AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXXI, No. 2, Fall 1999


Documentation Preserved: Report from the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences
Compiled by Caroline Moseley

Académie des Sciences. 23 quai Conti, 75006 Paris, France

Papers of Jules Janssen, 1824-1907. Astrophysicist, member of the Académie des Sciences and the Bureau des Longitudes, Jules Janssen founded the Physical Astronomy Observatory of Meudon, France. His work was mainly with the application of spectroscopy and photography in astronomy. Diaries (scientific observations, travel notes, expenses), correspondence, notebooks, bibliography, etc. Papers concern scientific expeditions for the spectroscopic observation of solar eclipses, and transits of Venus; foundation of several observatories (the Physical Astronomy Observatory in Meudon and at the summits of the Pic-du-Midi, Pyrennées, and Mont-Blanc, France), and photography. Correspondents include: Babinet, Déherais, Desains, Dumas, Edison, Eiffel, Élie de Beaumont, Faye, Fizeau, Flammarion, Huggins, Lockyer, Sainte-Claire Deville, Warren de la Rue, etc. 1857-1907. 26 cu. ft. The Archives also have separate biographical files of Janssen including reprints of articles, biographical materials, and photographs; also many manuscripts, and letters from Janssen to Dumas (in particular relating to Venus Transit observations in Japan in 1874). 1863-1920. 1 file.

Reports of Conférence interalliée des académie scientifiques: Proceedings of the Inter-Allied Conference of Scientific Academies (November 26-29, 1918), Académie des Sciences (France). The goal of this meeting was to examine the future of post World War I scientific relationships between Allies and with former enemies. Attendees included: Borel, Painlevé, Schuster, Jeans, Hale, Volterra, Perrier, Lallemand, Bigourdan, Hurmuzeco, Picard, Massart, Fantoile, Dyson, Lacroix, Lecointe. This volume reproduces speeches and discussions concerning the role of science in war, international collaboration after the war between Allied countries and exclusion of the Central Empires (Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Turkey), the establishment of the International Research Council, the Astronomical Union, and the International Geodesic Union. Also includes discussions about the organization of reference bibliographies and international laboratories. 1918. 1 vol.

Records of Commission de la défense nationale, Académie des Sciences (France). The Commission de la défense nationale de l’Académie des Sciences was created in 1914 to give an impulse to scientific research of interest to the war effort, and to examine proposition submitted by the Ministry of War. Contains the articles, notes, reports, etc. examined by the Commission, proceedings of the meetings of the Physics and Chemistry Commissions (1915-1916), correspondence with the French Government and with the Allies (esp. Italy), and some studies undertaken by members of different Commissions. Physicists involved include: Amagat, Paul Appel, Arsène d’Arsonval, G. Bigourdan, André Blondel, Valentin Boussinesq, Edouard Branly, Georges Claude, Gaston Darboux, Henri Deslandres, Jacques Hadamard, Lallemand, Gabriel Lippmann, Paul Painlevé, Emile Picard, Victor Puiseux, and many more. Topics include: ballistics, chemical warfare, artillery spotting by means of sound, optics, spectroscopic analysis of flames produced by enemy explosions, submarine warfare, air warfare and aviation, etc. 1914-1919. 1 box.

Commission du passage de Vénus de l’Académie des Sciences (France). First put together in 1869, but disrupted by the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, the Commission du passage de Vénus de l’Académie des Sciences’ objective was to study observations made during the transits of Venus in front of the Sun in 1874 and 1882 and to plan and oversee French expeditions. This collection includes papers generated by the Commission: notes and articles published in the Comptes rendus, proceedings of meetings, manuscripts of notes presented to the Commission, budgets, correspondence with foreign astronomers, the French government, and scientists in charge of expeditions. Topics include observational astronomy, celestial mechanics, spectroscopy, photography, meteorology, etc. Scientists involved include: Airy, André, Angot, Bouquet de la Grye, Delaunay, Dumas, Faye, Fizeau, Fleuriais, Hatt, Janssen, Jurien de la Gravière, Milne-Edwards, Mouchez, Puiseux, Rayet, Tisserand, Wolf, and Yvon Villarceau. One box (#1648) contains the papers of Victor Puiseux, astronomer at the Observatoire de Paris, who mainly worked in celestial mechanics; includes manuscripts of published and unpublished articles, copies of mathematical memoirs, some of his scientific correspondence, and several pages of computation and tables. 1869-1885. 6 boxes.

Commission de l’aéronautique, Académie des Sciences (France). Members of the Commission included Anatole Bouquet de la Grye, Jules Mayer, Maurice Lévy, Marcel Deprez, Henry Léauté, Jules Biolle, Louis Cailetet, Jules Janssen, Paul Appel, Paul Painlevé, Emile Picard, Prince Roland Bonaparte, Henri Deslandres, etc. Replaced by the Commission de la défense national at the outbreak of the war in 1914. Includes the proceedings of monthly meetings, articles submitted to the Commission by various inventors for their expertise, and reports from members of the Commission. Topics covered include hydrodynamics, fluid mechanics, aviation.1902-1914. 1 box.

Archives nationales de France,60 rue des Francs-Bourgeois, 75141 Paris France

French government records concerning the Services des Missions (in charge of scientific expeditions during the 19th century). A government office, the Service des Missions was created in 1842. Among its extremely diverse responsibilities were astronomy, physics, chemistry, and oceanography. In 1935, the Service was included in the Caisse nationale des recherches scientifiques (ancestor of present-day CNRS). Accounting, budgets, credits, and expenses (1842-1947); annual reports; incoming and outgoing correspondence (1873-1889, 1901-1908, 1939); Venus transit (1866-1876); documents concerning international scientific societies (International Geodesic Association, 1889-1917, International Seismology Association, 1902-1921, International Geodesic and Geophysical Union, 1908-1914); expeditions to the Poles (1872-1933). Individual files (19th century) include Antoine d’Addadie (1888), Alluard (astronomy, 1871), Charles André (astronomy, 1874-1889), Alfred Angot (astronomy and meteorology, 1878), Bouquet de la Grye (experiment on gravitation, 1885), R. P. Alexis Bouruenoud (meteorology, 1864), A. Bravais (meteorology, terrestrial physics, Switzerland, 1844), Brunhes (study of Italian physics laboratories, 1900), Marcel Crouillebois (optics, in England, Germany and Russia, 1871-1874), Henri Deslandres (astronomy 1896-1897), Paul Janet (study of industrial physics laboratories in Belgium and Switzerland, 1893), Gavarret (mission on medical physics in Belgium and Holland, 1872), Jules Janssen (astronomy, spectroscopy, 1857-1876), Aymat de La Baume-Pluvinel (solar eclipses, 1889-1890), Émile Lépissier (astronomy in China, 1866), Emmanuel Liais (solar eclipse, 1858), Gabriel Lippmann (electricity in Germany, 1872-1874), J. Lissajous (science teaching at the Vienna Exposition, 1873), Marié-Davy (astronomy, meteorology, magnetism, 1868-1875), E. Mascart (telegraphy in England, 1877), Henri Mormand (electricity at the Budapest Exposition, 1896), contreamiral E. Mouchez (hydrography, astronomy, 1876-1882), A Mouchot (experiments on solar heat, 1877), Jean Perrin (study of organization of laboratories in Holland and Germany, 1898), G. Qesneville (study of physics laboratories in Germany, 1880), R. Radau (study of the teaching of the mathematical sciences in Germany, 1870), Georges Rayet (study of Italian astronomical observatories, 1875), E. Renou (meteorology in France, Austria, Germany, and Switzerland, 1868-1869), Joseph Silbermann (meteorology and volcano eruptions, 1877), E. Stéphan (solar eclipse, 1868), Thollon (spectroscopy, 1879), J. Vallot (meteorological observation, Mont-Blanc, 1887), J. Violle (solar heat in Algeria, 1876). Individual files (for the 20th century) include Henri Becquerel and his son Jean (optical and magnetic research, Leyden, Holland, 1907), Henri Bénard (hydrodynamics, 1929-1935), Édouard Branly (subvention for his laboratory, 1921-1930), Henri Deslandres (astronomical research in California, 1910), N. Giacobini (double stars, 1932-1934), Maurice Hamy (representing France at a Solar Research Conference in California, 1910), Joseph Janin (research on spectroscopy, 1939), Jules Janssen (gas emission in volcanic eruption, Naples, 1904), comte Aymar de La Baume-Pluvinel (observations of diverse solar eclipses, 1893-1914), Lagrula (solar eclipse, 1914), Dr. Latteux (volcanic minerals, 1902 and 1909), comte Henri de Lavaud (solar eclipse, 1905), André Lebreton (mission to the USA to study France’s scientific influence), Jean Mascart (Halley’s comet, 1910), A. Minet (studies in physics and chemistry in Britain and Germany, 1907), Henri Poincaré (USA, 1904), Stefanik (astronomy, meteorology, 1913), Frédéric Viés (solar eclipse, 1912), R. Zauckermann (mission in England to study electronic diffraction methods). 1864-1945.

Ecole de Physique et Chimie. Paris, France

Papers of Georges Claude, 1870-1960.Georges Claude, inventor, physicist, and businessman, founder of the Air Liquide Company. A staunch nationalist during the 1930s, member of the Action Française, candidate for legislative elections, he notoriously endorsed Hitler’s Germany and was condemned to life imprisonment in 1945. Includes reprints and manuscripts of oral communications and papers; laboratory notebooks, experiments on gas fluorescence and luminescence; patents and brochures from the Claude-Paz & Sylva Company; and commercial brochures on liquid air, neon lighting, welding, and terrestrial thermal energy. Incoming correspondence concerning rare gases and fluorescent lighting from scientists and industrialists, including John McLennan and William Ramsay. 52 boxes.

Jewish National and University Library. Dept. of Manuscripts and Archives. POB 503 Jerusalem 91 004, Israel

Notebooks of Hermann Minkowski, 1864-1909. Mathematician (geometry of numbers, quadratic forms). On mathematics faculty of Universität Bonn, 1885-1894; Universität Zürich, 1896-1902; and Universität Göttingen, 1902-1909. The notebooks primarily contain notes and computations on quadratic forms, geometry of numbers, fluid mechanics, number theory, and algebraic functions. In addition, there are notes for lectures delivered by Minkowski while a mathematics professor which cover these topics as well as partial differential equations, hydrodynamics, mechanics, and potential theory. Also included in the notebooks are drafts of articles on the theory of algebraic numbers, the geometry of numbers, and an essay on the history of the theory of probability. Photocopies of these notebooks have been available to researchers in AIP’s Niels Bohr Library and the University of California, Los Angeles for several years. 1882-1906. 4.3 linear ft. (147 notebooks and assorted folios).

Archiwum Polskiej Akademii Nauk. Ul. Nowy Ðwiat 72, 00-300 Warsaw, Poland (contact: Alicja Kulecka).

Files of Wlodzimierz Kolos, 1928-1996. Physical chemist (quantum chemistry and nuclear physics). Professor atWarsaw University (1962-1996), member of Polish Academy of Sciences, European Physical Society, International Academy of Quantum Molecular Sciences. Includes notes and computations. Correspondence with: T. Anderson, O. Bastiansen, L. Biermann, D. M. Bishop, A. D. Buckingham, J. L. Calasi, A. B. Callear, S. Carlton, A. Carrington, P. R. Certain, C. A. Coulson, A. Dalgarno, R. Daudel, J. T. Dowell, K. Fajans, S. Fraga, O. Hassel, D. Herschbach, G. Herzberg, S.Huzinaga, L. Jansen, B. Jerowska-Trzebiatowska, M. Karplus, W. R. Kenan, J. Los, J. Lindenberg, P. O. Löwdin, E. A. C. Lucken, J. Martinson, C. Moser, R. S. Mulliken, Y. Ohrm, W. Opechowski, E. W. Otten, B. Pacznyski, R. S. la Paglia, R. G. Parr, B. Pullman, W. E. Palke, P. M. Parker, H. O. Putchard, N. F. Ramsey, T. W. Richards, C. C. J. Roothaan, T. E. Sharp, W. C. Stanley, H. S.Taylor, G. A. Victor, J. T. Vanderlice, G. Wagnière, M. Weissbluth, M. J. van der Wiel. 625 lin. cm.

Files of Ludwik Wertenstein, 1887-1945. Physicist (nuclear physics, popularization of science). Collaborator of M. Sklodowska-Curie, professor of Free Polish University, head of X-ray Laboratory of Warsaw Scientific Society. Includes notes, descriptions of experiments and a diary. Correspondents include: Cz. Bialobrazeski, M. de Broglie, J. Chadwick, J. D. Cockroft , K. Fajan, L. Infeld, P. Langevin, H. Niewodniczanski, S. Pienkowski, M. Planck, E. Rutherford, M. Sklodoswka-Curie, A. Sommerfeld, W. Swietosloaski, J. Weyssenhoff, S. Ziemecki. 1908-1944. 64 units.

Biblioteka Uniwersytecka w. Warszawie Dziat Rekopisow. Ul.Krakowskie Przedmieñcie 32, 00-927, Warsaw, Poland (contact: Alicja Kulecka).

Files of Stefan Pienkowski, 1883-1953. Physicist (experimental physics). Professor of Warsaw University, rector of Warsaw University (1925-1926, 1933-1936, 1945-1947), director of Institute of Physics of Polish Academy of Sciences (1953). Includes notes for publications and lectures, material on Warsaw University, and correspondence with: Cz. Bialobrzeski, H. Crew, Wl, Dziewulski, L. Infeld, M. Jezewski, F. Joliot-Curie, I. Joliot-Curie, L. P. Marchlewski, W. Natanson, J. Pniewski, J. Rotblat, W. Rubinowiscz, R. Smoluchowski, S. Szczeniowski, W. Swietoslawski, M. Wolfke. 41 units.

Zentralbibliothek Zürich. Handschriftenabteilung. Zürich, Switzerland
(contact: Wolfram Limacher).

Papers of Gregor Wentzel, 1898-1978. Physicist. Additions to papers from Wentzel’s teaching career at the University of Zurich. Seven notebooks containing lecture notes on topics including optics, mathematical physics, particle theory, and relativity; also includes copies of exams. 1932-1968. Ca. 107 pp.

California Institute of Technology. Institute Archives. 1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
(contact Judith Goodstein or Shelley Erwin).

Additions to the papers of Robert F. Bacher, 1905-. Physicist (high-energy physics, nuclear energy). Chairman, Division of Physics, Math, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology (1946-1962), professor (1949-1976), provost (1962-1970) and emeritus professor (1976-). As chairman of the Caltech Division of Physics, mathematics and astronomy, he shaped the program in high-energy physics (based on the new electron synchrotron). He was responsible for bringing many talented people to Caltech, particularly in elementary particle theory, including Richard Feynman and Murray Gell-Mann. Bacher also initiated the program in radio astronomy with the creation of the Owens Valley Radio Observatory. Papers, books, and photos. Unprocessed. 11 boxes.

Papers of Harrison Brown, 1917-1986. Harrison Brown positioned his life’s work at the intersection of science and public policy. He received his PhD in nuclear chemistry from Johns Hopkins in 1941. After working in the Manhattan Project at the University of Chicago and Oak Ridge on the production of plutonium, Brown became an outspoken opponent of nuclear weapons. In 1947 he joined the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists and at the end of his life was the editor-in-chief of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. He taught at the University of Chicago from 1946 to 1951, when he moved to Caltech, eventually holding a double appointment in the Geology and Humanities divisions. His early scientific studies on meteorites were continued along with work in mass spectroscopy, thermal diffusion, fluorine and plutonium chemistry, geochemistry and planetary structure. He served from 1962 to 1974 as foreign secretary of the National Academy of Sciences, as science adviser to the presidential campaigns of Adlai Stevenson and Robert Kennedy, and as delegate, advisor, and committee member for numerous government, political, and professional organizations. Includes books and printed materials. Unprocessed. 1.5 boxes.

Addition to papers of Judith Gamora Cohen, 1946-. Cohen received her PhD from Caltech in 1971. After a period as assistant astronomer at Kitt Peak Observatory, she was appointed associate professor at Caltech in 1979 and professor in 1988. Among other accomplishments, she was the designer and builder of the low-resolution spectrograph for the Keck Telescope. Includes one file on instrument building, book, and printed materials. 1.5 boxes.

Owens Valley Radio Observatory, records of the Director. The Owens Valley Radio Observatory (OVRO) began operations in 1958 with the commissioning of two 90-foot radio telescopes built by Caltech. Since then, the site has grown to include a number of instruments to perform various kinds of interferometry, including the National Radio Astronomy Observatory’s (NRAO) Very Long Baseline Array. Includes papers and photographs. Unprocessed. 2 boxes.

Papers of Robert Phillip Sharp, 1911-. Geologist (geomorphology). Chairman Division of Geological Sciences, California Institute of Technology (1952-1968), professor of geomorphology (1947-1979), emeritus professor of geology (1979). Sharp made significant contributions to the Department, especially in the introduction of programs in geochemistry and planetary science and in the building up of seismology. He also participated in the scientific mission of several of the Mariner Mars probes. Unprocessed. 23.5 boxes.

Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace. Archives. Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA (contact: Carol Leadenham).

Papers of Eileen Gail De Planque, 1945-. Member, United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1991-1995. Correspondence, speeches and writings, minutes and meeting materials, memoranda, reports, studies, and printed matter, relating to nuclear power plants in the United States and abroad, including issues of licensing, safety and waste management. 1990-1995. 210 ms. boxes.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives. 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA
(contact: Megan Sniffin-Marinoff or Elizabeth Andrews).

Additions to papers of Robley Evans, 1907-1995. Physicist (medical physics). Massachusetts Institute of Technology, assistant professor (1934-1938), associate professor (1938-1945), professor (1945-). Unprocessed. 155 cu. ft.

Additions to papers of Julius Stratton, 1901-1994. Physicist; administrator. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, assistant professor to professor of physics (1930-1951), provost (1949-1956), chancellor (1956-1959), president (1959-1966). Partially processed. 42 cu. ft.

Smithsonian Institution. National Air and Space Museum. Archives. Washington, D.C., 20560, USA (contact: Thomas Soapes or Patricia Williams).

Papers of William E. Brunk, 1928-. Astronomer. Served as a research scientist with National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Lewis Research Center and as planetary scientist with University Space Research Association, among other posts. He was active in the American Astronomical Society Division for Planetary Sciences and in projects advancing radio and infrared astronomy. Collection consists of publications and correspondence relating to Brunk’s work with the AAS Division of Planetary Sciences, infrared telescope projects, planetary radio astronomy, and Mariner Mars projects.

Papers of Charles Y. Johnson, 1920-. Physicist. Began his service with the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. in 1942. He served with the NRL for many years, first with the Rocket Sonde Branch, and later with the Upper Air Physics Branch, where he became head of the Aeronomy Section. The collection consists of a variety of material relating to experiments performed at NRL including cosmic ray physics, rocket instrumentation, and the Aerobee and Lagopedo projects. Included are reports, photographs, transparencies, rolled data and 167 glass slides.

Papers of Ray L. Newburn, 1933-. Astronomer and noted lunar and planetary scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where he participated in the development of plans for lunar and planetary exploration and planetary models for mission design; served as JPL representative to National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Space Science Steering Committee’s Astronomy Subcommittee; and helped establish the Table Mountain Observatory in 1962. Collection consists of publications and memoranda from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory relating to Newburn’s work, as well as correspondence with colleagues, including Marcia Neugebauer and H.C. Urey.

Papers of Malcolm D. Ross, 1919-1985. Commander, U.S. Naval Reserve. Attended Purdue University and the University of Chicago where he studied physics and meteorology. In 1951, he was assigned to the Navy’s plastic balloon research program. Subsequently, he was involved with Project Skyhook, Project Churchy, and was responsible for initiating the Strato-Lab program for upper atmosphere research. Collection documents Ross’s accomplishments as a physicist and pioneer in modern scientific ballooning. It includes photographs, handwritten notes, correspondence, medical flight records, reports and articles. The Strato Lab program is perhaps the most well-represented of Ross’s projects in this collection

Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research Panel (V-2 Panel) Reports. The Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research Panel (V-2 Panel) formed in 1946 and oversaw aspects of a long series of experiments conducted after World War II utilizing captured German V-2 rockets. These experiments were designed to further our understanding of the upper atmosphere and the nature of solar radiation, as well as the technology of the V-2 itself. Panel members included: the Naval Research Laboratory, Applied Physics Laboratory, General Electric, Princeton University, Harvard University, University of Michigan, and the Army Signal Corps. This collection consists primarily of what are referred to as V-2 Reports, being the minutes of meetings held by the Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research Panel and others. These contain meeting agenda, reports of completed firings of V-2 rockets, statements of results and suggestions for future tests.

V-2 Panel Papers of the Naval Research Laboratory (U.S.). Rocket Sonde Research Section. The Rocket Sonde Research Section of the Naval Research Laboratory was established in 1946 and participated in the V-2 Panel (aka V-2 Upper Atmosphere Research Panel), which, using captured German V-2 rockets, conducted in the 1940s and the 1950s a long series of experiments aimed to increase our understanding of the technology utilized in the V-2. This collection contains primarily administrative memoranda of the portion of the V-2 Panel which represented the Rocket-Sonde Research Section of NRL. The thirty-four files from Rocket-Sonde members are roughly chronological and are followed by files from other entities such as the Ad Hoc Committee on Rocket, Satellite and Space Research. The material in this collection was gathered by David DeVorkin while he conducted research for his book, Science with a Vengeance.

Smithsonian Institution Archives. A & I Building, Room 2135, , Washington, DC 20560, USA (contact: William Cox).

Records of the office of the Director (Irwin I. Shapiro), Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), circa 1964-1994. The records principally document the administration of Irwin I. Shapiro (1929- ), who became director of SAO on January 1, 1983. Materials include correspondence, memoranda, notes, publications, reports, project and program files, travel files, budget materials, paper reviews, calendars, prospectuses, directories, grant proposals, meeting minutes, and personnel files. Access to the records is restricted until 2010. Some materials are restricted for longer period. Records were transferred through two unprocessed accessions -- SIA accession number 98-078 (35 cubic feet) and SIA accession number 98-100 (51.5 cubic feet). Contact the reference staff for further details.

University of California, Berkeley. Bancroft Library. Berkeley, CA 94720, USA (contact: David Farrell).

Papers of John W. Gofman, 1918-. Physicist (medical physics). University of California, Berkeley, assistant professor, then professor of medical physics (1947-1974), emeritus professor (1974-). Correspondence, research notes, manuscripts of writings and speeches primarily related to his extensive research on the hazards of radiation. Includes files of correspondence with various government agencies, as well as committee reports and typescripts of hearings related to radiation exposure and occupational hazards in the nuclear industry. Also includes audio and video tapes of interviews with Gofman. 1930-1970. 40 lin. ft.

Papers of Emilio Segrè, 1905-1989. Physicist (nuclear physics, particle physics). University of California, Berkeley, professor of physics (1946-1972), emeritus professor (1972-). Nobel laureate. Personal academic and professional papers; restricted until 2008. 40 lin. ft. University of California, San Diego. Archives of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

University of California, San Diego Mail Code C-075-C, La Jolla, CA 92093-0175, USA (contact: Deborah Day).

Records of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Contracts and Grants Office. Files contain funded and unfunded proposals, dated August 1960 through March 1996, letters of intent, and lists of active contracts and grants. These include proposals for one-time projects to multi-purpose projects for work conducted over a period of years, such as the Deep Sea Drilling Project. The collection is arranged into three series: Proposals without Numbers, University of California San Diego proposals, and Proposals by Other Institutions. The bulk of the proposals are in the UCSD series. Among the proposals are those generated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the multi-institutional projects proposal for World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE). 1959-1996. 75 boxes.

U.S Naval Observatory. Library. 3450 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20392-5420, USA (contact: Brenda Corbin, Steven Dick).

Oral history interviews with U.S. Naval Observatory employees and others connected with the institution. Interviews with Harold Ables, Jack Belzer, William Browne, James Christy, Raynor Duncombe and Julena Duncombe, Joseph Egan, John Hall, Ralph Haupt, Arthur Hoag, Alfred Mikesell, Ida Ray, Robert Rhynsburger, David Scott, Stewart Sharpless, Paul Sollenberger, Kaj Strand, John Watkins, Marvin Whitney, Gernot Winkler, and Margaret Woodward. 1983-1989. 20 interviews.

University of Tennessee at Knoxville. Library. Special Collections. Archival Center for Radiation Studies. Knoxville, TN 37996, USA (contact: William B. Eigelsbach).

Papers of Karl Ziegler Morgan, 1908-. Physicist (health physics). Director of health physics at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Founder of the Health Physics Society and first president from 1955-1957; founder of Journal of Health Physics and first editor (1958-1977). Unprocessed.

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Archives. Mail Stop 8, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA (contact: Margo Garrett).

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Office of the Director, records of Craig Emery Dorman. Dorman served as WHOI’s sixth Director from 1989 to 1993. He earned a degree in physical oceanography through the MIT/WHOI Joint Graduate Education Program and, prior to his directorship, he served for 26 years in the U.S. Navy, retiring as a Rear Admiral. The collection consists of correspondence, minutes, news clippings, notes, publications, photographs. Includes materials relating to fund raising, symposia, the return of the Alvin and R/V Atlantis after the longest scientific voyage in history, collaborative efforts between WHOI scientists and international scientists, and the first international conference on “Radioactivity and Environmental Security in the Oceans,” the Global Ocean Observing Systems (GOOS), and World Ocean Observing System (WOOS). 1989-1993. 43 lin. ft. (35 cartons).

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Office of the Director, records of Paul M. Fye. Paul McDonald Fye (1913-1988) served nineteen years as the fourth director of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution from 1958-1977. He came to the Institution in 1942 as a chemist and helped to develop underwater explosives for the Navy. He served as research supervisor and then research director of the Underwater Explosives Research Laboratory. He served as deputy chief of Explosives Research from 1948-1956, and as associate director for Research from 1956-1958. Collection includes correspondence, documents, grants and contracts, reports, minutes, notes, manuscripts, and articles prepared in Fye’s capacity as the Institution’s director. Records from the 1950s overlap the directorships of his two predecessors, Edward Smith and Columbus Iselin. All the records from Iselin’s brief second term from August 1956 to May 1958, were assimilated into the records of Fye’s administration. Also, files at the end of Fye’s administration include materials from the administration of his successor John Steele. The subjects covered in the records include: the growth of oceanographic research in the 1960s; the use of the airplane as a research vessel; collaborative research and the first International Oceanographic Congress, replacing the Atlantis ship with the new Atlantis II; the expansion of educational activities. 1942-1979 (bulk 1958-1977). 103 lin. ft. (84 cartons).

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Office of the Director, records of Columbus O’Donnell Iselin. Iselin assumed the directorship of WHOI in 1940. He had been an assistant to Henry Bigelow and master of R/V Atlantis, a vessel he helped to design. He had been a physical oceanographer at WHOI from 1932 to 1940, and an associate professor of Oceanography at Harvard University, a trustee of the Bermuda Biological Station for Research, a lecturer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and chief scientist aboard the Atlantis. He served again in a temporary term as director of WHOI from 1956 to 1958. Correspondence, documents, reports, speeches, and articles prepared in his capacity as the Institution’s director (many of them handwritten). The subjects covered in the records include: war-time research in oceanography and marine biology; underwater explosives; temperature distribution in the surface layer of the North Atlantic; development of instruments to record and study sea and swell conditions in the ocean; air turbulence and convection over the ocean; underwater acoustics; seismic refraction measurement in shallow water; geophysics of continental shelves; marine meteorology; development of oceanographic instruments; tides; chemical oceanography; geophysics of the ocean bottom; topics in marine biology; and the general growth of the Institution. 1940-1950. 12 lin. ft. (10 boxes).

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Office of the Director, records of Admiral Edward Hanson Smith. Rear Admiral Smith (1889-1961), United States Coast Guard, retired, became the third director of the Woods Hold Oceanographic Institution on July 1, 1950. He was a graduate of the Coast Guard Academy in 1913. The director’s files of Smith date only up through 1953 and consist primarily of correspondence with some reports, contracts, manuscripts. Subsequent records for his tenure are included with the records of the Paul Fye directorship, which contains records dating from 1950 onward. Topics included in the records: the Institution’s participation in a multiple ship survey of the Gulf Stream, submarine geology, marine biology, the institution’s ships, ocean currents, fundraising and the establishment of the Corporate Membership Associates program, collaborative partnership with the U.S. Navy. 1950-1956. 5 lin. ft.

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Office of the Director, records of John Hyssop Steele. Steele served as WHOI’s fifth director from 1977 to 1989. Prior to his directorship, Steele served as deputy director of the Marine Laboratory of the Aberdeen Laboratory, Scotland from 1951 to 1977.The collection is primarily correspondence but also includes publications, photographs, news clippings, Senate testimonies, journal reviews. Subjects covered include: the study of climate where ocean dynamics were a central issue; use of satellites in studying oceans; research ships; founding of the Coastal Research Center in 1979; WHOI’s involvement in multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary programs including the Transient Tracers in the Ocean program (TTO), WOCE, and the Costal Dynamics Experiment (CODE). 1964-1989 (bulk 1977-1989). 25 lin. ft. (20 boxes).

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