R&D trends and history

9 Aug 1993

"The project is on schedule and, I believe, on budget." 
    -- Secretary of Energy Hazel R. O'Leary

29 Jul 1993

Senate activity on the collider will pick-up next week with an
August 4 hearing on the project before Senator J. Bennett
Johnston's (D-Louisiana) Energy and Natural Resources Committee.
Johnston, a firm SSC supporter, will no doubt use this hearing to
build support for the collider.  Look for a Senate floor vote on
SSC funding after Congress returns on September 8.

23 Jul 1993

"It is my opinion that academic earmarking has proliferated to the
extent that the pork has turned rotten."
                   - House science committee chairman George Brown

15 Jul 1993

The twenty-five members of the National Science Board comprise the
policy-making body of the National Science Foundation.  As
explained by its chairman, James J. Duderstadt, in congressional
testimony earlier this year, "The National Science Board is
responsible for articulating positions on matters of national
science policy as well as providing guidance in the ongoing
development of science policy as it is expressed through the
various programs at the National Science Foundation."

2 Jul 1993

Six days after the House voted to kill it, the Superconducting
Super Collider experienced another bad day on Capitol Hill.  In a
June 30 hearing, the project's management was examined by House
energy committee chairman, John Dingell (D-Michigan), who is renown
for ferreting out fraud and abuse in science projects.  Dingell
(who voted against the SSC last week) announced that "the SSC ranks
among the worst projects we have seen in terms of contract
mismanagement. . . rivaling Stanford University in their lavish

7 May 1993

"I am deadly serious," warned Senator J. Bennett Johnston
(D-Louisiana) about his intention to halt the DOE fusion program if
the White House does not indicate its full support of the
International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER).  Johnston,
chairman of the appropriations subcommittee handling the Department
of Energy's budget, and chairman of the Senate Committee on Energy
and Natural Resources authorizing DOE's programs, is in a position
to make good his intention.

21 Apr 1993

The fiscal year 1994 NASA budget request is $15,265.0 million, an
increase of 6.5% over the current fiscal year (see FYI #55.)  A
major component of the NASA budget is Research & Development, under
which are the following programs of interest to the physics and
astronomy community:


PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY funding would decrease from the 1993 Current
Estimate (1993/CE) or budget of $1,103.9 million to $1,074.7
million.  Under this category are the following selected programs:

29 Jan 1993

JOHN H. GIBBONS CONFIRMED BY SENATE:  By voice vote yesterday
afternoon, the U.S. Senate confirmed Gibbons to be Director of the
Office of Science and Technology Policy.  He will also be President
Clinton's science and technology adviser.  One of Gibbons' first
duties will be staffing his office, and it is unknown how Clinton's
goal of reducing White House staff will affect the OSTP structure.
(For further information on the Gibbons' nomination, see FYIs #5,

18 Nov 1994

In response to a request by the House science committee, the
Congressional Research Service (CRS) analyzed 30 federally-funded
scientific mega-projects begun within the past 15 years.  The
40-page report, entitled "Big Science and Technology Projects:
Analysis of 30 Selected U.S. Government Projects," and released on
August 24, examines 16 DOE, 11 NASA, and 3 NSF projects, some
on-going, some completed, and some cancelled.  It looks at their
cost and schedule histories, their record of authorizations (if

20 Oct 1994

"I urge you to think of this time as an opportunity for dramatic
change."      --Rep. George Brown

At a colloquium for university deans on September 23, sponsored by
the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS),
Rep. George Brown (D-California), aired his views on how
universities will have to change to meet the post-Cold War era.
Below are selected quotations from his speech.  (If paragraphs have
been combined, breaks are designated by //.)


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