AIP History Center Newsletter
Photos and Quotes included in the
Fall 2003 Issue of the CHP Newsletter

Click directly on any photo to see a larger image.


We are most likely to learn the best methods of discovering truth, by examining how truths, now universally recognized, have really been discovered.

—William Whewell


Lord Kelvin and his assistant conducting an experiment with an azimuth mirror Ether-Drift Interferometer

Einstein, Paul Ehrenfest, Paul Langevin, Heike Kammerlingh-Onnes, and Pierre Weiss

Lord Kelvin and his assistant conducting an experiment with an azimuth mirror. From Kelvin the Man: a Biographical Sketch by His Niece, by Agnes Gardner King (London: Hodder and Stoughton, [1925]). This and some pictures in later pages were found in books that are being microfilmed under the Niels Bohr Library's Program to preserve brittle books for posterity. Photo courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives.

Ether-Drift Interferometer, as used by Morley and Miller in 1903-1905 The experiments made with this instrument, in Cleveland, gave negative results: no ether-drift was found. Einstein called these experiments decisive and based his entire theory upon the failure to measure an ether-drift by Michelson and Morley in 1887, and by Morley and Miller in 1904. From: Gravitation Versus Relativity, by Charles Lane Poor (New York; London: G.P. Putnam's Son's, 1922).Photo courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives.

 

 

Einstein, Paul Ehrenfest, Paul Langevin, Heike Kammerlingh-Onnes, and Pierre Weiss at Ehrenfest's home, Leyden, the Netherlands. From Einstein, His Life and Times, by Philipp Frank (New York: A.A. Knopf, 1947). Photo courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives.

 


There are ancient cathedrals which, apart from their consecrated purpose, inspire solemnity and awe. Even the curious visitor speaks of serious things, with hushed voice... The labor of generations of architects and artisans has been forgotten, the scaffolding erected for their toil has long since been removed, their mistakes have been erased, or have become hidden by the dust of centuries. Seeing only the perfection of the completed whole, we are impressed as by some superhuman agency. But sometimes we enter such an edifice that is still partly under construction; then the sound of hammers, the reek of tobacco, the trivial jests bandied from workman to workman, enable us to realize that these great structures are but the result of giving to ordinary human effort a direction and a purpose.... Science has its cathedrals, built by the efforts of a few architects and of many workers.

—Gilbert N. Lewis and Merle Randall

Young Max Planck T. A. Edison (" The Old Man" ), playing baseball, circa 1920 Meggers at work, National Bureau of Standards, circa 1919
Young Max Planck. From Schöpfer des neuen Weltbildes: grosse Physiker unserer Zeit. Bonn: Athenaüm-Verlag, 1952. Photo courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives. T. A. Edison (" The Old Man" ), playing baseball, circa 1920.Photograph by W.F. Meggers, photo courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives, W.F. Meggers Collection. Meggers at work, National Bureau of Standards, circa 1919. Photograph by W.F. Meggers, photo courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives, W. F. Meggers Collection.
Drawn by Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes, view of his laboratory Self-Portrait of Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes
Drawn by Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes,
view of his laboratory.
Self-Portrait of
Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes.
From Het Natuurkundig laboratium der Ruiksuniversiteit te Leiden in de jaren 1904-1922: Gedenkoek aangeboden aan H. Kammerlingh Onnes, (Leiden: E. Ijdo, 1922).Photo courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives.

National Academy of Sciences' Conference on Quantum Mechanics held at Shelter Island, NY in June 1947

Mystery Picture:

This photo is from the landmark National Academy of Sciences' Conference on Quantum Mechanics held at Shelter Island, NY in June 1947. The conference is sometimes called the birthplace of modern quantum electrodynamics. Left to right: D. MacInnes, Karl Darrow, ___________________, Robert Oppenheimber, Victor Weisskopf.

Can anyone identify the mystery man in the middle?


The Historical approach to understanding of scientific fact is what differentiates the scholar in science from the mere experimenter.

—E.G. Boring


More photos accompanied these articles in the Fall 2002 newsletter:


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