AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXXV , No. 1, Spring 2003

 

Documentation Preserved
Compiled by Katherine A. Hayes

This Web page contains much more information than our printed Newsletter. On request, we will be glad to send you gratis a printed copy, just e-mail us .

This is our regular survey of archives and other repositories with information for historians and others. Many of these are new deposits not yet processed, but we also include collections that were accessioned years ago but not previously reported here. In many cases restrictions apply, so please contact the repository for information on access. All the information here, and often more, is entered in our online International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences. Please visit /history/icos.
University of Melbourne. Archives. 119-129 Barry Street, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of Geoffrey Ivan Opat, 1935- . Physicist; Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Melbourne, Australia (1973-2000); Professorial Fellow in Physics there after his retirement in 2001. Has published widely in the fields of nuclear physics and particle physics. Fulbright Research Associate at the University of Pennsylvania, 1961-64; research associate at Rutherford High Energy Laboratory UK, 1970-71; visiting professor at the University of British Columbia, 1976-77 and the University of Washington Seattle, 1990. Research interests in experimental and theoretical investigations of properties of nuclei, atoms, optics, neutron physics, elementary particles and gravitation. Personal records, including lecture notes, orations, research publications, records of public committees and research notes. Ca. 1950-2002. Collection is unprocessed. Ca. 40 lin. meters.


Glenbow Museum. Archives. 130-9th Ave. S.E., Calgary, Alberta T2G 0P3, Canada (Contact: Archivist)

Records of the Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists. Established in June 1949 by geophysicists involved in the search for petroleum in Alberta. Encouraged in their formation by representatives of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists in the U.S., with which they are affiliated. Original and continuing goals are to promote the science of geophysics, especially as it applies to petroleum exploration, and to promote fellowship and cooperation among persons interested in geophysical problems. Primary activity is holding monthly technical meetings. Has provided technical advice and literature to the Calgary Public Library; established a scholarship program and a lecture program for schools; established an awards program and a technical journal. After 1972 became active in the Canadian Geoscience Council, and helped establish the Chair of Geophysics at the University of Calgary. Collection not fully processed; contact repository for information. 14 meters, 170 photographs, 14 audio cassettes.


Niels Bohr Archive. Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark (Contact: Finn Aaserud)

Addition to the papers of Aage Bohr, 1922. Born 1922, son of Niels Bohr. Took over leadership of the Copenhagen Institute for Theoretical Physics on his father's death. He shared the Nobel Prize for physics in 1975 with his close collaborators Ben Mottelson and James Rainwater, for their contribution to the theory of the collective properties of atomic nuclei. Addition of 19 boxes contains scientific and administrative correspondence from 1981-1993 (8 boxes), and materials regarding funding and international cooperation, particularly with Eastern Bloc countries from 1965-1980 (11 boxes). 1950-1993. Unprocessed. Access by application. Contact repository. 19 boxes.


Deutsches Museum. Museumsinsel 1, 80306, Munich, Germany (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of Ernst Mach, 1838-1916. Physicist; worked in optics, acoustics, ballistics and gas dynamics; developed a theory of cognition; later on concentrated on physiology and historical studies of physics. Includes publications; correspondence (approximately 2,700 letters); manuscripts; notebooks; and photographs (approximately 950), mostly negative and positive glass plates, taken between 1885 and 1895. Contact repository for more information.


First Results from New UK Survey

You will find a larger than usual number of collections–19 in all–reported from the United Kingdom in this issue. Most of these records represent the first returns from a new survey of archival repositories in the UK that we are sponsoring jointly with the National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists, University of Bath. We're very pleased with the good results obtained thus far, and we're looking forward to carrying new reports from the survey in subsequent newsletters.


King's College London. King's College Archives. Strand, London WC2R 2LS, England (Contact: Archivist)

Records of King's College (University of London). Maxwell Society. The Maxwell Society was founded around 1935 by Sir Edward Victor Appleton, Wheatstone Professor of Physics at the University of London, 1924-1936, and was named in honor of the pioneering physicist, James Clerk Maxwell, Professor of Natural Philosophy at King's College London, between 1860 and 1865. It was established to promote knowledge of physics among students of King's. Events included lectures delivered by distinguished speakers on a wide variety of subjects; study visits to research laboratories, etc., and other social activities. The Society remains active. The records consist of minutes, correspondence, programs and signature books. These notably include the manuscript minutes of the Society, 1947-1950, summarizing the title and content of lectures on subjects ranging from the development of the calculating machine to 'reasoning automata' or the early theory of intelligent computers, and to the possibility of interplanetary travel. The minutes include the period of the Secretaryship of Peter Ware Higgs, a leading authority on the behavior of elementary particles. Also includes annual reports, accounts, secretary's reports, attendance registers, and a presentation copy of Cyril Domb ed., Clerk Maxwell and Modern Science (London, 1963). 1939-1970. Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form. 2 boxes.

Records of King's College (University of London). Dept. of Physics. Instruction in physics began in 1831 in the form of lectures in natural and experimental philosophy and continued over the years as part of the Dept. of General Literature and Science and later the Dept. of Applied Sciences. The Physics Dept. became part of the Faculty of Science in 1893. In 1923 Physics became part of the Faculty of Natural Science, which later formed part of the Faculty of Mathematical and Physical Sciences. This became the School of Physical Sciences and Engineering in 1991. The Dept. has produced many distinguished scientists including four Nobel Prize winners. The records comprise minute books, correspondence, staff records, mark books, research notes, lecture notes and texts, inventories of equipment, photographs, press cuttings and printed journal articles and catalogues. They include minutes of staff meetings including arrangements for tutorials and lists of staff publications, 1975-1980; Faculty of Natural Science and Faculty of Education minutes and papers, 1975-1982; correspondence relating to the appointment, training and employment of technical staff by the Dept. of Physics, 1966-1981; correspondence relating to the 150th anniversary of the Dept. including photographs, display captions and off-prints of articles on Professor James Clerk Maxwell, Professor Owen Richardson, and Prof. Edward Victor Appleton, 1978; papers concerning the merger of Queen Elizabeth College with King's College, 1981-1984; papers compiled by Ernest Wilson including correspondence concerning the publication of his research papers and nomination for membership of the Royal Society, and photographs of him and his colleagues (1890-1928); notes, articles, and lectures concerning crystallography, spectroscopy, and X-ray topography, 1978-1981; data book of experiments conducted in the Dept., 1932; data books describing experiments on resonance, optics and nuclear physics, 1965-1971; references and testimonials for students, 1947-1970; glass slides of traces of elementary particles through bubble chamber, of graphs and diagrams and laboratory equipment, 1950-1970; photographs of students, staff, 1955-1974; photographs of instruments including early electron microscope and model of DNA, 1955, and of offprints of Proceedings of the Physical Society and Proceedings of the Royal Society by Edward Victor Appleton and others concerning ionization of the earth's atmosphere, the principle of conservation of energy and other topics, 1934-1936; instruction booklets for various pieces of laboratory apparatus including electrical generator and gamma ray detector, 1955-1969. [1890]-1984. Administrative records are generally closed for 30 years except for published material and some committee and other minutes. Staff and student records are subject to an 80 year closure period after the date of leaving, but may be consulted by Departmental and other College staff with permission from the Head of Dept. 31 boxes.

Records of the A-level physical science course, Nuffield Foundation, Science Teaching Project. The Nuffield Foundation A-level Physical Science course was planned as an alternative to sixth-form physics and chemistry. The program was initiated in 1965 and organized by John E. Spice, Senior Chemistry Master at Winchester College. The first meeting of the Physical Sciences Group from the 16 trials schools to plan the content of the course and examination was held in March 1966. The first candidates were examined in June 1968. Records are comprised of draft proposals for the A-level in Physical Sciences and contents of the course, general entry requirements to universities, progress reports, Nuffield Foundation administrative papers relating to the A-level in Physical Sciences, papers relating to trial schools, teachers guides and student workbooks, examinations, details of candidates, sample papers, correspondence with universities, polytechnics, and the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service, correspondence with Civil Service Commission and the armed forces concerning acceptance of ALPS candidates. Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form. 45 boxes, 1 file.

Records of physics A- and O-level, Nuffield Foundation, Science Teaching Project. The Physics Project of the Nuffield Foundation Science Teaching Project at Chelsea College was initially designed for pupils between the ages of 11 and 16, and ended with examination at O-level. Work on the project was controlled by the joint organizers, P. J. Black and J. M. Ogborn. The first trials began in Sept. 1968 in 24 schools, a total of 500 students. Records of the Physics project A-level (PAL) and O-level (POL) are comprised of papers and correspondence relating to examinations, apparatus and publications, including development of the course, teaching materials, recognition of Nuffield Foundation by examining boards, requests for information, trial schools, examination papers, returns from ex-students in higher education evaluating the course, teaching materials, training for teachers, correspondence with schools and some details of pupils. Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form. 17 boxes.

Papers of Kenneth Dudley Outteridge, 1923-1989. Outteridge was educated at Oxford University. He was a demonstrator and lecturer in physics, King's College London from 1954-1982. Papers relating to Outteridge's teaching work at King's College London, 1950-1982, notably teaching and tutorial notes on subjects mainly relating to radiation physics and radiation protection, 1965-1972; texts of lectures on radiation physics written for the Borough Polytechnic, London, 1954-1957 and 1960-[1967]; copies; papers concerning research grants and students, including a PhD thesis by B. L. Diffey on the spectral distribution of X-rays and gamma radiation resulting from multiple Compton scattering, June 1973; copies of articles and lectures by Outteridge and others, including K. C. Lightowlers, B. L. Diffey, and Frank Clive Champion; minutes and agendas of the Faculty of Natural Science, 1970-1981, and the non-professional staff committee, 1975-1978. Papers, 1952-1954, relating to Outteridge's work at the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, notably press cuttings relating to work done there, 1952-1953; a teaching manual written by Outteridge on The Isotope School Experimental Course in Radioisotope Techniques, 1954. Papers relating to Outteridge's work as Radiation Protection Officer for King's College, 1971-1988, including information files regarding his duties, working papers, reports from the British Radiation Protection Assn. and the Institute of Radiological Protection, 1971-1986; and papers and reports of the Assn. of University Radiation Protection Officers. 1950-[1988]. Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form. 24 boxes.

Papers of George Randall Wilkinson, 1927-1989. Professor of physics, King's College London,1958-1984. The papers mainly relate to the teaching of physics at King's College, London, i.e., teaching notes, handouts and offprints of articles for use in lectures and tutorials, on subjects including Raman spectroscopy, solid state physics, hydrograph bonding and modern physics [1950-1986]; two copies of the King's College Physics Dept. Second Year Laboratory Manual; correspondence relating to students, physics and chemistry; both King's College and University of London Exam papers [1949-1966]; agenda and minutes of physics department staff meetings [1981-1987]; papers relating to research funding; files and correspondence relating to Wilkinson's PhD students, notably David Meade and K. J. Dean; papers relating to Science Research Council grants made to Wilkinson, [1950-1989]; correspondence, drawings, photographs and papers on various scientific subjects, especially Raman spectroscopy; papers, articles and speeches written by Wilkinson. The collection also contains 4 boxes of glass slides showing sample spectra. [1949]-1988. Open, subject to signature of reader's undertaking form. 20 boxes, 4 boxes of slides.

Royal Holloway College Library University of London. Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey, England (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of Ivor Blashka Hart, 1889-. British scientist and author. Educated at Earlsmead and Queen Mary College, and University College London; Resident Science Master, St George's School, Eastbourne, East Sussex, 1910-1911; Physics Master, Tavistock Grammar School, Devon, 1911-1913; Head of Science Department, Leamington College, Warwickshire, 1913-1920; Lecturer in Physics, Leamington Technical School, 1913-1920; served World War One, 1914-1918, as Lt, Royal Garrison Artillery, in Italy, Mesopotamia and India; RAF Educational Service, 1920-1949; Principal Deputy Director of Educational Services, Air Ministry, 1945-1949; Secretary, Insignia Awards Committee, City and Guilds of London Institute, 1950-1958. Papers concern lectures and publications by Hart, notably correspondence, 1951-1961, mainly relating to lectures on Leonardo da Vinci, aeronautical engineering and other subjects; correspondence relating to the writing and publication of his work, including James Watt and the History of Steam Power, 1948, and The World of Leonardo Da Vinci, Man of Science, Engineer and Dreamer of Flight, 1960-1962; typescripts of lectures on textile education, 1951, the scientific basis for Leonardo da Vinci's work in technology, 1952, and handicraft instruction; typescript of The World of Leonardo Da Vinci, Man of Science, Engineer, and Dreamer of Flight, 1960; copies of published articles by Hart on medieval and modern science, 1930-1955. 1930-1962. Open to all registered users. One box.


St. John's College. The Library. Cambridge CB2 1TP, England (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of Sir Fred Hoyle, 1915-2001. Hoyle studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge and was elected a fellow of St. John's in 1939. He was University Lecturer in Mathematics, 1945-1958, and subsequently Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy, 1958-1972. He served as the first Director of the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy at Cambridge, 1967-1973, and Professor of Astronomy at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, 1969-1972. He wrote technical papers on a wide range of astronomical topics, as well as popular science and science fiction. The collection comprises manuscripts, typescripts, letters, papers, lectures, notebooks, diaries, photographs, slides, film, audiotapes, reprints, preprints, books and artefacts. [1920-1999]. Open to bona fide researchers by appointment. 10 filing cabinets.

Notebooks of W. B. (William Blair) Morton, 1868-1949. Morton was admitted at St. John's in 1889 having been educated at Belfast Royal Academy and Queen's College Belfast. He graduated in 1892 and returned to Queen's College, Belfast, where he served as assistant in Natural Philosophy, 1892-1897, and then Professor, 1897-1933. He published in Philosophical Magazine, Proceedings of the Physical Society, and Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Fourteen notebooks containing notes made by W. B. Morton from lectures, 1889-1892, mostly given by R. R. Webb, others by J. Larmor, H. F. Baker, G. H. Darwin, and R. Pendlebury. Subjects include Statics (Webb), Newton (Webb), Particle Dynamics (Webb), Rigid Dynamics (Webb), Hydrostatics (Webb), Planetary Theory (Darwin), Physical Optics, Geometrical Optics (Larmor, Webb), Mathematical Physics (Larmor), Astronomy (Webb). 1889-1892. Open to bona fide researchers by appointment. 14 notebooks.

Papers of M. H. A. (Maxwell Herman Alexander) Newman, 1897-. Newman came to St. John's in 1915. After serving in the army 1916-1918, he returned to graduate in 1921 and became a Fellow of St. John's in 1923. He was University Lecturer in Mathematics at Cambridge 1927-1945, and Rockefeller Research Fellow at Princeton, 1928-1929. In 1945 he became Fielden Professor of Mathematics at Manchester University, holding the chair until his retirement in 1964. The collection includes a small number of letters from Albert Einstein, Paul Dirac, Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, Hermann Weyl, Harold Jeffreys, Sir Horace Lamb, Sir John Douglas Cockcroft, and John von Neumann. 1916-1984. Open to bona fide researchers by appointment. 4 boxes.

Notebooks of Stephen Parkinson, 1823-1889. Parkinson was admitted to St. John's in 1841 and graduated in 1845. He was a Fellow 1845-1871,1882-1889, Tutor 1865-1882, and President 1865-1889. Parkinson was the author of An Elementary Treatise on Mechanics (1855) and a Treatise on Optics (1859), which were at one time the standard works in use at Cambridge.
Nineteen notebooks containing mathematical notes and examples. Perhaps used by Parkinson for coaching students. Topics covered include: Newton, dynamics, hydrostatics, tides, statics, instruments, undulatory theory, mechanics, planetary theory [1845- ]. Open to bona fide researchers by appointment. 19 notebooks.

Papers of Robert Peirson, 1821-1891. Peirson was admitted at St. John's in 1841 and graduated in 1845. He was a Fellow of the College 1849-1855. After leaving Cambridge to reside at Barnsbury, where he remained until his death, Peirson determined to devote himself to the study of astronomy and optics and those studies formed the occupation of his life. Papers include loose manuscript papers and a few notebooks consisting of notes and calculations. The majority of the material relates to astronomy and optics. These papers are the result of his studies after leaving Cambridge. It was Peirson's wish that his manuscripts be published after his death but the College could not meet the cost of printing them. 1854-1890. Open to bona fide researchers by appointment. 50 boxes.


University College, London. Archive. Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, England

Papers of Dame Kathleen Lonsdale, 1903-1971. X-ray crystallographer; one of the first two women to be elected Fellow of the Royal Society (in 1945). Graduated in physics from Bedford College for Women in 1922. Finished first in the University of London BSc Honours exam, thereby gaining a place in W.H. Bragg's research team, first at University College London (UCL) and, from 1923, at the Royal Institution. Became a Quaker in 1935 and was jailed briefly in 1943 for her refusal to pay a fine imposed for non-registration for civil defense duties. As a result became active in penal reform. Also interested in world peace and ethics in science; attended several Pugwash conferences, and was active in several peace groups. Became Professor of Chemistry in 1949 at UCL, where she established her own research school. Made first Chairman of the new Commission on Tables in 1948, and was principal editor of the new volumes of the International Tables, the first volume appearing in 1951. Active in many scientific groups and congresses, and received many awards recognizing her contributions to science. Biographical material includes correspondence and papers relating to Lonsdale's imprisonment; diaries and personal notebooks, 1946-1969; letters and photographs. Research material covers years 1924-1970 and is in two sub-sections. Royal Institution papers include notebooks, correspondence with colleagues such as W.H. Bragg and J.M. Robertson; notes and drafts on various research topics, including diffuse scattering of X-rays, thermal vibrations in crystals, methonium compounds and urinary calculi, the latter being well documented with several case studies; photographs, mostly of X-ray diffraction patterns. The University College London papers included teaching and administrative work; documentation relating to laboratory personnel, research funding, and the 'Round Table on Peace Studies.' Publications, lectures and broadcast materials are extensive, including drafts of articles, books, book reviews, obituaries, and letters to newspapers and magazines; subjects include peace and religious issues; atomic weapons; ethics and role of science in society; religion; work on the International Tables for Crystal Structure Determination. There is extensive documentation of Lonsdale's visits and conferences, 1943-1971, which often included her other interests; her association with twenty-two societies and organizations is documented, including the British Association for the Advancement of Science and the International Union of Crystallography; the Pugwash Conferences on World Affairs, 1948-1970; and papers on prison reform. Correspondence covers the years 1927-1974, and consists of two main sequences, one arranged alphabetically and the other chronologically. This series includes important early letters, 1927-1929; and day files of outgoing correspondence, 1966-1969. Correspondents include Max Born, W.H. Bragg, W.L. Bragg, E.G. Cox, P.P. Ewald, D.M.C. Hodgkin, H.J. Milledge, L.C. Pauling and A.J.C. Wilson. (Index of correspondents included.) Ca. 1914-1989. 110 boxes.


University of Birmingham. Library. Information Services, Special Collections Dept., Edgbaston Campus, Birmingham, England (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of W. E. (William Ernest) Burcham, 1913-. Burcham was a professor of physics at University of Birmingham, 1951-1998. He was in charge of all matters relating to the Nuffield Cyclotron (except financial and building matters) and especially to strengthen its emerging nuclear physics program. He continued until 1960. From 1957 until 1973 he had charge of the construction and use of the Radial Ridge cyclotron. He retired in 1980. The papers relate to the Nuffield Cyclotron, the Radial Ridge Cyclotron and a new national cyclotron. The Nuffield Cyclotron papers include general papers, 1939-1986; 50-year symposium, 1998; Cyclotron meetings, including minutes, 1951-1967; running hours, 1951-1970; isotope production, radiochemical contract, transuranics; and published papers relating to the Nuffield Cyclotron, 1951-1962. The Radial Ridge Cyclotron papers include proposals relating to it and its development and operation, 1956-1966. The New National Cyclotron papers include the proposal for 1575 precision cyclotron, 1962. 1951-1998. Open to all registered researchers. 1 box.

Papers of J. H. (John Henry) Poynting, 1852-1914. Professor of physics at Mason Science College, later the University of Birmingham, 1880-1914. He became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1888. While at Mason College he carried out an experiment known as 'measuring the gravitational constant; what he was actually doing was weighing the earth for the first time, using a balance which is now in the National Physical Laboratory at Teddington. Personal and official papers of John Henry Poynting together with family papers. These include those of his father, T. Elford Poynting, 1833-1870 (9 items). J. H. Poynting's papers include his Cambridge examination results, testimonials and letters (1875-1910). Correspondents include Edward Routh, William Ramsay, Arthur Rucker, John Joly, W. Hittorf, H. A. Lorentz, Charles Boys, Arthur Schuster; family and other personal letters; a photograph of Professor Poynting with his gravity balance and symbolic sketch of the earth weighing process. The collection also includes his telescope. 1833-1952. Open to all registered researchers. 1 box.


Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. Library and Archives. Edinburgh, Scotland (Contact: Archivist)

Crawford Library and Archives of the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. James Ludovic Lindsay, Earl of Crawford (1847-1913), offered as a gift to the British government, all the instruments and complete library from his Observatory at Dun Echt which he had built up from 1872-1888. In return, Crawford wanted a commitment from the government to replace the original observatory due to be abolished as a national institution, and to build and maintain a new Royal Observatory. Through Crawford's donation in 1888 the new Royal Observatory was officially opened in 1896. Library includes 15,000 items spanning the 13th-19th century including manuscripts, books and pamphlets in astronomical literature, comet tracts and broadsheets & academic societies' publications and, in 1872, the library of Charles Babbage (of around 2500 items) was acquired. Crawford's collection policy was based on that of the Pulkova Observatory near St. Petersburg and contains first editions of all major works on astronomy and related subjects. The Archives comprises the notebooks, correspondence and other papers of the Astronomical Institution from 1764, Astronomers Royal for Scotland, 1834-1980; and the 26th Earl of Crawford, 1871-1875. Also included are observations and calculations; records on transit circle, time service, photometry, spectroscopy; & lecture notes. The Charles Piazzi Smyth Archives (Astronomer Royal for Scotland, 1845-1888), consisting of sketches; pocket notebooks; journals; watercolors; manuscript volumes re teaching of astronomy at the University of Edinburgh; diaries; student notes on geology and mineralogy; notes on cloud taking camera; notes on the Great Pyramid; solar spectra manuscript; photographic plates from Tenerife, Isle of May, Russia, Egypt, etc., 1856-1896. [1870-1989] 35.5 lin. meters.


University of Aberdeen. Library. Dept. of Special Collections and Archives. King's College. Aberdeen AB 9 ZUB, Scotland (Contact: Archivist)

Papers of James Paton, fl. 1928-1973. Meteorologist; Head of Department of Meteorology, University of Edinburgh, 1964-1973. Member and director of the British Astronomical Association Aurora Section; published many works on auroral and noctiluscent cloud phenomena. Research papers, including those relating to the International Geophysical Year Antarctic Expedition, 1960; the International Year of the Quiet Sun, 1964-1965; and various scientific councils with which Paton was involved. Also includes correspondence, 1940s-1970s; papers relating to teaching duties, 1940s-1970s; printed papers of works by Paton and others relating to meteorology, 1950s-1970s; photographs and slides of aurora and noctiluscent cloud phenomena (mostly without location or date), ca. 1960s-1970s; field notebooks of C.T.R. Wilson, 1920s. Ca. 1920s-1970s. Open, subject to signature accepting conditions of use at reader registration sheet. 33 boxes.

Papers of Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, 1869-1959. Physicist. Nobel Prize in Physics with Arthur Holly Compton in 1927 for work on the Wilson Cloud Chamber. Studied at Cambridge; appointed James Clerk Maxwell Scholar at the Cavendish Laboratory in 1895, publishing his first work on the cloud chamber in that year. Made Fellow of the Royal Society in 1900; in 1924 awarded honorary LL D from the University of Aberdeen. Remained at Sidney Sussex College for the rest of his working life, where he was appointed reader in Electrical Meteorology in 1918, and Jacksonian Professor of Natural History in 1925. Died in 1959. Principally working papers relating to Wilson's work on the cloud chamber and atmospheric physics. Includes original cloud chamber photographs taken by Wilson; slides; notebooks; drafts; biographical material; off-prints; and journals. Ca. 1890-1959. Open, subject to signature accepting conditions of use at reader registration sheet. 27 boxes.


Cardiff University. Information Services, Trevithick Resource Centre. P.O. Box 430, Cardiff CF10 3XT, Wales (Contact: Archivist)

Correspondence between Fred Hoyle and N. C. (Nalin Chandra)Wickramasinghe, 1939-. Wickramasinghe is Professor of Applied Mathematics and Astronomy at Cardiff University; Director of Cardiff Centre for Astrobiology. Student and collaborator with Sir Fred Hoyle; their joint work on the infrared spectra of interstellar grains led to developing the modern theory of panspermia. This theory proposes that cosmic dust in interstellar space and in comets is partly organic, and that life on earth evolved from this source rather than from "primordial soup." Currently working on developing methods for detecting life processes in space. Winner in 1997 of the Crafoord Prize; Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts; Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society. Correspondence with Sir Fred Hoyle documents their development of the new science of astrobiology. Contact repository.


California Institute of Technology. Institute Archives. 1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA (Contact: Judith Goodstein or Shelley Erwin)

Oral history interview with Seymour Benzer, 1921-. Benzer was Crafoord laureate and James G. Boswell Professor of Neuroscience, Caltech, 1967-1993. Benzer recounts visits to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (1948-1949); Max Delbrück at Caltech (1949-1951); the Pasteur Institute with Andre Lwoff, Francois Jacob, and Jacques Monod (1951-1952); the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge, with Francis Crick and Sydney Brenner (1957-1958); Roger Sperry's lab at Caltech (1956-1967); and intermittently Woods Hole and Cold Spring Harbor -- all while on the faculty at Purdue (1945-1967). In the early 1960s he participated in the establishment of the Salk Institute and in 1967 became professor of biology at Caltech. Talks about the early years and flourishing of molecular biology, including recollections of such pioneers as Salvador Luria, Tenato Dulbecco, Francis Crick, James Watson, Gunther Stent, and Delbrück's phage group. Discusses his own work on r-mutants of bacteriophage, genetic fine structure, behavioral mutants of Drosophila, and monoclonal antibodies. Interview conducted by Heidi Aspaturian between Sept. 1990 and Feb. 1991. Transcript: 139 pp. (11 sessions).


Addition to the papers of Samuel Epstein, 1919-2001. Geochemist, California Institute of Technology. Expert in isotopic geochemistry using mass spectrometry. Addition contains research materials, including laboratory notebooks and mass spectrometer data books; talk and conference materials; proposals and grants; teaching materials and institutional materials; biographical papers; correspondence; and printed material. Partially processed. 43 boxes.

Oral history interview with Peter Goldreich, 1939-. Astrophysicist. Professor of Astronomy & Planetary Science from 1969; Lee A. DuBridge Professor of Astrophysics and Planetary Physics from 1981, California Institute of Technology. Personal history, beginning with work at Cornell under T. Gold on solar system dynamics and moving into study of disk galaxies and planetary bodies; most recent research on plasma density fluctuations in interstellar space. Interview includes lengthy discussion of LIGO project (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) and personal and institutional controversies connected therewith. Oral history interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen in 1998. Transcript: 103 pp. (5 sessions).

Addition to the papers of George Ellery Hale, 1868-1938. Astrophysicist (stellar spectroscopy). Professor of astrophysics, University of Chicago and director, Yerkes Observatory, 1895-1905; founder and director of the Mount Wilson Observatory of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, 1904-1923. Additional donation of a diary written by Hale from the year 1901, with transcription by the donor, Professor Wallace Sargent.

Addition to the papers of G. W. (George William) Housner, 1910-. Earthquake engineer. Trained as a civil engineer, Housner was a pioneer in the field of earthquake engineering. Contains correspondence, consulting files, organizational files, teaching materials, and manuscripts. Collection is unprocessed. 54 lin. ft.; 51 boxes and collection of engineering apparatus.

George W. Housner Rare Book Collection. The collection includes numerous landmark works in the history of physics and is especially rich in early works on earthquakes; the oldest and rarest of these is an account of the Mainz earthquake of 1528 by Fridericus Nausea, published in 1531 by Johann Schoeffer, son of Peter Schoeffer, who was Gutenberg's partner. Also includes a set of Namazu-e, Japanese prints depicting the cause of earthquakes in the form of a giant catfish (ca. 1855). Approx. 270 volumes.

Addition to the papers of Charles Christian Lauritsen, 1892-1968. Professor of Physics, California Institute of Technology, 1930-1962. Addition of one box of photographs (0.5 lin. ft.) donated by the Lauritsen family. 1927-1977. 0.5 lin. ft.

Papers of G. (Gerry) Neugebauer, 1932-. Physicist, astronomer. Pioneer in infrared astronomy and director of the Palomar Observatory from 1980 to 1994. Includes technical notebooks, documents concerning the Palomar and Keck Observatories, teaching materials, documents relating to LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory), and photographic images. (21 boxes). Materials relating to LIGO closed until 2015. 10 lin. ft.

Addition to the manuscript collection of Palomar Observatory. Small collection of miscellaneous papers relating to Palomar telescope. Collection of original optical shop job record cards and miscellaneous files. Addition donated in 2002 includes six binders of logs and notebooks and one bound master index to the 48-inch Palomar telescope sky survey. The logs were associated with the activities of Rudolf Minkowski and Ira Bowen. 1936-1949. Partially processed. 2 lin. ft.

Oral history interview with John H. Schwarz, 1941-. Research Associate and later Harold Brown Professor of Theoretical Physics at California Institute of Technology from 1972. Interview includes personal and scientific history, beginning with work on S-matrix theory (graduate study with G. Chew, Berkeley); early history of string theory and Schwarz's work on the same; collaboration with A. Neveu and J. Scherk from France, later M. Green from University of London and stints at CERN and Aspen. State of theoretical physics at Caltech and string theory today. Interview conducted by Sara Lippincott in 2000. Transcript: 94 pp. (2 sessions).

Oral history interview with Eugene M. Shoemaker, 1928-1997. Professor of Geology and Planetary Science, California Institute of Technology, 1972-1985. Interview covers his early life, his entry into Caltech, education and early work with the USGS; his creation of the field of astrogeology and his early involvement with NASA and the lunar space program to 1963. Interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen in 1995 as the first installment of an oral history that was never completed due to Shoemaker's untimely death. Transcript: 21 pp.

Addition to the papers of Gerald Joseph Wasserburg, 1927-. Geophysicist; John D. MacArthur Professor of Geology and Geophysics at Caltech and 1986 Crafoord Laureate. Known for work in planetary science. Includes material from geological, planetological and cosmic research. Spanning more than five decades, the collection includes material from early meteorite research with Harold Urey; involvement with NASA on the Apollo missions; experiments with lunar samples; and the prodigious output of his research group, the Lunatic Asylum. Also includes a wealth of memorabilia, in addition to documentation of Wasserburg's role on many scientific advisory committees. Partially processed and incomplete. 91 lin. ft.

Oral history interview with Rainer Weiss. Professor of physics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Session focuses on Weiss's involvement with the LIGO project (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory), in addition to providing some biographical background. LIGO discussion includes origins of the project and early history; the "troika" of Weiss, R. Drever and K. Thorne; the scientific concept; subsequent management issues, including the Drever-Vogt controversy. Oral history interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen in 2000. Transcript: 54 pp.

Oral history interview with J. A. (James Adolph) Westphal, 1930-. Senior Research Fellow and Professor of Planetary Science, California Institute of Technology, 1966-1998. Interview includes substantial personal, institutional. and scientific history. Westphal relates his activities in a range of areas including geology, physics, optics, astronomy, and instrument building. He has been director of the Palomar Observatory (1933-1997), acting co-director of the Keck Observatory, and active at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The interview includes the story of his design of the Wide-Field Planetary Camera for the Hubble Space Telescope, beginning in 1977. Oral history interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen in 1998. Transcript: 199 pp. (6 sessions).

Oral history interview with Ward Whaling, 1923-. Professor of physics, California Institute of Technology, 1949-1993. Interview covers personal and institutional history. Whaling came to Caltech in 1949 to join the research group in nuclear physics at the Kellogg Laboratory; work on measurement of nuclear masses. Reminiscences of Kellogg Group: C.C. and Thomas Lauritsen, W. Fowler, C. Barnes, A. Tollestrup; visitors F. Ajzenberg-Selove, F. Hoyle; members of the theoretical physics group: R. Christy, M. Gell-Mann, R. Feynman; physics chairman R. Bacher. Social and recreational activities at Caltech over 50 year span. Interview conducted by Shelley Erwin in 1999. Transcript: 106 pp. (4 sessions).

Papers of Victor Wouk, 1919-. Electrical engineer. After graduating from Caltech (PhD 1942), Wouk devoted himself largely to the development of hybrid motor vehicles and the use of semiconductors in electric vehicles. The range of his activities is wide, and he has consulted for several institutions and the government on the problems of energy. Includes correspondence, publications (print and manuscript versions), lectures and seminars, and expert witness testimonies. Partially processed and incomplete. 27 lin. ft. (28 boxes).

Oral history interview with Harold Zirin. Professor of astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1964-1998. Zirin recounts his early life and education in astronomy at Harvard; his move westward, eventually to Caltech; astronomy at Caltech; the story of the building of the Big Bear Solar Observatory of which he was chief astronomer (1970-1980) and director (1980-1997), and its eventual closure; research, academic and political issues at Caltech, including grievance process. Oral history interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen in 1998. Transcript: 82 pp. (3 sessions).


Carnegie Institution of Washington. Library of the Observatories. 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA (Contact: Librarian)

Carnegie photographic plate collection, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Observatories. The Mount Wilson Solar Observatory was founded in 1904 by George Ellery Hale with the support of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. In pursuit of his goals to understand the internal physics of the Sun and the stars, Hale soon added stellar telescopes to the initial solar telescopes on Mount Wilson, the first being the 60-inch, then the 100-inch Hooker telescope. In 1928 the Rockefeller Foundation funded a 200-inch telescope on Palomar Mountain which was operated by California Institute of Technology. The two observatories formed a partnership that lasted until 1980. In 1969 the Carnegie astronomers established the Las Campanas Observatory high in the reaches of Chile's Atacama Desert and the 40-inch and the 100-inch telescopes were moved there. Las Campanas became Carnegie's principal observing site. The Carnegie plate collection contains photographic imaging plates from Mount Wilson, Palomar and Las Campanas Observatories, which comprise a unique and historically important record of some of the most fundamental astronomical and cosmological discoveries of the twentieth century. For example, the plate collections include those of Milton Humason, Edwin Hubble, and Allan Sandage, as well as the plates used in the discovery of the expansion of the universe, those used by Walter Baade to understand and define stellar populations, and the plates used by Sandage to understand stellar evolution and stellar age. Other important plate archives in the collection are those of Halton Arp, Rudolph Minkowski, and George Ellery Hale. 1890s-1990s. 100,000 photographic imaging plates.


Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library. New York, NY 10027, USA (Contact: Curator)

Papers of C. S. (Chien-shiung) Wu, 1912-1997. Physicist; one of a very few women who worked with Enrico Fermi in Chicago, and participated in wartime Radiation Laboratory experiments at Columbia University; remarkable for beta decay and parity studies, and her many distinguished students. First woman to lead the American Physical Society. Includes biographical materials, correspondence, photographs, personal items, reports, reprints, student notebooks and papers, and other materials relating to her principal experiments on beta decay and parity. Notable persons also found in the collection include T. D. Lee. 1946-1985. Collection is unprocessed. Contact repository. 10 record cartons.


Cornell University. Carl A. Kroch Library. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections. University Archives 2B Carl A. Kroch Library, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA (Contact: Elaine Engst)

Papers of Robert R. Wilson, 1914-2000. Physicist; received A.B. from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1936. Studied with Prof. Ernest O. Lawrence there and received the Ph.D. in 1940. Known for expertise in designing and constructing cyclotrons and synchrotrons, serving as a consultant on projects around the world. He was also highly regarded as a lecturer and teacher of physics and historian of world affairs relating to the developing uses of atomic energy. Memorabilia documenting the development of atomic energy research and high energy physics in the United States, Europe, and Asia. Includes manuscripts, correspondence (including many requests to give talks or seminars or advice on building accelerators), papers, talks, articles, clippings, notes and notebooks, course materials, memorabilia, professional papers; drawings, designs and photographs of some of the buildings, accelerators and equipment he helped design, as well as some of his sculptures. Among the personal papers in the collection are some family letters, documents, and photographs, as well as designs and plans for his homes in New Mexico and Florida. 1936-2000. 12.3 cu. ft.


Indiana University. University Archives. Bryan Hall 201 Bloomington, IN 47405-1214. USA (Contact: Philip Bantin or Dina Kellams)

Papers of Robert d'Escourt Atkinson, 1898-1982. Astronomer, physicist and inventor; known for work in general physics, atomic synthesis and stellar energy, precision astrometry and fundamental astronomy, instrumentation, and relativity. Born in Wales; graduated Hertford College with honors in physics in 1922; remained there for his MA while a research assistant at Clarendon Laboratory. Ph.D. in 1928 in Göttingen, Germany. Assistant Professor, Rutgers University, 1930-1937. Returned as Chief Assistant to Royal Observatory at Greenwich in 1937 until called away during World War II to do anti-magnetic mine work. In 1944 was lent to Ballistic Research Laboratory at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland to work under Edwin Hubble for two years. Returned to Royal Observatory where he retired in 1964 and came to Indiana University as a visiting professor. Includes student papers; teaching materials; conference materials; correspondence; manuscripts, typescripts and reprints of papers by Atkinson and others; clippings; photographs and other audio visual materials. Important topics include materials on work at the Royal Observatory (1936-1978); American Astronomical Society and International Astronomical Union meetings; other astrophysical meetings; research materials, notes and manuscripts on relativity (1924-1981) and astrometry (1931-1981); faculty and teaching materials from Indiana University Department of Astronomy. 1893-1981. Finding aid completed. 7.4 cu. ft.


National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. Archives. PO Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000, USA (Contact: Diane Rabson)

Papers of Vincent Edward Lally, 1922-. Postwar ballooning pioneer (using zero-pressure and super-pressure balloons); first director of the National Scientific Balloon Facility (NSBF) in Palestine, Texas and the Flight Facility in Christchurch, New Zealand (both managed by NCAR). Includes logbooks of balloon flights, photographs, NCAR technical notes, manuscripts, publications, oral history (transcribed). Also includes records, mainly technical notes, about NCAR field projects such as the Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP), the Equatorial Wind Experiment (EWE), Tropospheric Wind Earth Radio Location Experiment (TWERLE), as well as many ballooning projects. 10 cu. ft.

Records of the High Altitude Observatory (HAO). Founded as a Harvard University observation station in Climax, Colorado in 1940. Incorporated under the laws of Colorado in 1946, in 1951 it became a separate institution, with trustees appointed by Harvard and the University of Colorado. About 1954, Harvard's official connections with the station were dissolved. Became a department with the University of Colorado and was integrated as a research division of NCAR in 1960. The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) was created in 1960 to provide a facility for the collection and analysis of data from the atmosphere. The center was established by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR - 14 universities with departments of meteorology) with initial funding from the National Science Foundation. Includes records of coronal observations in Climax, Colorado, 1940-1948; photographs, correspondence, administrative records, records of eclipses, records of satellite-borne instruments, 1948-1960, when the observatory became a department of the University of Colorado. Ca. 1940-1990s. 45 cu. ft.

Records of the Atmospheric Technology Division. The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) was created in 1960 to provide a facility for the collection and analysis of data from the atmosphere. The center was established by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR - 14 universities with departments of meteorology) with initial funding from the National Science Foundation. Includes logbooks of balloon flights; correspondence; proposals; financial records; records of the Research Aviation Facility. Ca. 1960s-1990s. 25 cu. ft.


Oberlin College. Archives. 420 Mudd Center, Oberlin, OH 44074, USA (Contact: Roland Baumann)

Papers of David L. Anderson, 1919-1996. Physicist; born in Portland, Oregon; served in the U.S. Navy and at Los Alamos (1943-1946) during World War II. Attended Harvard University; S.B. 1941, A.M. 1947, Ph.D. 1950. Professor (1948-1984) and department chair (1963-1972) in the physics department at Oberlin College; ordained as an Episcopal priest in 1956. Author of several books, including The Discovery of the Electron (1964), The Discovery of Nuclear Fission (with Hans Graetzer, 1971), and Discoveries in Physics (1973). Contains both personal (1938-1993) and professional (1942-1994) papers that mostly document Anderson's adult life. Personal papers include correspondence and items relating to Anderson's ministry, family, Navy service, health and car insurance, investments, and retirement. Personal and family life are revealed through correspondence. Classroom notes, papers, tests, and quizzes from courses in mathematics and physics document Anderson's undergraduate and graduate work at Harvard University (1937-1948). Professional papers exist for activities directly relating to Oberlin College, and for external professional involvement. Included are correspondence, memoranda, notes, class syllabi, students' papers and exams, lecture outlines, drafts and final copies of books and articles written by Anderson, equipment and business trip records, grant applications, professional literature, and some photographs. Instructional and student files (1948-1988) include lecture notes, laboratory experiments, syllabi, grade books, handouts, and copies of examinations. A glimpse of his work at Los Alamos and contributions to the development of the atomic bomb can be found in his service papers, and recollections in newspapers articles, Harvard alumni bulletins, and correspondence. The Writings series is comprised largely of materials relating to technical articles, book reviews and monographs. 1937-1994. Certain restrictions apply; contact repository. 17.95 lin. ft.

Records of the Oberlin College. Dept. of Physics. Oberlin College Physics Department traces its origins to early mathematics and natural philosophy offerings in the collegiate curriculum of the 1830s. From 1890 to 1910 physics instruction was given by the department of physics and astronomy, an adjunct branch of mathematics. In 1910 a separate chair in physics was created. Before 1910, important faculty include Elisha Gray (1835-1901), a pioneer in telephone technology. General departmental records, 1940-1984, the bulk of which originate with chairmen Lloyd William Taylor, Carl Ellis Howe, and David L. Anderson, provide information about facilities, budgets, curriculum, faculty members, and grants. This first subgroup is comprised of correspondence and memoranda, course descriptions, syllabi and exams, a ledger of experiments, personnel evaluations, meeting minutes, and writings by faculty members. Subgroup II, Organizations and Activities, contains items related to societies and events sponsored by the physics department including a bound volume of minutes, 1909-1922, from the Physical Science Club, a calendar of events and memoranda to physics majors regarding the Physics Club, 1968-1977, and information concerning the visiting scientists programs, 1956-1971. Departmental papers and records attributable to the work of specific staff and faculty members reside in Subgroup III. Each series documents the professional work of the creator through correspondence, research files, class records, student submissions, laboratory notebooks, and published writings. Elisha Gray's series contains letters relating to his inventions, especially his work with the telephone and subsequent controversy with Alexander Graham Bell over the patent. Correspondents include Alexander Graham Bell, Charles H. Churchill, Henry Cummins, Charles Grandison Fairchild, Alexander L. Hayes, and George Frederick Wright. Includes articles about Gray and documentation from the U.S. Patent Office. 1873-1994. 11 lin. ft.

Lloyd William Taylor (1893-1948) and Esther Bliss Taylor Papers. Physicist; studied and taught at the University of Chicago, coming to Oberlin College in 1924 upon appointment as chairman of the department of physics. Author of several books including Physics: The Pioneer Science (1941); College Manual of Optics (1924); co-author with Carl Ellis Howe of General Physics for the Laboratory (1926). President of the American Association of Physics Teachers; board member of the American Institute of Physics; member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Physical Society, the Ohio Academy of Science, the Optical Society of America. Died at age 56 in a mountain climbing accident. The papers of Lloyd William Taylor cover the years 1921-1952 (6.6 lin. ft.), and contain his correspondence, writings and talks, and personal records. The bulk of the material pertains to his career as a physicist and his professional and teaching activities in the Oberlin College Department of Physics. Notable correspondents include Robert Andrews Millikan and Arthur H. Compton; there is also significant correspondence concerning the American Association of Physics Teachers (1931-1940). Letters of recommendation for former physics students offer rich documentation of the quality of physics graduates during Taylor's tenure. The papers of Esther Bliss Taylor largely document her role in the local temperance movement. 1904-1980. 9.4 lin. ft.

Papers of Robert E. Warner, 1931-. Physicist. Received BS degree from Antioch College in 1954; PhD from the University of Rochester in 1959. On the faculty in the Oberlin College Physics Department from 1965 to 2001. Taught a wide variety of courses, including a course in musical acoustics, and performed research in experimental nuclear physics. Retired in 2001. Consists of reprints of Warner's articles (1959-2002); a list of his publications, 1959-2002; and materials (including a photograph) relating to his 1999 award from the American Physical Society, "Prize to a Faculty Member for Research in an Undergraduate Institution;" curriculum vitae from 1999; and a file concerning his retirement in 2001. 1959-2002. 0.3 lin. ft.

Papers of Robert Weinstock, 1919-. Physicist; in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Began teaching career in 1943 at Stanford University while working on PhD thesis. Worked at the Radio Research Laboratory at Harvard University on radar countermeasures throughout 1945; returned to Stanford in 1946 to teach math until 1954. Taught math for five years after that at Notre Dame College in South Bend, Indiana. Filled a sabbatical opening at Oberlin College in 1958; replaced Professor of Physics Forest G. Tucker who retired in 1960. Remained at Oberlin, with a sabbatical at Oxford University in 1965-66; became Emeritus Professor in 1983; retired in 1990. Consists mainly of correspondence. As an active reviewer of books, instructional texts and articles submitted for publication to the American Journal of Physics, includes extensive series of letters to authors and to the editor of AmJPhys, 1966-2000; additional correspondence with the editors regarding his own submissions, 1961-1991. Discussion of the Principia argument with other physics instructors, 1979-1982. Teaching and research files include documents from early work at Stanford in 1943; files from NSF Faculty Fellowship at Oxford University, England, 1965-66 as well as later sabbaticals spent there. Includes entries for the American Institute of Physics Visiting Scientists Program,1967-71 and for the Ohio Academy of Science Visiting Scientists Program, 1961-71. Also contains reprints of articles written by Weinstock, 1942-2000. 1942-2000. Some restrictions may apply. 3.8 lin. ft.


Stanford University. Department of Special Collections. Stanford, CA 94305, USA (Contact: Jean Deken)

Papers of Alexander L. Fetter, 1937-. Theoretical physicist; joined the Stanford faculty in 1965. Received his B.A. at Williams College in 1958; was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford where he won the Scott Prize in Physics in 1960. Received his Ph.D. at Harvard in 1963. At Stanford also served as associated dean of undergraduate studies, 1977-80; head of the Faculty Senate, 1982-83; associate Dean of Humanities and Sciences, 1990-93. Received the Dean's Award for Distinguished Teaching in 1994. Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Papers concern his professional activities and his administrative duties at Stanford, 1971-1991. Included are correspondence, memoranda, minutes, newsletters, and articles. In addition to the physics department, several committees are represented, including the Committee on Undergraduate Admissions and Financial Aids and the Graduate Study Committee. 1971-1991. 9 lin. ft.

Addition to the papers of Theodore H. Geballe, 1920-. Physicist (solid state physics). Professor of Applied Physics and Materials Science Engineering at Stanford University. Co-recipient of the Oliver O. Buckley Solid State Physics Prize (1970), and member of the National Academy of Sciences (1973). Addition (bulk 1986-2001) includes research proposals, reports, budgets, etc., 1988-2000; Conference proceedings, speeches/presentations, workshop and meeting files; correspondence and chron files, 1986-97; research agreements and contracts; some Stanford University department records; calendars, 1978-84, 1986. Main topic is superconducting materials and devices. 1970-2001. 8.25 lin. ft.

Papers of A. B. C. Walker, 1936-2001. Born Cleveland, OH. Professor, Stanford University, space physics and astronomy, 1974-. Research focused on radiation from the Sun (extreme ultraviolet light and soft X-rays), affecting chemistry of Earth's upper atmosphere, including the ozone layer. Also worked to develop multi-layer technology in special telescope mirrors that could reflect such radiation, and use it in space. Succeeded in 1987 with a rocket flight that returned the first pictures of the Sun and its corona as seen in those radiation bands. Is credited with helping Stanford produce the most minority physicists with Ph.D.'s in the U.S.; mentor to many, including the first American woman in space, Sally K. Ride. Boxes include the following: Research grant files (proposals, budgets, correspondence, etc.); photo prints, slides, and negatives of images of the Sun; graphs, charts, computer printouts; class files (syllabi, problem sets, exams, etc.); reprints. Ca. 1983-2000. Collection is unprocessed. 18 lin. ft.


United States. Dept. of Energy. Germantown, MD 20874, USA (Contact: Archivist)

Records of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission Secretariat. One of six subunits of the entire Secretariat series. (Previous units from 1947-1958 have been transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration.) These records are the best source of information concerning the day-to-day activities of the Commission. Subjects cover virtually every topic that concerned the AEC during that period. 1958-1966. May include some classified documents. 129 cu. ft.

Central files of the United States. Dept. of Energy, Office of General Counsel. Comprised of General Counsel central files, including those of former Dept. of Energy General Counsels: Theodore Garrish, Stephen Wakefield, and John Easton; contract files, case files, and patent files. The collection includes the establishment of the Atomic Energy Commission. These files will be useful to scholars researching the history of nuclear science and technology, especially those interested in legal issues connected with the operation of federal facilities and with the commercialization and privatization of the atom. 1947-1992. May include some classified documents. 438 cu. ft.


University of California, Berkeley. The Bancroft Library. Berkeley, CA 94720-6000, USA (Contact: David Farrell)

Papers of Walter D. Knight, 1919-2000. Nuclear physicist, 1919-2000. Professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley, 1961-1990. Papers reflect Knight's research in the field of nuclear magnetic resonance and include correspondence, lectures, research notebooks, grant proposals, drafts for papers and teaching materials. 1950-1997. 38 lin. ft.

Addition to the records of the University of California, Berkeley. Dept. of Physics. Addition includes departmental chair files; faculty biography and bibliography; and course materials and examinations. 1949-2002. 58 lin. ft.


University of Chicago. The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections. 1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, Il 60637, USA (Contact: Archivist)

Addition to the papers of S. (Subrahmanyan) Chandrasekhar, 1910-1995. Astrophysicist, born in Lahore India (now Pakistan). B.A. from Presidency College, Madras University, in 1930, and Ph.D. and Sc.D. degrees from Cambridge University in 1933 and 1942; appointed a Fellow of Trinity College in 1933. In 1936 Chandrasekhar traveled to the U.S. to give lectures at Harvard College Observatory and at the Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago; he accepted appointment at the University of Chicago and came to Yerkes Observatory in 1937 as a research associate. He was made an assistant professor in 1938, associate professor in 1942, and professor in 1944. His appointment was expanded to include not only the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics but also the Department of Physics and the Enrico Fermi Institute of Nuclear Studies. Managing editor of the Astrophysical Journal from 1952 to 1971. In 1983 Chandrasekhar was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. Addition (1927-1999) includes correspondence; manuscripts; reprints; lecture notes; biographical materials; awards; certificates; National Academy of Sciences files; letters of recommendation (restricted); personal correspondence (restricted); cassette tapes including a set from a tribute to S. Chandrasekhar on WBEZ Chicago in 1995; publications; newspaper clippings; photographs; ephemera; VHS tapes; medals; honorary degrees; interview transcripts. 1927-1999. Contact repository for information on access. 53 lin. ft.

Papers of Morrel H. Cohen, 1927-. Physicist. Major affiliations include: University of Chicago and Exxon Research Laboratories. Includes subject files; lectures; conference papers; correspondence; committee records; research notes; reports; articles; manuscripts; survey; NSF files; files from Exxon Research and Engineering Company; awards and honorary degrees; papers and articles by various authors; employee and candidate files for positions at Exxon Research Laboratories (restricted); reviews; project files and budgets; and an oral history of Morrel Cohen. 1957-1985. Accessioned by repository; contact repository for information on access. 104.25 lin. ft.

Papers of Ugo Fano, 1912-2001. Professor of physics at the University of Chicago and a leader in theoretical atomic physics. Includes correspondence; drafts; offprints. Ca. 1960s-1980s. Contact repository for information on access. 10 lin. ft.

Papers of Lawrence H. (Lawrence Herman) Lanzl, 1921-2001. Medical physicist. Includes class notes (extending back to grade school); reports; memos and information about the Manhattan Project; newspaper and magazine articles documenting the atomic bomb; copies of publications and papers; correspondence; files on various professional and scientific societies; laboratory notebooks; conference programs and pamphlets; and scrapbooks. Ca. 1940s-1990s. Contact repository for information on access. 34.25 lin. ft.

Papers of Peter Meyer, 1920-2002. Director of the Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 1978-. Includes correspondence; course materials and teaching notes; manuscripts of lectures; sets of slides with diagrams used in presentations; departmental files; and photographs showing Meyer conducting various cosmic ray experiments with inflatable balloons from the ground and from the air aboard Air Force B-52s. 1948-1989. Contact repository for information on access. 65 lin. ft.

Papers of Robert L. (Robert Leroy) Platzman, 1918-1973. Physical chemist. Includes correspondence with James Franck and Arthur H. Compton. 1944-1952. Contact repository for information on access. 0.1 lin. ft.

Papers of Robert Green Sachs, 1916-1999. Theoretical physicist. Includes correspondence; subject files including those for the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; conference activities and programs; files from the 40th anniversary symposium on the first controlled nuclear chain reaction; papers; invitation lists; committee minutes and reports; lecture notes; manuscript versions for Physics of Time Reversal; photographs; National Academy of Sciences nomination ballots and elections information (restricted). 1947-1999. Contact repository for information on access. 16.5 lin. ft.

Papers of David N. Schramm, 1945-1997. Cosmologist; 1945-1997. Collection contains correspondence; subject files including those for organizations and committees for which Schramm was a member; National Academy of Sciences files; manuscripts; articles; files on his published books; payroll expense reports (restricted); conference files; transparencies used for talks; photographs; certificates; NSF and NASA grant proposals; administrative files from Schramm's tenure as Vice President of Research at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory; letters of recommendation (restricted); various University of Chicago department files including Physics and Astronomy, and Astrophysics; course materials. 1967-1997. Contact repository for information on access. 61.75 lin. ft.

Addition to the papers of John A. (John Alexander) Simpson, 1916-2000. Graduate work at New York University; activity in the Metallurgical Laboratory during World War II and faculty and research at the University of Chicago. Chairman of the Atomic Scientists of Chicago. Addition, dating from the 1970s-1980s, includes books; offprints; scientific journals; data from geophysical monitoring projects. 1940-1988. Contact repository for information on access. 432 lin. ft.

Papers of Francis Test. Physicist. Includes correspondence; papers relating to work on the Manhattan project; diplomas; certificates; photographs; Manhattan Project lapel pin; death certificate and obituary; first U.S. patent for nuclear reactor; letter from wife Ruth to Gerald Ford; genealogical information; papers of Ruth Clara Riefling Test. Ca. 1920s-1950s. Contact repository for information on access. 0.5 lin. ft.

Papers of M. (Marvin) Wilkening, 1918-. Physicist; born 1918. Includes correspondence; photographs; notes; research data; reprints; articles; newspaper clippings. 1940-1992. Contact repository for information on access. 0.5 lin. ft.

The Technology of Power Reactors by Walter H. (Walter Henry) Zinn, 1906-2000. Argonne National Laboratory's first director. 1952. Contact repository for information on access. 0.1 lin. ft.


University of Delaware Library. Special Collections Dept. 181 S. College Ave., Newark, DE 19717, USA (Contact: Timothy Murray)

Papers of K. W. (Karl Wolfgang) Böer, 1926-. Physicist, engineer and educator. Pioneer in solar cells, solar energy systems, and solid state physics. Received diploma in physics in 1949 from Humboldt University, Berlin; member of faculty there until 1961. Director of the laboratory for dielectric breakdown at the German Academie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, from 1955 to 1961. Came to University of Delaware in 1962 as professor of physics; became professor of physics and engineering in 1972 until retirement in 1994, when he was named Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Physics and Solar Energy. Fellow of the American Physical Society (1965), the American Solar Energy Society (2000), and the Institute of Electrical Engineers (2001). In 1973 founded and directed the Institute of Energy Conversion. Collection includes correspondence, proposals, data, plans, proceedings, minutes, reports, articles, and publications. Subjects covered include energy conversion, solar energy, the development of research institutions and laboratories for applied solar energy often leading to the establishment of energy companies; also condensed matter physics and documentation of research involving academia, government and industry. Ca. 1962-1992. Contact repository. 127 lin. ft.


University of Michigan. Bentley Historical Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2113, USA (Contact: Nancy Bartlett)

Papers of Lawrence W. (Lawrence William) Jones, 1925-. Physicist. A member of the University of Michigan Department of Physics faculty from 1952 to 1998. Jones' research interests included particle accelerator design, detector developments, cosmic ray research, and proton accelerators. He was heavily involved in the international high energy physics experiment, L3, based in the CERN laboratory in Switzerland. Jones also led efforts to locate a superconducting super collider in Michigan in the 1980s. The Superconducting Super Collider series (3.5 lin. ft.) consists of proposals, reports, correspondence, maps, and historical materials related to the effort to bring the Department of Energy's Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) to the state of Michigan during the 1980s. The Professional Activities series (1.5 lin. ft.) consists of material related to Jones' research, teaching, and administrative duties, as well as professional correspondence. Papers include course syllabi, cosmic ray program proposals, Midwestern Universities Research Association material, and extensive documentation on efforts to place a superconducting super collider in Michigan, including site evaluations in Dundee and Stockbridge, needs assessments, proposals, reports, clippings, maps, audiotapes and videotapes. 1953-2001. Finding aid completed. 5.0 lin. ft. and 1 oversize folder.

Records of the University of Michigan Dept. of Physics. First course in "Natural Philosophy" offered in 1843; first professor of physics and civil engineering appointed in 1854; first full professor of physics named in 1860. Additional instructors, assistant professors and junior professors were added between 1890 and 1900. Early courses in infrared spectroscopy were followed by discoveries leading to microwave spectroscopy. A theoretical physics program and applied physics program were offered in the 1920s; nuclear physics program added in the 1930s. After World War II the department developed an interest in high energy physics, notably with Donald Glaser's Nobel Prize-winning Bubble Chamber in the 1950s. Contains budget sheets, clippings, committee minutes, correspondence, departmental review reports, organizational charts, personnel records, research records, and photographs and other visual materials. Aside from the L3 Project series, the records are most informative in the administrative proceedings of the department and least informative in curricular and research areas. Correspondence includes letters of John W. Langley, Robert A. Millikan, Harrison Randall, James M. Cork, Ernest Lawrence, Walter Stevens, John O. Reed, Henry Carhart, Karl Guthe, Fred Hodges, Horace R. Crane, and others. Also includes correspondence of chairmen Daniel Sinclair, Richard H. Sands, and Lawrence W. Jones. Efforts to locate a superconducting super collider in Michigan in the 1980s are well documented in these records. The University of Michigan's participation in the large, multi-institutional high-energy physics experiment called L3 is a large part of the collection. Also includes photographs, slides, and a video tape from the L3 project. 1873-2002. Finding aid completed. Records are open for research. 9.5 linear ft. and 1 oversize folder.


Washington University. Libraries. University Archives. Campus Box 1061, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA

Addition to the papers of E. T. (Edwin T.) Jaynes, 1922-1998. Wayman Crow Professor of Physics, Washington University. Died 1998. Includes papers from throughout his professional career including correspondence, lecture notes, dissertation research material, presentations, etc. Ca. 1950-1995. Papers are unprocessed. 15 cu. ft.

Addition to the papers of Alexander Langsdorf, Jr., 1912-1996. American physicist. Ephemera relating to the development of the atomic bomb and the McCarthy Red Scare. Includes resolutions against further development of atomic energy by such groups as the American Physical Society, the Atomic Scientists of Chicago, and the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences, and the Professions. Also included in the collection are reprints of publications by Arthur Holly Compton and a transcript of Langsdorf's security hearing before the Atomic Energy Commission in 1956. 1930-1983. Transferred from Fermilab. Finding aid completed. No restrictions on access. 4 boxes.


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AIP History CenterCenter for History of Physics
Email: chp@aip.org
Phone: 301-209-3165
American Institute of Physics 2003American Institute of Physics, One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740-3843. Email: aipinfo@aip.org Phone: 301-209-3100; Fax: 301-209-0843