The American Institute of Physics recognizes that review files of leading journals
represent an important resource for historians and other scholars. They provide unique
insights into the state of science at the time they were written, and they often illustrate
contemporary issues and controversies. The reviews for rejected manuscripts can be of
special value. Accordingly, AIP adopts the following policy for its own journals and
further recommends the policy for AIP Member Society journals.
- Journal publishers are responsible for preserving the historically valuable records of their journals when feasible and should arrange to place their peer-review files at an appropriate archive (e.g., their home institution archives, the Library of Congress). The AIP Niels Bohr Library & Archives is one appropriate repository for the records of AIP and AIP Member Society journals, but shortages of space and funds make it impossible for AIP to save any but the most historically valuable files of leading journals. Library and History Center staff will help journal editorial boards find other appropriate repositories for files that AIP cannot accept, or if they prefer another repository. The Center and Library will also provide help and advice in placing records of Member Society journals that are not published by AIP, but they do not have the resources to house these records in the Niels Bohr Library & Archives
- Review files should be access-restricted for a period of 50 years from the date of creation. A restriction of this length provides for the privacy of reviewers during their active careers, and it makes the files available to the scholarly community within a reasonable amount of time. It also reflects general archival practice. For AIP journals, the current Editor and AIP Executive Director, acting jointly, may provide access to qualified researchers before the 50-year time period expires, at their discretion. Similarly, the current Editor and appropriate Member Society official, acting jointly, may provide earlier access to Member Society journal records stored in AIP’s archives. In any case, permission must be sought where feasible from relevant parties (referees, editors, authors) if still living. Data analysis without individual identification would be permitted, subject to all basic policy requirements, before the expiration of the 50 year restriction.
- If resources permit, AIP further recommends that paper review files be digitized and/or microfilmed on an annual or other schedule to eliminate the need for permanently storing voluminous paper records. Materials already in digital format should be retained permanently by the appropriate repository if feasible. The AIP Center for History of Physics can provide advice on archival microfilming standards and on preserving digital files.