Andrei Sakharov (1921-1989) was a Soviet physicist who became, in the words of the Nobel Peace Committee, a spokesman for the conscience of mankind. He was fascinated by fundamental physics and cosmology, but first he spent two decades designing nuclear weapons. He came to be regarded as the father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, contributing perhaps more than anyone else to the military might of the USSR. But gradually Sakharov became one of the regime’s most courageous critics, a defender of human rights and democracy. He could not be silenced, and helped bring down one of history’s most powerful dictatorships. This exhibit tells about Sakharov’s extraordinary life.
Next: Early Years, 1921-1944
This exhibit is text only. Click here for the text and picture version.
This site is brought to you by the Center for History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics.
for History of Physics
© 1998 -
American Institute of Physics and Gennady Gorelik
One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740-3843
Phone: 301-209-3100; Fax: 301-209-0843