AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXVIII, No. 1, Spring 1996


Documentation Preserved: Report from the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences

Compiled by Caroline Moseley

This is our regular survey of archives and other repositories giving information on materials of interest to historians and others, not previously reported in this Newsletter. Many of these are new deposits not yet processed; others have restricted access. Please contact the repository for further information.

University of Alberta. University Archives. Edmonton, Canada T6G 2E2 (contact: Mark Vajcner).

Records of University of Alberta. Dept. of Physics. Includes brochures, course guides, various lab manuals, and conference material relating to the teaching of, and research in nuclear physics and astronomy at the University of Alberta. 1947-1990. 0.12 meters.

Reading University Library. Reading, England (contact: Archivist) Catalog prepared by the National Cataloging Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists catalogue no. 50/6/94.

Papers of Richard Rado, 1906-1989. Mathematician. Assistant Lecturer and Lecturer in Mathematics, Sheffield University, 1936-1947; Reader in Mathematics, King's College London, 1947-1954, and Professor of Pure Mathematics, Reading University, 1954-1971. Large collection includes important biographical material and full records of Rado's mathematical research and teaching. Biographical material includes extensive correspondence from Rado's student days in Germany, 1925-1927, and from his first years as a Jewish refugee in England, principally 1933-1936 when he was based at Cambridge University. Research records include the mathematical notebooks or diaries that he kept throughout his career, 1928-1983, and student notebooks including notes on lecture courses of the physicists M. Born, M. Planck, and E. Schrödinger. There are extensive records of Rado's mathematical publications, his university teaching and invitation and public lectures, and visits and conferences. A number of Rado's major professional affiliations are also documented. There is an alphabetical sequence of Rado's principal correspondents including G. A. Dirac, P. Erdös, E. C. Milner, and L. Mirsky, and also a chronological sequence of shorter correspondence. Ca. 1925-1987.

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Zur Förderung der Wissenschaften, Boltzmannstraße 14, D-14195 Berlin-Dahlem, Germany (contact: Marion Kazemi).

Papers of Johannes Hans Wilhelm Geiger, 1882-1945. Nuclear physicist, co-inventor of the "Geiger-Müller" counter. His papers were lost at the end of World War II with the exception of one bundle, which contains correspondence with scientists of the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft including W. Bothe, W. Heisenberg, L. Meitner, M. Planck and others.

Papers of Kurt Molière, 1912-1992. Physico-Chemist (crystallography). Since 1938 he was at the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für physikalische und Electrochemie, today the Fritz-Haber-Institut of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Since 1960 Scientific Member at the Fritz-Haber-Institut. His papers contain correspondence (1 bundle). Collection available for use in 2024. Ca. 1953-1978.

Papers of Ulrich Stierlin, 1931-1994. Physicist (particle physics). Since 1967 Scientific member of the Max-Planck-Institut für Physik. He developed electronic detectors for high energy particle reactions for experiments at CERN in Geneva. His papers include biographical material, correspondence with the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, manuscripts, and photographs. Collection available for use in 2024. 1964-1994.

Trinity College Library. College St., Dublin, Ireland (contact: Jane Maxwell).

Papers of Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton, 1903-1995. Physicist (nuclear physics). Nobel laureate. Papers include eight volumes of student notebooks from the period Walton was an undergraduate, 1921-1926; microfilm copies (2 reels) of Walton's research notebooks from Cavendish Laboratory; and some correspondence including a series of letters written by Walton to his parents and fiancée while he was engaged in the research with Cockcroft that led to the splitting of the atom. Unprocessed material not available for research. 1921-ca. 1980s. 19 file boxes (includes 2 reels of microfilm).

California Institute of Technology. Institute Archives. Mail Code 015A-74, Pasadena, California 91125, USA (contact Judith Goodstein or Shelley Erwin).

Papers of Clair C. Patterson, 1922-1995. Geochemist who made the first accurate measurement of the age of the earth and was known for his far-reaching studies on the distribution and hazards of lead. Unprocessed.

Library of Congress. Manuscripts Division. Washington, DC. USA (contact Marvin Kranz).

Papers of Allen Varley Astin, 1904-1984. Physicist. Director of the National Bureau of Standards, 1952-1959. Papers include correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, congressional testimony, printed matter, photographs, writings, speeches and conference papers, research data, university teaching and in-house training course records, and other materials from Astin's career with the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) and from his other professional activities. Of particular note are files relating to Astin's work on the development of proximity fuses for bombs and rockets in the 1940s, material documenting his role in the controversy at the NBS over the AD-X2 battery additive, and files on the reorganization and relocation of the bureau to Gaithersberg, Maryland. The papers also include documentation of Astin's leadership role in the formulation of public policy relating to science and his extensive involvement in scientific associations and committees. Finding aid. 1921-1984 (bulk 1950-1970), 26 ln. ft.

Ohio State University. University Archives. 2700 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210, USA (contact Raimund E. Goerler).

Papers of Philip Childs Keenan, 1908-. Emeritus Professor of Astronomy, Perkins Observatory, Ohio State University. Collection contains correspondence files and subject files, ca. 1946-1995; spectral classification, ca. 1953-1995; MIRA variables, ca. 1958-1995; other observatories; and "minor" research files (investigations that did not lead to research programs). 1946-1995 (bulk 1961-1995). 7.5 cu. ft.

Smithsonian Institution Archives. Washington, D.C. 20560, USA (contact: William Cox).

Papers of Edward Leonard Fireman, 1922-1990. Physicist and authority on the analysis and dating of extraterrestrial materials. He received a doctorate from Princeton University in 1948, and in 1950 accepted a position as physicist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. In 1956 he was appointed physicist with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) where he remained until his death. His research interests included the analysis of returned meteorites, lunar samples, and recovered satellites; and investigations concerning cosmic rays, solar flares, muons, and neutrinos. He was also involved in developing methods for measuring the ages of ancient polar ice samples and using the information to refine the Earth's climatic record. Fireman was a member of numerous professional societies and the author of some 200 scientific papers. These papers mostly document his scientific research program at the SAO, particularly his work on meteorites, lunar samples, satellite debris, and polar ice. Also his participation at conference and other professional activities. They include incoming and outgoing correspondence with colleagues, research and professional organizations, and publishers; research and laboratory notebooks; notebooks and 35 mm slides concerning his research on ice at Camp Century, Greenland, 1963-1966; and notes, lectures, manuscripts, proposals, reprints, data, 35 mm and lantern slides, and related research materials. Use of this record unit requires prior arrangement with the Archives staff. 1950-1990. 10.3 ln. meters.

Papers of Fred Lawrence Whipple, 1906-. Astronomer. Appointed Chairman of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) when it moved to Cambridge, MA in 1955. Major SAO projects under his direction include the Satellite Tracking Program, Project Celescope, the Radio Meteor Project, and the Meteorite Photography and Recovery Project (the Prairie Network). In the late 1960s Whipple selected Mount Hopkins, AZ as the site for a new SAO astronomical facility, renamed Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory in 1981. He is internationally recognized for his research on the moon, meteors, and comets. The Whipple papers document his astronomical research; his professional work in the field of astronomy; his career as Director of SAO; and, to a lesser extent, his activities as a faculty member of Harvard University. They include a large file of correspondence with professional colleagues, amateur astronomers, SAO staff scientists, Smithsonian Institution officials, scientific societies and professional groups, government agencies, and Harvard University staff and officials which concerns Whipple's research interests, scientific publications, and editorial work; SAO research projects; Whipple's work for professional organizations and government agencies and committees including the International Astronomical Union, the Committee on Space Research, the Committee on Space and Astronautics of the United States House of Representatives, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Academy of Sciences, and the National Science Foundation; SAO relations with the Smithsonian Institution; and his activities at Harvard University and the Harvard College Observatory. Also included are college papers and notes; articles, lectures, radio talks, reviews, and notes from his research; correspondence, notes, reports, minutes and related materials from Whipple's work with professional groups and committees; files documenting the development of the MMT at Mount Hopkins, Arizona; and a set of Whipple's publications. Use of this record unit requires prior arrangement with the Archives staff. Ca. 1927-1983. 9.8 ln. meters.

Stanford University Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections. Stanford, California, 94305-6004, USA (contact: Patricia White).

Addition to papers of William Shockley, 1910-1989. Co-recipient of Nobel Prize in physics, 1956. Major affiliations include: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1932-1936; Bell Laboratories, 1936-1942; and Stanford University (professor of engineering), 1958-. Includes correspondence, chronological files, diaries, notebooks, computer printouts, audio tapes, slides and photographs, and other materials.

United States. Department of Energy. PA-5, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20585. USA.

United States. Dept. of Energy. Office of Human Radiation Experiments. Oral History Project, "Human Radiation Studies: Remembering the Early Years." 1994. 29 oral history interview transcripts. (See Department of Energy article)

University of California, Los Angeles. University Research Library. Dept. of Special Collections. University Archives. Los Angeles, California 90024, USA (contact Charlotte Brown).

Papers of Isadore Rudnick, 1917-. Physicist (acoustics, low temperature physics). On the physics faculty at University of California, Los Angeles from 1948 until his retirement in 1987. Includes correspondence files, research notes and subject files, administrative files concerning the physics department, biographical and reprint files. Ca. 1945-1988. 37 ln. ft.

Papers of Julian Seymour Schwinger, 1918-1994. Physicist (nuclear and high energy physics, electromagnetic theory, quantum electrodynamics and field theory, quantum mechanics). Major affiliations include: Harvard University, 1945-1972; and University of California, Los Angeles, 1972-. Co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for physics in 1965. 1925-1989. Ca. 24 ln. ft.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. University Archives. 19 Main Library, 1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA (contact Maynard Brichford).

Addition to records of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Dept. of Physics Research Laboratory. Correspondence, photographs, news releases and clippings, publications and reports on the history of the betatron (1941-77), cyclotron (1948-59), and linear accelerators (1965-90). 1941-1990. 1 cu. ft.

Reports, proposals, and publications of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Dept. of Physics. Nuclear Physics Laboratory. Included are reprints (1940-), Technical Notes (1963-), proposals for research (1967-), preprints (1981-), a summary report of research in nuclear physics (1967), report on nuclear structure research (1973), status reports (1978-80), and nuclear physics research reports (1980-82). 1940-1982.

University of Michigan. Bentley Historical Library. 1150 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48019-2113, USA (contact: Kenneth P. Scheffel).

Papers of Henry J. Gomberg, 1918-. Nuclear engineer. Professor, University of Michigan Dept. of Physics; President, Ann Arbor Nuclear, Inc. (1981-); Managing Director, Ann Arbor Nuclear Israel Ltd., (1985-); President, Penetron, Inc., (1987-). Collection includes papers from Gomberg's work at the University of Michigan and KMS Fusion. Ca 2.5 ft.

Papers of Jens Christian Zorn 1931-. Atomic physicist, professor at the University of Michigan. The collection includes materials on Zorn's administrative work and personal research as well as some on departmental history. 5 ft.

University of Minnesota. University Archives. 10 Walter Library, 117 Pleasant St. S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55445, USA (contact: (Penelope Krosch).

Papers of Alfred Otto Carl Nier, 1911-1994. Physicist (nuclear physics). Professor of physics, University of Minnesota, 1938-. Fairly extensive collection which includes material on Nier's research in quantum mechanics, spectrometry and space exploration.

Papers of Jean Felix Piccard, 1884-1963. Pioneering stratosphere balloonist and cosmic ray research scientist. Professor in the University of Minnesota Department of Aeronautical Engineering, 1936-1952. In 1919 he married Jeannette Ridlon who worked with Piccard on many of his experiments; their stratosphere balloon flight in 1934 from Dearborn, Michigan was the first flight made in the United States to study cosmic rays. The collection includes correspondence, notes, student papers, and documenation of Piccard's teaching and of Jean and Jeannette Picard's stratosphere balloon flights, particularly the 1937 flight from Rochester, Minnesota. 1932-1952. 5 boxes.

University of Notre Dame. Archives. 607 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA (contact: Wendy Clauson Schlereth).

Papers of John M. LoSecco, 1950-. Physicist (weak interactions, collider physics). Professor of physics, University of Notre Dame, 1985-. Copies of documents (notes, letters, etc.) relating to the 1987 discovery of neutrinos from a supernova explosion. 1987. 0.25"

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Carol M. Newman Library. Special Collections Department. P.O. Box 90001, Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001. USA (contact: Laura Katz Smith.

Addition to papers of Robert Eugene Marshak, 1916-1992. Physicist (sub-atomic particles) and educator. A.B., Columbia University (1936); Ph.D., Cornell University (1939); instructor and professor of physics, University of Rochester (1939-1970); president of City College, City University of New York (1970-1979); University Distinguished Professor at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (1979-1986); Chairman, Federation of American Scientists (1947-1948); president, American Physical Society (1983-1984). Papers include correspondence, institutional correspondents include the American Institute of Physics, the American Physical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and City College of New York. Additions also include photocopies of articles, magajiheC,"ahd H per clippings, photographs, scrapbooks, invitations, awards and prizes, books, pamphlets, bound reports, speeches, proposals, posters, and a copy of an oral history interview with Marshak. Topics include high-energy physics, theoretical physics, mathematics, and nuclear diffusion. 1952-1992. Information about Marshak can also be found on the VPISU web site

Wabash College. Lilly Library. Archives. Crawfordsville, Indiana 47933 USA (contact: Johanna Herring).

Papers of Lewis Spencer Salter, 1926-1989. Theoretical physicist. President and professor of physics at Wabash College. Collection includes Salter"s research journals beginning in 1955 and ending in 1989. The journals include studies of crystal lattices and other solid state physics problems. The last eight journals concentrate on the theory of stationary quantum energy states of a one-dimensional potential energy function. The Wabash College Physics Department has Lewis Salter"s folders on problems which interested him such as continuum mechanics, theory of liquids and melting, radiation scattering, general relativity, statistical mechanics and quantum mechanics. Although most of the volumes are filled with reprints of articles, they also contain some of Dr. Salter"s note on the subjects. Both the Archives and the Physics Department Collections contain the lecture notes for such courses as Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics. 1955-1989. Approx. 35 ln. ft.

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