“for his paradigm-changing contributions to physics information sharing by inventing, developing and managing the arXiv system for electronic distribution of pre-publication (or preprint) papers. This system provides equitable world-wide access to the forefront of physics research activity, both pre- and post-publication in refereed journal, and has since been emulated by a number of other scientific fields.”
for her leadership in promoting K-12 education and outreach, including the development of standards and approaches to science education that have had an enormous influence at the local, state, national and international levels, and for her broad and deep contributions to the advancement of theoretical particle physics.
for his leadership in improving the situation for women in science in the United States and around the world, his efforts to enhance diversity in science, and for deepening our understanding of magnetism and its interplay with other states of matter.
In recognition of his leadership and service to the physics community and to science; for serving as a model "civic scientist"; for his advocacy of public understanding of science and technology; and for his championship of scientific research and education.
For his dignified mastery of decorum and his warmth of personality which have made him a figure in American physics never to be forgotten by the countless numbers of his colleagues who have had the privilege of knowing him.