Federal Science Budget Tracker - FY2021

 

The Federal Science Budget Tracker provides up-to-date information on appropriations proposals and outcomes for physical sciences programs.

The tabs on this page contain tables, figures, and links to resources detailing federal spending proposals and outcomes for agencies that support the physical sciences. The tabs are updated as new spending proposals and other information become available. Each agency tab has the following information:

FYI Bulletins: For each agency in the budget tracker, FYI writes articles that describe the president's budget request, compare the House and Senate spending proposals, and analyze the final appropriations legislation. Links are provided to each article in the series.

Appropriation tables: Summary tables with budget figures for major subprograms are included for each agency. More detailed tables are included for selected agencies.

Budget comparison figures: Bar graphs depicting the president’s request, House and Senate proposals, and final appropriations are included for each agency. These graphs are periodically updated as the budget process progresses.

Reference material: Links are provided to key budget documents, committee hearings, markups, and administration statements.

If you have any questions or comments about this page, please email [email protected].

Reference Material

 

Budget Request Documents Year
Overall Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
DOE Office of Science FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
DOE Applied Energy Offices FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
National Nuclear Security Administration FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
NASA FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
National Science Foundation FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Department of Defense RDT&E FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
National Institute of Standards and Technology FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
National Institutes of Health FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
U.S. Geological Survey FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

COVID-19 Response/Recovery Appropriations and Proposals for Selected Science Agencies
($ millions)
Account H.R.6074
(enacted)
CARES Act
(enacted)
H.R.266
(enacted)
FY21 Omnibus
(enacted)
American Rescue Plan
(enacted)
RISE Act
NIH 836 945 *1,806 1,250 *** 10,000
CDC 2,200 4,300 *1,000 8,750 11,500 -
BARDA **2,000 3,500 *1,000 20,000 *** -
DOE - 128 - - - 5,000
DOD RDT&E - 415 - - - 3,000
NSF - 76 - - 600 3,000
NASA - 60 - - - 2,000
NIST - 66 - - 150 150
NOAA - 20 - - - 300
USGS - - - - - 300
EPA S&T - 2 - - - 200

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million.

* "Not less than"

** Bill includes "more than" $2 billion for BARDA, according to the House Appropriations Committee.

*** The bill does not specifically allocate funds for NIH and BARDA, though the agencies could ultimately receive funds provided to other agencies.

 

COVID-19 Response/Recovery Appropriations and Proposals, DOE/NIH Details
($ millions)
Account H.R.6074
(enacted)
CARES Act
(enacted)
H.R.266
(enacted)
FY21 Omnibus
(enacted)
American Rescue Plan
(enacted)
RISE Act
DOE Total - 128 - - - 5,000
Office of Science - 100 - - - 3,000
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy - - - - - 900
Electricity - - - - - 100
Nuclear Energy - - - - - 450
Fossil Energy - - - - - 300
ARPA-E - - - - - 150
Departmental Administration - 28 - - - -
NIH Total 836 945 *1,806 1,250 **- 10,000
Office of the Director - 30 *1,000 1,250 - -
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases 836 706 - - - -
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute - 103 - - - -
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering - 60 *500 - - -
National Cancer Institute - - *306 - - -
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences - 36 - - - -
National Library of Medicine - 10 - - - -
National Institute of Mental Health - - - - - -
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases - - - - - -
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development - - - - - -
National Institute on Minority Health Disparities - - - - - -

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million.

* "Not less than"

** The bill does not specifically allocate funds for NIH, though the agencies could ultimately receive funds provided to other agencies.

 

Unenacted COVID-19 Response/Recovery Proposals from Previous Congress
($ millions)
Account HEROES Act HEROES Act 2.0 RISE Act H.R.7617 HEALS Act
NIH 4,721 4,721 10,000 5,000 15,538
CDC 2,130 13,700 - 9,000 3,400
BARDA 3,500 21,000 - 4,500 20,000
DOE - 144 5,000 23,500 307
DOD RDT&E - 530 3,000 - 22
NSF 125 2,887 3,000 - -
NASA - - 2,000 - 1,500
NIST - 70 300 - -
NOAA 101 392 350 - 20
USGS 40 - 300 - -
EPA S&T - - 200 - -

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million.

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 DOE Office of Science Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Office of Science 6,585 7,000 5,838 -17% 7,050 1% 7,026 0.4% 7,026 0.4%
Advanced Scientific Computing Research 936 980  988 1% 1,015 4% 1,029 5% 1,015 4%
Line Item Construction 233 189 169 -10% 169 -10% 169 -10% 169 -10%
All Other Accounts 703 791 819 4% 846 7% 860 9% 846 7%
Basic Energy Sciences 2,166 2,213 1,936 -13% 2,242 1% 2,215 0% 2,245 1%
Line Item Construction 408 360 184 -49% 312 -13% 356 -1% 389 8%
All Other Accounts 1,758 1,853 1,752 -5% 1,930 4% 1,859 0% 1,856 0%
Fusion Energy Sciences 564 671  425 -37% 680 1% 640 -5% 672 0%
Line Item Construction 132 257 112 -56% 265 3% 229 -11% 257 0%
All Other Accounts 432 414 313 -24% 415 0% 412 -1% 415 0%
High Energy Physics 980 1,045  818 -22%  1,050 0% 1,050 0% 1,046 0%
Line Item Construction 180 231 121 -48% 236 2% 236 2% 252 9%
All Other Accounts 800 814 698 -14% 814 0% 814 0% 794 -2%
Nuclear Physics 690 713  653 -8% 715 0% 725 2% 713 0%
Line Item Construction 75 53 18 -65% 22 -58% 35 -33% 22 -58%
All Other Accounts 615 660 635 -4% 693 5% 690 5% 691 5%
Biological and Environmental Research 705 750  517 -31%  760 1%  750 0% 753 0%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

 

Image not available

 

FY21 DOE Office of Science Appropriations, Detailed Table
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Advanced Scientific Computing Research 936 980  988 1%  1,015 4%  1,029  5% 1,015 4%
Exascale Computing Project 233 189 169 -10% 169 -10% 169 -10% 169 -10%
Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility 200 225 220 -2% *225 0% 230 2% *225 0%
Argonne Leadership Computing Facility 140 150 150 0% *150 0% 155 2% *150 0%
National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center 105 110 85 -23% *110 0% 110 0% *110 0%
ESnet 85 90 80 -11% 90 0% 90 0% 90 0%
* "Not less than"
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Basic Energy Sciences 2,166 2,213  1,936 -13%  2,242 1%  2,215  0% 2,245 1%
X-Ray Light Sources 505 519 495 -5% 532 3% 525 1% *525 1%
High Flux Neutron Sources 282 290 260 -10% 260 -10%   292 1% *292 1%
Nanoscale Science Research Centers 135 139 130 -7% 142 2% *139 0% *139 0%
Energy Frontier Research Centers 110 115 115 0% 115 0% 115 0% 115 0%
Joint Center for Energy Storage Research 24 24 24 0% 24 0% 24 0% 24 0%
Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis 15 20 20 0% **20 0% 20  0% 20  0%
EPSCoR 20 24 7 -71% 25 4% 25 4% 25 4%
Facility Construction and Upgrades1
LCLS-II High Energy Upgrade 28 50 14 -72% 70   40% 52 4% 52 4%
LCLS-II High Energy Upgrade OPC 6 4 2 -50% 2 -50%   2 -50% 2 -50%
Advanced Photon Source Upgrade 130 170 150 -12% 160 -6% 160 -6% 160 -6%
Advanced Light Source Upgrade 60 60 13 -78% 75 25% 62 3% 62 3%
Advanced Light Source Upgrade OPC 2 2 0 -100% 0 -100% - - - -
Spallation Neutron Source Proton Power Upgrade 60 60 5 -92% 5 -92% 52 -13% 52 -13%
Spallation Neutron Source Proton Power Upgrade OPC - - 3 - 3 - 3 - 3 -
Spallation Neutron Source Second Target Station 1 20 1 -95% 1 -95% 29 45% 29 45%
Spallation Neutron Source Second Target Station OPC 5 17 1 -94% 1 -94% 13 -24% 13 -24%
Cryomodule Repair and Maintenance Facility - - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 -
Cryomodule Repair and Maintenance Facility OPC - - 1 - 6 - 1 - 1 -
NSLS-II Experimental Tools-II - 5.5 1 -82% 15 173% 6 0% *5.5 0%
Nanoscale Science Research Centers Recapitalization - 5 1 -80% 15 200% - - *5 0%

* "Not less than"

** "Up to"

1. OPC = Other Project Costs

Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Fusion Energy Sciences 564 671  425 -37% 680 1% 640 -5% 672 0%
Non-ITER 432 429 318 -26% 420 -2% 429 0% 430 0%
ITER 132 242 107 -56% 260 7% 211 -13% 242 0%
Material Plasma Exposure eXperiment 15 21 12 -43% 12 -43% 25 19% *21 0%
Matter in Extreme Conditions Petawatt Upgrade1 - 15 5 -67% 5 -67% 18 17% 15 0%
High Energy Density Lab Plasmas/LaserNetUS 18 20 12 -40% 20 0% *20 0% *20 0%
Innovation Network for Fusion Energy - 4 4 0% 5 25% 4 0% 4 0%

* "Not less than"

1. Funding specified for Other Project Costs (OPC) is excluded.

Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
High Energy Physics 980 1,045  818 -22%  1,050 0% 1,050 0% 1,046 0%
Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility1 130 171 101 -41% 140 -18% 171 0% 171 0%
Proton Improvement Plan-II1 20 60 20 -67% 96 60% 65 8% 79 32%
High Luminosity LHC Upgrades 91 100 78 -22% 100 0% 99 -1% - -
HL-LHC Accelerator Upgrade 50 52 43 -17% - - - - - -
HL-LHC ATLAS Detector Upgrade 28 25 18 -29% - - - - - -
HL-LHC CMS Detector Upgrade 14 23 18 -25% - - - - - -
Cosmic Microwave Background-S4 Experiment - - 1 - - - 2 - *6 -

* "Not less than"

1. Funding specified for Other Project Costs (OPC) is excluded.

Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Nuclear Physics 690 713 653 -8% 715 0% 725 2% 713 0%
Electron Ion Collider Construction - 1 1 0% 5 400% 5 400% 5 400%
Electron Ion Collider OPC - 10 1.5 -85% 25 150% 17 70% *17 70%
Facility for Rare Isotope Beams Construction 75 40 5 -87% 5 -87% 5 -87% 5 -87%
Stable Isotope Production and Research Center Construction - 12 12 0% 12 0% 25 108% 12 0%
Stable Isotope Production and Research Center Construction OPC 0.5 2 0 -100% - - 3 43% 3 43%
Gamma-Ray Energy Tracking Array 6.6 6.6 2.5 -62% - - 6.6  0% *6.6  0%
Super Pioneering High Energy Nuclear Interaction Experiment 5.3 9.5 3 -68% - - 5.5  -42% 5.5  -42%
Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiment - 1 1.44 44% - - 1.4 40% *1.4 40%
MOLLER - 2 0.3 -85% - - 5 150% *5 150%
High Rigidity Spectrometer - 1 1 0% - - 1 0% *3 200%
* "Not less than"
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Biological and Environmental Research 705 750 517 -31%  760 1%  750 0% 753 0%
Bioenergy Research Centers 100 100 100 0% 100 0% *100 0% *100 0%
Joint Genome Institute 70 77 60 -22% - - 85 10% 80 4%
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Research Facility1 68 70 55 -22% - - - - - -
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory 45 45 44 -3% - - - - - -
Low-Dose Radiation Research - 5 - - *10 100% - - *5 0%

* "Not less than"

1. Excluded from the FY19 amount is $17.5 million in one-time funding provided to replace the facility's Gulfstream aircraft.

Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Other Accounts                    
Science Laboratories Infrastructure 233 301 174 -42% 254 -16% 280 -7% 240 -20%
Science Program Direction 183 186 190 2% 188 1% 188 1% 192 3%
Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists 23 28 21 -27% 30 7% 28.5 2%   29   4%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7613 Feb. 27
March 11
July 7
July 13
July 30
Senate Appropriations       Nov. 30
House Science Committee        
Senate Energy and Natural Resources   March 3    
* Incorporated into H.R.7617

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 National Nuclear Security Administration Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
NNSA 15,229 16,705 19,771 18% 18,038 8% 19,824 19% 19,732 18%
Weapons Activities 11,100 12,457 15,602 25% 13,660 10% 15,602 25% 15,345 23%
Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation 1,930 2,164 2,031 -6% 2,240 3% 2,095 -3% 2,260 4%
Naval Reactors 1,789 1,648 1,684 2% 1,684 2% 1,684 2% 1,684 2%  
Federal Salaries and Expenses 410 435 454 4% 454 4% 443 2% 443 2%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels. Rescissions and uses of prior year balances included.

 

FY21 NNSA Stockpile Research, Technology, and Engineering
(new budget structure, $ millions)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Stockpile Research, Technology, and Engineering - 2,553 2,782 9% 2,660 4% 2,798 10% 2,814 10%
Assessment Science - 595 773 30% 760 28% 773 30% 769 29%
Primary Assessment Technologies - 95 153 60% 153 60% -  - 150 58%
Dynamic Material Properties - 128 131 2% 131 2% - - 131 2%
Advanced Diagnostics - 33 36 10% 36 10% - - 36 10%
Secondary Assessment Technologies - 78 85 10% 85 10% - - 84 8%
Enhanced Capabilities for Subcritical Experiments - 145 216 49% 216 49% - - 216 49%
Hydrodynamic and Subcritical Experiment Execution Support - 116 153 31% 140 20% - - 140 20%
Engineering and Integrated Assessments - 325 337 4% 272 -16% 337 4% 337 4%
Archiving and Support - 47 46 -3% 46 -3% - - 46 -3%
Delivery Environments - 36 39 9% 39 9% - - 39 9%
Weapons Survivability - 54 60 10% 60 10% - - 60 10%
Aging and Lifetimes - 55 62 13% 62 13% - - 62 13%
Stockpile Responsiveness - 70 70 0% 5 -93% - - 70 0%
Advanced Certification and Qualification - 58 61 5% 61 5% - - 61 5%
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Inertial Confinement Fusion - 557 555 0% 560 1% 575 3% 575 3%
HED and Ignition Science for Stockpile Applications - 115 111 -3% 111 -3% - - - -
ICF Diagnostics and Instrumentation - 75 67 -10% 67 -10% - - - -
Facility Operations - 367 377 3% 382 4% - - - -
National Ignition Facility 344 *344 339 -1% 344 0% *349 1% *349 1%
OMEGA Laser Facility 80 *80 75 -6% *80 0% *82 3% *82 3%
Z Facility 63 *67 66 -2% 67 0% *66 -1% *67 0%
* "Not less than"
Advanced Simulation and Computing - 768 732 -5% 732 -5% 732 -5% 732 -5%
Integrated Codes - 128 138 8% - - - - - -
Physics and Engineering Models - 70 78 12% - - - - - -
Verification and Validation - 58 62 6% - - - - - -
Advanced Technology Development and Mitigation - 175 40 -77% - - - - - -
Computational Systems and Software Environments - 157 238 52% - - - - - -
Facility Ops and User Support - 181 176 -2% - - - - - -
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Weapon Technology and Manufacturing Maturation - 222 298 34% 234 5% 298 34% 298 34%
Surety Technologies - 43 54 26% 54 26% - - 54 26%
Weapons Technology Development - 112 132 17% 112 0% - - 132 17%
Advanced Manufacturing Development - 67 112 67% 67 0% 112 67% 112 67%
Academic Programs - 86 87 0% 102 18% 82 -5% 102 18%
Stewardship Science Academic Alliance - 26 26 1% - - - - -  -
Minority Serving Institution Partnership - 25 25 0% 35 40% - - 35 40%
Tribal Education Partnership Program - 5 5 0% 5 0% *5  0% 5 0%
Joint Program in High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas - 8.5 8.7 2% 9 2% **4 -53% 8.7 2%
Computational Science Graduate Fellowships - 2 2 0% - - - - - -
Predictive Science Academic Alliance Program - 20 20 0% - - - - - -

* "Not less than"

** "Up to"

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels. Rescissions of prior year balances included.

 

Image not available

 

FY21 NNSA Weapons Activities Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation
(old budget structure, $ millions)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Weapons Activities RDT&E 2,014 2,398 2,545 6% - - - - - -
Science 480 592 734 24% - - - - -
Advanced Certification 58 58 61 5% - - - - - -
Primary Assessment Technologies 89 95 113 19% - - - - - -
Dynamic Material Properties 120 128 171 33% - - - - - -
Advanced Radiography 33 33 36 10% - - - - - -
Secondary Assessment Technologies 78 78 85 10% - - - - - -
Academic Alliances and Partnerships 53 56 53 -6% - - - - - -
Enhanced Capabilities for Subcritical Experiments 50 145 216 49% - - - - - -
Engineering 190 263 285 8% - - - - - -
Enhanced Surety

40

43 54 26% - - - -    
Weapons Systems Engineering Assessment Technology 23 0 0 - - - - - - -
Delivery Environments 0 36 39 9% - - - - - -
Nuclear Survivability 48 54 60 10% - - - - - -
Studies and Assessments 0 5.6 0 -100% - - - - - -
Enhanced Surveillance 45 55 62 13% - - - - - -
Stockpile Responsiveness Program 34 70 70 0% - - - - - -
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Inertial Confinement Fusion Ignition and High Yield  545 565 567 0% - - - - - -
Ignition and Other Stockpile Programs 101 106 102 -4% - - - - - -
Diagnostics, Cryogenics, and Experimental Support 78 75 67 -10% - - - - - -
Pulsed Power Inertial Confinement Fusion 6.6 8.6 8.8 2% - - - - - -
Joint Program in High Energy Density Laboratory Plasmas 8.5 8.5 8.7 2% - - - - - -
Facility Operations and Target Production 351 367 377 3% - - - - - -
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Advanced Simulation and Computing 717 840 783 -7% - - - - - -

Integrated Codes

149 150 160 7% - - - - - -
Physics and Engineering Models 67 70 78 12% - - - - - -
Verification and Validation 55 58 62 6% - - - - - -
Advanced Technology Development and Mitigation

89

175 40 -77% - - - - - -
Computational Systems and Software Environments 147 157 238 52% - - - - - -
Facility Ops and User Support 163 181 176 -2% - - - - - -
Advanced Manufacturing 82 137 176 28% - - - - - -
Additive Manufacturing 12 19 19 2% - - - - - -
Component Manufacturing Development 39 48 93 92% - - - - - -
Process Technology Development 31 70 64 -9% - - - - - -

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels. Rescissions of prior year balances included.

* "Not less than"

 

FY21 NNSA Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Appropriations
($ millions)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation 1,930 2,164 2,031 -6% 2,240 3% 2,095 -3% 2,260 4%
Material Management and Minimization 294 364 401 10% 401 10% 426 17% 401 10%
Conversion1 0 99 170 72% 110 11% 105 6% 110 11%
Nuclear Material Removal 33 33 40 21% 40 21% 40 21% 40 21%
Material Disposition 226 187 191 2% 191 2% 191 2% 191 2%
Laboratory and Partnership Support1 35 45 0 -100% 60 33% 60 33% 60 33%
Uranium Reserve Program - - - - - - 30 - - -
Global Material Security 407 443 400 -10% 509 15% 444 0% 529 19%
Domestic Radiologic Security 127 147 101 -31% 165 12% 147 0% 185 26%
Nuclear Smuggling Detection 154 159 160 0% 175 10% 160 0% 175 10%
International Radiologic Security 79 79 73 -7% 90 14% 79 0% 90 14%
International Nuclear Security 46 58 66 14% 79 36% 58 0% 79 36%
Nonproliferation and Arms Control 130 140 139 -1% 148 6% 140 0% 148 6%
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Nonproliferation R&D 576 533 532 0% 602 13% 567 6% 602 13%
Proliferation Detection2 282 299 235 -21% 255 -15% 255 -15% 255 -15%
Nuclear Detonation Detection2 196 197 237 20% 267 36% 237 20% 267 36%
Nonproliferation Fuels Development 98 15 0 -100% 20 33% 15 0% 20 33%
Nonproliferation Stewardship Program 0 23 60 166% 60 166% 60 166% 60 166%
National Technical Nuclear Forensics R&D3 - - 40 - 40 - 20 - 40 -
Nuclear Counterterrorism Incident Response Program 319 372 378 1% 378 1% 358 -4% 378 1%
National Technical Nuclear Forensics 15 19 40 109% - - - - - -
Nonproliferation Construction 220 299 149 -50% 149 -50% 149 -50% 149 -50%
Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility 220 220 0 -100% 0 -100% 0 -100% 0 -100%
Surplus Plutonium Disposition Project 0 79 149 88% 149 88% 149 88% 149 88%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels. Rescissions and uses of prior year balances included.

1. The administration proposes to merge funding for Laboratory and Partnership Support into Conversion.

2. The administration proposes to transfer funds for nuclear test detonation activities from Proliferation Detection to Nuclear Detonation Detection.

3. Prior to FY 2021, funding for National Technical Nuclear Forensics R&D was included in Nuclear Detonation Detection.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7613 Feb. 27
March 4
July 7
July 13
July 30
Senate Appropriations       Nov. 30
House Armed Services H.R.6395 March 3 June 22
July 1
July 21
Senate Armed Services S.4049   June 8
June 10
Sept. 14
* Incorporated into H.R.7617

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 DOE Applied Energy Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy1 2,379 2,848 720 -75% 2,850 0%  2,854 0% 2,864 1%
Nuclear Energy 1,326 1,493 1,180 -21% 1,436 -4% 1,505 1% 1,508 1%  
Fossil Energy2 740 750 731 -3% 728 -3% 750 0% 750 0%
Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy 366 425 0 -100% 435 2% 430 1% 427 0%
Electricity 156 190 195 3% 195 3% 223 17% 212 11%
Cybersecurity, Energy Security, and Emergency Response (CESER) 120 156 185 18% 160 3% 156 0% 156 0%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

1. The FY20 figures do not include a $58 million rescission of unused funds that were appropriated for biorefinery construction.

2. Oil reserve funding excluded.

 

Image not available

 

FY21 DOE Applied Energy Appropriations, Detailed Table
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy1 2,379 2,848 720 -75% 2,850 0% 2,854 0% 2,864 1%
Sustainable Transportation 690 806 161 -80% 804 0% 805 0% 805 0%
Vehicle Technologies 344 396 74 -81% 396 0% 410 4% 400 1%
Bioenergy Technologies 226 260 45 -83% 258 -1% 245 -6% 255 -2%
Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies 120 150 42 -72% 150 0% 150 0% 150 0%
Renewable Energy 528 642 160 -75% 638 -1% 642 0% 646 1%
Solar Energy 247 280 67 -76% 280 0% 234 -17% 280 0%
Wind Energy 92 104 22 -79% 104 0% 115 11% 110 6%
Water Power 105 148 45 -70% 146 -2% 148 0% 150 1%
Geothermal Technologies 84 110 26 -76% 109 -1% 105 -5% 106 -4%
Energy Efficiency 888 1,091 164 -85% 1,110 1% 1,103 1% 1,104 1%
Advanced Manufacturing 320 395 95 -76% 395 0% 395 0% 396 0%
Building Technologies 226 285 61 -79% 285 0% 295 4% 290 2%
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Office of Nuclear Energy2 1,326 1,493 1,180 -21% 1,436 -4% 1,505 1% 1,508 1%
Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies 153 113 116 2% 88 -22% 135 19% 123 8%
Reactor Concepts RD&D 324 267 112 -58% 202 -24% 197 -26% 208 -22%
Fuel Cycle R&D 264 305 187 -39% 296 -3% 290 -5% 309 1%
Advanced Reactors Demonstration Program - 230 20 -91% 240 4% 280 22% 250 9%
Versatile Test Reactor 65 65 295 354% 65 0% 45 -31% 45 -31%
Office of Fossil Energy3 740 750 731 -3% 728 -3% 750 0% 750 0%
Carbon Capture 101 118 - - 151 28% 114 -4% 126 7%
Carbon Storage 98 100 - - 95 -5% 100 0% 79 -21%
Carbon Utilization - - - - 30 - - - 23 -
Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (proposed new structure) - 218 123 -44% - - - - - -
Advanced Energy Systems 130 120 -

-

80 -33% 120 0% 122 2%
Advanced Energy Systems (proposed new structure) - 150 322 115% -  - - - - -
Office of Electricity 156 190 195 3% 195 3% 223 17% 212 11%
Transmission Reliability 39 57 56 -2% 50 -12% 51 -11% 48 -15%
Resilient Distribution Systems 40 45 18 -59% 35 -22% 58 29% 50 11%
Energy Storage 46 56 84 49% 76 35% 80 43% 80 43%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

1. The FY20 figures do not include a $58 million rescission of unused funds that were appropriated for biorefinery construction.

2. Uranium reserve funding excluded.

3. Oil reserve funding excluded.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Renewable Energy Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Nuclear Energy Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
ARPA-E Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Fossil Energy Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Electricity and CESER Budget Requests FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7613 Feb. 27
March 3
July 7
July 13
July 30
Senate Appropriations       Nov. 30
House Science Committee        
Senate Energy and Natural Resources   March 3    
House Energy and Commerce        
* Incorporated into H.R.7617

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 NASA Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
NASA 21,500 22,629 25,246 12% 22,629 0% 23,495 4% 23,271 3%
Science1 6,906 7,139 6,307 -12% 7,098 -1% 7,196 1% 7,222 1%
Human Exploration 5,051 6,018 8,762 46% 6,018 0% 6,706 11% 6,555 9%
Space Operations1 4,639 4,140 4,187 1% 4,052 -2% 4,067 -2% 4,067 -2%
Space Technology 927 1,100 1,578 43% 1,100 0% 1,206 10% 1,100 0%
Aeronautics 725 784 819 4% 819 4% 829 6% 829 6%
STEM Engagement 110 120 0 -100% 126 5% 120 0% 127 6%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

1. Transfer of Biological and Physical Sciences funding from Space Operations to Science is omitted.

 

Image not available

 

FY21 NASA Science Appropriations, Detailed Table
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Operating Plan
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Science Mission Directorate1 6,887 7,139 6,307 -12% 7,098 -1% 7,196 1% 7,222 1%
Earth Science 1,931 1,972 1,768 -10% 2,022 3% 1,984 1% 2,000 1%
Research and Analysis 317 321 310 -4% *346 8% - - *335 4%
Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud ocean Ecosystem (PACE) Mission 161 131 - -100% 145 11% 141 8% 145 11%
CLARREO Pathfinder 18 26 - -100% 25 -6% 25 -6% 25 -6%
Earth Science System Pathfinder 224 299 339 13% **376 26% - - 344 15%
Decadal Survey Missions 15 - 38 - **75 - - - **75 -
Planetary Science 2,747 2,713 2,660 -2% 2,713 0% 2,674 -1% 2,700 0%
Europa Clipper 545 593 404 -32% 404 -32% - - 404 -32%
Icy Satellites Surface Technology 35 14 0 -100% 35 146% - - *18 23%
Mars Rover 2020 503 353 162 -54% 162 -54% - - 162 -54%
Mars Odyssey Orbiter 12 - 1 - **11 - - - **11 -
Lunar Discovery and Exploration 188 300 452 51% 410 37% **452 51%   **452 51%  
Commercial Lunar Payload Services 68 185 254 38% 213 15% - - **254 38%
New Frontiers 93 137 179 31% 179 31% 202 48% 183 34%
Double Asteroid Redirection Test 98 72 66 -8% *66 -8%   *66 -8%     66 -8%
Account FY19
Operating Plan 
FY20
Enacted 
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Astrophysics + JWST 1,496 1,729 1,246 -28% 1,729 0% 1,761 2% 1,771 2%
Astrophysics 1,192 1,306 831 -36% 1,306 0% 1,346 3% 1,356 4%
James Webb Space Telescope 305 423 415 -2% 423 0% 415 -2% 415 -2%  
Roman Space Telescope (formerly WFIRST) 312 511 0 -100% 505 -1% 505 -1% 505 -1%
SOFIA 85 85 12 -86% 85 0% - - 85 0%
Astrophysics - (Roman Telescope + SOFIA) 794 710 819 15% 716 1% 841 18% 766 8%
Heliophysics 720 725 633 -13% 633 -13% 776 7% 751 4%
Research 249 252 231 -8% - - 281 12% 281 12%
Living with a Star 135 146 128 -12% - - 163 12% 148 2%
Solar Terrestrial Probes 181 141 126 -10% - - 159 12% 149 5%
Explorers 148 186 148 -20% - - 173 -7% 173 -7%
Office of STEM Engagement2 110 120 0 -100% 126 5% 120  0% 127 6%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

* "No less than"

** "Up to"

 1. Senate transfer of Biological and Physical Sciences funding from Space Operations to Science is omitted.

2. Formerly called the Office of Education. The STEM Engagement account is funded outside of the Science Mission Directorate. Numbers for specific education programs are in the "STEM Education" tab.

 

Image not available

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7667   July 8
July 14
July 30
Senate Appropriations       Nov. 30
House Science Committee        
* Incorporated into H.R.7617
 

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 National Science Foundation Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Actual
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
NSF 8,075 8,278 7,741 -6% 8,548 3% 8,478 2% 8,487 3%
Research and Related Activities1 6,578 6,737 6,213 -8% 6,967 3% 6,907 3% 6,910 3%
Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1,491 - 1,448 - - - - - - -
Geosciences 970 - 837 - - -  - - - -
Polar Programs 489 - 420 - -  - - - - -
Engineering 991 - 910 - -  - - - - -
Computer and Information Science and Engineering 985 - 1,062 - -  - - - - -
Biological Sciences 784 - 705 - -  - - - - -
Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences 271 - 247 - ** - - - - -
Integrative Activities 547 - 539 - - -  - - - -
EPSCoR 176 190 164 -14% *205 8% *195 3% *200 5%

* "No less than"

** The House committee recommends NSF spend no less than the fiscal year 2020 level on Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences research.

Account FY19
Actual
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Education and Human Resources 935 940 931 -1% 970 3% 964 3% 968 3%
Numbers for specific EHR programs are in the "STEM Education" tab.
Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction 285 243 230 -6% 243 0% 240 -1% 241 -1%
Antarctic Infrastructure Modernization for Science 104 98 90 -8% 98 0% 90 -8% 90 -8%
Mid-scale Research Infrastructure - 65 65 0% 71 9% 75 15% 76 17%
High Luminosity LHC Upgrade - 33 33 0% 33 0% 33 0% 33 0%
Vera C. Rubin Observatory 53 46 41   -12% 41   -12% 41 -12% 41 -12%
Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope2 20 - - - - - - - - -
Regional Class Research Vessels2 108 - - - - - - - - -
Agency Operations and Award Management 333 337 346 3% 346 3% 345 2% 346 3%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

1. Congress typically does not specify funding amounts for NSF's six research directorates and its Office of Integrative Activities.

2. FY19 was the final year in the construction funding profile.

 

Image not available

 

FY21 NSF Budget Request for MPS and GEO Directorates
($ millions)
Account FY17
Actual
FY18
Actual
FY19
Actual
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1,362 1,503 1,491 - 1,448 -
Astronomical Sciences 252 311 287 - 242 -
Chemistry 246 246 247 - 219 -
Materials Research 314 337 303 - 280 -
Mathematical Sciences 234 238 237 - 215 -
Physics 281 311 285 - 258 -
Office of Multidisciplinary Activities 35 60 131 - 235 -
Geosciences 826 908 970 - 837 -
Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences 253 276 303 - 234 -
Earth Sciences 179 180 182 - 168 -
Ocean Sciences 317 366 371 - 339 -
Integrative and Collaborative Education and Research 76 86 114 - 95 -

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7667   July 8
July 14
July 30
Senate Appropriations       Nov. 30
House Science Committee        
* Incorporated into H.R.7617

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 DOD Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account1 FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Title IV RDT&E Total 96,090 105,265 106,555 1% 104,670 -1% 104,376 -1% 107,457 2%
Science and Technology 15,960 16,074 14,042 -13% 15,620 -3% 15,159 -6% 16,873 5%
Basic Research (6.1) 2,530 2,603 2,319 -11% 2,621 1% 2,407 -8% 2,671 3%
Applied Research (6.2) 6,068 6,070 5,391 -11% 5,921 -2% 5,998 -1% 6,446 6%
Advanced Technology Development (6.3) 7,362 7,401 6,331 -14% 7,078 -4% 6,754 -9% 7,756 5%
Non-S&T Accounts 80,130 89,192 92,514 4% 89,049 0% 89,217 0% 90,584 2%
Overseas Contingency Operations Spending 1,193 834 331 -60% 322 -61% 296 -65% 322 -61%
Other RDT&E                    
Title VI Defense Health Program RDT&E 2,181 2,306 562 -76% 1,642 -29% 1,750  -24% 2,393 4%
Title VI Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction RDT&E 887 876 782 -11% 782 -11% 782 -11% 942 8%
Emergency Spending (excluding COVID-19 funds) - 130  - - - - - -

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels. The figures reported for the Science and Technology accounts exclude Overseas Contingency Operations funding.

1. The enacted figures are drawn from the appropriations legislation, not the president's budget requests. There are sometimes substantial differences between the enacted figures reported in the budget request and those specified in the legislation.

 

Image not available

 

FY21 DOD S&T Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account1 FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Army (6.1 - 6.3) 3,673 3,365 2,588 -23% 3,379 0% 3,347 -1% 4,078 21%
Basic Research 507 574 463 -19% 571 -1% 514 -10% 592 3%
Applied Research 1,579 1,259 921 -27% 1,235 -2% 1,239 -2% 1,525 21%
Advanced Technology Development 1,587 1,532 1,204 -21% 1,579 3% 1,593 4% 1,961 28%
Navy (6.1 - 6.3) 2,552 2,618 2,317 -12% 2,452 -6% 2,549 -3% 2,675 2%
Basic Research 680 651 603 -7% 639 -2% 618 -5% 654 0%
Applied Research 1,019 1,160 953 -18% 1,042 -10% 1,120 -3% 1,183 2%
Advanced Technology Development 853 807 760 -6% 771 -4% 811 0% 838 4%
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Air Force (6.1 - 6.3) 2,972 3,352 2,681 -20% 2,983 -11% 2,737 -18% 3,103 -7%
Basic Research 561 550 492 -10% 527 -4% 502 -9% 537 -2%
Applied Research 1,481 1,656 1,410 -15% 1,529 -8% 1,489 -10% 1,564 -6%
Advanced Technology Development 930 1,146 779 -32% 927 -19% 745 -35% 1,002 -13%
Defense-Wide (6.1 - 6.3) 6,763 6,738 6,326 -6% 6,645 -1% 6,338 -6% 6,801 1%
Basic Research 781 828 760 -8% 885 7% 772 -7% 889 7%
Applied Research 1,989 1,995 1,976 -1% 1,955 -2% 1,961 -2% 1,958 -2%
Advanced Technology Development 3,993 3,916 3,589 -8% 3,806 -3% 3,605 -8% 3,955 1%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels. Overseas Contingency Operations funding excluded.

1. The enacted figures are drawn from the appropriations legislation, not the president's budget requests. There are sometimes substantial differences between the enacted figures reported in the budget request and those specified in the legislation.

 

Image not available

 

FY21 DOD Basic Research Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account1 FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Army Basic Research 507 574 463 -19% 571 -1% 514 -10% 592 3%
Defense Research Sciences 316 354 303 -14% 346 -2% 354 0% 367 4%
University and Industry Research Centers 114 127 88 -31% 118 -7% 88 -31% 122 -4%
University Research Initiatives 65 88 67 -24% 101 15% 67 -24% 97 11%
In-House Laboratory Independent Research2 12 - - - - - -  - - -
Cyber Collaborative Research Alliance - 5 5.1 2% 5.1 2% 5.1 2% 5.1 2%
Navy Basic Research 680 651 603 -7% 639 -2% 618 -5% 654 0%
Defense Research Sciences 499 464 467 1% 483 4% 474 2% 490 6%
University Research Initiatives 161 168 117 -30% 137 -18% 125 -26% 145 -14%
In-House Laboratory Independent Research 19 19 19 0% 19 0% 19 0% 19 0%
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Air Force Basic Research 561 550 492 -10% 527 -4% 502 -9% 537 -2%
Defense Research Sciences 383 356 315 -11% 325 -9% 315 -11% 325 -9%
University Research Initiatives 165 179 162 -10% 187 4% 172 -4% 197 10%
High Energy Laser Research Initiatives 13 15 15 2% 15 2% 15 2% 15 2%
Defense-Wide Basic Research 781 828 760 -8% 885 7% 772 -7% 889 7%
Defense Research Sciences 423 432 480 11% 480 11% 460 6% 476 10%
Basic Research Initiatives 57 71 36 -50% 68 -5% 48 -33% 76 7%
National Defense Education Program 136 144 100 -30% 137 -5% 100 -30% 137 -5%
HBCU and Minority Institutions 40 53 31 -41% 81 54% 51 -3% 81 54%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

1. The enacted figures are drawn from the appropriations legislation, not the president's budget requests. There are sometimes substantial differences between the enacted figures reported in the budget request and those specified in the legislation.

2. Merged into the Defense Research Sciences account in FY20.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
RDT&E Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Army RDT&E Request (Vol. 1) FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Navy RDT&E Request (Vol. 1) FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Air Force RDT&E Request (Vol. 1) FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
DARPA FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Missile Defense Agency FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Office of the Defense Secretary FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations H.R.7617   July 8
July 14
July 30
Senate Appropriations       Nov. 30
House Armed Services H.R.6395 March 11 June 22
July 1
July 21
Senate Armed Services S.4049   June 8
June 10
Sept. 14

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
NOAA Base Appropriation1 5,425 5,352 4,634 -14% 5,454 2% 5,403 1% 5,431 1%
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research 566 590 353 -40% 626 6% 594 1% 614 4%
Operations, Research, and Facilities (ORF) 525 548 327 -40% 584 7% 552 1% 571 4%
Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction (PAC) 41 42 26 -38% 42 0% 42 0% 44 4%
National Weather Service 1,163 1,169 1,118 -4% 1,205 3% 1,202 3% 1,204 3%
ORF 1,021 1,066 1,035 -3% 1,112 4% 1,099 3% 1,101 3%
PAC 142 103 83 -19% 92 -10% 102 0% 104 1%
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service 1,700 1,514 1,504 -1% 1,510 0% 1,521 0% 1,518 0%
ORF 243 261 270 4% 286 10% 292 12% 292 12%
PAC 1,457 1,253 1,234 -2% 1,224 -2% 1,229 -2% 1,227 -2%
National Marine Fisheries Service 974 1,013 842 -17% 1,033 2% 1,026 1% 1,030 2%
ORF 909 948 842 -11% 968 2% 961 1% 965 2%
Pacific Coastal Salmon Recovery Fund 65 65 0 -100% 65 0% 65  0% 65  0%
National Ocean Service 585 606 381 -37% 631 4% 624 3% 628 4%
ORF 582 599 381 -36% 625 4% 615 3% 620 3%
PAC 4 7.5 0 -100% 6.0 -20% 9.3 25% 8.5 13%
Office of Marine and Aviation Operations 326 342 332 -3% 377 10% 375 9% 374 9%
ORF 226 244 238 -3% 256 5% 252 3% 254 4%
PAC 99 98 94 -4% 122 24% 123 26% 120 22%
Office of Education 29 30 1 -96% 34 11% 30 0% 33 9%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

1. The base appropriation excludes transfers from the "Promote and Develop Fishery Products and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries" fund as well as recoveries of prior year obligations.

 

Image not available

 

FY21 NOAA Appropriations, Detailed Table
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
NOAA Base Appropriation1 5,425 5,352 4,626 -14% 5,454 2% 5,403 1% 5,431 1%
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research 566 590 353 -40% 626 6% 594 1% 614 4%
Climate Research 159 170 84 -50% 190 12% 170 0% 182 7%
Weather and Air Chemistry Research 135 134 115 -14% 146 9% 136 1% 139 4%
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research 219 229 113 -51% 231 1% 230 0% 231 1%
Research Supercomputing 41 42 26 -38% 42 0% 42 0% 43 2%
High Performance Computing Initiatives 12 17 15 -9% 18 6% 17.5 4% 18 6%
National Weather Service2 1,163 1,169 1,118 -4% 1,205 3% 1,202 3% 1,204 3%
Observations 245 246 246 0% 257 4% 247 0% 248 1%
Central Processing 165 165 146 -11% 169 3% 165 0% 166 1%
Analyze, Forecast, and Support 505 514 501 -2% 538 5% 537 5% 537 5%
Dissemination 85 87 78 -10% 89 3% 87 0% 88 2%
S&T Integration 143 147 139 -6% 151 3% 156 5% 156 5%
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service 1,700 1,514 1,504 -1% 1,510 0% 1,521 0% 1,518 0%
GOES-R Class 408 304 335 10% 335 10% 335 10% 335 10%
Polar Weather Satellites3 - 745 658 -12% 658 -12% 658 -12% 658 -12%
Joint Polar Satellite System 548 - - - - - - - - -
Polar Follow On 330 - - - - - - - - -
Space Weather Follow On 27 64 108 69% 108 69% 108 69% 108 69%
COSMIC-2 6 6 6 0% 6 0% 6 0% 6 0%
Commercial Weather Data4 6 8 23 188% 11 33% 14 75% *12 50%
National Centers for Environmental Information 61 62 53 -15% 64 3% 63 1% 64 3%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

* "Not less than"

1. The base appropriation excludes transfers from the "Promote and Develop Fishery Products and Research Pertaining to American Fisheries" fund as well as recoveries of prior year obligations.

2. The figures for the subaccounts are the sum of Operations, Research, and Facilities (ORF) funding and Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction (PAC) funding.

3. Combined account for the Joint Polar Satellite System and Polar Follow On.

4. The FY21 request figure includes $8 million for the Commercial Weather Data Pilot program and $15 million for the Commercial Data Purchase program. In FY20, Congress provided $3 million for the Commercial Weather Data Pilot program and $5 million to initiate purchases of commercial radio occultation data. The final bill for FY21 directs NOAA to increase spending on the commercial weather data purchase and pilot programs by at least $4 million in total.

 

FY21 NOAA Oceanic and Atmospheric Research, Detailed Table
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research 566 590 353 -40% 626 6% 594 1% 614 4%
Climate Research 159 170 84 -50% 190 12% 170 0% 182 7%
Labs and Cooperative Institutes 61 67 70 6% 78 17% 67 0% 76 14%
Regional Climate Data and Information 38 40 14 -66% 43 8% 40 0% 43 6%
Climate Competitive Research 60 63 0 -100% 69 10% 63 0% 64   2%
Weather and Air Chemistry Research 135 134 115 -14% 146 9% 136 1% 139 4%
Labs and Cooperative Institutes 86 82 68 -17% 89 9% 82 0% 86 4%
U.S. Weather Research Program 17 23 31 37% 29 25% 27 15% 27 15%
Tornado Severe Storm Research/Phased Array Radar 13 14 13 -7% 14 4% 14 4% 14 5%
Joint Technology Transfer Initiative 20 15 3 -80% 14 -7% 13 -13% 13 -13%
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Research 219 229 113 -51% 231 1% 230 0% 231 1%
Labs and Cooperative Institutes 36 36 30 -17% 37 4% 36 1% 37 3%
Sea Grant College Program 68 74 0 -100% 71 -4% 76 3% 75 1%
Ocean Exploration and Research 42 42 32 -24% 43 2% 44 5% 43 2%
Sustained Ocean Observations and Monitoring 43 45 37 -17% 46 2% 45 0% 45 1%
Integrated Ocean Acidification 12 14 8 -41% 16 14% 15 7% 16 11%
Research Supercomputing 41 42 26 -38% 42 0% 42 0% 43 2%
High Performance Computing Initiatives 12 17 15 -9% 18 6% 18 4% 18 6%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

 

Image not available

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committee Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7667 March 10 July 8
July 14
July 30
Senate Appropriations   March 5   Nov. 30
House Science Committee        
* Incorporated into H.R.7617

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 National Institute of Standards and Technology Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
NIST 986 1,034 738 -29% 1,044 1% 1,050 2% 1,035 0%
Scientific and Technical Research and Services 725 754 652 -14% 789 5% 787 4% 788 5%
Laboratory Programs 628 656 591 -10%   - - - - - -
Standards Coordination and Special Programs 79 81 49 -40% - - - - - -
Corporate Services 17 17 12 -31% - - - - - -
Industrial Technology Services 155 162 25 -84% 170 5% 166 2% 167 3%
Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership 140 146 0 -100% 153 5% 150 2% 150 2%
Manufacturing USA
(formerly NNMI)
15 16 25 58% 17 6% 16  0% 16.5 3%
Construction of Research Facilities 106 118 60 -49% 85 -28% 98 -17% 80 -32%
Safety, Capacity, Maintenance, and Major Repairs 75 75 41 -46% *75  0% *90 20% *70 -7%
Federal Capital Revolving Fund - - 20 - - - - - - -

* "No less than"

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

 

Image not available

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7667 March 10 July 8
July 14
July 30
Senate Appropriations   March 5   Nov. 30
House Science Committee        
* Incorporated into H.R.7617

 

Table of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 National Institutes of Health Appropriations, Selected Institutes
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
NIH1 39,084 41,684 38,694 -7% 41,959 1% 43,684 5% 42,934 3%
National Cancer Institute2 6,144 6,440 5,881 -9% 6,494 1% 6,723 4% 6,560 2%
National Institute of General Medical Sciences 2,873 2,937 2,672 -9% 2,972 1% 3,047 4% 2,991 2%
National Eye Institute 797 824 749 -9% 831 1% 850 3% 836 1%
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders 474 491 446 -9% 495 1% 507 3% 498 2%
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering 389 404 368 -9% 407 1% 418 4% 411 2%
Buildings and Facilities3 129 200 300 50% 200 0% 200 0% 200 0%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

1. The enacted figures represent discretionary budget authority provided by the Labor-HHS-Education appropriations bill. The enacted figures are taken from the final appropriations legislation, not the budget request document.

2. Figures include the additional funding provided by the 21st Century Cures Act.

3. Figures exclude transfers from the Nonrecurring Expenses Fund at the Department of Health and Human Services. Congress transferred $225 million from the fund to the Buildings and Facilities account for fiscal year 2020 and fiscal year 2021.

 

Image not available

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7614 March 4 July 7
July 13
July 30
Senate Appropriations       Nov. 30
* Incorporated into H.R.7617

 

able of Contents

 

FYI Bulletins

 

FY21 U.S. Geological Survey Appropriations
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
USGS 1,161 1,271 971 -24% 1,293 2% 1,266 0% 1,316 4%
Natural Hazards 166 171 138 -19% 174 2% 175 2% 175 3%
Energy and Mineral Resources 89 90 91 1% 91 1% 90 0% 90 0%
Land Resources1 158 166 - -

-

- - - - -
Ecosystems1 157 171 127 -25% 261 53% 258 51% 259 52%
Core Science Systems1 118 138 212 54% 252 83% 247 79% 253 83%
Water Resources 226 234 181 -23% 237 1% 266 14% 263 12%
Science Support 103 97 94 -3% 97 0% 98 1% 96 -1%
Facilities 120 181 128 -29% 180 0% 132 -27% 179 -1%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and are rounded to the nearest million. The percentage changes are rounded to the nearest percent and are relative to FY20 enacted levels.

1. The administration proposes to subsume the Land Resources mission area within the Ecosystems and Core Science Systems mission areas.

 

FY21 U.S. Geological Survey Appropriations, Detailed Table
($ millions, COVID-19 response and recovery funds excluded)
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Natural Hazards 166 171 138 -19% 174 2% 175 2% 175 3%
Earthquake Hazards 83 85 60 -29% 87 2% 85 0% 85 1%
Volcano Hazards 30 30 28 -9% 31 1% 30 0% 30 0%
Landslide Hazards 3.5 4.0 3.6 -11% 4.1 1% 8.0 99% 8.0 99%
Global Seismographic Network 6.6 7.2 5.4 -25% 7.2 1% 7.2 0% 7.2 0%
Geomagnetism 1.9 4.0 4.1 3% 4.0 1% 4.1 3% 4.1 3%
Coastal/Marine Hazards and Resources 41 40.5 37 -9% 41 1% 40.5 0% 40.5 0%
Energy and Mineral Resources 89 90 91 1% 91 1% 90 0% 90 0%
Mineral Resources 59 60 61 1% 61 1% 60 0% 60 0%
Energy Resources 30 30 31 1% 31 1% 30 0% 30 0%
Account FY19
Enacted
FY20
Enacted
FY21
Request
Change
20-21
House Change
20-21
Senate Change
20-21
Omnibus Change
20-21
Land Resources1 158 166 - - - - - - - -
Ecosystems1 157 171 127 -25% 261 53% 258 51% 259 52%
Climate Adaptation Science Centers 25 38 10 -74% 41 8% 38 0% 41 8%
Core Science Systems1 118 138 212 54% 252 83% 247 79% 253 83%
National Land Imaging 99 99 - - 107 8% 107 8% 107 8%
National Geospatial Program 69 79 80 1% 80 1% 79 0% 79 0%
National Cooperative Geological Mapping 24 34 22 -37% 41 18% 39 0% 40 17%
Water Resources2 226 234 181 -23% 237 1% 266 14% 263 12%
Water Availability and Use Science Program 45 47 - - 46 -3% 58 23% 58 22%
Groundwater and Streamflow Information Program 83 84 - - 86 2% 105 25% 101 20%
National Water Quality Program 92 92 - - 95 2% 92 0% 93 1%
Water Resources Research Act Program 6.5 10 - - 11 10% 10 0% 11 10%
Science Support 103 97 94 -3% 97 0% 98 1% 96 -1%
Facilities 120 181 128 -29% 180 0% 132 -27% 179 -1%

All figures are in millions of nominal U.S. dollars and all figures above $10 million are rounded to the nearest million. Percentages are rounded to the nearest percent.

1. The administration proposes to subsume the Land Resources mission area within the Ecosystems and Core Science Systems mission areas.

2. The House does not accept the administration's proposal to consolidate accounts in the Water Resources mission area.

 

Reference Material

Document Year
Budget Request FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
House Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Senate Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Bill FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21
Final Joint Report FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21

 

Committees Bills Hearings Markups Administration
Statements
House Appropriations *H.R.7612 March 11 July 7
July 10
July 23
Senate Appropriations   March 4   Nov. 30
* Incorporated into H.R.7608

 

The tabs on this page contain tables, figures, and links to resources detailing federal spending proposals and outcomes for agencies that support the physical sciences. The tabs are updated as new spending proposals and other information become available. Each agency tab has the following information:

FYI Bulletins: For each agency in the budget tracker, FYI writes articles that describe the president's budget request, compare the House and Senate spending proposals, and analyze the final appropriations legislation. Links are provided to each article in the series.

Appropriation tables: Summary tables with budget figures for major subprograms are included for each agency. More detailed tables are included for selected agencies.

Budget comparison figures: Bar graphs depicting the president’s request, House and Senate proposals, and final appropriations are included for each agency. These graphs are periodically updated as the budget process progresses.

Reference material: Links are provided to key budget documents, committee hearings, markups, and administration statements.

If you have any questions or comments about this page, please email [email protected].