societies; press cuttings. 1860‑1897. 40 lin. cm. (11 volumes). Admission by Reader=s Pass, obtainable by personal applicants.

Letters of scientists, mainly to John Tatlock. John Tatlock, of Glasgow, was a nineteenth‑century electrical engineer. Letters of Sir James Dewar, Michael Faraday (to William Thomson, Baron Kelvin), Sir Oliver Lodge, W. K. Roentgen, Silvanus Phillips Thomson, and William Thomson, Baron Kelvin. 1858‑1908. 23 folios. Admission by Reader=s Pass, obtainable by personal applicants.


Cambridge University Library. Department of Manuscripts and University Archives. West Road, Cambridge, CH3 9DR, England. Contact: Archivist.

Experimental notebooks on ice of J. (James) McConnell, 1860-1890. Physicist; B.A. and M.A. (1886), Clare College, Cambridge; became a Fellow there in 1888. Assistant Demonstrator in Experimental Physics at the university, 1884‑1885. Because of poor health settled in Switzerland where he carried out his observations on the properties of ice. Died there in 1890. Notebooks with observations on snow and ice, and descriptions of experiments. 1887‑1974. 1 box. Open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.


Churchill College. Archives Centre. Cambridge CB3 0DS, England. Contact: Archivist.

Papers on the development of radar of E. G. Bowen. Scientist; member of the Radar Development Team, 1935; Air Ministry Research Station, Bawdsey, 1936‑1940; British Air Commission, Washington, 1940‑1942; Radiation Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1943; Chief, Division of Radiophysics, CSIRO, 1946‑1971. 1935‑1978. 12 boxes. Open to researchers with a prior appointment and two forms of identification.

Papers of B. C. Browne. Collection consists of correspondence with Sir John Cockcroft with proposals for a geophysical survey of oceans, 1949. Geologist, Geodesy and Geophysics Dept., Cambridge University. 1949. 1 file. Open to researchers with a prior appointment and two forms of identification.

Papers of W. E. Burcham, 1913-. William Ernest Burcham was a professor of physics at University of Birmingham, 1951‑1998. He was in charge of all matters relating to the Nuffield Cyclotron (except financial and building matters) and especially to strengthen its emerging nuclear physics program. He continued until 1960. From 1957 until 1973 he had charge of the construction and use of the Radial Ridge cyclotron. He retired in 1980. The collection comprises materials relating to Burcham's scientific career, especially his work in the high voltage laboratory under M. L. E. Oliphant and P. I. Dee which was set up to pursue the finding of John Cockcroft and E. T. S. Walton in splitting atomic nuclei. Burcham's work is described in his article, "The Cavendish High‑Voltage Laboratory (Notes Rec. R. Soc. Lond. 53 (1), 121‑134 1999). 1933‑1999. 6 boxes. Collection is open for research. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Papers of James MacDonald Cassels, 1924‑1994. British experimental physicist. Professor of Experimental Physics at University of Liverpool, 1953‑1982. He was head of the dept. from 1960‑1974. Collection includes a small amount of biographical and personal materials, public or official correspondence, and material relating to government policy on energy (mainly in the 1980s). 1967‑1996. 5 boxes. Open to researchers with a prior appointment and two forms of identification.

Photographs and papers of William Joseph Condren, 1900‑1975. Government photographer, Secret Weapons Establishment, Woolwich, 1939‑1954, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Harwell, 1940‑1960. 1939‑1954. 3 boxes. The collection is open to researchers. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Papers of V. E. (Vernon Ellis) Cosslett, 1908‑1990. British physicist, Cambridge University. Correspondence and papers concerning the development of the Electron Microscope. 80 boxes. The majority of the collection is open for research. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Papers of P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice) Dirac, 1902‑1984. Physicist (Quantum mechanics, positron, antimatter). Lucasian professor of mathematics at University of Cambridge (1932‑1969); member, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (1934‑1935, 1946, 1947‑1948, 1958‑1959); and on the physics faculty at Florida State University (1971‑1984). Scientific notes, diaries, newspaper clippings and correspondence. 1924‑1971. 9 boxes. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Papers of Nicholas Kemmer, 1911‑1998. Russian‑born British theoretical physicist. Tait Professor of Mathematical Physics at the University of Edinburgh from 1953‑1979. Fellow of the Royal Society. Correspondence and papers concerning the development of the Electron Microscope. 1940‑1994. 6 boxes. Open to researchers with a prior appointment and two forms of identification.

Papers of A. G. (Alfred Gavin) Maddock. British chemist. Univ. of Cambridge and Fellow of St. Catherine's College. Papers relating to Maddock's work on the "Tube Alloys" (atomic energy) project in Canada during World War II. 1939‑1945. 2 boxes. Collection is currently not available for research.

Papers of William Hunter McCrea. Astrophysicist and mathematician. Prof. of Mathematics at Queen's University, Belfast, 1936‑1943; Chair of Mathematics at Royal Holloway, University of London, 1944‑1966. In 1966 he joined the newly established Astronomy Centre at the University of Sussex as Research Professor from which he retired in 1972 becoming Emeritus Professor. Born 1904, Died 1999. Correspondence and reprints of scientific articles. 62 boxes. Collection is open for research. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Papers of B. (Bruno) Pontekorvo, 1913‑1993. Nuclear physicist. Worked on British nuclear reactor program in Canada (1943‑1945) then at the Atomic Energy Establishment at Harwell (1948). Defected to the Soviet Union in 1950. Family papers and correspondence. 1917‑1957. 2 boxes. Collection is open only to researchers who have obtained prior permission from the depositor. Contact archives.

Correspondence of Ernest Rutherford, 1871‑1937. Physicist (radioactivity, alpha particles, experimental nuclear physics) and administrator. On the physics faculty at Trinity College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England (1895‑1898); McGill University, Montreal, Canada (1898‑1907); Manchester University, Manchester, England (1907‑1919); University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England (1919‑1937); director, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, England (1919‑1937); and chair, advisory council, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (1930‑1937). Correspondence from physicist Henry Moseley. 1 box. Collection is open for research. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Papers of Sir Martin Ryle, 1918‑1984. British astronomer. Prof. of radio astronomy, Univ. of Cambridge; Astronomer Royal, 1972‑1982; Nobel prize in physics, 1974. Scientific correspondence and papers. 65 boxes. Some sections of the collection are open to researchers. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.

Papers of Ronald G. Stansfield. Physicist. Includes a copy of a report on his work at the Cavendish Laboratory supervised by Lord Rutherford, 1936‑1937, and correspondence with and about Rutherford. 1936‑1937. 3 files. Open to researchers with a prior appointment and two forms of identification.

Memoir and papers of William Lawrence Wilson, 1912‑1993. Civil servant and engineer, Ministry of Works, 1937‑1962. Memoir, 'From Messenger to Mandarin,' and papers on atomic energy and engineering in the Office of Works and its successors. 1 box. Collection is open for research. A prior appointment and two forms of identification are required.


Imperial War Museum. Dept. of Documents. Lambeth Road, London SE1 6HZ, England. Contact: Keeper.

Papers of Sir Bernard Lovell, 1913‑. Substantial collection of papers relating mainly to the development of airborne radar systems for the RAF during the Second World War at the Telecommunications Research Establishment at Great Malvern and other locations. Includes numerous technical papers, working notebooks kept by Lovell, a diary of activities and discussions at TRE between 1943‑1945, a scrapbook compiled during and after the war illustrating the development and use of ASV and H2S radar, and post‑war correspondence concerning many aspects of wartime radar development. 1939‑1994. 6 boxes.

Papers of J. G. (John George) Trump, 1907‑1985. Photocopy of a diary kept during February 1944‑April 1945 by the Director of the British Branch of the American MIT Radiation Laboratory (BBRL), containing a detailed record of his contacts and discussions with British radar scientists (notably Robert Watson‑Watt, A. P. Rowe, Bernard Lovell and other scientists at the Telecommunications Research Establishment at Great Malvern) and U. S. Air Force commanders with regard to the development and use of a wide variety of radar systems, including 'Oboe', 'Loran', 'Gee', H2X, MEW and SCR‑584, the implementation of radar in the run‑up to and during the Normandy landings in June 1944 and its subsequent use in the French, Italian and German theaters of war. Also includes interesting comments on the V‑1 and V‑2 weapons and the methods of defense against them; other German 'secret weapons', and Trump's interviews with German radar scientists in April 1945. 1944‑1945. 400 pages.
Institution of Electrical Engineers. Archives Dept. Savoy Place, London WC2R OBL, England. Contact: Archivist.

Collection of Sir Clifford Paterson, 1879‑1948. Director of the GEC Research Laboratories From January 1919 until his death in July 1948. During the 1939‑45 war he was chairman of the Inter‑Services Technical Valve Committee, and a member of the War Cabinet Engineering Committee. President of the IEE in 1931 and of the Institute of Physics from 1937‑39. Elected FRS in 1942; knighted in 1946. Collection consists of Paterson's daily diary, begun in September 1939. It is his record of progress of work in the GEC Laboratories and his own activities in the planning and organization of the scientific war effort. The diaries include accounts of discussions with government ministers, departmental officials and various research establishments, as well as records of GEC research activities. Entries mention production of thermionic valves, magnetrons, including the prototype cavity magnetron, and radar. 1939‑1945. 1 archive box. Collection not fully cataloged.


Public Record Office (Great Britain). Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU, England. Contact: Archivist.

Records of the Aeronautical Research Council (Great Britain). In 1909 the government appointed an Advisory Committee for Aeronautics to advise it on aeronautical policy and to supervise research then being undertaken into the problems of flight. The committee's role was purely advisory and its goal was to bring some cohesion to the investigations being carried out by several bodies including the departments and the National Physical Laboratory. The committee was reconstituted three times. In 1920 it was renamed the Aeronautical Research Committee and given wider field of reference. In 1925 a Directorate of Scientific Research was set up which reverted to its original advisory role concerned solely with scientific research. In 1945 it became the Council and gained greater authority to review the progress of aeronautical research and to make recommendations on research which it considered desirable to initiate. In addition to the investigations conducted at the National Physical Laboratory on its behalf, the council was concerned with the work on aeronautics undertaken at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, in the universities and by firms. Records of the Aeronautical Research Council and predecessors relating to responsibilities to review and advise the government on aeronautic research. Includes minutes of meetings of the committee and of the various sub‑committees and panels, reports and papers, and general correspondence relating to research and administrative matters together with chairman's correspondence. 1909‑1980.

Records of the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment (Great Britain). The Atomic Weapons Research Establishment was set up in the late 1940s by the Ministry of Supply. Its functions were scientific and technical research into atomic weapons and testing of Britain's atomic bombs. Under the Atomic Energy Authority (Weapons Group) Act of 1973, the Weapons Group became the responsibility of the Ministry of Defence. Files relating to the development of the Aldermaston site and to early work there (includes Rowley Collection); reports on bombs; reports on the structural effects of atomic weapons; reports on bomb trials; ordinary reports. 1944‑1986.

Records of Meteorological Office, Great Britain. A Meteorological Dept. of the Board of Trade was formed in 1854 for the collection and co‑ordination of meteorological observations made at sea. In 1867 the department became the Meteorological Office and was transferred from the Board of Trade to the administrative control of a Meteorological Committee, the members of which were appointed by the Royal Society. During World War I three other meteorological services were developed: one for the Air Ministry responsible for information for airships; that of the Admiralty, developed to meet the needs of the Royal Navy; and the Meteorological Section of the Royal Engineers, formed to meet the needs of aircraft and gas warfare in France. By 1922 these services were absorbed into the Meteorological Office, which became the State Meteorological Service. Since 1990 the Meteorological Office has been an executive agency within the Ministry of Defence. In addition to its defense role, it provides meteorological services for the public services, the press, industry and the public, and undertakes research in meteorology and geophysics. Includes the records of the Meteorological Office relating to the provision of meteorological services, its predecessor and related bodies, records of the Kew Observatory and private papers of associated personnel. 1818‑1977.

Records created or inherited by the Ministry of Supply, Great Britain and successors, the Ordnance Board, and related bodies. Records created or inherited by the Ministry of Supply and successors, the Ordnance Board, and related bodies relating to design, inspection, research and experimental work in connection with supplies to the service ministries and to control of raw materials. Includes records of the Air Division, Contracts Division, Petroleum Warfare Dept., Inspectorate of Electrical and Mechanical Equipment and successors, Royal Ordnance Factories, the Ordnance Board and the Scientific Advisory Council. Also contains private office papers. 1939‑1988. 29 Series.

Records of the National Physical Laboratory (Great Britain). In 1898 a committee of inquiry under Lord Rayleigh recommended the establishment of a National Physical Laboratory under the control of the Royal Society. It was to be an institution "for standardizing and verifying instruments, for testing materials, and for the determination of physical constants." It was first established at Kew Observatory in 1900 and was formally opened in a new accommodation at Teddington in 1902. The Royal Society controlled the laboratory through a general board and an executive committee of 16 members, grant aid being provided by the Treasury. The Dept. of Scientific and Industrial Research took over responsibility for its maintenance and development in 1918, though the Royal Society remained responsible for its scientific program of work and for the appointment, promotion and dismissal of its scientific staff. In 1965 the laboratory was transferred to the control of the Ministry of Technology. In 1991 the laboratory became an executive agency of the Department of Trade and Industry and in 1996 became a privatized company. Records of the NPL relating to the maintenance of standards and research in physical science. Includes registered files of the laboratory and records of the executive committee and general board, minutes and papers of other NPL Board and Committee meetings, reports, account books, annual reports, and files of the Ship Division. 1902‑1993.

Records of the Science and Engineering Research Council (Great Britain). After the Dept. of Scientific and Industrial Research was abolished by the Science and Technology Act in 1965, responsibility for grants for university research and awards to post graduate students was assumed by the new Science Research Council. The Council's functions encompassed the support and encouragement of scientific research and education in universities and similar institutions, in its own establishments, and in collaboration with international organizations. In 1981 the Council was renamed the Science and Engineering Research Council, which in April 1994 became the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Records relating to the funding and administration of grants for scientific research and higher education. Includes agendas, minutes and papers of the Science Research Council and the Science and Engineering Research Council; minutes and papers of the Research Grants Council; minutes, papers and correspondence of the Science Research Council's various committees; the original charter and seals of the Councils. 1956‑1981.

Records of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority and its predecessors. The UKAEA was established in 1954 by the Atomic Energy Act. It's functions covered the entire field of atomic energy and radioactive substances. It was a public corporation with a board. Supervisory responsibilities went from the Lord President of the Council responsible directly to Parliament; in 1957 the authority was transferred to the Prime Minister, then to various other government authority and eventually to the Department of Energy in 1974. Includes records of the UKAEA's London Office, 1939‑1994; Northern Group (Production Division) 1940‑1994; research establishments at Harwell, 1940‑1999; Winfrith, 1956‑1988; Culham, 1958‑1978; and records of the authority's predecessor body, the Directorate of Tube Alloys, 1939‑1958. Also include private papers of Sir John Cockcroft, Sir Christopher Hinton, and John Davies. 1939‑1999.


Royal Holloway College Library. University of London. Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey, England. Contact: College Archivist.

Papers of William Hunter McCrea, 1904-1999. Astrophysicist and mathematician. Prof. of Mathematics at Queen's University, Belfast, 1936‑1943; Chair of Mathematics at Royal Holloway, University of London, 1944‑1966. In 1966 he joined the newly established Astronomy Centre at the University of Sussex as Research Professor, from which he retired in 1972, becoming Emeritus Professor. Collection includes correspondence, scientific notes, diaries, newspaper clippings, articles by Professor Sir McCrea and others, lecture notes, programs from symposiums, book reviews. Some of the topics include the Royal Greenwich Observatory, the Royal Astronomical Society, and cosmology. 1935‑1992. 45 large boxes. Open to all registered users of the Royal Halloway Archives.


Royal Institution of Great Britain. London, England. Contact: Keeper of Collections.

Papers of Sir George Porter, 1920‑. Chemist. Professor of Chemistry at the University of Sheffield from 1955‑1963 and became Firth Professor of Chemistry there from 1963‑1966. He was also Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Institution of Great Britain from 1963‑1966. In 1966 he became Director of the RI as well as Fullerian Professor of Chemistry of the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory at the RI. He received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1967. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1960. The collection includes: (A) Biographical materials relating to Porter's career, honors and awards from 1955 to 1992 including the Nobel Prize in 1967. (B) Research materials including notes, drafts and data, and funding of his research, 1955‑1987; a section on the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory detailing its collaboration with the University of London and the Photochemistry Discussion Group meetings at the Royal Institution. (C) Royal Institution documents the Director's involvement in administration, organization, funding and finance, membership and the organization of events including the Christmas Lectures at the RI. Also material on the history of the RI, its library, archives, and developments of the academic study of the history of science at the RI. (D) Lectures, broadcasts and publications relating to his role as a scientific communicator. Includes drafts of lectures, 1955‑1988; discourses and Christmas Lectures and research lectures on photochemistry; correspondence on BBC radio programs and with journal editors in his advisory role; and records of his teaching at Cambridge, Sheffield and through the Open University. (E) Societies, organizations and consultancies, relating to Porter's association with 81 organizations. The Royal Society is well represented. (F) Correspondence arranged alphabetically by correspondent and dating from Porter's time as Director of the RI, correspondence with Soviet Scientists from 1970‑1987 and Japanese Scientists from 1973‑1985. Among the correspondents are Sir Hermann Bondi, Daniel Joseph Bradley, Sir William Lawrence Bragg, Ronald King, and Thomas John Meurig. 1938‑1999. 121 boxes.


Royal Society. Library. 6 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG, England. Contact: Mrs. J. M. Cordon.

Papers of John Canton, 1718‑1772. Natural philosopher. Calculated times of lunar eclipses that were published in the 'Ladies Diary' for 1739 and 1740; invented new method of making strong artificial magnets for which he was awarded the Royal Society's Copley Medal in 1751. First in England to successfully repeat Franklin's experiments with lightning; in the process discovered independently that clouds became electrified both positively (as theory suggested) and negatively. Subsequently designed experiments on electrostatic induction, earning him a place in the history of electricity. As a gifted amateur physicist, his diverse interests included luminosity of seawater; phosphorescence; keeping a meteorological journal; diurnal variations of the compass; compressibility of water. For demonstrating the latter he received a second Copley Medal in 1765. Diaries. 1740‑1772. 3 lin. ft.

Papers of P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice) Dirac, 1902‑1984. Physicist (Quantum mechanics, positron, antimatter). Lucasian professor of mathematics at University of Cambridge (1932‑1969); member, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (1934‑1935, 1946, 1947‑1948, 1958‑1959); and on the physics faculty at Florida State University (1971‑1984). Letters discussing family matters and work from Paul Dirac and his wife to Esther and Meyer Salaman. 1953‑1981. 1 box.

Papers of Sir Alfred Charles Glyn Egerton, 1886‑1959. Chemist and Fellow of the Royal Society; research field was thermodynamics. Correspondence, diaries and other papers. Some personal papers but largely relating to The Royal Society and particularly to wartime activities and post‑war research needs in Britain. The diaries form an almost complete record of Egerton's career during the period 1943‑1959. Earlier diaries date back to 1917 and the period 1929‑30, but for the most part they related to the period 1938‑1941. 1898‑1970. 27 lin. ft.


Science Museum (Great Britain). Library. Imperial College Road, London SW7 5NH, England. Contact: Archivist.

Draft report on certain optical and other instruments in the Paris [Universal] Exhibition by Sir David Brewster, 1781‑1868. Report by Brewster, as Vice President of the Jury Class VIII, is addressed to Lord Stanley of Alderley as President of the Board of Trade. With 4 pp., holograph, on two leaves, by William Lassell dated Mar 22 "to be substituted in Brewster's Report in place of the description of Lassell's Telescope;" and 2 pp., holograph, on two leaves, re Secretan's Achromatic Telescope, by Brewster dated Mar 30, also to be substituted. Total number of pages is 57. 1856. 53 pp., plus title page, on thirty one leaves; 23.5x19 cm. Holograph signed.

Letters to G. D. Liveing by James Dewar (1842‑1923), Scottish chemist. Includes 6 letters. Five letters, 1895 Aug. 25‑Sept. 7 concern: Dewar's work on the low‑temperature thermoelectric properties of bismuth; detection of impurities in bismuth; the writing of joint papers with Liveing, especially on their investigation of CN band spectra; unfavorable comments on Crookes's and Ramsay's work on the argon spectrum; his own and his wife's poor health. One letter, 1907 June 18 states his need for radium bromide. 1895‑1907.


Records of Falmouth Observatory. Comprising annual reports on magnetical observations, photographs of apparatus and instruments, etc. 1887‑1896. 1 file.

9 letters to G. D. Liveing by Sir William Huggins (1824‑1910). Huggins was educated at City of London School. After a few years of business he decided to devote himself to astronomy. F.R.A.S. 1854. In 1856 he built an observatory at Tulse Hill and applied to stars the methods of Kirchhoff's researches into the chemical constitution of the sun. In conjunction with William Allen Miller (F.R.S. 1845) he devised the star spectroscope and showed that in structure the stars resemble the sun. F.R.S. 1865. Royal Medal 1866. Rumford Medal 1880. Copley Medal 1898. President of British Association 1891. K.C.B. 1897. O.M. 1902. He was elected 37th President of the Royal Society 1900‑1905. Letters concern supply and cost of radium products, especially radium bromide; frequent references to correspondence with Pierre Curie; back of letter of 1904 May 16 has draft of letter from Liveing (to an unnamed correspondent) as chairman of the Radium Committee of the Royal Society. 1904‑1906. 9 leaves. Holograph signed.

Papers of Anthony Nemet, 1909‑. Physicist. Research and Development Director of the Philips X‑ray factory in Belham, 1941‑1957. Brochures, leaflets, press releases, newspaper cuttings re numerous aspects of the use, production and measurement of radioactivity, collected by Nemet at the United Nations International Conference on the peaceful uses of Atomic Energy in August 1955 or sent to him following the conference; Philips Balham Works Ltd, Radiation Laboratory program file. 1955‑1957. 1 box.

Papers of G. L. (Gordon Leonard) Rogers, 1916‑. British physicist. Comprises notes of lectures in physics (including by Eddington and Rutherford) taken by Rogers as a Cambridge University student, a series of 37 laboratory notebooks (1937‑1980), notes and correspondence on holography, correspondence with Dennis Gabor et al., etc. 1936‑1980. 14 boxes.


University of Liverpool. Sydney Jones Library. P.O. Box 123, Liverpool L69 3DA, England. Contact: Archivist.

Lectures, practical notes, etc. from Allan E. Callow's degree program in chemistry at Liverpool. Dr. Callow earned a degree in chemistry in 1936 and a PhD. in chemistry in 1938. Collection includes lectures and notes taken by Dr. Callow together with a photograph of University Chemical Society members (1935‑1936), copies of University Chemical Society Magazine (1933‑1939), and programs of degree congregations (1936). Among the physics lecturers are R. O. Griffith, W. McC. Lewis, A. McKeown. 1933‑1938.

Lecture notes and related papers on physics courses at University of Liverpool of Alan H. Jupp. Mathematician and Professor of Applied Mathematics, University of Liverpool. Notes taken at lectures on physics, interleaved with copies of duplicated typescript handouts. BN course (Electricity and Magnetism; Atomic and Nuclear Physics; and Properties of Matter). CN course (Optics; Relativity; Wave Mechanics; Quantum Mechanics; Atomic and Nuclear physics). 1962‑1964.

Papers assembled in the course of Charles David King's research for his University of Liverpool Ph.D. thesis, 'Chadwick, Liverpool and the Bomb' (1997). Dr. King was a former student and Technician at the University of Liverpool. The papers include correspondence and other papers of James Chadwick (regarding the cyclotron) with Bernard B. Kinsey, Ernest O. Lawrence, Henry W. Newson, Malcolm C. Henderson, J. D. Cockcroft, W. H. Hatfield, G.H. Nisbett, E. W. Marchant; correspondence of Chadwick with Metropolitan‑Vickers Electrical Co. Ltd. re supply of magnet, coils, etc. for cyclotron, 1936‑1939); the minutes of meetings of 156 cyclotron progress committee (13 July 1948‑ 16 December 1952) and a typescript memoranda on the 156" Magnet and equipment, 1948; photographs of the cyclotron magnet, the mass spectrometer, 37" cyclotron, and some other apparatus, together with staff and students of the Dept. of Physics; photocopy of a transcript of a tape‑recorded interview with Chadwick conducted by Charles Weiner for the American Institute of Physics' Center for History of Physics over the period 15‑21 April 1969; photocopies of the Monthly Progress Reports of the George Holt Physics Laboratory for the months of July ‑ September 1942 and January ‑ June 1947 and Dr. King's analyses of these reports with respect of the progress of cyclotron work; and Dr. King's calendars of various portions of the collection. 5 files, 2 envelopes, 1 tube. There will be further accessions to this deposit.

Oral history interview with Joseph Rotblat, 1908‑. English physicist (nuclear physics). University of Liverpool, 1939‑1949; University of London, St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College, 1950‑1976. Went with James Chadwick to Los Alamos to work on the atomic bomb, but left before it was completed. In 1946 he co‑founded the Atomic Scientists Association. In 1957 he founded the Pugwash Conference to serve as a forum for researchers devoted to abolishing nuclear weapons and finding peaceful solutions to international conflicts. In 1995 Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences were awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. Interview with Rotblat about his career in nuclear physics research especially at the University of Liverpool and in the USA with James Chadwick, photocopied letter from K. J. Le Coteur, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University re construction of the Liverpool Synchrocyclotron, ca. 1951‑1955. 1992‑1993. Transcript. Interview conducted by C. D. King.


University of Warwick. University Library. Modern Records Centre. Coventry CV4 7AL, England. Contact: Archivist.

Papers of Sir Francis Arthur Vick, 1911‑1998. Solid state physics; PhD 1936, Birmingham University. OBE in January 1945. Papers relate to Sir Arthur Vick's career and interests from the time of his postgraduate studies and the Second World War until his death in 1998. The collection comprises correspondence and subject files and includes papers relating to his career (1936‑97); the various professional associations and bodies to which he was attached (1930‑96); his correspondence and personalia (including two diaries for 1937‑38) (1915‑98); published scientific material and papers relating to his own lectures, publications, conferences and visits (1887‑1998); besides a variety of material relating to African and British universities and higher education on a national and international level (1930‑96). A later deposit of papers and personal correspondence relating to his career and interests covers the period 1939‑98. The material concerning his career (correspondence, minutes, notes, news cuttings and publications) relates to: the Ministry of Supply (1939‑1981); University College, London (1936‑1992); the University of Manchester (1937‑1981); the University College of North Staffordshire, Keele (1949‑1996); the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell (1959‑1991); and the Queen's University, Belfast (1965‑1996). Also included in this series are papers relating to his involvement with Warwick University (essentially after his retirement in 1976) (1964‑1997). 1887‑1998. 1.2 cu. meters. Some material is restricted or closed and requires permission for access. See finding aid for details.


Glasgow University. Archive Services. 13 Thurso Street, Glasgow G11 6PE, Scotland. Contact: Duty Archivist.

Papers of T. W. Aitken. Research physicist. Studied under Phillip Ivor Dee at University of Glasgow; awarded PhD in 1966. Senior Scientific Officer with the Science Research Council at Daresbury Nuclear Physics Laboratory. Lecture notes and handouts on thermodynamics, 1956; lecture notes on dynamics and other topics. Includes exam papers in Natural Philosophy, 1956; two binders of lecture notes on a number of subjects, including experiments for students, 1958; folder of lecture notes on nuclear physics, 1959; research notes, including a paper on 'An Ionization Current Integrator' (11 Jan 1965) and notes on the Glasgow 340 MeV Synchrotron, 1965; three notebooks containing research notes for unspecified experiments, 1958‑1962; natural philosophy notebooks containing descriptions of experiments, their form and outcome, 1960‑61. 1956‑1962. 0.15 meters

Papers of William Cochrane, 1910‑1972. Medical physicist. Lecturer, Imperial College of Science & Technology, London, 1934‑1939. Worked on radar at various research establishments (mainly Telecommunications Research Establishment at Malvern, Worcestershire, England) during the 1939‑1945 World War. In 1952 became Head, Imperial College, St Thomas' Hospital Medical School (London) Department of Physics. Full record of his undergraduate and graduate lectures, classes, and laboratory exercises at the University of Glasgow, including names of professors and lecturers. Also full notes of courses attended and lectures given by Cochrane on radar during the 1939‑1945 World War. Substantial but less well‑ordered notes for lectures at Imperial College, London, before and after the war, and for his period at St Thomas'. Some correspondence; includes some letters from M. von Laue, 1936‑1937. 1921‑1971. 1.9 meters.

Papers of Philip Ivor Dee, 1904‑1983. Nuclear Physicist. Lecturer in Physics at Cavendish Laboratory and Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, 1934‑1943. At Cavendish worked closely with C. T. R. Wilson, professor of natural philosophy, and under him became responsible for development of the 1 million volt HT set, and the direction of its experimental program. 1939‑1945: Superintendent of the Telecommunications Research Establishment at the Ministry of Aircraft Production at Swanage and Malvern, and was responsible for the development of the use of the magnetron for centimetric radar. FRS, 1941; OBE, 1943; CBE, 1946. Appointed Regius Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, 1943; made Professor Emeritus upon his retirement in 1972. During appointment secured funds to purchase an HT set similar to that at Cambridge, and later for a 300 MeV electron synchrotron, for which he supervised design and construction. Member, Advisory Council of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1947‑1952; awarded Hughes Medal, Royal Society, 1952. Collection comprises mainly mechanical plans and diagrams, and technical drawings and papers relating to the 300 MeV Synchrotron; the TRE 30 MeV Synchrotron, and the 340 MeV Electron Synchrotron. Also includes some personal diaries, which contain notes on experiments and day‑to‑day records of results. 1946‑1972. 0.65 meters.

Papers of Sir John Currie Gunn, 1916‑2002. Theoretical physicist. The papers document all aspects of Gunn's career. Includes a considerable quantity of minutes and papers arising from work with the Science Research Council, CERN, the University Grants Committee, and many other national bodies, together with his involvement in the Rutherford‑Appleton Laboratory and the Daresbury accelerator. Also includes a significant amount of papers on physics research activities at Glasgow University, particularly on work with the synchrotron, and a number of Gunn's own research notes. Also includes papers arising from his administrative and teaching duties at the university. 1940s‑1980s. 17.3 meters.

Papers of Hugh Russell Letham Lamont, 1915‑. Research physicist. MA and PhD (1941), University of Glasgow. Chemistry lecture notes, 1933‑1934; natural philosophy lecture notes, 1933‑1937; mathematics lecture notes, 1934‑1938; account book, 1933‑1936. 1933‑1937. 1 box.

Papers of William Meikleham, 1770/71‑1846. Astronomer and philosopher. Studied at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, from 1788 to 1792, winning numerous prizes and graduating with the MA in 1792. In 1794 appointed occasional assistant to John Anderson (1726‑1796), Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, and renewed in December 1795. August 1799 received commission from the King as Professor of Practical Astronomy and Observer at the University of Glasgow. Received honorary Doctor of Letters degree in 1799. In 1803 transferred from the Astronomy Chair to the Chair of Natural Philosophy which he held until his death. MA degree certificate, 1792; papers concerning appointments and memberships, 1796‑1808; genealogical and biographical material on the Meikleham family, 1808‑1906; appointment of Peter Meikleham as an Ensign in the Royal Regiment of Fencible Infantry, 1798. 1792‑1821. 0.05 meters (1 folder).

Papers of Terence Reginald Forbes Nonweiler, 1925-. BSc, University of Manchester, Honours School of Mathematics, 1944. At this time became Scientific Officer for the Scientific Advisor's Department of the Air Ministry, a post held for six years. 1951‑1954: lecturer in Aerodynamics, College of Aeronautics at Cranfield. Promoted in 1954 to senior lecturer in Theoretical Aerodynamics and Mathematics. 1957: jointed department of Aeronautical Engineering at The Queen's University of Belfast as the senior lecturer. 1960: PhD degree awarded for thesis concerning the "Stability and Control of Submarines." 1961: appointed the Mechan Professor of Aeronautics and Fluid Mechanics at Glasgow University. 1975: joined Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand as Professor of Mathematics. Associate Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society and the Institute of Aerospace Sciences; Associate of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects; Fellow of the British Interplanetary Society. Publications include: Jets and Rockets (1959); numerous technical papers on aeronautics, space flight, and submarine motion. Collection includes personal correspondence, 1961‑1970; Glasgow University Drama Society, 1962‑1965; published work and reports, 1962‑1975; lantern slides and film, n.d.; lantern slides of complete aircraft, n.d. 1961‑1975. 0.25 meters.


University of Aberdeen. Dept. of Special Libraries and Archives. King's College. Aberdeen AB 9 ZUB, Scotland. Contact: Reading Room.

Papers of David Thomson, 1817‑1880. Professor of natural philosophy at Aberdeen, 1845; professor, King's College, Aberdeen, 1845‑1860, and the newly‑formed University of Aberdeen, 1860‑1880. Collection includes various teaching materials for classes in Natural Philosophy, i.e., problems; questions; experimental book on electricity, 1878/80; lecture notes on such topics as steam engine, optics, magnetism and electricity; lecture notes in Junior Natural Philosophy, 1870‑71 taken by P.J. Anderson; lists of students, 1845‑1855. Also included is family correspondence and other papers relating to David Thomson, 1799‑1894. The collection includes letters from William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) to David Thomson, 1841‑1869. 1799‑1894. 26 volumes and 4 folders. Open.


University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Hugh Owen Library. Penglais, Aberystwyth, Dyfed SY23 3DZ, Wales. Contact: Archivist.

Records of the British Society of Rheology. The British Society of Rheology was founded in 1940, mainly as a result of the increased interest in rheology (the science of the deformation and flow of matter) brought about by the Second World War. It was formed as the British Rheology Club and renamed the British Society of Rheology in 1950, its aim being the "bringing together of rheologists and of promoting rheology as a science to the public at large." It now boasts over 600 members from across the world, and was one of founding members of the International Society of Rheology in 1953, and of the European Society of Rheology in 1996. The records include papers of the British Society of Rheology relating to conferences on rheology; other rheological societies and scientific organizations, photographs, and a small group of papers concerning Hermann Killesreiter. The business papers include correspondence and notes relating to the establishment and early history of the British Society of Rheology; agenda and minutes of meetings; BSR rules and regulations, and papers concerning their development; information regarding membership; general correspondence; correspondence relating to the BSR publication, "Rheology Abstracts;" notes, draft reports and proposals on rheological nomenclature, and papers relating to BSR awards. 1940‑ongoing. 0.15 cubic meters.

Records of the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Dept. of Physics. The University of Wales, Aberystwyth was established in 1872, and Physics was taught from the start as Natural Philosophy, Astronomy and Mathematics. In 1877 the Physics Dept. was founded as a separate entity. The dept. has always had a tradition of both theoretical and experimental research. Early work by staff was undertaken largely in Germany, but WWI put a stop to this. Research early in the 20th century focused on thermal electrical conductivity and quantum theory. The 1920s saw work appear in the Welsh language in the form of Prof. Gwilym Owen's lectures on acoustics. The advent of WWII brought research relating to military and government and the staff concentrated on training men for government research. By the 1970s work was being done on experimental rocket launching equipment, and the 1980s saw the dept. become involved with work on the European radar facility. Today the dept. has an excellent reputation in both research and teaching and attracts approximately 50 new students annually. Work at the moment is focused on areas including atmospheric physics and shock wave and combustion physics, which confront real problems such as ozone depletion and the design of silicon‑chip detectors. The archive contains departmental photographs; papers reflecting the relationship between the department and the British Physics Society; statistics concerning student admissions and pass rates; internal departmental correspondence; order books for equipment and apparatus; log books recording use of equipment; correspondence and reports regarding the department's financial position; offprints of papers written by members of staff; references written for former students; plans of the current Physics Building, and papers concerning the Faraday exhibition held by the department in 1931. [ca. 1877]‑ongoing. 0.3 cubic meters.

 
Brown University. The John Hay Library. University Archives. Providence, RI 02912 USA. Contact: Martha L. Mitchell.

Papers of Carl Barus, 1856‑1935. Physicist for Geological Survey, 1880‑1892; Smithsonian Institution, 1893‑1895; professor at Brown University, 1895‑1929. Barus was the Dean of Graduate Studies at Brown from 1903‑1930. Consists of letters received, letter books (10 v.), notebooks, charts and graphs, formulas, manuscripts, lecture notes, a bibliography, business records, genealogical notes, speeches, and an autobiography (269 p.), dating from 1869 to 1935. The collection documents Barus's research for the United State Geological Survey, the Smithsonian Institution, and Brown University; his experiments and instruments, and scholarly discourse with other physicists. Correspondents include Edward Salisbury Dana, Rene de Saussure, Charles‑Edouard Guillaume, Clarence King, Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Kohlausch, Samuel P. Langley, John Wesley Powell, Ogden N. Rood, Rossiter W. Raymond, Cenek Strouhal, Arthur Gordon Webster, and Eilhard Ernst Gustav Wiedemann. Numerous manuscripts and a number of letters contain analyses or discussions of experiments. Letters from de Saussure describe formulas for the resistance of air, particularly as applied to the rate at which an airplane falls. Letters from Langley discuss various experiments including a number in aerodynamics; the assembly of an aerodrome and a "railroad" cast‑off for the aerodrome; thermodynamics; and physics apparatuses; as well as Barus's overall responsibilities at the Smithsonian Institution. Webster's letters are primarily responses and suggestions for changes to Barus's experiments on interferential induction balance and vectors. Rood recommended Barus to Clarence King for the position of physicist to the United States Geological Survey and was involved in providing the opportunity for Barus to be a candidate for a position at Brown University. Rood's letters describe his connections with Brown University faculty and trustees. Experiments with ions and nuclei are discussed in manuscripts and reviews of experiments. Correspondence for the planning of the International Congress of Radiology and Electricity in Brussels in 1909 is in the collection. 1869‑1935, n.d. 3.8 lin. ft. Portions of the collection are not processed.

Lecture notes of Brown University faculty. Lecture notes created by Brown University faculty for instruction. Some of the material consists of full texts which were read verbatim. Consists of manuscripts of complete lectures and notes used as guides to lectures created by Brown University faculty for use in Brown University classes and in extension classes. The faculty and academic subjects taught, listed with inclusive dates of the lecture materials, that are represented in the collection include: Solomon Drowne, materia medica and botany, ca. 1814‑1827 (in addition to lecture manuscripts, the materials of Solomon Drowne include an address to a society for the physical sciences); Rohn Truell, applied mathematics, optics, physics, 1955‑1961; Alva Woods, mathematics and natural philosophy, ca. 1823‑1833. The mathematics and natural philosophy lectures of Alva Woods include the topics of optics, hydraulics, hydrostatics, aerostatics, pneumatics, electricity, astronomy, physics and mechanics, and the philosophy of language. 1814‑1961. 4.2 lin. ft. A related collection in the Brown University Archives is Lecture notes (students), RLIN RIBV95‑A53.

Papers of Alexis Caswell, 1799‑1877. Sixth president of Brown University, 1868‑1872; and professor of natural philosophy, mathematics, and astronomy at Brown, 1828‑1863. Consists primarily of correspondence and also includes a commonplace book (1824‑1826), lists of library books and classroom instruments, and invitations. The bulk of the material relates to Caswell's work as a faculty member and President of Brown University. Subjects documented in the collection include faculty positions; classroom equipment, especially scientific instruments; the curriculum for physics, natural history, astronomy, and mathematics; and candidates for honorary degrees. 1824‑1877. 0.4 lin. ft. (277 items).

Papers of J. W. L. (James Whitbread Lee) Glaisher, 1848‑1928. English mathematician and astronomer. Letters chiefly to Glaisher, relating to mathematics and astronomy. 1870‑1884. 275 items.

Papers relating to Bern Porter by James Erwin Schevill, 1920‑. Correspondence, notes, bibliographical material, and a few printed items, most of which relate to Schevill's biography of Bern Porter, "Where to Go, What to do, When you are Bern Porter" (1992), and his essay, "Further Notes on the Roaring Market and the Silent Tomb." Also includes a few printed items. Bern Porter is an artist, writer, physicist, and publisher. His original name is Bernard Harden Porter. 1943‑1992. 2 cu. ft.


Institute for Advanced Study. Historical Studies‑‑Social Science Library. Princeton, NJ 08540, USA. Contact: Lisa Coats.

Records of the Electronic Computer Project (ECP), Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, N.J.). The Electronic Computer Project (ECP) was begun under the aegis of the School of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study in 1945. Much of the funding for the ECP came from government agencies such as the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission, the Office of Naval Research, and various branches of the United States Army. In January of 1952, it culminated in the completion of an electronic computing machine. The Institute Computer was functional until 1960; it was then deposited in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History, where it remains today. A. Correspondence, Collection includes: Correspondence, papers, reports, contracts, patents, punch cards, blueprints, drawings and diagrams. Significant institutions documented include: Los Alamos National Laboratory; RCA Corporation; International Business Machines Corporation (IBM); U. S. Army Ordnance Department; U. S. Office of Naval Research; U. S. Army Ballistic Research Laboratory; U. S. Atomic Energy Commission. Individuals documented in the collection include: Frank Aydelotte; Sonja Bargmann; Valentine Bargmann; Nils Barricelli; Julian Bigelow; Garrett Birkhoff; P. A. M. Dirac; Walter Elsasser; Gerald Estrin; Herman H. Goldstine; Jans Maehly; Minot C. Morgan, Jr.; J. Robert Oppenheimer; Peter Panagos; Norman Phillips; J. H. Pomerene; Mina S. Rees; Ralph Slutz; Philip D. Thompson; Oswald Veblen; John Von Neumann; Willis H. Ware; Eugene P. Wigner; and Sung Yuen Wong. 1940‑1967. 7 cu. ft. No access to items for 30 years from their date of production.


Johns Hopkins University. Special Collections, Milton S. Eisenhower Library. 3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218, USA. Contact: Margaret Burri.

Papers of George Stock Benton, 1917‑1999. Meteorologist and civil engineer. PhD in meteorology from University of Chicago, 1947. Associate Professor of Meteorology, Johns Hopkins University, 1948; joined faculty of Civil Engineering Department in 1957. Helped to create the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences; named Dean School of Arts and Sciences in 1970. The collection consists largely of files removed from the office of George Stock Benton. The articles, reports and subject files form the bulk of the collection. The articles and reports were published by Benton from the 1950s through the 1970s and deal with various aspects of atmospheric science. The subject files address his work with his professional committees, including the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, the American Meteorological Society, the Chesapeake Research Consortium, the National Science Foundation, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science during the 1970s and 1980s. There are some photographs included, and the collection also includes a group of slides that range from professional subjects to Dr. Benton=s family. 1950‑1989. 13 boxes and 1 oversize item.

Papers of William George Fastie, 1916‑2000. Astronomer and research physicist. Worked as a research physicist at Leeds and Northrup Co., 1945‑1951, where he worked on an improved spectrometer with two mirrors that became known as the Fastie‑Ebert Spectrometer. Research physicist and adjunct research professor of physics at Johns Hopkins University, 1951‑1996, where he began his rocket‑based studies and eventually worked on the Hubble Space Telescope. Awarded an honorary PhD in 1990 by the University of Colorado; in 1997 awarded the honorary Doctor of Human Letters. William Fastie=s papers offer a fairly in‑depth overview of his professional work in optical physics and astrophysics. The collection ranges in date from 1937‑1995, with the bulk of the records concentrated in the 1960s‑80s. The earliest records in the collection are Fastie=s Optics Notebooks (1937‑1938), and the latest records are reprints of scholarly reports (1995.) Most of the records pertain to Fastie=s career at Johns Hopkins, but there are a few files, notably the series on dead projects, and the series on patents, that reflect some of his work in private industry. Fastie=s early work on the Fastie‑Ebert Spectrometer is well documented, as well as his rocket‑based studies on the aurora borealis. The collection also contains correspondence and reports dealing with various projects for which Fastie served as consultant. Series 2 includes a group of chronological files and photographs which trace his career and some involvement in local nature conservation. Series 9 includes information on Fastie=s patents, including a radiation pyrometer, various spectrometry devices and site mechanisms. Series 10 consists of reprints from the University of Colorado, Boulder. Fastie collaborated with colleagues there in geophysics, and the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics. Much of the later material in the collection deals with Fastie=s work on the development of the Hubble Space Telescope. Correspondence from his involvement on the Space Telescope Science Working Group is included, as well as his work to bring the Space Telescope Science Institute to Baltimore. Once STScI had been established on Homewood Campus, Fastie served as a consultant to STScI and NASA on the Space Telescope Project. Contracts and correspondence relating to the consultations can be found in Series 2 and 3. 1937‑1997. 14.5 lin. ft. (18 boxes).

Papers of Leon Madansky, 1923‑2000. Elementary particle physicist. PhD in physics, University of Michigan, 1948. Johns Hopkins University Department of Physics, 1948‑2000. Served as Chairman of the department 1965‑1968, during which time the department expanded to include the astrophysics group and changed its name to Physics and Astronomy. Spent time at other research facilities including Brookhaven National Laboratory, Fermilab, CERN, Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC), and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Given Professor Emeritus status at Hopkins in 1998. The collection deals primarily with Madansky=s scientific work and collaborations with prominent physicists George Owen and Franco Rasetti. There is very little personal information within the collection with the exception of some correspondence in Series 3. 1941‑1997. 2.75 lin. ft. (4 boxes).


National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. Archives. PO Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307‑3000, USA. Contact: Diane Rabson.

Oral history interview with David Atlas. Meteorologist. 1987 September 30. 2 sound cassettes (2 hours); 2 video cassettes. Interview conducted by R. Serafin on 30 September 1987. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

Oral history interview with Walter M. Elsasser, 1904‑. Professor, Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University. Died 1991. Studies at California Institute of Technology; Robert Millikan; early research in atmospheric radiation; development of the regular band model; contact with other scientists doing research in atmospheric radiation; the greenhouse effect; influence of John Strong; C. G. Rossby and the Caltech Physics Department; conflicts between Millikan and Theodore von Karman; comments about Charles Brooks, head of Blue Hill Observatory. Work at University of Utah. Interaction with John Von Neumann; discussion of fluid mechanics and Elsasser's theory of terrestrial magnetism; development of his atmospheric radiation tables. Admiration of James Franck and reminiscences about J. Robert Oppenheimer and Max Born. Differences in educational systems in Germany and the United States. Meeting with Albert Einstein, Einstein's opinion of Elsasser's theory of terrestrial magnetism. 1986 March 12. 1 session, audiotape, 1 cassette. Interview conducted by J. T. Kiehl, 12 March 1986. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project.

Oral history interview with Tetsuya Theodore Fujita. Meteorologist. 1988 February 25. 1 sound cassette. Interview conducted by Richard Rotunno, 25 February 1988. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

42 years of research on atmospheric disturbances with Tetsuya Theodore Fujita. Meteorologist. Talk presented by T. T. Fujita at the American Meteorological Society's Severe Storms Conference. 1988 February 24. 1 sound cassette. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

Oral history interview with E. B. (Eric Bradshaw) Kraus, 1913‑. Meteorologist. 1987. 3 sound cassettes. Interview conducted by Chester Newton on October 28 and November 6, 1987. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

Oral history interview with Julius London, 1917‑. Meteorologist. 1987 May 21. 2 sound cassettes. Interview conducted by Warren Washington and J. Kiehl on 21 May 1987. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

Oral history interview with Chester W. Newton, 1920‑. Meteorologist. 1990 March 13. 2 sound cassettes. Interview conducted by J. C. Fankhauser and M. A. Shapiro on 13 March 1990. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

Oral history interview with Norman A. Phillips, 1923‑. 1989 October 2‑3. Sound recordings: 4 sound cassettes, 2 sessions. Transcript: 85 p. Interview was conducted on 2‑3 October 1989 by Tony Hollingsworth, Warren Washington, Joe Tribbia, and Akira Kasahara for the American Meteorological Society tape recorded interview project.

Oral history interview with Herbert Riehl, 1915‑. Meteorologist. 1989. 2 sound cassettes. Interview conducted by Joanne Simpson on 9 September 1989. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

Oral history interview with Joanne Simpson. Meteorologist. 1989. 2 sound cassettes. Interview conducted by Margaret LeMone on 6 September 1989. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

Oral history interview with Joseph Smagorinsky. Meteorologist. 1986. 2 sound cassettes. Interview conducted by John Young on 15 May 1986. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.

Oral history interview with Philip Duncan Thompson. Meteorologist. 1987. 3 sound cassettes. Interview conducted by J. Tribbia and A. Kasahara on 15‑16 December 1987. Forms part of the American Meteorological Society Recorded Interview Project. AMS approval required for access.


Rockefeller Archive Center. 15 Dayton Ave., Pocantico Hills, North Tarrytown, NY 10591‑1598, USA. Contact: Lee R. Hiltzik.

Papers of Abraham Pais, 1918‑2000. Physicist and author. After World War II he studied with Niels Bohr at the Institute of Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen, coming to the U.S. in 1946 to work at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study. In 1963 he joined the faculty at Rockefeller University; named Detlev W. Bronk Professor in 1981; retired in 1988. Interested in elementary particles, formulating theories on their arrangement and also on unification of strong, weak and electro‑magnetic forces which became the foundations for many late 20th‑century advancements in particle physics. Later in life became interested in history of science, writing a biography of Albert Einstein titled "Subtle is the lord...The science and the life of Albert Einstein" in 1982, which won the American Book Award in Science in 1983. Also authored books on Niels Bohr and his own autobiography. Collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts, scientific notebooks, subject files, lecture notes, photographs, and reprints. Materials document the career of a prominent theoretical physicist who helped establish the foundation for modern particle physics. 36 cu. ft. Collection is closed to researchers pending processing.


State University of New York at Albany, Archives, University Libraries, B‑43, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222, USA. Contact: Geoff Williams.

Papers of Charles Luther Andrews, 1908‑. Physicist; on faculty at SUNY Albany from 1944‑1977, engaged in research projects with General Electric in Schenectady, primarily related to X‑rays and optics. Includes correspondence, biographical materials, offprints, and data notebooks on experiments on the absorption of x‑rays. 1936‑1967. 0.75 cu. ft.

Papers of Roger Cheng. Cheng was a research associate at the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center from 1966 to 1999. He was a specialist in the use of the electron microscope to photograph atmospheric particulates. Cheng was actively involved with Vincent Schaefer in the National Science Institutes of the 1960s and 1970s, which sought to give high school students field scientific research experience. Contains correspondence regarding the publication of his photos and presentations at professional meetings, copies of his publications, and photographs of Atmospheric Sciences Research Center activities and National Science Institutes. 1966‑2000. 3.0 cu. ft.

Papers of Raymond Falconer. Meteorologist; early research associate at the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center (ASRC); directed studies at the Whiteface Mountain Observatory; research done at Mount Washington Observatory; head of GE Weather Bureau; worked on Project Cirrus with Vincent Schaefer; weather forecaster in Albany, NY. Papers document the establishment and research programs of the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center's Whiteface Mountain Observatory, particularly meteorological and pollution studies. Also contains a complete record of his scientific activities at the Mount Washington Observatory, 1942‑1946; at General Electric in Schenectady (where he headed the GE Weather Bureau), 1947‑1957, including his work on Project Cirrus and long‑range weather forecasting. Contains documents from his work as assistant to Vincent Schaefer at Munitalp, 1947‑1948, and weather forecasts he gave for Albany, New York radio stations from the mid‑1960s through the mid‑1990s. Includes film, video tape, weather data, weather forecasts, and correspondence. 1942‑1999. 97 cu. ft. Much of the collection is currently unavailable until treated for mold and mildew.

Papers of Eugene McLaren. McLaren, a professor of chemistry and University administrator during the 1960s, and later an Atmospheric Sciences Research Center researcher, fostered the rapid development of the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center. Contains primarily official proposals and reports of the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center (ASRC) during the 1960s, and correspondence relating to international conferences sponsored by or attended by ASRC staff in the 1970s and 1980s. 1959‑1987. 3.5 cu. ft.

Records of the State University of New York at Albany, Atmospheric Sciences Research Center. A SUNY research center, the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center was established in 1960 and located on the University at Albany campus. Its mission was to foster basic and applied research related to atmospheric phenomena and their environmental consequences. The Center has concentrated on study of cloud physics, atmospheric electricity, solar and alternative sources of energy, air pollution, aerobiology, and Antarctic meteorology. Includes annual reports, 1970‑83; programs of the center, 1970‑84; and publications, 1961‑84. For additional records representing the ASRC see the papers of research scientists Vincent Schaefer, Raymond Falconer, Eugene McLaren, and Roger Cheng, also at this repository. 1959‑1984. 5 cu. ft.

Records of the State University of New York at Albany, Center for the Study of Science and Society. The Center was founded in 1967 as an outcome of discussions between Evan R. Collins, president of SUNYA and Eugene Rabinowitch about establishing a research center which would be concerned with the impact of science and technology on public policy. During that year Rabinowitch worked with Eugene McLaren, Assistant Dean of the Division of Science and Mathematics, to organize and map out the center's program and goals. By 1968 the Center for Science and the Future of Human Affairs had been created with the goal of developing interdisciplinary research programs which would examine the impact of science and technology on humanity at the personal and social levels, and ways to approach education in a scientific age. In July 1968 Eugene Rabinowitch's son Victor was hired as Director of the center, while his father served as senior administrator and manager at the pleasure of the University president. The Center conducted at least four conferences. However, Victor Rabinowitch resigned in 1970, and by 1972 it had ceased operations. Contains the papers of Eugene Rabinowitch, Victor Rabinowitch, and Eugene H. McLaren. Files consist of incoming and outgoing correspondence, memoranda, reports, budgets, and financial statements, grant proposals, conference programs and papers, participant lists, resumes, press releases, reprints, pamphlets, leaflets, and clippings. Include details of the history, structure, and activities of the Center. There are files relating to grants which funded the Center; detailing the Center's relationship with other offices and departments on the SUNYA campus; relationship with SUNY Central Administration and the New York legislature. Several files detail the conferences and symposia sponsored by the Center. Also includes files containing materials from or about similar public policy programs at other institutions. 1967‑1971. 2.33 cu. ft.

Papers of Alfred H. Woodcock. Oceanographer and Emeritus Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. Born 1905. From 1949 to 1953 published a series of groundbreaking scientific papers about research on atmospheric sea salt. Later published research on the behavior of atmospheric sea salt in hurricanes. In the early 1950s began research into the physics and chemistry of warm rain in Hawaii called Project Shower. In 1961 awarded honorary PhD in science from Long Island University. Research affiliate in University of Hawaii's Department of Oceanography from 1963‑1972 and research associate at the Hawaiian Institute of Geophysics. Did research on dormant volcanoes and developed a theory of "mountain breathing". In the 1970s became interested in fog formation, conducting research in Alaska and at Woods Hole, MA. In 1994 received a lifetime achievement award from the American Meteorological Society. Materials document Woodcock's correspondence and scientific research. Correspondence (1930‑1995) includes correspondence from the scientists that Woodcock worked and collaborated with, as well as carbons of his own correspondence, plus journal articles and a small amount of personal correspondence. Most is related to topics Woodcock was investigating. Very little correspondence is from the years 1930‑1950. Major collaborators were atmospheric scientist Duncan Blanchard; U.S. Navy scientist James Hughes; atmospheric chemist James Lodge; and atmospheric researcher Sean Twomey. Scientific research files date from 1937‑1986 and consist of original data collected by Woodcock, as well as journal articles, record books and photographs. Major research projects covered include Woodcock's study of atmospheric sea salt, 1950‑1965; Project Shower, a major study of warm rain in Hawaii, 1954‑1957; fog studies, 1977‑1981. In some files the topic can cover many years with significant gaps; sometimes multiple topics are covered within one file. Dates of research are those in which the primary research was conducted; other materials may be included that predate the primary research. 1930‑1995. 7.25 cu. ft.


Syracuse University. Archives and Records Management. E. S. Bird Library, Syracuse, NY 13244. Contact: Edward L. Galvin.

Papers of Joseph W. (Joseph Woodrow) Weinberg, 1917‑2002. Theoretical physicist. Ph.D. University of California at Berkeley, 1943. Taught at University of California at Berkeley, University of Minnesota, and Case Western Reserve University before coming to Syracuse University in 1969, where he was named the William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor in Physics. Papers include correspondence, scientific notes, projects and papers. 1947‑1982. 5 archives boxes.


University of Minnesota. Charles Babbage Institute. Center for the History of Computing. University of Minnesota Libraries, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Contact: Elisabeth Kaplan.

Papers of William A. Higinbotham. Physicist; Brookhaven National Laboratory. The collection contains memoranda and correspondence from November 1948 about the operation of the EDVAC including a Moore School memorandum and Higinbotham's memorandum; United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) memorandum on EDVAC support from January 1949, and related outgoing AEC correspondence from 1948‑1949. Also included is a letter from R. E. Meagher to Gerald F. Tape of Brookhaven concerning the construction of an ILLIAC‑type machine in Brookhaven. 1948‑1955. 0.1 cu. ft. (1 box)


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