R&D trends and history

7 May 1993

"I am deadly serious," warned Senator J. Bennett Johnston
(D-Louisiana) about his intention to halt the DOE fusion program if
the White House does not indicate its full support of the
International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER).  Johnston,
chairman of the appropriations subcommittee handling the Department
of Energy's budget, and chairman of the Senate Committee on Energy
and Natural Resources authorizing DOE's programs, is in a position
to make good his intention.

21 Apr 1993

The fiscal year 1994 NASA budget request is $15,265.0 million, an
increase of 6.5% over the current fiscal year (see FYI #55.)  A
major component of the NASA budget is Research & Development, under
which are the following programs of interest to the physics and
astronomy community:


PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY funding would decrease from the 1993 Current
Estimate (1993/CE) or budget of $1,103.9 million to $1,074.7
million.  Under this category are the following selected programs:

29 Jan 1993

JOHN H. GIBBONS CONFIRMED BY SENATE:  By voice vote yesterday
afternoon, the U.S. Senate confirmed Gibbons to be Director of the
Office of Science and Technology Policy.  He will also be President
Clinton's science and technology adviser.  One of Gibbons' first
duties will be staffing his office, and it is unknown how Clinton's
goal of reducing White House staff will affect the OSTP structure.
(For further information on the Gibbons' nomination, see FYIs #5,

18 Nov 1994

In response to a request by the House science committee, the
Congressional Research Service (CRS) analyzed 30 federally-funded
scientific mega-projects begun within the past 15 years.  The
40-page report, entitled "Big Science and Technology Projects:
Analysis of 30 Selected U.S. Government Projects," and released on
August 24, examines 16 DOE, 11 NASA, and 3 NSF projects, some
on-going, some completed, and some cancelled.  It looks at their
cost and schedule histories, their record of authorizations (if

20 Oct 1994

"I urge you to think of this time as an opportunity for dramatic
change."      --Rep. George Brown

At a colloquium for university deans on September 23, sponsored by
the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS),
Rep. George Brown (D-California), aired his views on how
universities will have to change to meet the post-Cold War era.
Below are selected quotations from his speech.  (If paragraphs have
been combined, breaks are designated by //.)

13 Oct 1994

Yesterday's announcement that the Nobel Prize in physics will be
awarded to Clifford G. Shull and Bertram N. Brockhouse for their
pioneering research on neutron scattering will likely be cited in
future deliberations over the proposal by the Department of Energy
to construct the Advanced Neutron Source (ANS).  At present, the
outlook for the project is guarded.

12 Oct 1994

House science committee chairman George Brown (D-CA) continued his
fight against academic earmarking with two more in a series of
hearings.  On September 22, the committee heard from
representatives of institutions receiving earmarked funds in the FY
1992 DOD appropriations bill; on October 6 Deputy Secretary of
Defense John Deutch and DOE officials testified that while they
opposed earmarking, they attempted to follow "congressional

27 Sep 1994

At a wide-ranging roundtable discussion yesterday, House Science,
Space and Technology Committee Chairman George Brown (D-CA) offered
his views on science policy and funding this year.  Some of the
matters he discussed:

2 Sep 1994

Before going on a summer recess, the House passed H.R. 4908, the
Hydrogen, Fusion, and High Energy and Nuclear Physics Research Act
of 1994.  The major provisions of this legislation to authorize,
but not fund, the fusion energy programs of the Department of
Energy are as follows:


SECTION 202, Purposes, states:

2 Sep 1994

Over the years the peer review system for awarding federal research
funds has come under fire for being an "old-boys' network," made up
of prominent academics from elite institutions channeling funding
back to their institutions and colleagues, and biased against
lesser-known schools and regions.  Members of Congress often use
this criticism to justify earmarking funds for their
constituencies.  Chairman of the Senate Governmental Affairs
Committee, John Glenn (D-Ohio) asked the General Accounting Office


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