Displaying 1 - 10 of total 11 results:
Joel Bengston discusses topics such as: his education (Ph.D. at Yale under Gregory Breit, 1952); career and employment prior to affiliation with JASON. First experience with JASON in Summer Study, 1963; executive secretary, 1969-1973. Organizational structure of JASON; senior and influential members; selection of members and projects; political views and problems with secrecy; collaboration within JASON and with contractors; JASON's uniqueness and comparable advisory groups; Bengston's personal role.
Status of unpublished papers. Awareness of science policy from undergraduate years at Duke University; joined JASON in the 1960s; left after Vietnam involvement for directorship of National Bureau of Standards. Impact of Pher science policy groups; creation and potential of JASON; projects relating to Vietnam war; summer studies and selection of projects; choice of members; JASON physics vs. academic physics; JASON's uniqueness. Also prominently mentioned are: William T. Golden, Paul Gross, and Robert LeLevier.
Family background; education (Ph.D. from University of California at Berkeley in 1950); academic affiliations. Experience at University of California at San Diego, and consultantship to the weapons laboratory at Los Alamos with Kenneth Watson leading to Project 137 (John Wheeler) which later became JASON; Brueckner's reasons for leaving JASON in 1966. Organization, collaboration and policy of JASON; significance and selection of projects; technical advice; preponderance of theoretical physicists in JASON; uniqueness and impact of JASON; other consultantships and advisory involvements.
Undergraduate at Harvard University, Edward Purcell as influential teacher; graduate work at California Insitute of Technology, Ph.D. in 1964; move to Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 1966. Most of interview concerns JASON: joined in 1966 at invitation of Murray Gell-Mann; projects for the Navy; work with Walter Munk; member of Steering Committee for four years; selection and types of projects; relationship with contractors.
Education and early professional experience; undergraduate studies at Princeton University; graduate studies at University of Illinois; Ph.D., 1949. Teaching at Stanford University and MIT during the 1950s. Involvement with JASON (Charles Townes) from 1960; JASON-PSAC relations; member of PSAC in 1966. Leaves Stanford for SLAC in 1963. Discussions of selection of members, projects in JASON; collaboration within, political views. Clearance levels and comparison of JASON research and academic physics.
Deals mainly with DuBridge's professional affiliations starting before World War II as member of National Research Council (NRC). War work at Massachusetts Institute of Technology Radiation Lab and relations with other groups, e.g., at the British Telecommunication Research Establishment (TRE). President of California Institute of Technology after Robert Millikan. Relationship with military. Establishment and chairmanship of President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC); affiliations with PSAC and other organizations; PSAC's impact on science policy.
Enrico Fermi, Edward Teller, and Harold Urey, and involvement in Manhattan Project; Oppenheimer case as exposure to science policy; Project 137 summer study of defense problems, 1958; Herbert York; establishment of JASON and Defense Department's response; JASON as training ground for President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) members; products and accomplishments (Nick Christofilos); science policy, advisory groups, and scientists' influence; ballistic missile involvement as PSAC chairman; relationship with the Navy; physicists' involvement in science policy; JASON members' benefit from
Motivations for joining JASON (Kenneth Watson); previous consulting work; opinion about work in JASON; collaboration with Sam Treiman; reasons for quitting JASON. JASON's relationship with contractors; divisions within JASON; assignments of projects; generations of JASONs; Nobel prizes to JASON members; Vietnam involvement; Sidney Drell as policy analyst; classification constraints; political views in JASON; levels of clearance; impact.
Exposure to JASON and scientific advising. Early JASON projects; SEESAW work on lasers; director of Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA). Projects Sanguine and AGILE; war issues. Management philosophy; assessment of JASON’s function.
Early years in Vienna; emigration to Sydney, Australia as refugee; training there in theoretical physics, to 1946. Quantum field theory and social interactions under Rudolf Peierls at University of Birmingham, to 1949, and Hans Bethe at Cornell University; relations among U.S. field theorists; nuclear theory applied to experiments. Discovery of triple-alpha process at Caltech, 1951; move into astrophysics and social relations in Cornell physics and astronomy departments. Work on increasing variety of astrophysics problems, some related to cosmology, and on ionosphere; Arecibo observatory.