AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXXIII , No. 1, Spring 2001


Documentation Preserved: Report from the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences

This is our regular survey of archives and other repositories that gives information on materials of interest to historians and others. Many of these are new deposits not yet processed, but we also include collections that were accessioned years ago but not previously reported here. Some have restricted access. Please contact the repository for further information.

Items published in this Newsletter since 1994 are posted on our Web site, where you can search the full text of all of them (along with our book and journal bibliographies, exhibit materials, etc.) by clicking on the "Search" icon on our Home page ( You can specify whether to search the entire AIP site or the History Center only.

Museu de Astronomia E Ciências Afins. Archive of the Brazilian Society of Physics. Rua General Bruce, 586 São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro CEP: 20921-030, Brazil (Contact: Alfredo Tiomno Tolmasquim)

Papers of Fernando de Souza Barros. Brazilian physicist. President of the Brazilian Society of Physics, 1983-1985, and member of the Commission of Nuclear Affairs from 1987-1996. Correspondence, reports, law projects, agreements, bulletins, etc. related to the Special Commission in Optics and the commerce of Brazilian quartz, Latin American societies of physics, science and technology policy, nuclear affairs in Brazil and in the world, sites for radioactive wastes, the Brazil-Argentina agreement for control of nuclear material. In Portuguese. 1979-1996. Unprocessed. 1.5 lin. meters.

McMaster University. University Library. Division of Special Collections. 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ONT L8S 4L6, Canada (Contact: Carl Spadoni)

Papers of Henry George Thode, 1910-. Physical chemist; constructed the first mass spectrometer in Canada. Professor Emeritus, McMaster University, 1939-97. During World War II did research for the Canadian Atomic Energy Project; consultant for Atomic Energy Canada Limited, 1945-1951; director and member of AECL Executive Committee, 1966-1981. Organized and hosted the first post-war international conference on nuclear chemistry, held at McMaster in 1947. Consists of nine series: National Research Council/Atomic Energy Canada Limited; McMaster University; Nuclear Reactor and Nuclear Activation Services; experiments and research; correspondence; conferences and lectures; Thode's publications; biographical material and reprints. Includes materials from the papers of Dr. Jan Monster and Dr. C.E. Rees, who worked closely with Thode. 1932-1996. 9.8 m. of textual records and other materials.

Papers of Thomas Russell Wilkins, 1891-1940. Physicist; Ph.D., University of Chicago. In 1926 joined the Physics Department, University of Rochester in New York; appointed director of the Institute of Optics in 1928. Wilkins secured photographic recordings of cosmic rays and the disintegration of radium atoms. Consists of correspondence, scrapbooks containing news clippings about Wilkins, research notes and photographs of experiments, and published articles. Ca. 1922-1940. 12.5 cm. of textual records and photographs.

Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Archives. V Zámcích 56/57, 181 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic (Contact: Antonín Kostlán)

Records of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. Czechoslovak Committee for the Research and Peaceful Utilization of Space (INTERKOSMOS). The INTERKOSMOS program began in November 1965 when the nature of collaboration over space research and utilization was agreed between the USSR, Czechoslovakia and other countries (Bulgaria, Cuba, Hungary, Mongolia, East Germany, Poland, and Romania). Other states were subsequently invited to take part, e.g., France, India and Sweden, and after 1990, Germany, Great Britain, Austria and Italy. The records principally document the Secretariat of the Czechoslovak Committee for the Research and the Peaceful Utilization of Space involving Czechoslovak research in the INTERKOSMOS program. The records primarily consist of Committee statutes, members' orders, correspondence, minutes and reports from meetings at different levels including those of coordination bodies, record documents for individual tasks, reports on the discussion about specific collaboration of working groups, catalogs of working groups' problems, agreements on aerial photography, and financial material and personnel documents. 1965-1989. Unprocessed. 167 cartons.

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften. Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Boltzmannstr. 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany (Contact: Marion Kazemi)

Records of the Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik. The Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics is located at Garching near Munich, Germany. Includes files of the leading committees and board of trustees, of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Großforschungseinrichtungen (today Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft), of which the institute is a member, and of the experiment INTOR, and publications of the Institute. 1945-1999. 3.5 lin. meters.

Papers of Karl-Heinz Schmitter, 1920-1999. Member of the directorate (from 1964) and scientific member (1968-1985) of the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Garching near Munich; leading engineer at the Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics in Munich since 1959. Papers include biographical materials, correspondence and notes from his time at CERN (Geneva) and the Max Planck Institute, manuscripts and work papers especially relating to nuclear fusion and the energy problem. 1945-1999. 11 lin. meters.

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1200 New York Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20005, USA (Contact: Amy Crumpton)

Editor's files of Philip Hauge Abelson. Scientist and editor. Served as editor of Science magazine from 1962 to 1984. Collaborated in the discovery of neptunium (element 93), devised a method for large-scale synthesis of enriched uranium for use as a power source in submarines, and was director of the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Geophysical Laboratory from 1953 to 1971. Records include correspondence, memos, editorials and minutes of editorial board meetings. A number of Abelson's personal papers, including speeches and other materials not related to his work as editor of Science, were given to the Library of Congress in early 2001. 1962-1984. 46.25 ft.

Program files of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Climate Program. This program of the AAAS organized conferences and issued publications on the interaction of climatic and direct biological effects of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide on water, plants, animals, and humans. Records document efforts by the scientific community to debate and define the threats of global climate change. Includes 1979 Annapolis workshop on climate change, AAAS Committee on Climate, correspondence with Department of Energy and other institutions, background papers, symposia and hearings. 1975-1989. 46.25 ft.

Records of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Committee on Science, Arms Control, and National Security. In the early 1980s, the AAAS Council issued several resolutions calling for the U.S. to limit and reduce its reliance upon weapons of mass destruction. In 1981, the AAAS Board of Directors established a Committee on Science, Arms Control, and National Security. The program aimed to enhance public and expert understanding of issues related to the threat of nuclear war and to reduce that threat. Activities included a verification project, an annual colloquium on science and security, congressional seminars, publications and fellowships. 1981-1991. 68.75 ft.

Records of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Science and Human Rights Program. The AAAS Science and Human Rights program has taken action on behalf of 3,000 scientists, engineers and health professionals in over 70 countries who have been detained, persecuted, imprisoned and/or tortured. The program conducts its actions through letters, petitions, and fact-finding missions. The program has supported use of forensic science in Argentina, Guatemala and Haiti, as well as the use of statistical applications to document human rights abuses in South Africa and Kosovo. 1954-1994. 52.5 ft. Cases containing sensitive and graphic information may be restricted. Researchers must obtain access permission from Science and Human Rights staff.

Administrative records of Forest Ray Moulton, 1872-1952. Scientist and administrator. Astronomer from the University of Chicago known for the planetesimal theory of planet formation; served as AAAS Permanent Secretary and then Administrative Secretary, 1937 to 1948. These records document AAAS's activities in the first half of the twentieth century. Materials include correspondence, memos, financial records, and meetings and membership publicity. 1922-1947. 27.5 ft.

Administrative files of Science 80/86. An extensive set of records from among several popular science magazines that sprang up in the early 1980s. Science 80/86, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, achieved a circulation of nearly 700,000 and received numerous awards, including three National Magazine Awards. However, the magazine fell victim to economics and was sold to Time, Inc. in 1986. Collection includes editor's files, reporters' story files, advertising and business files, and research files. 1980-1986. 111.25 ft.

Brookhaven National Laboratory. Research Library. Upton, NY 11973, USA (Contact: Timothy Green)

The Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor Document Archives. Brookhaven National Laboratory was established in 1947 by a consortium of nine universities (Associated Universities, Inc.), to develop a government-owned university-operated laboratory for the peaceful research of nuclear science. The first major project was to design and build a research reactor that would be accessible for multiple scientific disciplines. The Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor came online in 1950 and operated until 1968. The collection documents the research conducted at the BGRR which resulted in a basic understanding of the atom, new isotopes for medicine, understanding the effects of radiation, and the development of new materials. 1950-1968. Unprocessed. 730 cu. ft.

California Institute of Technology. Institute Archives. 1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA (Contact: Judith Goodstein or Shelley Erwin)

Papers of Don L. Anderson. Geophysicist; Professor of Geophysics, Caltech 1963-present. The papers are dated from the period of Anderson's directorship of the Caltech Seismological Laboratory and concern the Lab directly. Included are personal and administrative correspondence, and papers concerning the relationship between the Lab and the U.S. Geological Survey. 1968-1994. 2 boxes, 1 lin. ft.

Oral history interview with Marshall Harris Cohen, 1926-. Astronomer. Oral history interview conducted by Shelley Erwin. Transcript: 158 pp.

Oral history interview with Hiroo Kanamori, 1936-. Seismologist. Oral history interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen. Transcript: 61 pp.

Records of the Keck Telescope. Records on the planning and installation of the 10-meter Keck Telescope on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. 1980-1990. 0.75 lin. ft.

Papers of Charles Francis Richter, 1900-1985. Physicist (geophysics, seismology) best known as the seismologist who developed the magnitude scale that bears his name; received his Ph. D. in physics from Caltech, where he remained as a member of the faculty until 1970. Papers include correspondence, mainly relating to professional organizations and publications; manuscript material, scientific but also poetry and science fiction; course notes and lecture notes; technical notes and data; personal and biographical information including diaries (1948-1957, 1960, 1969-1979), notes and personal correspondence. Also included is Richter's collection of science fiction publications (35 boxes) including numerous titles from 1926 through the early 1950s, such as Amazing Stories, Amazing Stories Quarterly, Astounding Science Fiction and Astounding Stories. Supplement includes diplomas, diary, memorabilia. 1913-1984. 71 boxes +0.5 lin. ft.

Oral history interview with Thomas Anthony Tombrello, 1936-. Physicist. Oral history interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen. Transcript: 31 pp.

Oral history interview with Robert Lee Walker, 1919-. Physicist. Oral history interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen. Transcript: 64 pp.

Clark University. Department of Rare Books and Special Collections. University Archives. Goddard Library, 950 Main Street, Worcester, MA 01610, USA (Contact: Gwen Arthur)

Visual materials in the Robert Hutchings Goddard (1882-1945) Collection. Physicist and rocketry pioneer; Professor of Physics, Clark University, 1915-1943. Includes more than 5000 different photographs, and close to nine hours of 16 mm film footage of Dr. Goddard's rocket launches. 1914-1945. Unprocessed. 5000 photographs; 9 hrs. 16 mm film footage.

Dartmouth College. Rauner Special Collections Library. Hanover, NH 03755, USA (Contact: Philip Cronenwett)

Papers of Sanborn Conner Brown, 1913-. Physicist (plasma physics, physics education, history of science). Professor at MIT; Associate Dean of the Graduate School. Papers cover four areas: Brown's research in plasma physics and its relation to thermonuclear fusion, his commitment to teaching, international activities, and his studies in the history of science. Of particular interest is correspondence with other scientists concerning plasma physics and its application to nuclear energy.

The collection also documents his relationship with other physicists around the world who did research in plasma physics. 1945-1975. Unprocessed. 25 lin. ft.

Georgia Institute of Technology. Library and Information Center, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0900, USA (Contact: Anne Salter)

Papers of Joseph Ford, 1927-1995. Physicist (chaotic dynamics). Professor of physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1961-1995. Papers provide insight into Ford's research priorities in chaotic dynamics and information on his work at disseminating information to a global scholarly community. Included are correspondence, class notes, professional publications, photographs, and a computer hard drive with files. 1961-1995. 10.6 lin. ft.

IEEE History Center. Rutgers University. 39 Union Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA (Contact: Archivist)

Oral history interview with Kenneth Tompkins Bainbridge, 1904-1996. Nuclear physicist. Professor of physics, Harvard University from 1934. Member of the Radiation Laboratory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1940-1945. Description of his research at General Electric, Cavendish Laboratories, and Harvard University before Rad Lab; his introduction

to radar and the early planning stages of Rad Lab; roles of Vannevar Bush, Edward Bowles, I. I. Rabi, Lee DuBridge, and Wheeler Loomis in the organization of the program. Bainbridge explains his involvement as a session chairman of the Applied Nuclear Physics Conference in October 1940, his work on the SM, MEW, ASM and details of his assignment as a British liaison. He discusses the communications between Rad Lab and various branches of the military, the magnetron and its role in radar development, his working relationship with John Cockcroft, E. G. "Taffy" Bowen, and ultimately, his transition to Los Alamos in 1943. Interview conducted by John Bryant on June 10, 1991. Transcript: 13 pages.

Oral history interview with Edward Leonard Ginzton, 1915-. Electrical engineer. Professor of physics and electrical engineering, Stanford University, 1947-1968; founding director of Varian Associates in 1948; in 1959 he became its CEO. The interview describes Ginzton's pioneering career in postwar electronics research, as well as his relationship with figures such as William Hansen, William Hewlett, Sigurd and Russell Varian, Oswald "Mike" Villard, and William Rambo. Ginzton recalls Frederick Terman's vital relationship to Stanford's EE department, Microwave Lab, and postwar scientific research; discusses Stanford's relationship with the defense industry, and its classified work with the high-powered klystron. Ginzton then surveys the development of California's electronics industry and credits William Shockley with the creation of what is now known as Silicon Valley. Interview conducted by A. Michal McMahon on November 26, 1984. Transcript: 10 pp.

Oral history interview with William R. Hewlett. Engineer; founder of Hewlett-Packard Co. This interview focuses on Hewlett's connections with Stanford University, his relationship with Fred Terman, and Hewlett-Packard's interest in educational programs stressing theoretical training in the engineering field. The interview begins with Hewlett's educational experiences at Stanford and MIT and his early involvement with Terman. Hewlett analyzes Terman's position within the engineering and educational fields and then discusses his activities during World War II, when he was attached to the office of the Chief Signal Officer for most of the war. He discusses HP personnel, Noel Eldridge, Noel Porter, and Barney Oliver; and HP during the late 1940s and 1950s and the rise of Stanford's engineering school during this period. The last section deals with HP's transition from a small technical firm to a large, diversified publicly-owned corporation by the late 1960s. The interview concludes with a brief historical overview of the intellectual engineering community based at Stanford and the rise of the semiconductor industry in the area as well as HP's response to semiconductor technology. Interview conducted by A. Michal McMahon on November 27, 1984. Transcript: 12 pp.

The MIT Radiation Laboratory oral history collection of the IEEE History Center. A collection of oral histories conducted in 1991 by the staff of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers History Center at Rutgers University on the fiftieth anniversary of the Radiation Laboratory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The Rad Lab was in operation from Nov. 1940 until the end of 1945. It made great contributions to radar techniques and microwave theory, and many of its alumni went on to careers in industry and academia and profoundly affected industrial research and technical education in America. Among the 40 interviewees (separately cataloged in ICOS) are: Kenneth T. Bainbridge, Edward M. Purcell, Norman F. Ramsey, Denis M. Robinson, H. Guyford Stever, Jerome B. Wiesner. Most of the interviews were conducted by John Bryant in 1991. 40 Transcripts.

Oral history interview with Edward M. Purcell, 1912-1997. Purcell reflects on his work on counter-mortar radar and K-band experimental radar. He also takes the opportunity to clear Rabi's name in the controversy around K-band wavelength choice by describing how that decision was made and taking full responsibility for the problems they encountered. He describes the Rad Lab atmosphere, the challenge of learning by doing and his impressions of DuBridge, Loomis, and Rabi. Interview conducted by John Bryant on June 10, 1991. Transcript: 11 pages.

Oral history interview with Norman F. Ramsey, 1915-. Physicist. Served as a member of the Radiation Laboratory from 1940-1943. Relocated to Los Alamos in 1943. Ramsey describes his early educational background, his transition from engineering to science, and his recruitment to the Radiation Laboratory. He recalls the errors and successes of the early planning committees at Rad Lab, and the laboratory's interactions with both private industry and the military. He recounts the stages of design and improvements in microwave technology within his group at Rad Lab, the transfer of technology between Britain and the United States and the information exchange that occurred within the Rad Lab itself, and his working relationship with many colleagues at Rad Lab and Los Alamos, particularly Oliphant, Rabi, and Oppenheimer. He also discusses the effect of Rad Lab on his later career at Fermilab, Brookhaven, and Harvard. Interview conducted by John Bryant on June 20, 1991. Transcript: 17 pages.

Oral history interview with Denis Morrell Robinson, 1907-. Robinson served at the Radiation Laboratory under a courtesy appointment from 1941 to 1945. He was British Air Commission and Royal Air Force representative. Robinson describes his receiver work with W.B. Skinner at Telecommunications Research Establishment (TRE) before joining the Rad Lab, his contract to work on the magnetron with M. L. Oliphant, his assignment at Dundee to prepare a receiver for the magnetron, and later developments that contributed to the development of the magnetron. He speaks about his position with TRE, his role in the communications between the British and American Rad Lab units, his involvement with the Committee on Valve Development, his demonstration of the B-24 to top British government officials and his role in the design, production, and promotion of the microwave ASA equipment. Other topics include the Tizard Mission and the Rad Lab's William Hansen lectures. In an addendum to this interview, Robinson describes in detail the leadership abilities and styles of Robert Watson-Watt, A. P. Rowe, Lee DuBridge, and W. B. Lewis. Interview conducted by John Bryant on June 10, 1991. Transcript: 16 pages.

Oral history interview with Horton Guyford Stever. Aeronautical engineer. Stever began his four-year tenure at the Radiation Laboratory in June 1941. He was a member of the modulator group, the Harbor Building-Barrow School, the receiver group, the Office of Scientific Research (OSRD) and Development, the British Branch Radiation Laboratory (BBRL), and the Director's office. Stever discusses his work within the modulator group, his teaching position at the Harbour Building and his appointment to the OSRD. He recounts his role and responsibilities in the British radar operations and in the organization of the BBRL. The interaction between the Rad Lab and military personnel is described, as well as the Rad Lab's effect upon post-war engineering education. Interview conducted by John Bryant on March 17, 1993. Transcript: 8 pages.

Oral history interview with Jerome Bert Wiesner, 1915-. Electrical engineer. Professor of electrical engineering at M.I.T., 1946-1961; president of M.I.T., 1964-1980. He was associated with the Radiation Laboratory from 1942-1945. Wiesner discusses his working relationship with Jerrold Zacharias and the various components projects he completed under his direction. He describes his work on K-band sets of magnetrons, klystrons, transmitters and receivers and, ultimately, his direction of Project Cadillac. He examines the importance of his interaction with the military, especially the Navy. He describes the function of the Rad Lab Steering Committee and his personal role as a member. Interview conducted by Frederik Nebeker on June 12, 1991. Transcript: 8 pages.

Johns Hopkins University. Special Collections, Milton S. Eisenhower Library. 3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218, USA (Contact: Margaret Burri)

Space telescope history project records of Robert William Smith, 1952-. Compiled while writing his book The Space Telescope: A Study of NASA, Science, Technology and Politics (1989). The book was one of the main goals of the Space Telescope History Project and was the result of the efforts of historians from Johns Hopkins University and the National Air and Space Museum. The purpose of the project was to provide a history of the Space Telescope Project from its origins to the time when the telescope was placed in orbit. The project also developed a large body of historical resource files and oral history tapes. The oral histories and many of the files are housed at the National Air and Space Museum. This collection is a portion of these working resource files. In April 1990, the completed Hubble Space Telescope was launched into orbit. The collection contains correspondence files, scientific plans, reports, publications, administrative records and subject files from various NASA centers, universities, re

search groups and contractors who were active in the development of the Hubble Space Telescope and the Space Telescope Science Institute. Because this record group is an artificial collection, the documents it contains have been gathered from a variety of sources. The records do not provide complete documentation of either the Space Telescope or the agencies who contributed to its development. 1952-1991 (bulk 1970-1989). 17 cu. ft.

Library of Congress. Manuscript Division. James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue, S. E., Washington, DC 20540, USA (Contact: Leonard Bruno)

Papers of Benjamin S. Loeb, 1914-. Author, economist and government official who collaborated with Glenn T. Seaborg to produce three books on the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Research files containing correspondence, journal excerpts, reports, minutes, speeches, writings, transcripts of interviews, and printed matter compiled by Loeb relating to Glenn Theodore Seaborg's chairmanship of the AEC (1961-1971) and to Loeb's assistance to Seaborg in writing books on his chairmanship and efforts to promote arms control and peaceful uses of nuclear power. Includes Loeb's correspondence and interviews with McGeorge Bundy, W. Averill Harriman, Dean Rusk, W. W. Rostow, and Theodore C. Sorenson. Includes material on the allegations that Zalman M. Shapiro, president of the Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corp., provided Israeli associates with nuclear secrets and enriched uranium in the 1960s. 1945-1999 (bulk 1961-1971). Ca. 6000 items (6.8 lin. ft.)

Additions to the papers of Charles Hard Townes, 1915-. Physicist at the University of California, Berkeley. Designed the first maser and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1964. Correspondence, subject files and other papers relating chiefly to Townes's career as a physicist at Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ; Columbia University, New York, NY; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA; and University of California, Berkeley, CA. Includes material concerning his invention of the maser in the 1950s and his work as a member of the President's Science Advisory Committee and with the U.S. Department of Defense during the John F. Kennedy presidential administration. Also includes lectures, notebooks, printed material, photographs and other papers. Addition to collection consisting of outgoing correspondence, 1985-1992; materials pertinent to Townes' involvement with Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, National Bureau of Standards, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Institute for Defense Analysis, Department of Energy, and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Also includes research notebooks, 1948-1965; maser-laser history files and patents; writings, speeches, honors, awards and trip files. 1948-1996. Unprocessed. Ca. 60,000 items. + 40 lin. ft.

National Academy of Sciences. 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20418, USA (Contact: Janice F. Goldblum)

Records of the American Geophysical Union. Organized in 1919 to represent the U.S. in the International Research Council's International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics and to serve as the National Research Council Committee on Geophysics. In both of these capacities, the AGU promoted work in the fields of astronomy, geodesy, geology, meteorology, seismology, terrestrial electricity and magnetism, and volcanology. The collection includes correspondence, reports and meeting minutes. 1919-1965. 7 lin. ft.

NAS-NRC International Relations Records Group. Documents the U.S. National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council involvement in international congresses and non-governmental international scientific organizations and unions. The institution's physics-related activities in these areas are well represented. Collection includes correspondence, reports, and meeting minutes. Important topics include: International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU); International Unions in astronomy, biophysics, geodesy and geophysics, mathematics, physics and radio; and administration of the NAS. 1940-1965. 44 lin. ft.

Records of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), Space Science Board. Appointed in spring 1958 at the request of the Executive Committee of the U.S. National Committee for the International Geophysical Year to survey the scientific aspects of the human exploration of space. The SSB provided advice on the continuation and expansion of the IGY's rocket and satellite programs, and later advised NASA, the Dept. of Defense, and the National Science Foundation on aspects of interplanetary probes and space stations, potential problems of manned spaceflight, the exploration of Venus and Mars, & other matters related to space. Collection includes correspondence, reports and meeting minutes. Important topics include: Atmospheric sciences, Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), extraterrestrial contamination, International Council on Scientific Unions (ICSU), International Geophysical Year (IGY), lunar exploration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), administration of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), National Research Council (U.S.), planetary atmospheres, planetary exploration, rocketry, satellites, solar-terrestrial physics. 1958-1974. 20 lin. ft.

Records of the National Research Council (U.S.), Committee on Polar Research. Established in early 1958, the extradivisional Committee on Polar Research grew out of the Academy's U.S. National Committee for the International Geophysical Year. Following up on the USNA's direction of IGY activities at the North and South Poles, the Committee developed program recommendations for the NSF regarding scientific research in the Arctic and Antarctic regions. The Committee also served as the U.S. National Committee for ICSU's Special (later, Scientific) Committee on Antarctic Research. In 1975, the Committee was reorganized as the Polar Research Board under the National Research Council's Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences. Collection includes correspondence, reports, and meeting minutes. Important topics: Antarctic research, Arctic research, glaciology, geodesy, geophysics, International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU), International Geophysical Year (IGY), Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Special Committee on Antarctic Research. 1955-1968. 14 lin. ft.

Records of the National Research Council (U.S.), Division of Physical Sciences. Established from the NRC Committee on Physics during the 1918 wartime reorganization of the Research Council, Division of Physical Sciences, with Charles E. Mendenhall as its chairman; retained under the Research Council's peacetime reorganization in 1919. After World War I, the Division continued its function of forming research committees in various areas of physics, and publishing reports of their findings. The focus of the postwar Division was on promoting research in physics by conducting and publishing surveys in order to assist investigators and suggest problems. Like the Research Council as a whole, the Division during the postwar years set out to take a more active role of leadership in its field. The Committee on Nuclear Science (the successor after a 1946 reorganization of the Committee on Standards of Radioactivity) addressed a highly diverse set of issues in the field of nuclear science through the 1970s. The Division also turned its attention to the education and training of physicists. Collection includes correspondence, reports and meeting minutes. Important topics include American Institute of Physics, neutron measurements, nuclear constants, nuclear geophysics, nuclear reactors, radioactivity measurements and standards, radiobiology, radiochemistry. 1919-1962. 13 lin. ft.

Purdue University. Libraries. Special Collections. West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA (Contact: Katherine M. Markee)

Papers of Vivian Annabelle Johnson, 1912-1985. Physicist, faculty member of Purdue University, researcher in theoretical solid state physics and author of many scientific papers on the transport properties of semiconductors. Her scholarship, leadership and abilities as a teacher were recognized in 1973 by the Standard Oil Foundation Teaching Award and in 1979 by the Helen B. Schleman Gold Medallion Award. Member of Sigma Xi, Sigma Pi Sigma, Indiana Academy of Sciences, Phi Beta Kappa and the American Association of University Professors. Unprocessed.

California Institute of Technology (Ph.D., 1939). Appointed to faculty of Columbia University, 1948, where he conceived the idea for the maser. Received Nobel Prize for physics for advances in quantum electronics, 1964. 0.5 cu. ft. : 3 boxes; 4 videotapes. Contact institution for restrictions.

Union College. Schaffer Library. Special Collections. Schenectady, New York 12308, NY, USA (Contact: Ellen Fladger)

Papers of Ralph A. Alpher. Astrophysicist (B.Sc. 1943 and Ph.D. 1948, George Washington University) whose work with George Gamow on nucleosynthesis in the early universe and with Robert Herman on the existence of primordial background radiation are landmarks in the development of the Big Bang theory. Alpher worked at the Applied Physics Laboratory of the Johns Hopkins University (1945-1955); General Electric Research and Development Laboratory (1955-1986), and since 1986 has been a research professor at Union College and administrator of the Dudley Observatory. Collection consists of personal and scientific papers and includes research notes, letter books, research, reprints and other material related to his work. 1940s-present. Unprocessed. 40 lin. ft.

Papers of Robert Herman, 1914-1997. Theoretical physicist (B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. from Princeton University) who worked at the Applied Physics Laboratory of the Johns Hopkins University (1942-1955). He made fundamental contributions to the theory of high energy electron scattering, and worked with George Gamow and Ralph Alpher on developing the Big Bang theory, exploring such topics as the formation of elements in the Big Bang, and production of microwave background radiation produced in the early stages of the evolution of the universe and still detectable today. From 1956-1988 Herman was head of the Theoretical Physics Research Lab of the General Motors Research Lab. His work there included pioneering theoretical analyses of vehicle traffic flow, work that provided a basis of modern theories of traffic analysis. In 1988 he became professor of Civil Engineering at the University of Texas. Collection represents only part of Herman's work, most likely the work he did with Ralph Alpher. 1940s-present. Unprocessed. 3 lin. ft.

University of Colorado. Libraries. Western Historical Collections. Campus Box 184, Boulder, CO 80302-0184, USA (Contact: Bruce Montgomery)

Papers of Albert Allen Bartlett, 1923-. Emeritus professor of the Department of Physics at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Contains personal files and records related to his service as an officer or active member of boards, commissions and committees. An avid historian of the University, Dr. Bartlett kept files on University history and researched the history of the physics department. 1969-1997. 13 boxes, 215 slides.

Papers of Edward Uhler Condon, 1902-1974. Physicist who served as director of the National Bureau of Standards (1945-1951). He also was the director of research and development

David Sarnoff Research Center. David Sarnoff Library. Princeton, NJ 08543-5300, USA (Contact: Alexander B. Magoun)

Papers of David Sarnoff, 1891-1971. Worked for Radio Corporation of America (1919- ), as president (1929-1930) and as director (1930-). Material on technical and commercial activities, letters, public statements and speeches, spanning Sarnoff's entire career. Photos and other documents, including his memorandum on a radio music box, relate to his proposals for the uses of wireless, his ideas on the broad applications of wireless technology and electronics, and the wide range of his public services and interests. Among the topics covered are television, RCA, and NBC. 1941-1985. 700 vols. (310 lin. ft.) Access restricted.

Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center. MRC 601, 12th Street and Constitution Avenue, N. W., Washington, D. C. 20560, USA (Contact: Alison Oswald)

Oral history interview of Charles H. Townes, 1915-. Graduated from Furman University (1935), Duke University (1936), and the (1951-1954) and consulting physicist (1954-1974) at Corning Glass Works. He was professor of physics and astrophysics and fellow of the Joint Institute of Laboratory Astrophysics (JILA) at the University of Colorado and conducted a study of unidentified flying objects (UFOs) for the U.S. Air Force in the mid-1960s. Included in the collection are transcripts from Gemini space flights, microfilm of UFO publications and reports, plus books, pamphlets, journals and other material. Also included is material on the "Bevetron" (BEV Proton Accelerator) study led by Condon. The majority of Condon's papers are housed at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia. 1960s. 11 boxes, 21 volumes.

Papers of William Duane, 1872-1935. Renowned for research on radioactivity and X-rays; worked with Pierre and Marie Curie at the University of Paris, 1907-1912. He was the first professor and head of the Dept. of Physics at the University of Colorado from 1898 to 1907, and Professor Emeritus of Bio-physics at Harvard University from 1913-1935. Duane Physical Laboratories on the C.U. campus were dedicated on March 11, 1972 in his honor. Includes certificates, correspondence, photographs and a family scrapbook of clippings. 1898-1935. 1 small box, 1 oversize.

Papers of Bernhard Haurwitz, 1905-1986. Born in Germany and received Ph.D. in meteorology and geophysics from the University of Leipzig in 1927. Having accepted a short appointment at MIT in 1932, Haurwitz chose not to return to Germany following Hitler's rise to power. He conducted meteorology research at MIT and Harvard (1932-1935). He served at University of Toronto (1935-1941) as a Fellow and Lecturer, MIT (1941-1947) as a member, an Associate of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (1947-1955) and NYU (1947-1959) as chairman of Meteorology. He came West to UCB (1959-1964), Alaska (1964-1973) and NCAR (1964-1973) on split year appointments, and CSU (1973-1983). The collection includes his library of scientific publications including a card index, and tape recordings with printed transcripts of his 1983 oral history interviews by George Platzman. 1920s-1986. 6 boxes.

Papers of Oliver Clarence Lester, 1873-1951. Came to the University of Colorado as Head of the Department of Physics in 1907. He became Dean of the Graduate School in 1919 and Vice-President of the University in 1931. Lester retired in 1947, revered as the "elder statesman" of the University. The collection includes 10 handwritten letters to Miss Kaufman, a former student. 1937-1951. 1 small box.

University of Minnesota. University Archives. 10 Walter Library, 117 Pleasant St. S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA (Contact: Penelope Krosch)

Papers of Phyllis S. Freier, 1921-1992. Spent her entire academic life at the University of Minnesota. As a graduate student she was the first person to see tracks in nuclear emulsions which proved that there were energetic heavy nuclei in cosmic radiation. Freier was unable to advance academically at the Univ. of Minn. because her husband, George Freier, was also a member of the Physics Dept. faculty. In 1970, nepotism rules were relaxed and Freier rapidly moved through ranks in recognition of her research and teaching. She was recognized internationally for her work as a cosmic ray physicist and administered one of the major nuclear emulsion laboratories in the world. She was the recipient of several teaching awards from the Univ. of Minn. and was an active member in the American Physical Society. Unprocessed. 3 lin. ft.

Papers of Edward Purdy Ney, 1920-. Astrophysicist. Received all his degrees from the University of Minnesota. During World War II, Ney worked on the Manhattan Project where his research centered on the separation of uranium isotopes. After the war, Ney returned to Univ. of Minn. and concentrated on astrophysics. He continued research initiated by Jean Piccard using high altitude balloons to study incoming high energy particles. Ney and Phyllis Freier collaborated on cosmic ray research. Ney's research includes experiments involving the Gemini launches during the 1960s. His most recent research was an investigation of radioactive background radiation on the earth's surface. Collection includes research data and related material reflecting Ney's research on cosmic physics. Unprocessed. 45 lin. ft.

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Archives. Mail Stop 8, Woods Hole, MA 02543-1539, USA (Contact: Margot Brown Garritt)

Papers of William Stelling Von Arx, 1916-1999. Known variously as a meteorologist, geologist, astronomer, physicist, oceanographer and teacher. Von Arx worked at WHOI from 1945-1978. He also served as a professor of oceanography at MIT from 1959 onward. Von Arx spent his early years at WHOI working on war-related grants and contracts and ocean dynamics. His principal scientific interests included the primary circulation of oceans and atmosphere, heat and balance of the earth, and physical geodesy of ocean areas. His correspondence from the mid-to-late 1950s reflects his work and involvement with other scientists. The collection documents his early years at the Institute as a physical oceanographer. Materials consist of correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, data and logbooks. 1950s. 4 lin. ft.

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