Documentation Preserved: Report from the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied SciencesCompiled by Caroline Moseley
This is our regular survey of archives and other repositories giving information on materials of interest to historians and others, not previously reported in this Newsletter. Many of these are new deposits not yet processed; others have restricted access. Please contact the repository for further information.
University of Toronto. University Archives. Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A5 (contact: Harold Averill).
Oral history interview with Henry John Cunningham Ireton. Professor Emeritus, Department of Physics, University of Toronto. Interview (by Charles Roger Myers) covers family background and early education, 1912-1973. Focuses on the Dept. of Physics. Discusses prominent international physicists, the effects of both World Wars on physics research. Sept.- Oct. 1973. 3 sound tape reels (171 mins.).
Papers of Derek A. L. Paul, 1929-. Studied at Cambridge University and Queen's University in Ontario. Physics professor at the University of Toronto. Research interests include electron and positron interactions with atoms and molecules, positronium, and nuclear beta decay. Papers document the career of Paul as a professor of physics and a specialist in nuclear energy at the University of Toronto, as a founding member of Science for Peace, and as member of other groups involved in disarmament and peace initiatives. Included are course notes and term papers, course material and lecture notes; correspondence, notes, drafts of reports on aspects of nuclear energy; minutes of meetings, drafts of articles, offprints, addresses, and conference files. 1947-1992. 2.24 meters.
Papers of James Douglas Prentice, 1930-. Professor of physics at the University of Toronto. Research interests include high energy particle physics, high energy Hadron interactions and Hadron spectroscopy. Correspondence, course and lecture notes; administrative, professional and other personal interest files; drafts of manuscripts, addresses, and photoprints documenting the career of Prentice as a specialist in particle physics. Well documented is his involvement with the research facilities at CERN, DESY, CESR, CHEER, and FNAL; professional organizations such as the Canadian Association of Physicists and the Institute of Particle Physics; and, at the University of Toronto, the University Research Association and Women in Natural Sciences (SHEWINS). 1949-1993. 5.6 meters.
Oral history interview with Harry Lambert Welsh, 1910-. Chairman, Department of Physics, University of Toronto. Interview (by Paul A. Bator) covers Welsh's career and the history of the Dept. of Physics at the University of Toronto, its faculty and students. Focusses on his undergraduate days and decision to choose science, the influence of Sir John McLennan, graduate student observations of Germany in the 1930s, effects of World War II on the Dept., including the radar training school and post-war expansion of the department and advances in fields of astronomy, geophysics, and computer science. Oct.- Dec. 1978. 8 sound tape reels (375 mins.).
Oral history interview with John Tuzo Wilson, 1908-1993. Professor of Geophysics and Principal, Erindale College. Interview (by Paul A. Bator) goes from early education to his Principalship of Erindale College. Focusses on the period 1926-1976, his undergraduate education in physics and geology at the University of Toronto. Discusses the Dept. of Physics, faculty, curricula, student activities at Trinity College, his involvement with international scientific organizations, and Erindale College. Aug. 15 1983. 3 sound tape reels (79 mins.).
Bodleian Library. Dept. of Western Manuscripts. Oxford, England, UK (contact: Archivist).
Addition to papers of Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1907-1995. Theoretical physics (quantum theory of solids of electromagnetic fields and of the nucleus; World War II work on atomic energy). Professor of Applied Mathematics, later Mathematical Physics, University of Birmingham. 1963-1974 Wykeham Professor of Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford. This collection comprises not only continuing material for Peierls's activities since 1974, but early correspondence and papers relating to family and career. Biographical and personal papers are the largest component, providing new material on Peierls's own career and opinions, and on his many honors and awards. Family papers and correspondence, including from Peierls's father and stepmother and some to his wife Genia. Verses and sketches for parties and celebrations, circular letters to family and friends. Research and teaching material relates to work after 1974. Papers on weapons control and security expand some of the material in the previous collection, including Pugwash conferences. Papers on history of science include some original material relating to the 'Frisch-Peierls memorandum' of 1940 on the feasibility of an atomic weapon. Also many recollections and tributes from leading figures, including many notable German and Russian scientists, and correspondence with writers, researchers, and media journalists about his recollections. Publications and editorial papers include documentation of service on the Editorial Board of Contemporary Physics and of the publication of his own later books including Bird of Passage, Surprises in Theoretical Physics, and its sequel More Surprises.... Documentation of committees, societies, and consultancies is not extensive, but there is material on his consultancies with the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, and the Science and Engineering Council Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory. Substantial material relating to visits, lectures and conferences, and his long association with the University of Washington at Seattle. Scientific correspondence and references and recommendations relate, with few exceptions, to the post-1974 period. Many of his carbon copies are on poor quality paper and fading. Ca. 1930s-1995.
Papers of Herbert Marcus Powell, 1906-. Taught at Oxford University where he pioneered x-ray crystallography. University Demonstrator and, in 1944, Reader in Chemical Crystallography and Head of the Chemical Crystallography Laboratory, then given a Personal Chair in 1963. Biographical material includes obituaries, curricula vitae and Powell's autobiographical drafts principally relating to his family background and education. Also examples of his short stories and other fiction. Oxford University material includes Powell's undergraduate notes on the lectures of F. Soddy, C. N. Hinshelwood, J. W. J. Taylor and D. L. Chapman 1925 and 1926. Chemical crystallography material is not extensive but includes a few papers from or relating to Dorothy Hodgkin and Powell's historical notes on the development of chemical crystallography at Oxford. Lectures from 1928 to about 1940, including lecture notes during a visit to the mineralogy institute of the University of Leipzig in 1930. Also later notes and drafts of 1950s work in inert gases, tri-o-thymotide, etc. Drafts of some lectures 1953-1968 and of his scientific papers 1942-1966. Biographical accounts of colleagues in crystallography and chemistry including early recollections of Hodgkin and drafts for text by Powell of a general or popular scientific nature. Visits and conference material cover the period 1948-1974, especially his 1962 visit to China, also visits to Romania in 1964 and Russia in 1966 and 1969. Notes and drafts on linguistics, language representation. Scientific correspondence, not extensive, with correspondents including scientific colleagues such as W. Baker, F. G. Mann and R. S. Nyholm and industrial concerns interested in the applications of Powell's work such as the British Oxygen Company, Imperial Chemical Industries, and Johnson, Matthey and Company. 1925-1974.
University of East Anglia. Climatic Research Unit Library. Norwich NR4 7TJ, England, UK (contact: Archivist/Librarian).
Papers of Guy Steward Callendar. Contains research notebooks, many concerning climate in different areas of the world, and correspondence. Correspondents include: Kaplan, Kraus, Lamb, Manley, Mitchell, Plass, Schell, and D. J. Schove. Ca. 1936-1964. Ca. 93 notebooks and 100 letters.
The Israel Museum. Jerusalem, POB 71117, Jerusalem 91710, Israel (contact: Ms. Ruth Apter-Gabriel).
Manuscript on the Special Theory of Relativity by Albert Einstein, 1879-1955. Physicist (evolution of physics, relativity, quantum mechanics, field theory). Lengthiest of Einstein's three major manuscripts on relativity. 72 pages. (Purchased from Sotheby's in March 1996 and donated to the Israel Museum).
California Institute of Technology. Institute Archives. Mail Code 015A-74, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA (contact: Judith Goodstein or Shelley Erwin).
Papers of Gerald Joseph Wasserburg, 1927-. Professor of Geology and Geophysics at Caltech and 1986 Crafoord Laureate. 9 lin. ft. (First deposit, unprocessed).
In addition, the Caltech oral history interview with Robert Leighton is now open to researchers.
Iowa State University. Archives of Women in Science and Engineering. 403 Parks Library, Special Collections, Ames, IA 50011-2140, USA (contact: Tanya L. Zanish).
Records of the Association for Women Geoscientists. Denver Chapter. The Association for Women Geoscientists was founded in 1977 with approximately 50 members in the Bay area of San Francisco. The first chapter formed in 1979 when a group in Denver became associated with the San Francisco group. The chapter currently holds numerous annual events as well as monthly dinner meetings that cover a variety of geoscience topics. The chapter also publishes a newsletter and sponsors student awards and workshops. The collection contains correspondence, minutes, conference programs, agendas, newsletters, brochures, guidelines, receipts, budgets, photographs, and negatives. The Operations manual was produced by AWG for the local chapters and contains information on committees, meetings, and the histories of the individual chapters. The correspondence series contains letters that discuss the operation and meetings of the Denver chapter while the Conference series documents conferences from 1982, 1984, and 1992. The administrative records and minutes consists of minutes, membership and committee information, reports, and Executive Committee minutes. The Outreach series includes employment information for the early 1970s, student awards and a speakers bureau, the Printed materials and publicity series contains publicity for the group, chapter newsletters, brochures, and GAEA newsletters, and the Financial records series includes receipts and bank statements. 1980s-1994.
National Archives and Records Administration. Textual Reference Branch. Archives II, College Park, MD 20740 (contact: Archivist).
Records of the United States. Defense Nuclear Agency. Contains general records of the Defense Atomic Support Agency. 1951-1973.
Rice University. Fondren Library. Woodson Research Center. P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77001, USA (contact: Nancy Boothe or Steve Johns).
Addition to papers of William Vermillion Houston, 1900-1968. Physicist and President of Rice University, 1946-1961. President of American Physical Society, 1962. The addition to Houston's papers primarily contains material generated through Houston's educational activities and his scientific research activities. Organizations and committees represented include the American Institute of Physics, the American Physical Society, the National Science Foundation, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Committee on Undersea Warfare. Collection includes correspondence, minutes, and reports. 8 lin. ft.
Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of American History. Archives Center. Room C340, MRC 601, Washington, DC 20560, USA (contacts: Robert Harding or for computer collection, Alison Oswald).
Computer Oral History Collection. This project was a cooperative effort of the American Federation of Information Processing Societies (AFIPS) and the Smithsonian Institution. The project began in 1967 with the main object to collect, document, house, and make available for research use source material documenting the development of the computer. The project collected taped oral history interviews with individuals who figured prominently in development or advancing the computer field. The project also acquired written documentation: working papers, reports, drawings, and photographs. The collection contains over 200 oral history interviews, transcripts and supplemental materials documenting the development of the computer. Materials include videotapes, John Vincent Atanasoff material, working papers, reports, drawings and photographs. 1969-1973, 1977. Approx. 39 cu. ft. This collection has recently been processed.
Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Collection. The collection contains bound volumes, correspondence, newspaper clippings, oversize maps, and some ephemera collected by NMAH curators for possible inclusion in that portion of the "Science in American Life" exhibit that focuses on the SSC story. Includes materials from each of the states selected by the DOE as finalists in the site competition, representing documents created by both supporters and opponents of the SSC. Highlights include sets of original site proposals from all states except one (Texas), maps of proposed SSC sites, extensive newspaper clipping files from local and regional newspapers, and other items such as bumper stickers, placards, posters and signs. 1985-1992.
University of California, San Diego. Archives of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Code C-075-C, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA (contact: Deborah Day).
Papers of Robert Siple Arthur, 1916-1995. Physical oceanographer and professor of oceanography at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO). The collection consists of papers which largely document Arthur's career as a professor of oceanography at SIO. Included are course notes for UCLA meteorology and oceanography courses, 1948-1961, taught by Arthur. The collection also includes extensive notes on students of oceanography, 1938-1959; these notes were apparently compiled for a report by the Committee on Education and Recruitment of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography in 1960. 1940-1989. 0.8 cu. ft.
Addition to papers of Theodore Robert Folsom, 1908-1989. Physicist and oceanographer (fallout radioactivity in the marine environment). One of several Scripps Institution of Oceanography scientists who served as consultants on a number of the Pacific atomic tests of the 1950s (Ivy, Castle, Wigwam, Redwing). Additions include biographical files and photographs documenting Folsom's early career, and teaching files, laboratory notebooks and project files documenting his work during the period 1982-1985. 1941-1985. 2 cu. ft.
Papers of Edward Allen Frieman, 1926-. Physicist (plasma physics) at Princeton University, 1952-1979; director of energy research in the U.S. Dept. of Energy, 1979-1981; executive vice president of Science Applications International Corporation, 1981-1986; director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and vice chancellor of marine sciences at UCSD. Papers include correspondence, manuscripts of lectures and publications, subject files, teaching files, reprints, notes and calculations. Papers largely document Frieman's years as a plasma physicist at Princeton University, but include some papers and a scrapbook documenting his work for the U.S. Dept. of Energy and his years at Science Applications International Corporation. The collection includes a small amount of material concerning his appointment and work as director of the SIO and vice chancellor of marine sciences at UCSD, and some documentation of Frieman's work as science advisor to the government. 1952-1986. 15 cu. ft.
Class notes of Sheldon Levin. Lt. (j.g.) USNR. Levin was assigned to the Scripps Institution of Oceanography during the summer of 1944 to take a course in sea, well, and surf forecasting methods taught by Harald U. Sverdrup and Walter H. Munk. Levin's notebook includes mimeographed class handouts, notes on lectures, and detailed descriptions of sea, swell, and surf forecasting techniques. Military meteorologists used these techniques to predict surf conditions for allied landings in Europe, North Africa, and the Pacific during World War II. 1944.
Addition to the papers of Walter H. Munk, 1917-. Geophysicist and oceanographer. Munk served as assistant and associate professor of geophysics at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography from 1947 to 1954 when he became professor of geophysics in the University of California Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics. Munk founded the Institute and served as its director from 1959 to 1984. Collection includes travel files, documentation of ATOC project, subject files, correspondence with Roger Revelle and Henry Stommel. 1955-1996. 3 cu. ft.
Papers of Melvin Norman Adolph Peterson, 1929-1995. Geologist (marine geology) at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Chief scientist of Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) at Scripps, 1967-1971, and director of DSDP from 1971. First chief scientist of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 1987-1989; director of Ocean Policy Institute of the Pacific Forum in Honolulu, 1989-1995. The papers consist of two series, papers documenting Peterson's life and early career, and papers documenting his work on the Deep Sea Drilling Project. The first series includes biographical information, correspondence dated 1959-1991, notes and manuscripts of publications, laboratory notebooks, correspondence dated 1959-1991, and subject files including files relevant to the Pacific Research Foundation, Arctic drilling projects, and files documenting Peterson's position as chief scientist for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The DSDP series includes files generated and collected by Peterson during his years as principal investigator and project manager of DSDP. The files include copies of evaluations of DSDP conducted by the National Science Foundation, DSDP subcontractor reports, DSDP program plans, 1967-1987, information on DSDP personnel including cruise rosters, DSDP annual program reviews, 1971-1977, monthly reports dated 1968-1987, press releases and reprints, slides and GLOMAR Challenger demobilization plans. 1955-1995. 17 cu. ft. (Scripps is also the repository for the records of the Deep Sea Drilling Project).
Addition to the papers of James M. Snodgrass, 1908-1994. Oceanographic instrumentation designer and developer; headed the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Special Development Unit from its creation in 1951 until 1974. Substantial addition to the Snodgrass papers. Collection includes correspondence documenting Snodgrass's education and early career, subject files, manuscripts of lectures, photographs and blueprints of instruments and films of their deployment at sea, office calendars, and project files. 1937-1994. 38 cu. ft.
University of California at Santa Cruz. Mary Lea Shane Archives of the Lick Observatory. McHenry Library - Rm. 359, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA (contact: Dorothy Schaumberg)
Papers of Albert Edward Whitford, 1905-. Astronomer, Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Emeritus at the University of California at Santa Cruz, and former Director of the Lick Observatory. Collection includes correspondence. (Unprocessed). University of Houston. University Libraries. Special Collections Dept. Houston, TX 77204-2091, USA (contact: Margaret R. O'Brien).
Papers of Jagdish Mehra. Physicist (quantum physics) and historian of science. This collection includes many major titles in physics, mathematics, the philosophy of science, and literature. Monographs are primarily in English, French and German. In addition to the 20th century material, the collection features books from the 17th through 19th centuries. The collection also includes audio tapes and transcripts of Dr. Mehra's interviews, conversations and discussions with over 75 major physicists, astrophysicists and cosmologists, as well as tapes of historic lecture programs. Manuscript materials include correspondence with leading figures in science, mathematics, philosophy, and literature; there are also a large number of unpublished photographs of well-known scientists, philosophers and literati. The Jagdish Mehra collection will be housed in a special facility expected to open in the Fall of 1997; until this time please direct questions to the Dept. of Special Collections and Archives.
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. University Archives. Room 19, Library, 1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA (contact: William Maher).
Additions to papers of Felix T. Adler, 1911-1979, and Donatella Adler, 1921-1986. Felix Adler (neutron physics, reactor physics) was a staff member at General Atomic, Division of General Dynamics (1956-1958), a consultant at Los Alamos National Laboratory (1961-1978) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1966-1968), a member of the American Nuclear Society Program Committee (1968-1974). Donatella Adler (research on: pion-proton scattering, neutron transport theory, and reactor physics) was a staff member at General Atomic, Division of General Dynamics (1958) and a consultant at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1966) and Argonne National Laboratory (1968). Additions contain scrapbooks and photographs. Ca. 1 cu. ft.
Papers of Hans Frauenfelder, 1922-. Physicist (particle physics). Professor of physics University of Illinois at Urbana, 1958-. Collection contains correspondence, student notebooks, reprints, teaching materials, notebooks for task forces and meetings, and materials relating to his retirement symposium. Ca. 21 cu. ft.
Oral history interview with Nick Holonyak Jr., 1928-. Professor of electrical and computer engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1963-. Transcription of interview conducted by Frederick Nebeker. Holonyak primarily discusses the work of Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley on the transistor, and also his own work with John Moll at Bell Telephone Laboratories in the late 1950s. Includes autobiographical information. 22 June 1993. 1 transcript.
Also, a major addition to the papers of John Bardeen (previously reported in this Newsletter) has been processed.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Archives. McLean Lab., MS 8, 360 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA (contact: Margot Brown).
Papers of Allyn Collins Vine, 1914-1994. Physicist and oceanographer. On the scientific staff at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution from 1940 until his death. Research interests included submarines, World War II Fleet boat work, bathythermographs (BT) and other instruments, and underwater sound work relating to detection/evasion of enemy ships during World War II. Best known for his involvement with the design and construction of Alvin, the first U.S. deep-diving research submersible, and for his work with BT. Papers include correspondence, subject files, printed matter, reports, writings, notebooks, research data, blueprints, photographs, and other materials relating to his career at WHOI, his work with the U.S. Navy, and from other professional activities. Ca. 1939-1980. 8 lin. ft.