R&D

The closure of significant portions of the federal government this
week has had a varying impact on departments and agencies tracked
by FYI.  Here is a brief summary of where things now stand on this,
the third day of shutdown:

16 Nov 1995

"Successful innovation and commercialization depend on far more
than a strong science and technology base."  --- OTA report

15 Nov 1995

Congress and the Administration on the Dept. of Commerce         

A year-long campaign by House Republican freshmen to abolish the
Department of Commerce is coming to a head this week as Congress
struggles over must-pass legislation.  Failure to pass two key
bills could result in a default by the federal government, and a
shutdown of the government next Tuesday.

9 Nov 1995

The President's Council of Economic Advisors has just released a
16-page paper defending the Administration's science and technology
policies.  The paper, "Supporting Research and Development to
Promote Economic Growth: The Federal Government's Role," warns that
the congressional budget resolution, passed in June, could result
in "a real cut of about 30 percent in Federal support of
non-defense R&D by the year 2002."  It also points out that, based
on enactment of the budget resolution, "by 1997, Japan will

7 Nov 1995

As budgets get tighter and science experiments get bigger,
international collaborations will likely become more common.  How
can policymakers decide which projects are good candidates for
internationalization?  In a 132-page report released in July,
before it had to close its doors, the Office of Technology
Assessment examined this question.

3 Nov 1995

Programs                                                         

The House and Senate have passed, and sent to the President, H.R.
1905, the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Bill for FY
1996.  The President is expected to sign this legislation, which is
described in FYI #154.  It seems appropriate to examine how the
budgets for fusion energy, high energy physics, and nuclear physics
research programs compare to the funding recommendations contained
in recent studies.  There is no recent comparable report for Basic
Energy Sciences.

1 Nov 1995

The House has passed and sent on to the Senate H.R. 2405, the
Omnibus Civilian Science Authorization Act of 1995.  With a few
exceptions, the bill which is now before the Senate is as described
in FYIs #137 - 140, 143, and 144. 

26 Oct 1995

"The information that is available indicates that the physical harm
from the radiation is probably less than the damage - to
individuals, communities, and the government - caused by the
initial secrecy, however well motivated, and by subsequent failures
to deal honestly with the public thereafter."   
     -- Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments   

20 Oct 1995

FYI DATABASE SEARCH MECHANISM:

A quick and easy-to-use search mechanism has been developed for
1995 issues of FYI.  This feature can be accessed at the following
URL address: http://www.aip.org/cgi-bin/fyiwais

After entering a key word(s), a list of issues will be provided,
complete with the title, date, and issue number.  Direct access to
the complete text of each issue is just a mouse click away.

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS HOMEPAGE:

29 Sep 1995

One item on the agenda of the congressional majority is reducing
federal regulations, including some related to environmental
protection.  House Majority Whip Tom DeLay (R-TX), and fellow
Representative John Doolittle (R-CA), have recently introduced
bills that would attempt to slow down or eliminate the planned
phaseout of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) set for the end of this
year, as dictated by the Copenhagen amendment to the Montreal
Protocol.  The two bills were discussed at a September 20 hearing

26 Sep 1995

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