AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXX, No. 1, Spring 1998


Documentation Preserved: Report from the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Science

Compiled by Caroline Moseley

This is our regular survey of archives and other repositories giving information on materials of interest to historians and others. Many of these are new deposits not yet processed, but we also include collections that were accessioned years ago but not previously reported here. Some have restricted access. Please contact the repository for further information.

University of Alberta. Archives. Edmonton T6G 2E2, Canada (Contact: Mark Vajcner)

Astronomy slide collection. Glass lantern slides of constellations, astrologers, and the moon used in the teaching of space geometry courses at the University of Alberta. 78 slides.

Niels Bohr Archive. Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark (Contact: Finn Aaserud)

Papers of Léon Lichtenstein, 1878-1933. Mathematician at the University of Leipzig. Collection includes manuscript for a paper on Emile Meyerson, correspondence between Lichtenstein and Meyerson, and a manuscript for a paper on mathematics. Also includes correspondence (1927) with Harald Bohr, Richard Courant, David Hilbert, Edmund Landau and Otto L. Holder, some private correspondence, and photographs. 1910-1960. 3 boxes.

Papers of Christian Moller, 1904-1980. Niels Bohr Institute, 1929-1975; director CERN Theoretical Study Group, 1954-1957; member CERN Scientific Policy Committee, 1959-1972; director NORDITA, 1957-1971; secretary Royal Danish Academy of Sciences, 1959-1980. Manuscripts and printed articles comprise about one half of the collection. Also includes both scientific and administrative correspondence, reflecting Moller's involvement in research, teaching and committee work. Includes one folder of correspondence (1952-1955) with Wolfgang Pauli concerning "A convergent Meson Theory." Other correspondents include: Hans Bethe, Homi Bhabha, Felix Bloch, Niels Bohr, Max Born, Clive Champion, Max DelbrĀck, Enrico Fermi, Adriaan Fokker, Ralph H. Fowler, Otto Frisch, George Gamow, Werner Heisenberg, Jacob Jacobsen, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Pascual Jordan, Fritz Kalckar, Nicholas Kemmer, Oskar Klein, Hendrik (Hans) Kramers, Nevill Mott, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Abraham Pais, Wolfgang Pauli, Rudolf Peierls, Alexander Proca, Léon Rosenfeld, Adalbert Rubinowicz, Victor Weisskopf, John Wheeler, Evan Williams, Hideki Yukawa. Some of correspondence available on Archives for the History of Quantum Physics microfilm. 1928-1980. 12 boxes.

Papers of Mogens Pihl, 1907-1986. Physicist. Worked mainly as a high school teacher until 1957. As a professor of mathematics under UNESCO, he stayed in Monrovia, Liberia, 1951-1952 to help build up a science faculty at the local university; he also had teaching assignments at the Danish Naval Academy and the Royal Danish School of Educational Studies, in the period before 1957. Professor of physics at Copenhagen University, 1957-1977. Manuscripts for addresses, lectures and articles, a few by other authors. Also contains private correspondence; correspondents include: Aage Bertelsen, Harald Bohr, Max Born, K.M. Carstens, J.A. Christiansen, S.J. Dyksterhuis, Louis Hjelmslev, Egil Hylleraas, Sigurd Højby, E.S. Johansen, Jørgen Jørgensen, H.A. Kramers, Kirstine Meyer, Otto Neugebauer, H. Opperman, Poul Rubinstein, Harald Wergeland. 1939-1983. 16 boxes.

Niels Bohr Institute slide collection. Slides used in lectures given by Bohr and others at the Niels Bohr Institute. Topics include: optical spectra, x-rays and interference phenomena, atomic theory; isotopy, nuclear physics, fission, particle physics; and apparatus for nuclear physics including, for example, cloud chamber, cyclotron, Van de Graaff generator. 1920-1960. 1500 slides.

Papers of Ebbe Rasmussen, 1901-1959. Physicist (spectroscopy). Niels Bohr Institute, 1928-1942; professor of physics Royal Veterinary and Agriculture College, Copenhagen, 1942-1956; Copenhagen University, 1956-1959; secretary Danish Society for the Dissemination of Natural Science, 1939-1953. Collection includes lecture notes, some papers relating to Niels Bohr Institute matters in 1934, and correspondence. Correspondents include: Niels Bjerrum, C.P.O. Christiansen, Bengt Edlén, Otto Frisch (1939, about a piano), Rudolf Frerichs, A. Gatterey, Werner Heisenberg, Erik Hulthén, Pierre Jacquinot, Christian Klixbull-Jørgensen, Martin Knudsen, Hans Kopfermann, Lesche, Kurt Lidèn, William F. Meggers, K.A. Nissen, Friedrich Paschen (8 letters in the period 1932-1935), Kolding Folkeblad, Henry Norris Russell (3 letters, 1934), Manne Siegbahn, Charlotte Moore Sitterly, Paula Strelitz, Bengt Strömgren, N. Thorkil-Jensen, S. Tolansky. 1928-1952. 2 boxes.

Papers of Léon Rosenfeld, 1904-1974. Physicist (nuclear physics, quantum electrodynamics, quantum mechanics). Professor of physics University of Liäge, 1930-1941; Utrecht, 1940-1947; Manchester, 1947-1958; NORDITA, Copenhagen, 1958-1974. Was personal assistant to, and close collaborator of Niels Bohr from 1930-1962. Collection includes school reports, lecture notes, manuscripts, correspondence, photographs, clippings, etc. Correspondents include: E. Bauer, F.J. Belinfante, Patrick Blackett, Niels Bohr, David Bohm, Max Born, Léon Brillouin, Louis de Broglie, Paul Dirac, Otto Frisch, H. Fröhlich, George Gamow, Douglas Hartree, Werner Heisenberg, Walter Heitler, Leopold Infeld, Nichlas Kemmer, Oskar Klein, Hans Kopfermann, Hendrik (Hans) Kramers, Christian Møller, Nevill Francis Mott, W. Opeckowski, Antonie Pannekoek, Wolfgang Pauli, Rudolf Ernst Peierls, M. Podalanski, Alexandre Proca, Erwin Schrödinger, Pol. F. Swings, Victor Weisskopf, John Wheeler, Wolfgren Yourgrau. 1911-1974. 10 meters.

Papers of Stefan Rozental, 1903-1994. Theoretical-physical Institute, Cracow, 1934-1938. From 1938 at Copenhagen Institute for Physics (now Niels Bohr Institute), apart from 1943-1945 when he was in Sweden; for many years Rozental was Niels Bohr's assistant; also member CERN theoretical study group, Copenhagen, 1952-1957, associate director 1954; vice president IUPAP executive committee, 1966-1972; associate professor NORDITA, 1957-1972. The collection includes correspondence (mostly institutional and administrative); papers closely related to Rozental's cooperation with Bohr, including a large number of letters written/received by Rozental as editor of the book, "Niels Bohr, his life and work ..." (Schultz, 1964); Rozental manuscripts; minor collections of reprints, periodicals, treatises, colloquiums and lectures, lecture-plans, student lists, etc. Correspondents include Edith Abrahamsen, Aage Bohr, Niels Bohr, Max Born, Margaret Gowing, Torsten Gustafson, Israeli Embassy, Johannes Hans D. Jensen, Oskar Klein, Hendrik Kramers, Christian Møller, Jakob Nielsen, Otto Obling, Abraham Pais, Léon Rosenfeld, Betty Schultz, Weizmann Institute, and Harald Wergeland. Ca. 1940-1989. 50 boxes.

Académie des Sciences. Archives. 23 quai de conti, 75006, Paris, France (Contact: Christiane Demeulenaere-Douyère)

Papers of Pierre Auger, 1899-1993. Physicist. Member of the Académie des sciences. 29 meters.

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften. Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. BoltzmannstraŠe 14, D-14195 Berlin-Dahlem, Germany (Contact: Marion Kazemi)

Additions to papers of Jochen H. Block, 1929-1995. Physico-Chemist, Fritz Haber Institute of Max Planck Society in Berlin, 1966-; Scientific Member, 1969-. Worked on surface reactions of solids by field ion microscopy and other methods. Collection contains correspondence, records of his department at the Fritz-Haber-Institute, manuscripts and publications by himself and his students. Collection available for use in 2025. 1963-1995. 16 meters.

Papers of Ludwig Prandtl, 1875-1953. Physicist (aerodynamics, hydrodynamics). From 1915 director of the Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt in Göttingen which was integrated into the Kaiser Wilhelm Society in 1919 and enlarged as the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Strömungsforschung (Flow Research), Göttingen, Germany in 1924. Papers were transferred from the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute. Collection includes correspondence, administrative records of the institute, personal papers and publications. 1899-1970. 11.2 meters and 1.3 meters publications.

Additions to papers of Ernst Schiebold, 1894-1963. Professor in materials science at the Universities of Leipzig, Dresden and Magdeburg; External Scientific Member of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Metals Research 1932-1948. Additions include personal documents and several photographs. 1894-1965. 0.75 meters.

S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute. Museum. 12 Birzhevaja line, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia (Contact: Tatiana S. Yudovina)

Records of the Atom Commission of the State Optical Institute (SOI). The Atom Commission, 1919-1921, was founded on the insistence of the Collegium of SOI. The main objectives were: (1) To concentrate leading scientific forces of Petrograd--physicists, astronomers, mathematicians--for investigation of the structure of the atomic nucleus. (2) To help representatives of the technical elite of Petrograd to survive in the stressful conditions of the times. The commission integrated teachers from Petrograd University, Polytechnical Institute, research workers from SOI and the Physical-Technical Institute (PTI): Dimitri S. Rozhdestvensky (professor, director of SOI), Abram F. Ioffe (corresponding member of Academy of Sciences, director of PTI), Aleksei N. Krylov (Academician), Vsevolod K. Frederiks (professor), Yu. A. Krutikov (professor), Ya. D. Tamarkin (teacher); scientists from SOI Bureau of Calculations: Alexander I. Tudorovsky (professor), E.G. Yahontov (researcher); Georgiy G. Sljusarev (researcher), et al. Atom Commission sessions were also attended by invited participants, among them professors Apollon P. Afanas'ev, Karl K. Baumgart, Orest D. Hvolson, Andrei A. Mazing, et al. The records include: memorandum by Collegium of SOI addressed to Russian Commissariat of Public Education; biographies of Atom Commission members: Rozhdestvensky, Krylov, Ioffe, Tudorovsky, Krutikov, Victor R. Bursian, Nikolai I. Muskkhelov; minutes of 33 sessions of Atom Commission; 29 reports delivered at Atom Commission sessions; and appendices to 7 reports. 1919-1921. 52 files.

Birkbeck College. Library. London, England, UK (Contact: Librarian)

Papers of David Bohm, 1917-1992. Faculty, Princeton University Dept. of Physics, 1947-1950; Chair of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, 1951-1954; Technion at Haifa, 1955-1957; research fellowship, Bristol University, 1957-1961; professor of theoretical physics, Birkbeck College, London, 1961-1987.There is significant biographical material in the collection. There are obituaries and tributes, interviews, discussions and dialogues with Bohm, including those at Ojai, California. Bohm's ideas attracted much interest and there are a significant number of articles and papers inspired by him. Material directly recording his life and career is comparatively slight, but there are papers relating to Bohm's difficulties with the House Committee on Un-American Activities (1949-1951), and drafts by Bohm of papers and lectures including some drafts on quantum theory, although the bulk are of a philosophical nature. The correspondence is divided into two sequences: general correspondence, including photocopies of correspondence with Einstein (ca. 1950-1954) which include discussion of quantum theory as well as Einstein's advice on Bohm's career (other significant correspondents are R. Karnette, H. M. Loewy and M. Phillips); the second sequence is photocopies of the voluminous correspondence on a wide range of philosophical and scientific subjects with the American artist and theorist Charles J. Biederman (1960-1969). 1933-1996.

University of Birmingham. Library. University Archives. Birmingham, England, UK (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of Philip Burton Moon, 1907-1994. Physicist (nuclear physics). Faculty (from lecturer, to Poynting Chair of Physics and department head) University of Birmingham, Dept. Of Physics, 1938-1974; dean of the Faculty of Science and Engineering 1969-1972. Biographical papers include Moon's own autobiographical accounts and material assembled by W.E. Burcham relating to the Biographical Memoir of Moon. There is documentation of Moon's career and honors including his election to the Fellowship of the Royal Society and the award of its Hughes Medal. University of Birmingham papers include a little material relating to the Department of Physics and Moon's Deanship of the Faculty of Science and Engineering. However, the bulk of the papers relate to the development of nuclear physics at Birmingham and include material relating to the 40th anniversary of the proton synchrotron (1993) and the 'Birmingham Proton Synchrotron Archive' assembled by W.E. Burcham. Research materials cover Moon's work from the late 1920s to the 1990s, including: positive ions and neutrons during the 1930s and wartime work on atomic power (this includes research material of M.L.E. Oliphant); Moon's post-war work on rotors and molecular beams; research with the University of Birmingham synchrotron. Papers documenting Moon's role in UK Accelerator Development cover Moon's contribution to discussions in 1955 regarding the proposed development of a high energy accelerator at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, and Moon's service on the Working Party of the Physics Committee of the National Institute for Research in Nuclear Science during 1960. There are drafts relating to publications, lectures and broadcasts, 1940-1992, including unpublished wartime work on radio signals. Moon's correspondence is slight and includes only one extended exchange, with M.L.E. Oliphant, 1937-1946. Other correspondents are W.E. Burcham and D.R. Herchbach. 1929-1996.

University of Durham. Library. Department of Special Collections. Durham, England, UK (Contact: Archivist)

Records of Durham University Observatory. The Observatory was founded in 1939. Astronomical observations began in 1840 and continued until ca. 1937. Meteorological observations began in 1843 and still continue today. Records, astronomical, meteorological, seismic, and administrative, of Durham University Observatory, including some from West Hendon House Observatory, Sunderland, and the Rousdon Observatory, Lyme regis. Ca. 1839-1953. 12 meters.

City College of the City University of New York. Archives and Special Collections. North Academic Center, New York, NY 10031. USA (Contact: Barbara Dunlap)

Addition to records of the City University of New York. City College. Physics Dept. The period documented by the records includes the arrival of "big" science at City University, and particularly physics under the leadership of physicist Robert E. Marshak from 1970-1979. Ca. 1965-1980s. Ca. 28 lin. Ft. (68 document boxes).

Historical Electronics Museum, Inc. Archives. P.O. Box 746, M.S. 4015, Baltimore, MD 21203, USA (Contact: Thomas Ballard)

John Bryant collection, 1920- 1997. Historian of science (radar history). Manuscripts, journal articles, photographs, and correspondence pertaining to radar history. Also includes ca. 98 oral history interviews conducted by Bryant and others, including Henry Guerlac. Guerlac's interviewees include Luis Alverez, Lloyd Berkner, Vannevar Bush, Karl T. Compton, Lee DuBridge, Alfred Loomis, F.W. Loomis and I.I. Rabi, and E.C. Pollard. Ca. 2.4 meters.

Library of Congress. Manuscript Division. James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue, S.E., Washington, DC 20540, USA (Contact: Leonard Bruno)

Papers of Nathaniel Charles Gerson, 1915-. Physicist. Papers pertain chiefly to his work as secretary of the U.S. National Committee for the International Geophysical Year. 3,000+ items.

Papers of Louis Nicot Ridenour, 1911-1959. Physicist. Dean of Graduate College and Professor of Physics, 1947-1951, University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign Campus). Includes correspondence, journals, reports, scientific papers, and draft and published writings. The collection relates particularly to his concern with the use of nuclear energy and computers, as well as his efforts to familiarize the public with these growing issues. It also touches upon his involvement with radar during WWII. 1,300 items.

Smithsonian Institution. National Air and Space Museum. Archives. Washington, DC, USA (Contact: Allen Janis for papers, Martin Collins for oral history interview)

Papers of Richard Tousey, 1908-1997. Prominent Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) space scientist whose career spans the V-2, Aerobee, OSO, Solrad, and Skylab eras. After teaching at both Tufts and Harvard he began his long association with the NRL in 1941. Consists of Tousey's professional papers, including correspondence, speeches, minutes and proceedings, photographs, prints, coronographs, film, oral history transcripts, lantern slides, glass plates, and notebooks dealing with Tousey's V-2 Spectrograph research. 1940s-1980s (bulk dates 1960s). 13.5 cubic ft. There is also an extensive biographical oral history interview (1981). 157 pp.

University of California, Irvine. University Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections. P.O. Box 19557, Irvine, CA 92623-9557, USA (Contact: Jackie Dooley)

Papers of Frederick Reines, 1918-. Physicist (nuclear fission, free neutrons, cosmic rays). Professor of physics and radiological science at University of California, Irvine. Nobel laureate. Papers include published and unpublished writings, subject files, data books, notebooks, corespondence, and biographical materials which document Reines's scientific and academic career. The collection includes material on Reines's work in neutrino science and also contains extensive documentation of his work as spokesperson for the Irvine-Michigan-Brookhaven Experiment. Ca. 1954-1996. 81.6 lin. ft.

University of Maryland. McKeldin Library. Archives and Manuscripts Department. College Park, MD 20742. USA (Contact: Lauren Brown)

Papers of Charles W. Misner, 1932-. Physicist (theoretical physics, cosmology). Professor of physics, University of Maryland, College Park, 1976-. Background material for the Kip Thorne, Misner, John A. Wheeler book, "Gravitation". These include two drafts of the book (the second draft contains Wheeler's original drawings for illustrations that appear in the book), and a mimeographed preliminary edition. Other material includes several folders of class handouts prepared by Misner in 1966, 1968-1969, some course handouts from Thorne and Wheeler, a folder of correspondence, and notes. These are Misner's files primarily from the late 1960s, and it appears that most of the material was either generated by him (e.g., most of the course handouts) or are his copies of joint work. 1966-1969. Ca. 1 lin. ft.

University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. University Archives. Room 19, Library, 1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA (Contact: William Maher)

Addition to papers of Albert Wattenberg, 1917-. Professor of physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Progress reports for his work. 1957-1995.

University of Pittsburgh. Hillman Library. Archives of Scientific Philosophy in the Twentieth Century. Pittsburgh, PA 15260. USA (Contact: W.G. Heverly)

Papers (on microfilm) of Herbert Feigl, 1902-1989. Faculty member of the Philosophy Dept., University of Iowa, 1931-1941; professor of philosophy at the University of Minnesota, 1941-1989. Feigl was one of the leading proponents of logical positivism. He also made significant contributions in the field of contemporary materialism. The collection consists of correspondence and manuscripts. Correspondents include: bar-Hilel, Carnap, Einstein, Frank, Hempel, Hook, Neurath, Oppeheim, Reichenbach, Russell, and other twentieth century thinkers. The correspondence documents not only Feigl's own philosophical development but also others'. Also included in the collection are manuscripts of important articles by Born, Carnap, Oppenheim, Popper, Reichenback, StegmĀller, and others. The collection includes notes, lectures, and other personal and professional papers. Feigl's notes cover various topics in the natural sciences, mathematics, and philosophy. There is also an extensive collection of his published and unpublished lectures and papers that deal with social issues and philosophical problems in psychology. [19xx]-1989 (bulk 1909-1950). 25 microfilm reels, original paper housed in University of Minnesota Archives.

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Archives. McLean lab, MS 8, 360 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA (Contact: Margot Brown Garret) Records of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Office of the Director, 1930-1939. Henry Bryant Bigelow, 1879-1967, became the first Director of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in 1930 and held that position until 1939. The Administrative series primarily contains correspondence, twelve folders of which are from job applicants, some containing resumes, and copies of responses from Bigelow, annual reports, funding and financial information, staff and trustees meeting reports, and reprint orders. The Individuals series contains correspondence between Bigelow and people significant to the institution, primarily scientists. The content of all of the correspondence in Bigelow's Director's Files deals mainly with the administrative business of establishing the institution. It also documents Bigelow's dealings with scientists and other institutions in the development of collaborative scientific ties, but does not reflect Bigelow's personal research. Ca. 1930-1941. 6.6 lin. ft. (6 boxes).

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