AIP History Center Newsletter
Volume XXXVII , No. 1, Spring 2005


Documentation Preserved
Compiled by Katherine A. Hayes

All the information here is entered in our online International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences. This online Web version is the full, complete version. To see the shortened version that appeared in our print Newsletter, see the PDF.

Simon Fraser University. Archives Department. 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada. Contact: Frances Fournier

Records of the Society for Canadian Women in Science and Technology. The Society of Canadian Women in Science and Technology (SCWIST) was founded in Vancouver BC in 1981 by five women: Mary Vickers, Hilda Ching, Abby Schwarz, Mary Jo Duncan and Maggie Benston. SCWIST is a volunteer non-profit organization incorporated under the BC Societies Act; in 1984 it was registered as a charity under the federal Income Tax Act. It continues as an active organization. SCWIST's mandate is to promote, support and empower women in the fields of science and technology. To this end, the Society organizes conferences and networking events, delivers public educational outreach programs, produces of resource material (videos, publications and handbooks), liaises with other organizations, and participates in granting, advocacy and advisory bodies. From the five founders in 1981, membership in SCWIST grew rapidly to approximately 160 by 1984; subsequently, membership increased more slowly, reaching approximately 200 by 1993.The Board is headed by the Society's president and meets regularly in Vancouver, while much of the on-going work of SCWIST is carried out by a number of standing and ad hoc committees appointed by the Board. Since 1992 SCWIST has maintained a permanent Resource Centre in Vancouver. Major milestones in SCWIST history include the production of the Registry of Skilled Women, BC and Yukon (1983), the organization of the first National Conference on Women in Science and Technology (1983), the development of the educational programs Girls in Science (1984), Ms Infinity (1990) and Project Tomorrow (1993), the establishment of the SCWIST scholarship (1986, renamed the Maggie Benston Scholarship in 1991), and the launching of the SCWIST web site (1997). The records of the Society comprise records made and received in the course of administering the organization and carrying out its functions and programs. Geographically, SCWIST activities center primarily on British Columbia. Activities documented include Annual General Meetings and monthly Executive Board meetings; administration of the Resource Centre; funding and financial management; liaison with other bodies; conferences and networking events; educational outreach programs; advisory work; advocacy and public relations. Records include meeting agendas and minutes; correspondence; financial summaries and reports; presentations, reports and briefs; handbooks, manuals and publications; photographs; and audio and video cassettes of Society conferences and workshops. Collection dates: 1981-1999. Collection is processed. Access to some files containing personal information is restricted. Consult the file list and the archivist for further details. Size: 6 linear feet textual material, 29 audio cassettes, 1 video cassette.

Université Louis Pasteur. Strasbourg. 4, rue Blaise Pascal, 67000 Strasbourg, France. Contact: Archivist.

Papers of Marguerite Catherine Perey, 1909-1975. Perey discovered and isolated element 87, studying its properties and naming it francium in 1939. Started as a personal assistant to Marie Curie at the Institut du Radium, Paris, becoming a radiochemist 1934-1946. She spent three years (1946-1949) as Maitre de Recherches, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) at the Institut du Radium. In 1949 she was appointed to the faculty at the Université de Strasbourg and founded a laboratory that in 1958 became the Laboratory of Nuclear Chemistry in the Center for Nuclear Research, for which she served as director. Collection includes papers produced during Perey's research at Marie Curie's laboratory, her education, and her work as teacher and laboratory director. Administrative and scientific correspondence, correspondence with the media and general public, records of the CNRS commission on particle physics, documentation on spectroscopy, and press clippings and photographs collected by her collaborators. Bulk of the collection is from the years 1949-1960. Subjects addressed include radioactivity and spectroscopy. Document types include laboratory notebooks, course materials, and publications reflecting her work as a professor teaching nuclear chemistry and as laboratory director. Collection dates: 1929-1975. Papers are open except for series MP 86. Size: 3.5 linear meters.

Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Boltzmannstrasse 14, D-14195 Berlin-Dahlem, Germany. Contact: Dr. Marion Kazemi.

Additions to the papers of physicists who worked at various Max Planck Institutes. The Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft now includes the records of the following physicists: Sir Ian Axford (Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy), Heinrich J. Völk (Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics), and Hans A. Weidenmuller (Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics).

Papers of Ludwig Genzel, 1922-2003. Physicist; scientific member of the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Physics and Director of the Department, 1970-1990; editor of journal "Solid State Communications." Includes scientific correspondence with colleagues, physical institutions, academies, publishers and journals; records relating to the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Physics, as well as to his department and the Max Planck Society; research materials; lectures at the Technical University Braunschweig and the University Stuttgart; theses and dissertations he supervised; manuscripts and publications; and some biographical documents. Collection dates: 1949-1998. Size: 9.0 cubic meters.

Papers of Karl Hermann Hausser, 1919-2001. Son of Karl Wilhelm Hausser and Isolde Hausser-Ganswindt, Scientific Member of the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Heidelberg, and director of the Department of Molecular Physics, 1966-1987. Papers consist of professional and private ones. Among others, biographical documents, correspondence, Max Planck Society (MPS), especially papers of (BAR) Beratender Ausschußder Rechenanlagen der MPG (Advisory Committee for Computers of the MPS), international organizations, patents and lab books. Collection dates: 1938-2001. Contact repository for access. Size: 4 meters.

Archivio di Stato di Firenze. Viale Giovine Italia, 6 -- 50122 Firenze, Italy. Contact: Archivist.

Papers of Nello Carrara, 1900-1993. Physicist. Served in the Italian Navy and taught physics at the Italian Naval Academy of Livorno, 1924-1954; Professor of physics (electromagnetic waves), University of Florence, 1955-1975; emeritus professor of the University of Florence from 1975. From 1936 he did research on the employment of microwaves for night vision at the Center of Studies for Physics of Microwaves, of which he was director from 1947 to 1970, and that today bears his name. After 1970 he taught electromagnetic waves at the University of Florence, which is famous for its studies on micrometeorites and the effects of ionization on telecommunications and astronautics. The collection is comprised of various material related to Carrara's military career, monographs, conferences, newspaper clippings, photographs, audio visual materials. Collection dates: 1909-1993. Size: 34 files.

California Institute of Technology. Institute Archives. 1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 0151-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. Contact: Charlotte Irwin.

Oral History interview with Carl David Anderson, 1905-1991. Physicist, California Institute of Technology. This wide-ranging 1979 interview in eight sessions with Carl D. Anderson, Board of Trustees Professor of Physics, emeritus and Nobel laureate, begins with his recollections of his undergraduate years at Caltech (1923-1927), and the influence of Arthur Amos Noyes and Ira Sprague Bowen. He recalls courses with Earnest Watson, Morgan Ward, Richard Chace Tolman, J. R. Oppenheimer. He offers his early and ongoing impressions of Robert A. Millikan as chairman of physics division and head of Caltech, and of Millikan's work on cosmic rays. He recalls his own postdoctoral work at Caltech on cosmic rays, and his discovery of the positron in 1932 and the mu-meson, or muon, in 1936, and on contemporary developments in nuclear physics. He comments on his Nobel Prize (1936). He discusses his contacts with Enrico Fermi's group at Chicago in the early 1940s and Caltech's rocket projects during World War II at China Lake and Goldstone, including the contributions of Charles Lauritsen, I. S. Bowen, and Seth Neddermeyer. He offers recollections of postwar Caltech, the increase in research funds and undergraduate enrollment, the rise of particle physics and the advent of the large accelerator era. He discusses his stint as chairman of the Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy (1962-1970) and concludes by commenting on the current state of physics research. Interview conducted by Harriett Lyle on January 9 - February 8, 1979. Transcript.

Papers of Robert Fox Bacher, 1905-2004 . Physicist; Cornell University, 1935. During World War II, worked in the radar program at the MIT Radiation Laboratory. At urging of Robert Oppenheimer, he moved to Los Alamos to work on the Manhattan project, and became Head of the Experimental Physics Division, 1943-1944, and head of the bomb physics division, 1944-1945. After the war he returned to Cornell for a short time but them moved to Washington to serve as one of the first members of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission from 1946-1949. In 1949 he accepted a position at Caltech as chairman of the Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy. In 1962 Bacher became the first Provost of the University; in 1969 he was appointed Vice-President. He retired in 1976 and lived in Montecito California, until his death in 2004. Working papers, correspondence, publications, photos and biographical materials. Collection dates: 1926-1994. Collection is now processed. Size: 40 linear feet (71 boxes).

Oral History interview with Robert Fox Bacher, 1905-2004. Physicist. Bacher recalls his education at the University of Michigan and graduate work in physics at Harvard (1926-27) and Michigan, where he got to know J. R. Oppenheimer and the European physicists who joined the faculty and/or came for the summer sessions in physics: Goudsmit, Uhlenbeck, Fermi, Bohr, Ehrenfest, Dirac and others. Recalls postdoc year at Caltech (1930-31) working on atomic spectra; Oppenheimer's lectures; Millikan's cosmic-ray work. Spends 1931-1932 at MIT working with John Slater; Chadwick's discovery of the neutron. Spends the next two years as a postdoc at Michigan, working with Goudsmit. Instructorship at Columbia, 1934; association with I. I. Rabi. Moves to Cornell in 1935; recollections of Hans Bethe; cyclotron work on neutron energies. Early 1941, joins the Radiation Laboratory at MIT, of which Lee DuBridge was director. Recalls start of Manhattan Engineer District; contacts with J. R. Oppenheimer and General Leslie Groves. Joins Los Alamos in June 1943 as head of experimental physics division; recollections of bomb work. Returns to Cornell in January 1946. Postwar development of high-energy physics; Acheson-Lilienthal Report on international control of atomic energy. Establishment of the Atomic Energy Commission, fall 1946; he becomes a commissioner; moves to Washington, D.C. Recalls weapons testing in the Pacific and the development of nuclear reactors. In 1949, he becomes chairman of the Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy at Caltech. Called back to Washington to testify at Hickenlooper hearings; warns the British about Klaus Fuchs. Discusses the postwar buildup of physics at Caltech; comments on the mathematics and astronomy departments. Debate over tactical vs. strategic nuclear weapons. Service on President's Science Advisory Committee; the McCarthy era; comments on his service as Caltech provost (appointed 1962). Comments on establishment of Fermilab; participation in the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics. Recalls advent of Harold Brown as Caltech president in 1969; comments on reorganization of NASA contract with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Comments on current setup of Caltech's Faculty Board and on his own activities since his retirement in 1976. Interview in ten sessions conducted by Mary Terrall on June-August 1981, February 1983. Transcript.

Supplement to the papers of the California Institute of Technology Seismological Laboratory. Received in June 2004; contains records, reprints, glass slides, and photographs from the Kresge Laboratory dating from the earliest years of the lab in the 1920s; materials relating to Harry Wood, Beno Gutenberg and Charles Richter. This material is unprocessed; contact repository for information on access. Collection dates: 1920s-1950s. Size: 2 linear feet (2 storage boxes).

Oral History interview with Paul Sophus Epstein, 1883-1966. Physicist, California Institute of Technology, 1921-1953; taught the advanced courses in mathematical and theoretical physics. First European-trained physicist to come to Caltech on a permanent basis; recruited by Robert A. Millikan in 1921. Early research in theory of electromagnetic waves, particularly theory of their diffraction. Studied quantum theory of atomic structure based on classical mechanics; applying quantum theory to optics; Bohr's form of quantum theory; development of quantum mechanics. Also interested in psychoanalysis, helped establish the Los Angeles Institute of Psychoanalysis. Memoirs recorded by Paul Sophus Epstein with his wife, Alice Epstein, late in 1965 and possibly into early 1966. He describes his undergraduate and graduate study in physics at Moscow University, 1901-1909, under P. N. Lebedev, and his move to Munich in early 1910 to begin his doctoral study under A. Sommerfeld; Sommerfeld's scientific background and connections in Königsberg, Göttingen and Aachen are described. He acknowledges P. Ehrenfest's influence in the move to Munich and the change from experimental to theoretical physics, and he recounts aspects of Ehrenfest's early career. Epstein remembers his German professors: C. L. F. Lindemann (mathematics), P. H. von Groth (crystallography), W. C. Röntgen (physics); his Munich student colleagues P. Debye, M. von Laue, A. F. Ioffe, P. P. Ewald. World War I delays the completion of his studies and creates financial hardship. He recounts leaving Munich for Zurich (1919), where he meets A. Einstein; his Habilitation thesis on the application of the Stark effect to optics creates a stir. He subsequently moves to Leiden to assist Ehrenfest and H. Lorentz (1921). Epstein meets R. A. Millikan in Leiden, decides to take teaching position at California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. He describes his early period at Caltech and colleagues there (1920s). Epstein ends with an account of Röntgen's career, especially his discovery of X rays; discusses Röntgen's relations with Sommerfeld in Munich. Interview conducted by Alice Epstein beginning 22 November 1965. Transcript.

Papers of Murray Gell-Mann, 1929- . Physicist, high-energy and particle theory. Professor at Caltech; Nobel Prize winner, 1969. Collection includes correspondence; government, professional and civic/social action organizations material; technical files; files relating to the California Institute of Technology; and biographical materials, including awards. Important correspondents include: L. Alvarez, E. Amaldi, R. Bacher, J. Bahcall, H. Bethe, L. Biedenharn, A. Bohr, K. Brueckner, G. Chew, J. Cockcroft, J. Cornwall, N. Combey, R. Feynman, H. Fritzsch, M. Goldberger, S. Hawking, L. Lederman, F. Low, R. Marshak, E. McMillan, Y. Ne'eman, J. R. Oppenheimer, D. Pines, J. Polkinghorne, A. Rosenfeld, J. Sakurai, A. Salam, D. Sharp, V. Telegdi, W. Thirring, C. Townes, S. F. Tuan, K. Watson, V. Weisskopf, J. Wheeler, G-C. Wick, K. Wilson, C. N. Yang, H. Yukawa. Collection is partially processed. Size: 70 linear feet (97 boxes).

Papers of David L. Goodstein, 1939- . Physicist, low-temperature, solid-state and other collective phenomena; Professor of physics and Vice Provost at Caltech. Personal papers and administrative files transferred from physics (A series) and vice-provostial offices (B series). Includes scientific correspondence, technical files, teaching materials, administrative files; also supplemental files to "The Mechanical Universe" collection (previously donated), Goodstein's award-winning telecourse. Collection is closed. Size: 24 linear feet (24 boxes and digital files).

Oral History interview with David L. Goodstein, 1939- . Physicist, low-temperature, solid-state and other collective phenomena; Professor of physics and Vice Provost at Caltech. In four sessions Goodstein covers his education, his recruitment to Caltech by J. Mercereau to join new low-temperature physics group; the beginning of his scientific association in 1966 with the University of Rome's structure of matter group. He recalls the establishment of the applied physics option at Caltech; discusses the administration and governance of Caltech, including his many contributions to and roles within the same, culminating in Vice Provost (1987). He discusses his physics telecourse "The Mechanical Universe." Reminiscences of Caltech colleagues, especially R. Feynman. Interview conducted by Shelley Erwin in 2002. Transcript: 113 pages.

Oral history interview with Rudolph Arthur Marcus, 1923- . Chemist. Nobel Prize for Chemistry, 1992, for his work on the way in which an electron moves from one molecule to another. He was on the faculty at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign from 1964-1978; California Institute of Technology from 1978. Interview covers Marcus's childhood in Montreal and Detroit, his undergraduate years at McGill, postdoctoral work at NRC and in Chapel Hill, RRKM theory, years at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, faculty position at Illinois and faculty years at Caltech. Interview conducted in 1982. Transcript: 69 pp.

Oral History interview with Donald E. Osterbrock, 1924- . Astronomer; professor of astronomy and astrophysics at University of California at Santa Cruz from 1972, and former director of the Lick Observatory. Osterbrock recalls mainly his early association with Caltech's astronomy department. He describes his education at University of Chicago and Yerkes Observatory in physics and astronomy under E. Fermi, S. Chandrasekhar, O. Struve, and others. He discusses his move to Caltech in 1953 to work with Jesse Greenstein and other astronomers associated with the 200-inch telescope on Palomar Mountain: G. Münch, A. Code, F. Zwicky. Recalls colloquia with staff of Mount Wilson Observatory, operated by Carnegie Institution of Washington, including W. Baade and R. Minkowski. Interactions with Caltech physicists W. Fowler, R. Feynman, R. Leighton; also visitors F. Hoyle and G. and M. Burbidge. Interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen in 2003. Transcript: 21 pages.

Papers of William Hayward Pickering, 1910-2004. Electrical engineer; Professor of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1940-1980; Director, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1954-1976. The papers include administrative and organizational material related to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/National Aeronautics and Space Administration/California Institute of Technology relationship, and JPL projects; Pickering's work as a scientific advisor, his involvement in professional organizations (i.e., NAE & IAF). Supplement received in 2004: 6 boxes (approximately 6 linear feet) plus miscellaneous oversize items received from estate of William Pickering, including books, talks, photos, awards, biographical material. This material is unprocessed. Size: 7.5 linear feet (18 boxes).

Oral History interview with William Hayward Pickering, 1910-2004. Electrical engineer; Professor of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1940-1980; Director, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1954-1976. Pickering begins with recollections of his upbringing in New Zealand. He enters Caltech as an undergraduate in spring term of 1929: influence of A. A. Noyes; travels in Europe during his junior year. Remains at Caltech as a graduate student in electrical engineering and then joins the faculty. Recollections of life at Caltech during the Depression and the war years, including emphasis on power transmission in its electrical engineering department, under Royal Sorensen, and subsequent expanding into electronics. Recalls his work with H. Victor Neher and R. A. Millikan on balloon-flight studies of cosmic rays; travels with them to India and Mexico. Contrasts leadership of Millikan and Lee A. DuBridge. Comments on barrage of Japanese incendiary balloons during the war. Early history of JPL: Theodore von Karman, H. S. Tsien, Frank J. Malina. Long-range missile development for US Army; JPL's collaboration with Wernher von Braun at Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Ala. Advent of Sputnik (1957); competition with Soviet Union. JPL's move into space program with Explorer 1, first US satellite; establishment of NASA (1958); JPL becomes a NASA lab, administered by Caltech. Ranger program (lunar probes); Ranger 6 video failure; success of Ranger 7 (1964). Simultaneous progress of planetary and lunar exploration programs; Mariner 2 (1962 Venus fly-by); Surveyor series (moon); Surveyor as precursor to Apollo program. His reflections on JPL directorship; JPL's relations with Caltech; advantages of being administered by Caltech instead of by NASA as a civil service laboratory. The interview concludes with his comments on his post-retirement work setting up an applied research institute at Saudi Arabia's University of Petroleum and Minerals. Interview conducted by Mary Terrall on November 7-December 19, 1978. Transcript.

Oral History interview with William Hayward Pickering, 1910-2004. Electrical engineer; Professor of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1940-1980; Director, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1954-1976. This 2003 interview with William H. Pickering, in two sessions, contains his further recollections of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's early involvement with the US Army and missile development, followed by JPL's transformation into a NASA laboratory with a focus on exploration of the solar system. The interview begins with an account of his return to the small town in New Zealand where he grew up, to attend dedication of a memorial to himself and Ernest Rutherford, who attended the same primary school. Additional recollections of JPL's collaboration with Wernher von Braun; of the first flight of Sputnik; Caltech's early work in rocketry; development and production of the Corporal missile. Further discussion of his work establishing an applied research institute in Saudi Arabia in the late 1970s; his later relationship with it. Establishment of Pickering Research, a consulting business, after retiring as director of JPL in 1976; consulting for the Electrical Power Research Institute after Three-Mile Island incident in 1979; contract in 1980s to help mainland China set up computer systems for its satellite program. The interview concludes with an account of his recent involvement in the sawdust-pellet (alternative fuels) business. Interview conducted by Shirley K. Cohen on April 22 and 29, 2003. Transcript.

Oral History interview with Robert Phillip Sharp, 1911-2004. After studying at Caltech, he earned his PhD in geology at Harvard in 1937. After service in Army intelligence in the Arctic, and afterwards teaching appointments at the Universities of Illinois and Minnesota, he returned to Caltech in 1947. His research at this time centered in geomorphology and glaciology. In 1952 he was elected chairman of the Geology Division from 1952 to 1968, where he made major contributions in his 16-year period of service, especially in the introduction of programs in geochemistry and planetary science and in the building up of seismology. He participated in the scientific mission of several of the Mariner Mars probes. He is the author of a widely read series of field guides to the geology of southern California and has led countless geological field studies and trips for generations of Caltech students, alumni and associates. Interview in three sessions in late 1979 and early 1980 begins with his recollections of growing up in Oxnard and of life during his undergraduate years [1930-1934] at Caltech, including his career as quarterback on Caltech's football team, and his one graduate year there. In 1936 he moved to Harvard for further graduate study, doing his thesis work on the Ruby/East Humboldt Range in Nevada. From 1938 to 1943 he taught at the University of Illinois; he discusses expeditions in the Grand Canyon (1937) and the Yukon (1941). After three years with the Army Air Force in Alaska, he joined the faculty of the University of Minnesota, then returned to Caltech as a professor in 1947. He discusses the early history of Caltech's geology division under J. P. Buwalda, the importance of the Seismological Laboratory, and the demise of vertebrate paleontology at Caltech after the death of Chester Stock. Discusses the expansion of the division under his chairmanship into geochemistry and planetary science and other events of his chairmanship; chairing the search committee for a new president upon the retirement of Lee DuBridge; and the advent of Harold Brown. Recalls his participation in the efforts of Eugene Shoemaker and Leon Silver to raise money for a named chair by guiding trips in the Grand Canyon, and his establishment of field trips for the division non-academic staff. The interview concludes with a discussion of his interest in current geological phenomena, such as glaciers and wind effects, and his authorship of guidebooks on Southern California geology for laypeople. Interview conducted by Graham Berry on 18 December 1979 - 9 January 1980. Transcript.

Oral History interview with Victor Wouk, 1919- . Electrical engineer. After graduating from Caltech (PhD 1942), Wouk devoted himself largely to the development of hybrid motor vehicles and the use of semiconductors in electric vehicles. The range of his activities is wide, and he has consulted for several institutions and the government on the problems of energy. This wide-ranging interview in May 2004 with the engineer and hybrid-automobile pioneer Victor Wouk begins with his recollections of his graduate work in electrical engineering at Caltech (1939-1942), after receiving his bachelor's degree from Columbia. Includes recollections of Robert A. Millikan, William H. Pickering, William R. Smythe, and others. He recalls his wartime work at the Westinghouse Research Laboratories in Pittsburgh on the ignitron and the separation of uranium isotopes. Also recalls his early interest in television and work for North American Philips in Tarrytown, NY. Forms the Electronic Energy Conversion Corp. in 1959 to manufacture DC power units. Recalls work for Motorola founder Russell Feldman, who in the early 1960s asked him to design a practical electrically powered car; eventually, in consultation with Lee A. DuBridge and others at Caltech, Wouk determined that a hybrid vehicle, using both electric power and traditional combustion, was a better alternative. Studies were revealing the detrimental effects of smog in the nation's cities, and in 1970 the Clean Air Act passed. Wouk had meanwhile sold the Electronic Energy Conversion Corp. to Gulton Industries and gone to work for them; he left, along with Gulton's Charles Rosen, to form a new company, Petro-Electric Motors, to develop a hybrid vehicle for the Federal Clean Car Incentive Program in the early 1970s. He recalls in detail their travails and eventual success, and comments on the opposition of Eric Stork at the Environmental Protection Agency to the hybrid idea, which finally resulted in rejection of his model. He concludes the interview by commenting on the recent history, current popularity, and future of hybrid cars, and on his ideas about regenerative braking. Interview conducted by Judith R. Goodstein on 24 May 2004. Transcript.

Carnegie Institution of Washington. Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. Library and Archives. 5241 Broad Branch Road, N. W., Washington, D.C. 20015, USA. Contact: Shaun Hardy.

Papers of James Percy Ault, 1881-1929. J.P. Ault was a geophysicist at the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism from 1904 until his death in 1929. He served on numerous geomagnetic survey expeditions and commanded the Institution's research vessel "Carnegie" from 1914 to 1929, when the ship burned and sank at Apia, Samoa. The collection consists of the personal and professional papers of Captain James Percy Ault while he was an employee of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. It includes correspondence, reports, photos, albums, newspaper clippings, and ephemera. Collection dates:1904-1957. Size: 12.5 linear feet.

Papers of Louis Agricola Bauer, 1865-1932. Bauer was the first director of the Carnegie Institution's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, from 1904-1929. His greatest achievement was the organization and direction of extensive programs for the observation of Earth's magnetic field. This collection consists of the personal papers of Louis Agricola Bauer and serves to illuminate both his personal and professional lives while he was an employee of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. It includes biographical materials, family photographs, a personal scrapbook, correspondence, notes and ephemera from expeditions, photographs and information of the ships "Galilee" and "Carnegie", clippings, and articles and lectures by others. Collection dates: 1892-1939. Size: 2.5 linear feet (6 boxes).

Papers of Robert Hubbard Mansfield, 1909- . Born 1909 in Evanston, Illinois. Performed studies of magnetic secular variation data for the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism of the Carnegie Institution of Washington from 1932 to 1935. These studies were conducted in Africa and at Huancayo Magnetic Observatory in Peru. The collection contains the personal papers of Robert Hubbard Mansfield, detailing an 18-month excursion for the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (DTM) at the Carnegie Institution of Washington to gather magnetic secular variation data from nearly 50 stations between Cape Town, South Africa, along the eastern coast of Africa to Suez, Egypt. Collection dates: 1932-1988. Size: 0.85 linear feet.

Records of the "Maud" expedition, 1918-1925. The wooden vessel "Maud" departed Norway in July, 1918 under the command of polar explorer Roald Amundsen, with the aim of lodging in the ice pack above the Bering Strait and drifting across the Arctic Ocean. The "Maud" was well equipped with scientific apparatus for making meteorological, geophysical, and oceanographic observations, including geomagnetic instruments and computational aids furnished by the Carnegie Institution's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. Meteorologist/oceanographer H. U. Sverdrup was in charge of the expedition's scientific work. During the next three winters, with the vessel icebound off the Siberian coast, important series of geomagnetic and auroral measurements were made, but the goal of drifting to the North Pole was unrealized. In August, 1921 the "Maud" reached Seattle for overhauling and preparations were made for another attempt. During the second phase of the expedition (1922-1925), the "Maud" was locked in the ice for more than two years and drifted northwest as far as the New Siberian Islands. Once released, the vessel headed eastward under its own power, but the expedition was forced to spend one more winter icebound during 1924-25. Extensive geomagnetic and atmospheric electricity data were collected during the drift and at winter quarters near Bear Island. The "Maud" finally returned to Nome, Alaska in August, 1925. The geophysical results of the expedition, prepared by Sverdrup, were published by the Carnegie Institution in 1927. This collection contains geophysical data, computations, reports, and photographs made during the two Arctic voyages of the ship "Maud" between 1918 and 1925. Roald Amundsen, polar explorer, commanded the ship and H.U. Sverdrup was in charge of the scientific experiments and observations. The Carnegie Institution's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism provided instruments and computational aids, and published the expedition's scientific results. Collection dates: 1918-1925. Size: 5.5 linear feet.

Nuclear Physics Program records of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. The program began in the 1920s and continued into the mid 1970s. The program was largely driven by Dr. Merle A. Tuve. Pioneering studies of proton-proton scattering and Coulomb excitation work were among the many scientific experiments conducted on high voltage apparatuses by Tuve, N.P. Heydenburg, and others. The collection contains the records of the Nuclear Physics Program of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Noteworthy activities included the construction of van de Graaff generators and a 60-inch cyclotron to conduct scientific experiments and contracted work. Collection dates: 1927-1963. Size: 7.5 linear feet.

Ocean Magnetic Survey records of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. The Ocean Magnetic Survey was a part of the World Magnetic Survey organized by Louis A. Bauer, first director of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. The Ocean Magnetic Survey consisted of the cruises of the "Galilee" (1905-1908) and the "Carnegie" (1909-1929) and the geophysical observations taken during those voyages. The "Galilee" was chartered by the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism in 1905 and refitted to perform magnetic survey work. The "Carnegie" was launched in 1909 specifically for the magnetic survey work started by the "Galilee". These records are the data collected on the voyages of the "Galilee" and the "Carnegie" and the reductions of that data into a usable format. Collection dates: 1905-1946. Size: 74 linear feet.

Carnegie Institution of Washington. Geophysical Laboratory. Library and Archives. 5241 Broad Branch Road, N. W., Washington, D.C. 20015, USA. Contact: Shaun Hardy.

Papers of Norman Levi Bowen, 1887-1956, possibly the greatest petrologist of the 20th century. Bowen revolutionized experimental petrology and our understanding of mineral crystallization. Bowen was born in Kingston, Ontario in1887. After completing his university entrance exam, Bowen joined the Ontario Bureau of Mines geological mapping party. When he returned, he changed his intended course of study from teaching to geology. He graduated with a B.S. from the Queen's University School of Mining, Kingston, Ontario in 1909. In 1910, Bowen applied for a position as a research student at the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington (CIW). In 1912, after receiving his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he accepted a position at the Laboratory. In 1928 he published his seminal work "The Evolution of the Igneous Rocks." After 25 years of service, Bowen left the Geophysical Laboratory for a teaching position at the University of Chicago. Ten years later, he returned to the Laboratory where he remained until his retirement in 1952. After two years in retirement, he returned as a Research Associate until his death. The Norman L. Bowen Award, given annually, was established by the American Geophysical Union for outstanding contributions to volcanology, geochemistry or petrology. This collection consists of four document boxes, and one oversize flat box containing the personal papers of Norman L. Bowen, and serves to illuminate his professional life as a petrologist while he was an employee of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. It includes professional correspondence, papers collected by the Geophysical Laboratory, personal materials, photographs, and publications, especially two editions of "The Evolution of the Igneous Rocks." Collection dates: 1907-1980. Size: 3 linear feet.

Papers of Hatten Schuyler Yoder, 1921-2003. Includes personal and professional correspondence; administrative files (as Director of the Geophysical Laboratory), research files and notebooks, experimental scientific data, publications and photographs. Geophysicist; Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Naval Reserve, retired; director emeritus, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington. Collection dates: ca. 1948-2003. Material is unprocessed. Size: Approximately 70 linear feet.

Case Western Reserve University. Archives. 10900 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106-7229, USA. Contact: Jill Tatem.

Papers of Thomas Keith Glennan, 1905-1995. President, Case Institute of Technology, 1947-1966, and administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1958-1961. Correspondence, minutes, reports, speeches, clippings, and photographs; including material on Atomic Energy Commission, Atomic Industrial Forum, Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company, NASA, Vassar College, honors and awards, and biographical materials. Collection dates: 1947-1970. There may be additional unprocessed records in this series. Consult the Archives for availability. Size: 8.4 linear feet.

Cornell University. Carl A. Kroch Library. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections. University Archives. 2B Carl A. Kroch Library, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Contact: Elaine Engst.

Manuscript collection of André-Marie Ampère, 1775-1836. French mathematician, physicist, and chemist. Vol. 1: Eighteen letters which Ampère wrote to his friend Couppier from August 1795 to January 1796. Topics discussed include the impossibility of constructing a perpetual motion machine; the physics of resistance and force; terrestrial refraction; the positions of various stars and constellations; nebulae; the work of Joseph Lalande; the telescope, and ideas for other scientific instruments; botanical classification; the Greek language and his progress in learning it; his translation of one of Horace's odes; and his project of developing a universal language. Ampère also comments briefly on Joseph Lagrange's "Mécanique analytique" and the work of Leibniz, Belidor, Buffon, Herschel, and Flamsteed. Except for the first one, each letter is preceded by a summary of its contents in Couppier's hand. The numbering of the letters suggests that originally there were 19, but that the earliest of them is lost. Vol. 2: A volume of lecture notes, from a course given by Ampère probably at the Collège de France, ca. 1829/30, recorded by an unidentified student. The initial page is headed "Nomenclature générale des sciences d'après Mr. Amperre". Page [2] has the heading "Chimie," and the notes that follow are from a course in inorganic chemistry. They begin with short chapters on electricity, magnetism, measuring instruments, the elements, and thermometry, followed by oxygen and its discovery, hydrogen, sulphur, and bromine. The rest of the first part concerns the atmosphere, water, oxides, acids, and additional elements. The second part covers metals, alloys, and salts. Vol. 3: A volume of lecture notes from a "Cours d'analyse" taught by Ampère at the Ecole polytechnique, November 1825, recorded by his student Charles Dejean. Topics include differential calculus, its applications to geometry, and integral calculus. A supplemental section addresses the "principe des vitesses virtuelles." Collection dates: 1795-1830. Size: 3 volumes, illustrated; 28 cm. or smaller.

Papers of Dale R. Corson, 1914-. Corson was named chairman of the Physics Department at Cornell University in 1956, Dean of the College of Engineering in 1959, Provost in 1963, and President in 1969, a position he held until 1977. The Dale R. Corson papers consist of office files, correspondence, and other material deriving chiefly from his provostship (1963-1969) and presidency of Cornell University (1963-1977). The papers illustrate the Corson administration reconstituting the University following the trauma of the 1969 student revolt and the negative publicity following the takeover of Willard Straight Hall; dealing with anti-war demonstrations and protests relative to other social and local issues; and surviving the university fiscal crisis of the early and mid 1970s. Subjects include long range financial planning, the endowment fund, relations with trustees, and the improved functioning of the university administration; also the Center for Environmental Quality Management, the Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, the Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory and the Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory. The papers show the growth of the Personnel Department and the reorganization of the central administration, and the relations between Cornell and the Ivy League and other colleges, and with several educational and philanthropic foundations, including the American Council on Education, the Association of Colleges and Universities of the State of New York, the American Association of University Professors, the Ford Foundation, and the Carnegie Corporation. Similar files are concerned with university research and government funded research, and with relations with state and federal governments and corporations such as IBM and Xerox. Major correspondents include Max Black, Derek C. Bok, W. Donald Cooke, Thomas Gold, Henry Guerlac, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Robert L. Sproull, L. Pearce Williams, and many others. Collection dates: 1963-1977. Restricted to permission of the President's Office until 2007. Size: 134.9 cubic feet.

Papers of James A. Krumhansl, 1919-2004. Physicist and mathematician. Krumhansl was an assistant professor at Cornell from 1948-1950 and an associate professor from 1950-1954 and then left to become the associate director of research with Union Carbide. He returned to Cornell in 1959. Krumhansl was the first director of Cornell's Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, which he headed from 1960-1964. He served as assistant director for mathematics, physics, and engineering at the National Science Foundation from 1977-1979. He returned to Cornell in 1980 and retired in 1990. Correspondence, articles, subject files, and course material documenting Krumhansl's career at Cornell University, including his work in electrical engineering, biophysics, solid state physics and on the Superconducting Super Collider. Collection dates: 1943-1990. Collection closed for processing as of Jan. 2005. Contact repository. Size: 11 cubic feet.

Papers of Robert O. Pohl. Physicist, solid state; received the Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Erlangen in Germany in 1957. He joined the Cornell faculty in 1958 in the Department of Physics and the Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics. In 1984, he was awarded the Oliver E. Buckley Solid State Physics Prize of the American Physical Society for his work on the structure of glass and glassy materials. In addition to his basic research, Pohl was interested in issues relating to nuclear waste disposal, serving on President Carter's advisory committee. Files include correspondence relating to Pohl's sabbatical leave, research including communications with international colleagues and correspondence with his graduate students; notes on energy which comprise reference files of clippings and handwritten notations; published reports on nuclear waste and waste sites, contaminated and non-contaminated sites, high-level nuclear waste disposal, reactor decommissioning, reactor accidents, radiation health effects, EPA studies and specific sites of radwaste contamination, carbon dioxide, thermal studies in high-level waste disposal, and uranium mill tailings. Collection dates: 1973-1998. Size: 27 cubic feet.

Harvard University Archives. Pusey Library. Cambridge, MA 02138. Contact: Robin McElheny.

Addition to the papers of Harvey Brooks, 1915-2004. Physicist. Gordon McKay Professor in the Division of Engineering and Applied Physics, dean of the Division (1956-1975), and Benjamin Peirce Professor of Technology and Public Policy (1976-1986) at Harvard. The papers of Harvey Brooks chiefly document his professional activities related to the numerous university, scientific, and government committees and associations on which he served, including the National Science Foundation, the President's Science Advisory Committee, the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. They contain correspondence, memoranda, reports, meeting minutes, and notes. Also includes personal papers from the early 1930s, such as general and family correspondence, student records, lectures, manuscripts, material related to war work and employment in the private sector. In addition, the papers consist of material relating to nuclear issues from the 1940s and 1950s, to his role as editor-in-chief of the Journal of the Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Engineering and Applied Physics, to his work in the development of the Harmon Program on Science, Technology, and the Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government. Additional materials received in 2004 (Accession #15081; 4 boxes) include subject and correspondence files, 1987-2001 (2 boxes) and course materials, 1990s (2 boxes). These materials are unprocessed and may not be available. Collection dates: 1930s-2001 (inclusive). Size: 99.4 cubic feet. (282 boxes and 1 folder).

Library of Congress. Manuscript Division. James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue, S. E., Washington, DC 20540, USA. Contact: Dr. Leonard Bruno.

Addition to the papers of Nathaniel Charles Gerson, 1915- . Research physicist. Pertains chiefly to his work as secretary of the U.S. National Committee for the International Geophysical Year. Addition includes correspondence, writings, reports, notes, transcript of interview, and photographs. Collection dates: ca. 1937-2002. Unprocessed. Size: 3,000+ items. (Addition: ca. 1,250 items).

Papers of John H. Gibbons, 1929- . Physicist. Speeches, subject files, appointment books, publications and other papers relating to Gibbons's service as director of Federal Office of Energy Conservation, 1973-75; director of University of Tennessee Energy, Environment and Resources Center, 1975-79; director of Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, 1979-93; and Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, 1993-1998. Collection dates: 1970-1998. Size: Ca. 13,000 items.

Addition to papers of Isidor Isaac Rabi, 1898-1988. Physicist. Chiefly subject files which contain, among other materials, extensive correspondence beginning in his postdoctoral period of European study and continuing until his death. Correspondents include: Hans Bethe, Gregory Breit, Vannevar Bush, James B. Conant, Edward U. Condon, Ernest O. Lawrence, Robert A. Millikan, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Wolfgang Pauli, Harlow Shapley, Arnold Sommerfeld, Otto Stern, Leo Szilard, and J. H. Van Vleck. Rabi's teaching career at Columbia is very well documented. The papers include numerous holograph physics lectures and lecture notes, and even the lantern slides which he used. Unfortunately there is relatively little material from his 1930s Columbia laboratory where his chief contributions to physics were made. However, there are extensive subject files which trace his wartime and postwar activities; chronologically, these begin with an MIT Radiation Laboratory file. By far the greatest portion of Rabi's remaining papers emanated from the post-World War II period. There are, for example, subject files for the Science Committee, United Nations; Advisory Committee of the Secretary General, United Nations; International Conferences on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy; Scientific Advisory Committee, Office of Defense Mobilization; General Advisory Committee, Atomic Energy Commission; Policy Council, Joint Research and Development Board; President's Science Advisory Committee; Science Advisory Committee, International Atomic Energy Agency; U.S. National Commission, UNESCO; and American Physical Society. There are production materials for Rabi's numerous publications and an extensive set of his printed articles. Additional materials from Columbia University, Butler Library include Rabi's files of writings arranged alphabetically by author, and date from 1933-1958. Collection dates: 1917-1985. The collection is not yet processed. CLASSIFIED (in part); access to some of the materials requires security clearance. 37,500 items (25 cartons) total. Size: Ca. 3,000 items (addition).

Second addition to papers of Charles H. Townes, 1915- . Physicist at the University of California, Berkeley. Designed the first maser and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1964. First addition contains writings, research notes, chronological files, student papers, audio and video recordings, and other papers. Second addition contains correspondence, technical memoranda, writings, lectures, notebooks, scientific papers, family records, and photographs. Collection dates: 1939-1992. This collection is not processed. Size: Ca. 11,000 items (first addition); ca. 6,000 items (second addition).

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections. M.I.T. Libraries, Room 14N-118, Cambridge, Mass 02139, USA. Contact: Tom Rosko.

Papers of Arthur Robert von Hippel, 1898-2003. Completed his Ph.D. at the University of Gottingen in 1924, became assistant professor of electrical engineering at MIT in 1936, professor of electrophysics in 1947, was appointed Institute Professor in 1962, and became emeritus in 1965. In 1939 he established the Laboratory for Insulation Research, which he directed until 1965. His work helped to establish the field of materials science and engineering. The collection includes biographical materials on von Hippel, including two oral histories conducted by Z. Malek, and the Smithsonian Computer History Project. Also includes many of his publications, personal and professional correspondence, some materials from courses he taught at MIT, and research notebooks from the 1930s in German about his early work with semiconductors. There are also writings and materials used by von Hippel to research the behavior of electricity in cellular biology and in atmospheric systems, 1965-1986. Collection dates: 1924-1986. There are restrictions on access to this collection. Researchers may request permission to use restricted materials. Consult the Institute Archivist for further information. Retrieval requires advance notice. Size: 1.5 Cubic Feet.

NBC News Archives. 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, NY 10112, USA. Contact: Archivist.

Film entitled Enrico Fermi, Scientist. Jim Hurlbert conducted this interview on the 10th Anniversary of the first nuclear fission blast at the University of Chicago. Synopsis: Buildings at the University of Chicago are shown near its abandoned football stadium where on Dec. 2, 1942, Fermi and his research team lighted the first atomic fire. An NBC interviewer questions Dr. Fermi who led the 1942 project. When asked if he would attempt the project again in light of all the destruction nuclear project is capable of, as in the form of an atomic bomb, Dr. Fermi replies, "Yes, because scientific progress and America's desire to win and end the war demanded such research." Dated 1952 December 2. Size: 1 film cartridge (44 ft); sound; black & white; 16 mm.

North Carolina State University. Special Collections Research Center, NCSU Libraries. Box 7111, Raleigh, NC 27695-7111, USA. Contact: Todd Kosmerick.

A guide to the First Temple of the Atom project documents. This digital collection consists of 43 documents totaling ca. 150 items dated 1949-1956, chiefly letters and writings of Clifford K. Beck relating to the establishment and building of the first nuclear reactor at North Carolina State College and the establishment of the Nuclear Engineering program. During the construction and test phases, numerous memoranda passed between project participants. These documents detail experimental results and reactor specifications. Dr. Raymond L. Murray collected, saved, and donated these crucial documents to the NC State University Archives at the Raymond L. Murray Raleigh Research Reactor Project Notebook project site. Title from top of index page on website; dates of material from Descriptive Summary on website. Description of resources as of 4:33 pm EST, 28 September 2004.

University of California, Berkeley. The Bancroft Library. Berkeley, CA 94620-6000, USA. Contact: David Farrell.

Papers of Leonard Benedict Loeb, 1891-1978. Physicist, on faculty of University of California, Berkeley. Correspondence, speeches, reports, and writings/publications concerning his interests and activities in physics, the University, and professional organizations in the United States and elsewhere. Collection dates: 1928-1977. Included in: History of Science and Technology Collection. Collection stored in part off-site. Advance notice required for use. Size: 31 cartons, 2 boxes.

University of Colorado. Libraries. Western Historical Collections. Campus Box 184, Boulder, CO 80302-0184, USA. Contact: David Hays.

Papers of Alan H. Shapley. Geophysicist, physicist, National Bureau of Standards, 1947-65; NOAA, 1965-. Shapley was Vice Chairman for the U.S. National Committee for the International Geophysical Year and also a U.S. member to the CSAGI (Comité Special de l'Année Géophysique Internationale, or the IGY Special Committee), which organized the IGY 1957-58. Collection includes correspondence, newspaper clippings and information on the postwar years during which scientists were subject to federal harassment. In addition, there are Federation of Atomic Scientists secretarial files from 1948-1956 and various other papers dealing with scientific concerns. Collection dates: 1948-1964. Size: 2.5 linear feet.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. University Archives. Room 19, Library, 1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. Contact: William J. Maher.

Papers of Daniel Alpert, 1917- . Physicist; Professor of Physics, 1957-1987; Director of the Center for Advanced Study, 1972-1987, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Includes correspondence, course notes, grant proposals, discussion group notes, committee reports, notebooks, faculty papers, speeches, and publications documenting activities sponsored by the Center for Advanced Study, including Science, Technology, and Society Program, informal get-togethers of CAS faculty, the Creative Responses to Retrenchment Study Group, the University Research Park Study Group. Additional subjects treated include the Educational Technologies Board, the National Computational Science Alliance, the Beckman Institute, the planned University research park, educational administration, and vacuum research. The files contain drafts and correspondence related to Alpert's paper, "Performance and Paralysis." Collection dates: 1941-1998. Size: 6.0 cubic feet.

Papers of Donald M. Ginsberg. Physicist; Professor of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1960-1997. Collection includes publications (1959-1997), correspondence (1959-1997), reports (1968-1990), and course materials (1961-1997) concerning theoretical physics, low temperature physics, and superconductivity. Correspondents include R. D. Parks, R. A. Anderson, Larry Rubin, Harold Swartz and John Clarke. Collection dates: 1959-1997. Size: 2.6 cubic feet.

University of Michigan. Bentley Historical Library. Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2113, USA. Contact: Nancy Bartlett.

Papers of Horace Richard Crane, 1907- . Physicist. Professor of Physics at University of Michigan. Personal and biographical files include transcript of oral history interview with Crane regarding nuclear physics, writings, lectures, reprints, and essays, including biographical sketches of University of Michigan physicists; files pertaining to his involvement with the Midwestern Universities Research Association; and photographs. Collection dates: 1897-2000. Size: 2 linear feet. and 1 oversize folder.

University of Pittsburgh. Hillman Library. Archives of Scientific Philosophy in the Twentieth Century. Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. Contact: Brigitta Arden.

Papers of Wesley C. Salmon, 1925-2001. American Philosopher of Science. He made major contributions to the concepts of scientific explanation, causality, and the nature of induction and probability. He was a professor at Indiana University, University of Arizona, and the University of Pittsburgh. The papers include correspondence, manuscripts, working papers, lecture notes and ancillary materials, documents from his work in professional organizations and academic administration, books from his library, and teaching materials. There are also memorabilia concerning Salmon's life and contributions gathered in the year following his death. The bulk of the material ranges from his appointment as a professor at Indiana University in 1963 until his death in 2001. Some of the correspondents include Alan R. Anderson, Nuel Belnap, Alberto Coffa, Clark Glymour, Adolf Grünbaum, Ian Hacking, Carl Gustav Hempel, Henry Kyburg, Abner Shimony, Bas Van Fraassen, and others. Collection dates: 1934-2002 (bulk 1963-2001). Papers are not yet processed and accessible. Size: 33 cubic feet.

Independent Web site

Stories of the Development of Large Scale Scientific Computing at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. (Web site). Stories of the development of large scale scientific computing at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Interviews of some of the people involved with the formation and development of the Computation Department at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, primarily during the years 1950 to 1975, but sometimes beyond. At this time computer usage at the laboratory was widely recognized as innovative and pioneering in applying large computers to a wide range of research problems in nuclear weapons design. Includes information on hardware and software development and acquisition, and archiving of computer data at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory from 1950 to 1975. Interview subjects include Richard White, Robert Jastrow, Sidney Fernbach, and Edward Teller. Title from home page of website; dates of material from introduction on website. Conceived and organized by George A. Michael, who also conducted most of the interviews. Description of resources as of 05:00 pm EST, 17 September 2004.

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