AIP History Center Newsletter
Photos and Quotes included in the
Spring 2001 Issue of the CHP Newsletter

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Ye Swag The U.S. science funding system ca. 1950. A worthy scientist receives a sack of "Ye Swag" from the Renaissance princes of the Office of Naval Research. Drawing by Mike Dormer, reprinted with permission from National Research Council, Ocean Studies Board, Fifty Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000, copyright © 2000 National Academy of Sciences. Courtesy of the National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.


The journey back in time reverses the pattern of increasing specialization in science. The high ground of historical perspective helps one to avoid the tunnel vision of the specialist in much the same way that a multidisciplinary approach can foster insight.

--Edward W. Cliver and Ruth P. Liebowitz



Enrico Fermi on a boat Enrico Fermi
Enrico Fermi (1901-1954), on a boat, Isola d'Elba, 1954.
Enrico Fermi (1901-1954), circa 1923.
Credit: Amaldi Archives, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università "la Sapienza" Rome.
Photo courtesy of AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives.
Baron, Polya, Pauli, HeckeCirca late 1930s, possibly Zürich. L-R: Julius G. Baron, physician and radiologist, a boyhood friend and schoolmate of Pólya, with whom he maintained a lifelong friendship; George Pólya, Hungarian-born mathematician well known for his contributions in analysis, number theory, probability and other fields, who taught at the E. T. H. in Zürich and since World War II at Stanford University; Wolfgang Pauli; and Erich Hecke, a German-born mathematician. Information provided by Andrew Lenard, Indiana University. Photo courtesy of AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives. Donated by Andrew Lenard, 1999, from the estate of Julius G. Baron.

Instead of marching onward with perfect vision, science stumbles along... In hindsight, the path taken may look straight, running from ignorance to profound insight, but only because our memory for dead ends is so much worse than that of a rat in a maze.

—Frans de Waal


Julian Seymour Schwinger Herbert Friedman Carl Wilhelm Oseen

Enrico Persico

Enrico Persico (1900-1969). Amaldi Archives, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita "la Sapienza" Rome.

Photo courtesy of AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives.

Julian Seymour Schwinger (1918-1994), October 1973.

Photo courtesy of AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives, Segrè Collection.

Herbert Friedman
(1916-2000).

Photo courtesy of AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives, Physics Today Collection.

Standing, left to right, Carl Wilhelm Oseen (1879-1944), Niels Henrik David Bohr (1885-1962), James Franck (1882-1964), Oskar Benjamin Klein (1894-1977), seated, Max Born (1882-1970).

Photo courtesy of AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives, Kohn Photo Collection.


Nowadays one branch of physics is not readily comprehensible even to other physicists if they work in different aread. How will historians cope, or will we become dependent on the memoirs of retired scientists with no formal training in historical analysis?

--Neil Brown


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