Center's Program of Grants-in-Aid Expands
Thanks to the generosity of the Friends of the AIP Center for History of Physics, we have been able to continue and even expand our program of grants-in-aid for research in the history of modern physics and allied sciences and their social interactions. (The grants are used only to reimburse expenses, especially travel to use the resources of the Center's Niels Bohr Library or to conduct oral history interviews of which copies will be deposited there). Although the amounts are modest--ranging from a few hundred dollars to a maximum of $2,500--they have proved very helpful, especially to students and to scholars from nations where historical research finds little funding. For information on how to apply see the article entitled "Grant-in-Aid."
The projects of the recipients display a cross-section of current research, striking in its broad variety of topics and the range and sophistication of research approaches. Since the last report in this Newsletter (Spring 1994), grants have been awarded to: Amy Sue Bix for research on America's depression-era debate over technological unemployment; Roberta Brawer for the history and anthropology of current cosmology; Ronald E. Doel for oral history interviews in academic geophysics and international relations; Gennady Gorelik for a comparative study of the Russian and American thermonuclear programs; David Hochfelder for the history of theory and practice in electrical engineering, notably telegraph, ca. 1840-1905; Helmut Kaphengst for research on Minkowski and Einstein; Alexei Kojevnikov for a history of masers in the Soviet Union as compared to the United States; Helge Kragh for the history of the development of modern cosmology ca. 1945-1970; Myanna Lahsen for an ethnography of climate modelers; Natalia Lebedeva for the history of lasers in France as compared with the United States; Mazyzar Lotfalian for a study of modern Islamic science (interviews with Muslim physicists); Grant Nebel for the role of visual thinking in Feynman Diagrams and the transformation of postwar physics; Gábor Pállo for the 20th-century scientific emigration from Hungary; JoAnn Palmeri for interactions of cosmography, cosmology and culture in America in the 1950s-1960s; Kevin D. Pang for the history of study of the earth's variable rotation rate; Peter Parides for research on policy-making resulting from the American and British atomic bomb projects; Elizabeth Paris for the history of lepton-lepton colliding beams; Michel Pinault for biographical work on Fréderic Joliot-Curie; Yuri Ranyuk for the history of nuclear physics in Ukraine; Samuel Schweber for a biography of Hans Bethe; Ana Isabel Simoes for the development of quantum chemistry in Great Britain; Kent W. Staley for evidence and decision making in the search for the top quark; and Steven Weiss for research on the history of the ill-fated Super-Conducting Supercollider.