For his stimulating and unconquerable devotion to conscientious publication in the physical sciences
About the Winner:
Dr. Paul Rosbaud was a European scientific editor who has made distinguished contributions to publications in physics. Before and during World War II he was a science editor for the Springer Company. As an editor, he is credited with being the driving force behind the creation of new journals and the improvement of existing periodicals, as well as being responsible for the publications of many books by scientist.
His extraordinary courage and acquaintanceship with friends in high places enabled him to keep in touch with scientists in occupied Europe during the war and to boost their morale. He had two French war prisoners, who were physicists, staying with him on parole, and enabled them to work and keep in touch with scientific developments.
During the war he risked his life and freedom by communicating with Allied scientist via the Norwegian underground and neutral channels and by being the confidant of German physicists who opposed the decline of science under the Nazis.